most active stocks today usa

Updated world stock indexes. Get an overview of major world indexes, current values and stock market data. View the FTSE 100 top 20 stocks by volume of trades on the day, plus the market chart, EPIC, Name, Current price (p), Cumulative volume, Day change. A chart showing a stock price moving higher. U.S Market Closed - Market Opens in 17H 36M Most Active Share Volume. Data is currently not available.

Most active stocks today usa -

Most traded stocks by country: January 2021

The end of January marks the end of the first month of trading of the year. The S&P 500 and the EURO STOXX 50 both posted losses, ending January down by 1.11% and 2.52% respectively.

In this article, we discuss the companies that made an appearance on the map for the first time this year and share January’s biggest winner and loser.

oGameStop was the predominant stock among our investors and saw the biggest price increase in January.

Newcomers on the map

While we see some companies on the map month after month, two companies were traded the most for the first time, making their debut on our map.

GameStop

GameStop made headlines in January as it shook up the financial markets. GameStop is an American gaming retailer, and its prices increased by 1,625.05% last month. In case you haven’t been following GameStop’s wild ride, we provide a brief explanation.

To understand what is happening, you first need to know what a short squeeze is. A short squeeze primarily negatively affects short sellers, which are investors who have sold shares without actually owning them. These investors believe that stock prices will decrease and hope to buy back at a lower price, making the difference in profit. When prices sharply increase due to news or any other reason, a large volume of short-sellers buys back the stock to minimise losses, pushing the price of the stock up even more. Essentially, the short-sellers are ‘squeezed’ out of their positions.

In GameStop’s case, certain hedge funds were betting that GameStop’s stock price would decrease. The company had been struggling, especially amid the Covid-19 pandemic. More than 100% of GameStop’s stock was shorted at one point, meaning more people were shorting the stock than there were shares available in the market.

A forum on Reddit with over 3.4 million users began talking about GameStop after the founder of pet-supply chain Chewy, Ryan Cohen, invested in GameStop and became a board member. Reddit users and other retail investors then bought GameStop stocks or options, driving the price up. Stock prices soared and GameStop’s market cap increased from $1.4 billion to almost $23 billion as of January 29th.

You can trade GameStop with a DEGIRO account with Limit and Stop Limit order types. Due to the extreme volatility, placing a Market order might result in executions at unintended prices. This is why Market orders for these products have temporarily been disabled.

Trading in such volatile stocks comes with a high level of risk. We advise you to only invest in financial products that match your knowledge and experience. Don’t invest all your money in the same product and make sure your portfolio is well diversified.

Solutions 30

Solutions 30 also made an appearance on our map for the first time. It is a French-listed, Luxembourg-based company that specialises in IT repair services for individuals and businesses. Prices were down by 3.61% at the end of January.

Biggest movements

As mentioned, GameStock’s prices increased by 1,625.05%, making it January’s winner out of the stocks on the map. On the losing end was Alpha Bank, with prices dropping by 20.86%.

Investing via DEGIRO

Would you like to invest in one of the companies seen on the map? For all stocks trading on US exchanges, we offer a low fee of €0.50 + $0.004 per share. Fees vary for all other exchanges. For details, please visit our Fees page.

In addition to these, we offer a multitude of other companies and financial products to invest in on more than fifty exchanges across thirty countries. For details, please visit our Markets page.

Open an account

The information in this article is not written for advisory purposes, nor does it intend to recommend any investments. Please be aware that facts may have changed since the article was originally written. Investing involves risks. You can lose (a part of) your deposit. We advise you to only invest in financial products that match your knowledge and experience.

Deemed authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. The nature and extent of consumer protections may differ from those for firms based in the UK. Details of the Temporary Permissions Regime, which allows EEA-based firms to operate in the UK for a limited period while seeking full authorisation, are available on the Financial Conduct Authority’s website.

Sources: Bloomberg, Financial Times, New York Times, Morningstar, Forbes

BackИсточник: https://www.degiro.co.uk/

Most Active NYSE Stocks in Share Volume

Cite

2005
rank
Company name (symbol) 2005 share
volume
(in millions)
1.Pfizer, Inc. (PFE)2,871.0
2.Lucent Technologies, Inc. (LU) 2,732.1
3.General Electric Co. (GE) 2,045.8
4.Time Warner, Inc. (TWX) 1,960.6
5.Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) 1,905.9
6.Citigroup, Inc. (C) 1,657.5
7.Motorola, Inc. (MOT) 1,591.0
8.Texas Instruments, Inc. (TXN)1,477.8
9.Wal-Mart Stores (WMT) 1,427.7
10.Hewlett-Packard Co. (HPQ) 1,371.1
11.EMC Corp. (EMC)1,343.9
12.Nortel Networks Corp. (NT) 1,330.5
13.Sprint FON Group (FON)1,280.6
14.News Corp. (NWSA)1,262.9
15.J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. (JPM) 1,256.4
16.American Int'l Group, Inc. (AIG) 1,239.9
17.Ford Motor Co. (F) 1,239.2
18.Nokia Corp. (NOK) 1,180.4
19.Bank of America Corp. (BAC) 1,165.6
20.SBC Communications (SBC) 1,111.8
21.Qwest Communications (Q)1,054.4
22.Tyco International (TYC)1,047.1
23. MBNA Corp. (KRB)1,022.1
24.Merck & Co. (MRK)1,006.7
25.Elan Corp. PLC (ELN)974.8
26.Corning, Inc. (GLW) 963.1
27.Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD)950.5
28.General Motors Corp. (GM)942.7
29.Liberty Media Corp. (L) 886.2
30.Verizon Communications (VZ)884.8
31.Procter & Gamble Co. (PG)853.1
32.Home Depot, Inc. (HD)846.6
33.Chevron Corp. (CVX)842.2
34.Calpine Corp. (CPN) 840.9
35.Viacom, Inc. (VIAB)800.3
36.Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)795.8
37.Morgan Stanley (MWD) 793.2
38.Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM) 790.3
39.Walt Disney Co. (DIS) 749.8
40.Int'l Business Machines (IBM) 726.6
41.Philip Morris Companies (MO) 700.7
42.Micron Technology, Inc. (MU)698.5
43.Charles Schwab Corp. (SCH)687.3
44.Coca-Cola Co. (KO)683.4
45.Schering?Plough Corp. (SGP) 651.7
46.Halliburton Co. (HAL)630.7
47.McDonalds Corp. (MCD)622.6
48.AT&T Corp. (T)617.0
49.BellSouth Corp. (BLS)613.8
50.Alcoa, Inc. (AA)600.0

Source:New York Stock Exchange.


Top NYSE Stocks by Dollar ValueStock MarketMost Active NASDAQ Stocks, 2005
Источник: https://www.infoplease.com/business/economy/stock-market/most-active-nyse-stocks-share-volume
Evidence from Indonesia Journal of Business Studies Quarterly 2013, Volume 5, Number 2
  • ^ abCutler, D. Poterba, J. & Summers, L. (1991). "Speculative dynamics". Review of Economic Studies. 58 (3): 520–546. doi:10.2307/2298010. JSTOR 2298010. S2CID 219396672.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • ^"OpenStax CNX". cnx.org. Rice University. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  • ^Mandelbrot, Benoit & Hudson, Richard L. (2006). The Misbehavior of Markets: A Fractal View of Financial Turbulence (annot. ed.). Basic Books. ISBN .
  • ^Taleb, Nassim Nicholas (2008). Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets (2nd ed.). Random House. ISBN .
  • ^Tversky, A. & Kahneman, D. (1974). "Judgement under uncertainty: heuristics and biases". Science. 185 (4157): 1124–1131. Bibcode:1974Sci...185.1124T. doi:10.1126/science.185.4157.1124. PMID 17835457. S2CID 143452957.
  • ^Morris, Stephen; Shin, Hyun Song (1999). "Risk management with interdependent choice"(PDF). Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 15 (3): 52–62. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.381.3080. doi:10.1093/oxrep/15.3.52.
  • ^copied content from Business Cycle; see that page's history for attribution
  • ^Syverson, Chad (2019). "Macroeconomics and Market Power: Context, Implications, and Open Questions". Journal of Economic Perspectives. 33 (3): 23–43. doi:10.1257/jep.33.3.23. S2CID 201326865.
  • ^copied content from Social Security (United States)#Public economics; see that page's history for attribution
  • ^"Americans with a college degree 1940-2018, by gender".
  • ^David Fabian (February 9, 2014). "Why The Market Doesn't Care Where You Think It Should Go". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  • ^Sergey Perminov, Trendocracy and Stock Market Manipulations (2008, ISBN 978-1-4357-5244-3).
  • ^"News Headlines". Cnbc.com. October 13, 2008. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  • ^ abcShiller, Robert (2005). Irrational Exuberance (2nd ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN .
  • ^Completing the Circuit: Canadian Regulation, FIXGlobal, February 2012
  • ^"Trading Information". New York Stock Exchange.
  • ^"Market volatility regulations". The Vanguard Group.
  • Further reading[edit]

    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_market

    Most popular US shares

    Our most popular investments and the market risers and fallers should not be taken as personal recommendations to buy or sell a particular bond, stock or fund, and is not intended to provide advice. This content can indicate the general buying and selling trends of our customers. The value of international investments may be affected by currency fluctuations which might reduce their value in sterling. We may receive two elements of commission in relation to international dealing - Trading Commission and our FX Charge. Please see our Rates and Charges for full details of the relevant costs. Our services are execution only. Together with our partners we also provide opinions on whether to buy a specific investment. None of the opinions we provide are a personal recommendation. We have not assessed your investing knowledge and experience, your financial situation or your investment objectives. We want to make sure that you're comfortable with the risks of investing, so please remember that the value of your investments can go down as well as up and you may not get back all the money you put in. Past performance of investments is not a reliable indicator of future performance. If you're unsure about the suitability of a particular investment or think you need a personal recommendation, you should speak to a suitably qualified financial adviser.

    Источник: https://www.ii.co.uk/investing-with-ii/international-investing/most-popular-us-stocks

    Stock market

    Place where stocks are traded

    Offices of Bursa Malaysia, Malaysia's national stock exchange (known before demutualization as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange)

    A stock market, equity market, or share market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers of stocks (also called shares), which represent ownership claims on businesses; these may include securities listed on a public stock exchange, as well as stock that is only traded privately, such as shares of private companies which are sold to investors through equity crowdfunding platforms. Investment in the stock market is most often done via stockbrokerages and electronic trading platforms. Investment is usually made with an investment strategy in mind.

    Stocks can be categorized by the country where the company is domiciled. For example, Nestlé and Novartis are domiciled in Switzerland and traded on the SIX Swiss Exchange, so they may be considered as part of the Swiss stock market, although the stocks may also be traded on exchanges in other countries, for example, as American depositary receipts (ADRs) on U.S. stock markets.

    Size of the markets[edit]

    The total market capitalization of equity backed securities worldwide rose from US$ 2.5 trillion in 1980 to US$ 83.53 trillion at the end of 2019.[1] As of December 31, 2019, the total market capitalization of all stocks worldwide was approximately US$70.75 trillion.[1]

    As of 2016[update], there are 60 stock exchanges in the world. Of these, there are 16 exchanges with a market capitalization of $1 trillion or more, and they account for 87% of global market capitalization. Apart from the Australian Securities Exchange, these 16 exchanges are all in North America, Europe, or Asia.[2]

    By country, the largest stock markets as of January 2021 are in the United States of America (about 55.9%), followed by Japan (about 7.4%) and China (about 5.4%).[3]

    Stock exchange[edit]

    Main article: Stock exchange

    A stock exchange is an exchange (or bourse)[note 1] where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell shares (equity stock), bonds, and other securities. Many large companies have their stocks listed on a stock exchange. This makes the stock more liquid and thus more attractive to many investors. The exchange may also act as a guarantor of settlement. These and other stocks may also be traded "over the counter" (OTC), that is, through a dealer. Some large companies will have their stock listed on more than one exchange in different countries, so as to attract international investors.[6]

    Stock exchanges may also cover other types of securities, such as fixed-interest securities (bonds) or (less frequently) derivatives, which are more likely to be traded OTC.

    Trade in stock markets means the transfer (in exchange for money) of a stock or security from a seller to a buyer. This requires these two parties to agree on a price. Equities (stocks or shares) confer an ownership interest in a particular company.

    Participants in the stock market range from small individual stock investors to larger investors, who can be based anywhere in the world, and may include banks, insurance companies, pension funds and hedge funds. Their buy or sell orders may be executed on their behalf by a stock exchange trader.

    Some exchanges are physical locations where transactions are carried out on a trading floor, by a method known as open outcry. This method is used in some stock exchanges and commodities exchanges, and involves traders shouting bid and offer prices. The other type of stock exchange has a network of computers where trades are made electronically. An example of such an exchange is the NASDAQ.

    A potential buyer bids a specific price for a stock, and a potential seller asks a specific price for the same stock. Buying or selling at the Market means you will accept any ask price or bid price for the stock. When the bid and ask prices match, a sale takes place, on a first-come, first-served basis if there are multiple bidders at a given price.

    The purpose of a stock exchange is to facilitate the exchange of securities between buyers and sellers, thus providing a marketplace. The exchanges provide real-time trading information on the listed securities, facilitating price discovery.

    The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is a physical exchange, with a hybrid market for placing orders electronically from any location as well as on the trading floor. Orders executed on the trading floor enter by way of exchange members and flow down to a floor broker, who submits the order electronically to the floor trading post for the Designated market maker ("DMM") for that stock to trade the order. The DMM's job is to maintain a two-sided market, making orders to buy and sell the security when there are no other buyers or sellers. If a bid–ask spread exists, no trade immediately takes place – in this case the DMM may use their own resources (money or stock) to close the difference. Once a trade has been made, the details are reported on the "tape" and sent back to the brokerage firm, which then notifies the investor who placed the order. Computers play an important role, especially for program trading.

    The NASDAQ is an electronic exchange, where all of the trading is done over a computer network. The process is similar to the New York Stock Exchange. One or more NASDAQ market makers will always provide a bid and ask the price at which they will always purchase or sell 'their' stock.

    The Paris Bourse, now part of Euronext, is an order-driven, electronic stock exchange. It was automated in the late 1980s. Prior to the 1980s, it consisted of an open outcry exchange. Stockbrokers met on the trading floor of the Palais Brongniart. In 1986, the CATS trading system was introduced, and the order matching system was fully automated.

    People trading stock will prefer to trade on the most popular exchange since this gives the largest number of potential counter parties (buyers for a seller, sellers for a buyer) and probably the best price. However, there have always been alternatives such as brokers trying to bring parties together to trade outside the exchange. Some third markets that were popular are Instinet, and later Island and Archipelago (the latter two have since been acquired by Nasdaq and NYSE, respectively). One advantage is that this avoids the commissions of the exchange. However, it also has problems such as adverse selection.[7] Financial regulators have probed dark pools.[8][9]

    Market participant[edit]

    Market participants include individual retail investors, institutional investors (e.g., pension funds, insurance companies, mutual funds, index funds, exchange-traded funds, hedge funds, investor groups, banks and various other financial institutions), and also publicly traded corporations trading in their own shares. Robo-advisors, which automate investment for individuals are also major participants.

    Demographics of market participation[edit]

    Indirect vs. Direct Investment[edit]

    Indirect investment involves owning shares indirectly, such as via a mutual fund or an exchange traded fund. Direct investment involves direct ownership of shares.[10]

    Direct ownership of stock by individuals rose slightly from 17.8% in 1992 to 17.9% in 2007, with the median value of these holdings rising from $14,778 to $17,000.[11][12] Indirect participation in the form of retirement accounts rose from 39.3% in 1992 to 52.6% in 2007, with the median value of these accounts more than doubling from $22,000 to $45,000 in that time.[11][12] Rydqvist, Spizman, and Strebulaev attribute the differential growth in direct and indirect holdings to differences in the way each are taxed in the United States. Investments in pension funds and 401ks, the two most common vehicles of indirect participation, are taxed only when funds are withdrawn from the accounts. Conversely, the money used to directly purchase stock is subject to taxation as are any dividends or capital gains they generate for the holder. In this way the current tax code incentivizes individuals to invest indirectly.[13]

    Participation by income and wealth strata[edit]

    Rates of participation and the value of holdings differ significantly across strata of income. In the bottom quintile of income, 5.5% of households directly own stock and 10.7% hold stocks indirectly in the form of retirement accounts.[12] The top decile of income has a direct participation rate of 47.5% and an indirect participation rate in the form of retirement accounts of 89.6%.[12] The median value of directly owned stock in the bottom quintile of income is $4,000 and is $78,600 in the top decile of income as of 2007.[14] The median value of indirectly held stock in the form of retirement accounts for the same two groups in the same year is $6,300 and $214,800 respectively.[14] Since the Great Recession of 2008 households in the bottom half of the income distribution have lessened their participation rate both directly and indirectly from 53.2% in 2007 to 48.8% in 2013, while over the same period households in the top decile of the income distribution slightly increased participation 91.7% to 92.1%.[15] The mean value of direct and indirect holdings at the bottom half of the income distribution moved slightly downward from $53,800 in 2007 to $53,600 in 2013.[15] In the top decile, mean value of all holdings fell from $982,000 to $969,300 in the same time.[15] The mean value of all stock holdings across the entire income distribution is valued at $269,900 as of 2013.[15]

    Participation by race and gender[edit]

    The racial composition of stock market ownership shows households headed by whites are nearly four and six times as likely to directly own stocks than households headed by blacks and Hispanics respectively. As of 2011 the national rate of direct participation was 19.6%, for white households the participation rate was 24.5%, for black households it was 6.4% and for Hispanic households it was 4.3%. Indirect participation in the form of 401k ownership shows a similar pattern with a national participation rate of 42.1%, a rate of 46.4% for white households, 31.7% for black households, and 25.8% for Hispanic households. Households headed by married couples participated at rates above the national averages with 25.6% participating directly and 53.4% participating indirectly through a retirement account. 14.7% of households headed by men participated in the market directly and 33.4% owned stock through a retirement account. 12.6% of female-headed households directly owned stock and 28.7% owned stock indirectly.[12]

    Determinants and possible explanations of stock market participation[edit]

    In a 2003 paper by Vissing-Jørgensen attempts to explain disproportionate rates of participation along wealth and income groups as a function of fixed costs associated with investing. Her research concludes that a fixed cost of $200 per year is sufficient to explain why nearly half of all U.S. households do not participate in the market.[16] Participation rates have been shown to strongly correlate with education levels, promoting the hypothesis that information and transaction costs of market participation are better absorbed by more educated households. Behavioral economists Harrison Hong, Jeffrey Kubik and Jeremy Stein suggest that sociability and participation rates of communities have a statistically significant impact on an individual's decision to participate in the market. Their research indicates that social individuals living in states with higher than average participation rates are 5% more likely to participate than individuals that do not share those characteristics.[17] This phenomenon also explained in cost terms. Knowledge of market functioning diffuses through communities and consequently lowers transaction costs associated with investing.

    History[edit]

    The term bourseis derived from the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" (center) in Bruges. From predominantly Dutch-speaking cities of the Low Countries(like Brugesand Antwerp), the term 'beurs' spread to other European states where it was corrupted into 'bourse', 'borsa', 'bolsa', 'börse', etc.

    In 12th-century France, the courtiers de change were concerned with managing and regulating the debts of agricultural communities on behalf of the banks. Because these men also traded with debts, they could be called the first brokers. The Italian historian Lodovico Guicciardini described how, in late 13th-century Bruges, commodity traders gathered outdoors at a market square containing an inn owned by a family called Van der Beurze, and in 1409 they became the "Brugse Beurse", institutionalizing what had been, until then, an informal meeting.[18] The idea quickly spread around Flanders and neighboring countries and "Beurzen" soon opened in Ghent and Rotterdam. International traders, and specially the Italian bankers, present in Bruges since the early 13th-century, took back the word in their countries to define the place for stock market exchange: first the Italians (Borsa), but soon also the French (Bourse), the Germans (börse), Russians (birža), Czechs (burza), Swedes (börs), Danes and Norwegians (børs). In most languages the word coincides with that for money bag, dating back to the Latin bursa, from which obviously also derives the name of the Van der Beurse family. In the middle of the 13th century, Venetian bankers began to trade in government securities. In 1351 the Venetian government outlawed spreading rumors intended to lower the price of government funds. Bankers in Pisa, Verona, Genoa and Florence also began trading in government securities during the 14th century. This was only possible because these were independent city-states not ruled by a duke but a council of influential citizens. Italian companies were also the first to issue shares. Companies in England and the Low Countries followed in the 16th century. Around this time, a joint stock company—one whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders—emerged and became important for colonization of what Europeans called the "New World".[19]

    The Dutch East India Company (founded in 1602) was the first joint-stock company to get a fixed capital stock and as a result, continuous trade in company stock occurred on the Amsterdam Exchange. Soon thereafter, a lively trade in various derivatives, among which options and repos, emerged on the Amsterdam market. Dutch traders also pioneered short selling – a practice which was banned by the Dutch authorities as early as 1610.[20]

    There are now stock markets in virtually every developed and most developing economies, with the world's largest markets being in the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, India, China, Canada, Germany (Frankfurt Stock Exchange), France, South Korea and the Netherlands.[21]

    Importance[edit]

    Even in the days before perestroika, socialism was never a monolith. Within the Communist countries, the spectrum of socialism ranged from the quasi-market, quasi-syndicalist system of Yugoslavia to the centralized totalitarianism of neighboring Albania. One time I asked Professor von Mises, the great expert on the economics of socialism, at what point on this spectrum of statism would he designate a country as "socialist" or not. At that time, I wasn't sure that any definite criterion existed to make that sort of clear-cut judgment. And so I was pleasantly surprised at the clarity and decisiveness of Mises's answer. "A stock market," he answered promptly. "A stock market is crucial to the existence of capitalism and private property. For it means that there is a functioning market in the exchange of private titles to the means of production. There can be no genuine private ownership of capital without a stock market: there can be no true socialism if such a market is allowed to exist."

    — Murray Rothbard, in “Making Economic Sense” (2006)[22]

    Function and purpose[edit]

    The stock market is one of the most important ways for companies to raise money, along with debt markets which are generally more imposing but do not trade publicly.[23] This allows businesses to be publicly traded, and raise additional financial capital for expansion by selling shares of ownership of the company in a public market. The liquidity that an exchange affords the investors enables their holders to quickly and easily sell securities. This is an attractive feature of investing in stocks, compared to other less liquid investments such as property and other immoveable assets.

    History has shown that the price of stocks and other assets is an important part of the dynamics of economic activity, and can influence or be an indicator of social mood. An economy where the stock market is on the rise is considered to be an up-and-coming economy. The stock market is often considered the primary indicator of a country's economic strength and development.[24]

    Rising share prices, for instance, tend to be associated with increased business investment and vice versa. Share prices also affect the wealth of households and their consumption. Therefore, central banks tend to keep an eye on the control and behavior of the stock market and, in general, on the smooth operation of financial system functions. Financial stability is the raison d'être of central banks.[25]

    Exchanges also act as the clearinghouse for each transaction, meaning that they collect and deliver the shares, and guarantee payment to the seller of a security. This eliminates the risk to an individual buyer or seller that the counterparty could default on the transaction.[26]

    The smooth functioning of all these activities facilitates economic growth in that lower costs and enterprise risks promote the production of goods and services as well as possibly employment. In this way the financial system is assumed to contribute to increased prosperity, although some controversy exists as to whether the optimal financial system is bank-based or market-based.[27]

    Recent events such as the Global Financial Crisis have prompted a heightened degree of scrutiny of the impact of the structure of stock markets[28][29] (called market microstructure), in particular to the stability of the financial system and the transmission of systemic risk.[30]

    Relation to the modern financial system[edit]

    A transformation is the move to electronic trading to replace human trading of listed securities.[29]

    Behavior of stock prices[edit]

    NASDAQin Times Square, New York City

    See also: Behavioral economics

    Changes in stock prices are mostly caused by external factors such as socioeconomic conditions, inflation, exchange rates. Intellectual capital does not affect a company stock's current earnings. Intellectual capital contributes to a stock's return growth.[31]

    The efficient-market hypothesis (EMH) is a hypothesis in financial economics that states that asset prices reflect all available information at the current time.

    The 'hard' efficient-market hypothesis does not explain the cause of events such as the crash in 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted 22.6 percent—the largest-ever one-day fall in the United States.[32]

    This event demonstrated that share prices can fall dramatically even though no generally agreed upon definite cause has been found: a thorough search failed to detect any 'reasonable' development that might have accounted for the crash. (Note that such events are predicted to occur strictly by randomness, although very rarely.) It seems also to be true more generally that many price movements (beyond those which are predicted to occur 'randomly') are not occasioned by new information; a study of the fifty largest one-day share price movements in the United States in the post-war period seems to confirm this.[32]

    A 'soft' EMH has emerged which does not require that prices remain at or near equilibrium, but only that market participants cannot systematically profit from any momentary 'market anomaly'. Moreover, while EMH predicts that all price movement (in the absence of change in fundamental information) is random (i.e. non-trending)[dubious – discuss], many studies have shown a marked tendency for the stock market to trend over time periods of weeks or longer. Various explanations for such large and apparently non-random price movements have been promulgated. For instance, some research has shown that changes in estimated risk, and the use of certain strategies, such as stop-loss limits and value at risk limits, theoretically could cause financial markets to overreact. But the best explanation seems to be that the distribution of stock market prices is non-Gaussian[33] (in which case EMH, in any of its current forms, would not be strictly applicable).[34][35]

    Other research has shown that psychological factors may result in exaggerated (statistically anomalous) stock price movements (contrary to EMH which assumes such behaviors 'cancel out'). Psychological research has demonstrated that people are predisposed to 'seeing' patterns, and often will perceive a pattern in what is, in fact, just noise, e.g. seeing familiar shapes in clouds or ink blots. In the present context, this means that a succession of good news items about a company may lead investors to overreact positively, driving the price up. A period of good returns also boosts the investors' self-confidence, reducing their (psychological) risk threshold.[36]

    Another phenomenon—also from psychology—that works against an objective assessment is group thinking. As social animals, it is not easy to stick to an opinion that differs markedly from that of a majority of the group. An example with which one may be familiar is the reluctance to enter a restaurant that is empty; people generally prefer to have their opinion validated by those of others in the group.

    In one paper the authors draw an analogy with gambling.[37] In normal times the market behaves like a game of roulette; the probabilities are known and largely independent of the investment decisions of the different players. In times of market stress, however, the game becomes more like poker (herding behavior takes over). The players now must give heavy weight to the psychology of other investors and how they are likely to react psychologically.

    In the period running up to the 1987 crash, less than 1 percent[citation needed] of the analysts' recommendations had been to sell (and even during the 2000–2002 bear market, the average did not rise above 5%). In the run-up to 2000, the media amplified the general euphoria, with reports of rapidly rising share prices and the notion that large sums of money could be quickly earned in the so-called new economy stock market.[citation needed]

    Stock markets play an essential role in growing industries that ultimately affect the economy through transferring available funds from units that have excess funds (savings) to those who are suffering from funds deficit (borrowings) (Padhi and Naik, 2012). In other words, capital markets facilitate funds movement between the above-mentioned units. This process leads to the enhancement of available financial resources which in turn affects the economic growth positively.

    Economic and financial theories argue that stock prices are affected by macroeconomic trends. Macroeconomic trends include such as changes in GDP, unemployment rates, national income, price indices, output, consumption, unemployment, inflation, saving, investment, energy, international trade, immigration, productivity, aging populations, innovations, international finance.[38] increasing corporate profit, increasing profit margins, higher concentration of business, lower company income, less vigorous activity, less progress, lower investment rates, lower productivity growth, less employee share of corporate revenues,[39] decreasing Worker to Beneficiary ratio (year 1960 5:1, year 2009 3:1, year 2030 2.2:1),[40] increasing female to male ratio college graduates.[41]

    Many different academic researchers have stated that companies with low P/E ratios and smaller-sized companies have a tendency to outperform the market. Research has shown that mid-sized companies outperform large cap companies, and smaller companies have higher returns historically.[citation needed]

    Irrational behavior[edit]

    Sometimes, the market seems to react irrationally to economic or financial news, even if that news is likely to have no real effect on the fundamental value of securities itself.[42] However, this market behaviour may be more apparent than real, since often such news was anticipated, and a counter reaction may occur if the news is better (or worse) than expected. Therefore, the stock market may be swayed in either direction by press releases, rumors, euphoria and mass panic.

    Over the short-term, stocks and other securities can be battered or buoyed by any number of fast market-changing events, making the stock market behavior difficult to predict. Emotions can drive prices up and down, people are generally not as rational as they think, and the reasons for buying and selling are generally accepted.

    Behaviorists argue that investors often behave irrationally when making investment decisions thereby incorrectly pricing securities, which causes market inefficiencies, which, in turn, are opportunities to make money.[43] However, the whole notion of EMH is that these non-rational reactions to information cancel out, leaving the prices of stocks rationally determined.

    The Dow Jones Industrial Average biggest gain in one day was 936.42 points or 11%.[44]

    Crashes[edit]

    Main article: Stock market crash

    Further information: List of stock market crashes and bear markets

    Robert Shiller's plot of the S&P Composite Real Price Index, Earnings, Dividends, and Interest Rates, from Irrational Exuberance, 2d ed.[45]In the preface to this edition, Shiller warns, "The stock market has not come down to historical levels: the price-earnings ratio as I define it in this book is still, at this writing [2005], in the mid-20s, far higher than the historical average... People still place too much confidence in the markets and have too strong a belief that paying attention to the gyrations in their investments will someday make them rich, and so they do not make conservative preparations for possible bad outcomes."
    Price-Earnings ratios as a predictor of twenty-year returns based upon the plot by Robert Shiller(Figure 10.1).[45]The horizontal axis shows the real price-earnings ratio of the S&P Composite Stock Price Index as computed in Irrational Exuberance(inflation adjusted price divided by the prior ten-year mean of inflation-adjusted earnings). The vertical axis shows the geometric average real annual return on investing in the S&P Composite Stock Price Index, reinvesting dividends, and selling twenty years later. Data from different twenty-year periods is color-coded as shown in the key. Shiller states that this plot "confirms that long-term investors—investors who commit their money to an investment for ten full years—did do well when prices were low relative to earnings at the beginning of the ten years. Long-term investors would be well advised, individually, to lower their exposure to the stock market when it is high, as it has been recently, and get into the market when it is low."[45]

    A stock market crash is often defined as a sharp dip in share prices of stocks listed on the stock exchanges. In parallel with various economic factors, a reason for stock market crashes is also due to panic and investing public's loss of confidence. Often, stock market crashes end speculative economic bubbles.

    There have been famous stock market crashes that have ended in the loss of billions of dollars and wealth destruction on a massive scale. An increasing number of people are involved in the stock market, especially since the social security and retirement plans are being increasingly privatized and linked to stocks and bonds and other elements of the market. There have been a number of famous stock market crashes like the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the stock market crash of 1973–4, the Black Monday of 1987, the Dot-com bubble of 2000, and the Stock Market Crash of 2008.

    1929[edit]

    One of the most famous stock market crashes started October 24, 1929, on Black Thursday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 50% during this stock market crash. It was the beginning of the Great Depression.

    1987[edit]

    Another famous crash took place on October 19, 1987 – Black Monday. The crash began in Hong Kong and quickly spread around the world.

    By the end of October, stock markets in Hong Kong had fallen 45.5%, Australia 41.8%, Spain 31%, the United Kingdom 26.4%, the United States 22.68%, and Canada 22.5%. Black Monday itself was the largest one-day percentage decline in stock market history – the Dow Jones fell by 22.6% in a day. The names "Black Monday" and "Black Tuesday" are also used for October 28–29, 1929, which followed Terrible Thursday—the starting day of the stock market crash in 1929.

    The crash in 1987 raised some puzzles – main news and events did not predict the catastrophe and visible reasons for the collapse were not identified. This event raised questions about many important assumptions of modern economics, namely, the theory of rational human conduct, the theory of market equilibrium and the efficient-market hypothesis. For some time after the crash, trading in stock exchanges worldwide was halted, since the exchange computers did not perform well owing to enormous quantity of trades being received at one time. This halt in trading allowed the Federal Reserve System and central banks of other countries to take measures to control the spreading of worldwide financial crisis. In the United States the SEC introduced several new measures of control into the stock market in an attempt to prevent a re-occurrence of the events of Black Monday.

    2007-2009[edit]

    This marked the beginning of the Great Recession. Starting in 2007 and lasting through 2009, financial markets experienced one of the sharpest declines in decades. It was more widespread than just the stock market as well. The housing market, lending market, and even global trade experienced unimaginable decline. Sub-prime lending led to the housing bubble bursting and was made famous by movies like The Big Short where those holding large mortgages were unwittingly falling prey to lenders. This saw banks and major financial institutions completely fail in many cases and took major government intervention to remedy during the period. From October 2007 to March 2009, the S&P 500 fell 57% and wouldn't recover to its 2007 levels until April 2013.

    Circuit breakers[edit]

    Since the early 1990s, many of the largest exchanges have adopted electronic 'matching engines' to bring together buyers and sellers, replacing the open outcry system. Electronic trading now accounts for the majority of trading in many developed countries. Computer systems were upgraded in the stock exchanges to handle larger trading volumes in a more accurate and controlled manner. The SEC modified the margin requirements in an attempt to lower the volatility of common stocks, stock options and the futures market. The New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange introduced the concept of a circuit breaker. The circuit breaker halts trading if the Dow declines a prescribed number of points for a prescribed amount of time. In February 2012, the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) introduced single-stock circuit breakers.[46]

    % drop in S&P 500 Indextrading halt
    7% Trading will halt for 15 minutes only if drop occurs before 3:25 p.m
    13% Trading will halt for 15 minutes only if drop occurs before 3:25 p.m.
    20% Trading will stop for the day

    Stock market index[edit]

    Main article: Stock market index

    US Stock Market Value by Sector

    The movements of the prices in global, regional or local markets are captured in price indices called stock market indices, of which there are many, e.g. the S&P, the FTSE and the Euronext indices. Such indices are usually market capitalization weighted, with the weights reflecting the contribution of the stock to the index. The constituents of the index are reviewed frequently to include/exclude stocks in order to reflect the changing business environment.

    Derivative instruments[edit]

    Main article: Derivative (finance)

    Financial innovation has brought many new financial instruments whose pay-offs or values depend on the prices of stocks. Some examples are exchange-traded funds (ETFs), stock index and stock options, equity swaps, single-stock futures, and stock index futures. These last two may be traded on futures exchanges (which are distinct from stock exchanges—their history traces back to commodity futures exchanges), or traded over-the-counter. As all of these products are only derived from stocks, they are sometimes considered to be traded in a (hypothetical) derivatives market, rather than the (hypothetical) stock market.

    Leveraged strategies[edit]

    Stock that a trader does not actually own may be traded using short selling; margin buying may be used to purchase stock with borrowed funds; or, derivatives may be used to control large blocks of stocks for a much smaller amount of money than would be required by outright purchase or sales.

    Short selling[edit]

    Main article: Short selling

    In short selling, the trader borrows stock (usually from his brokerage which holds its clients shares or its own shares on account to lend to short sellers) then sells it on the market, betting that the price will fall. The trader eventually buys back the stock, making money if the price fell in the meantime and losing money if it rose. Exiting a short position by buying back the stock is called "covering". This strategy may also be used by unscrupulous traders in illiquid or thinly traded markets to artificially lower the price of a stock. Hence most markets either prevent short selling or place restrictions on when and how a short sale can occur. The practice of naked shorting is illegal in most (but not all) stock markets.

    Margin buying[edit]

    Main article: margin buying

    In margin buying, the trader borrows money (at interest) to buy a stock and hopes for it to rise. Most industrialized countries have regulations that require that if the borrowing is based on collateral from other stocks the trader owns outright, it can be a maximum of a certain percentage of those other stocks' value. In the United States, the margin requirements have been 50% for many years (that is, if you want to make a $1000 investment, you need to put up $500, and there is often a maintenance margin below the $500).

    A margin call is made if the total value of the investor's account cannot support the loss of the trade. (Upon a decline in the value of the margined securities additional funds may be required to maintain the account's equity, and with or without notice the margined security or any others within the account may be sold by the brokerage to protect its loan position. The investor is responsible for any shortfall following such forced sales.)

    Regulation of margin requirements (by the Federal Reserve) was implemented after the Crash of 1929. Before that, speculators typically only needed to put up as little as 10 percent (or even less) of the total investment represented by the stocks purchased. Other rules may include the prohibition of free-riding: putting in an order to buy stocks without paying initially (there is normally a three-day grace period for delivery of the stock), but then selling them (before the three-days are up) and using part of the proceeds to make the original payment (assuming that the value of the stocks has not declined in the interim).

    Types of financial markets[edit]

    Financial markets can be divided into different subtypes:

    For the assets transferred[edit]

    • Money market : It is traded with money or financial assets with short-term maturity and high liquidity, generally assets with a term of less than one year.
    • Capital market : Financial assets with medium and long-term maturity are traded, which are basic for carrying out certain investment processes.

    Depending on its structure[edit]

    • Organized market
    • Non-organized markets denominated in English (" Over The Counter ").

    According to the negotiation phase of financial assets[edit]

    • Primary market : Financial assets are created. In this market, assets are transmitted directly by their issuer.
    • Secondary market : Only existing financial assets are exchanged, which were issued at a previous time. This market allows holders of financial assets to sell instruments that were already issued in the primary market (or that had already been transmitted in the secondary market) and that are in their possession, or to buy other financial assets.

    According to the geographical perspective[edit]

    • National markets. The currency in which the financial assets are denominated and the residence of those involved is national. 2
    • International markets. The markets situated outside a country's geographical area.

    According to the type of asset traded[edit]

    • Traditional market. In which financial assets such as demand deposits, stocks or bonds are traded .
    • Alternative market. In which alternative financial assets are traded such as portfolio investments, promissory notes, factoring, real estate (e.g. through fiduciary rights), in private equity funds, venture capital funds, hedge funds, investment projects (e.g. infrastructure, cinema, etc.) among many others.

    Other markets[edit]

    • Commodity markets, which allow the trading of commodities
    • Derivatives markets, which provide instruments for managing financial risk
    • Forward markets, which provide standardized forward contracts to trade products at a future date
    • Insurance markets, which allows the redistribution of varied risks
    • Foreign exchange market, which allows the exchange of foreign currencies

    Investment strategies[edit]

    Main articles: Investment strategy, Stock market prediction, and Investment management

    Many strategies can be classified as either fundamental analysis or technical analysis. Fundamental analysis refers to analyzing companies by their financial statements found in SEC filings, business trends, and general economic conditions. Technical analysis studies price actions in markets through the use of charts and quantitative techniques to attempt to forecast price trends based on historical performance, regardless of the company's financial prospects. One example of a technical strategy is the Trend following method, used by John W. Henry and Ed Seykota, which uses price patterns and is also rooted in risk management and diversification.

    Additionally, many choose to invest via passive index funds. In this method, one holds a portfolio of the entire stock market or some segment of the stock market (such as the S&P 500 Index or Wilshire 5000). The principal aim of this strategy is to maximize diversification, minimize taxes from realizing gains, and ride the general trend of the stock market to rise.

    Responsible investment emphasizes and requires a long-term horizon on the basis of fundamental analysis only, avoiding hazards in the expected return of the investment. Socially responsible investing is another investment preference.

    Taxation[edit]

    Taxation is a consideration of all investment strategies; profit from owning stocks, including dividends received, is subject to different tax rates depending on the type of security and the holding period. Most profit from stock investing is taxed via a capital gains tax. In many countries, the corporations pay taxes to the government and the shareholders once again pay taxes when they profit from owning the stock, known as "double taxation".

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ab"Market capitalization of listed domestic companies (current US$)". The World Bank.
    2. ^"All of the World's Stock Exchanges by Size". February 16, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
    3. ^"countries with largest stock markets". statista.
    4. ^Neal, Larry (2005). "Venture Shares of the Dutch East India Company", in Goetzmann & Rouwenhorst (eds.), Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 165–175
    5. ^Murphy, Richard McGill (July 1, 2014). "Is Asia the next financial center of the world?". CNBC.com. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
    6. ^"IBM Investor relations - FAQ | On what stock exchanges is IBM listed ?". IBM.
    7. ^"UBS, Goldman wean away trade from NYSE, Nasdaq". The Economic Times. December 6, 2006.
    8. ^Mamudi, Sam (June 13, 2014). "Dark Pools Take Larger Share of Trades Amid SEC Scrutiny". Bloomberg News.
    9. ^"Financial regulators probe dark pools". Financial Times. September 15, 2014.
    10. ^"What's the Difference Between Direct and Indirect Shares?". InvestorJunkie. August 14, 2018.
    11. ^ abStatistical Abstract of the United States: 1995 (Report). United States Census Bureau. September 1995. p. 513. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
    12. ^ abcdeStatistical Abstract of the United States: 2012 (Report). United States Census Bureau. August 2011. p. 730. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
    13. ^Rydqvist, Kristian; Spizman, Joshua; Strebulaev, Ilya A. (January 1, 2013). "Government Policy and Ownership of Financial Assets". SSRN 1428442.
    14. ^ abChanges in U.S. Family Finances from 2007 to 2010: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances(PDF) (Report). Federal Reserve Board of Governors. June 2012. p. 24.
    15. ^ abcdChanges in U.S. Family Finances from 2010 to 2013: Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances(PDF) (Report). Federal Reserve Board of Governors. September 2014. p. 20. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
    16. ^Vissing-Jørgensen, Annette (2003). "Perspectives on Behavioral Finance: Does 'Irrationality' Disappear with Wealth? Evidence from Expectations and Actions". NBER Macroeconomics Annual. 18: 139–194. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.195.7189. doi:10.1086/ma.18.3585252. S2CID 224798356.
    17. ^Hong, Harrison (February 2004). "Social Interaction and Stock-Market Participation". The Journal of Finance. 59: 137–163. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.2004.00629.x.
    18. ^"16de eeuwse traditionele bak- en zandsteenarchitectuur Oude Beurs Antwerpen 1 (centrum) / Antwerp foto". Belgiumview.com.
    19. ^[Ralph Dahrendorft, Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1959)]
    20. ^Petram, Lodewijk (Columbia University Press, 2014, ISBN 9780231163781)
    21. ^"World Federation of Exchanges Monthly YTD Data". World-exchanges.org. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
    22. ^Rothbard, Murray: Making Economic Sense, 2nd edition. (Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2006, ISBN 9781610165907), p. 426
    23. ^"Equity market Size relative to bond markets and bank assets". eurocapitalmarkets.org. September 27, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
    24. ^Mahipal Singh, 2011, ISBN 9788182055193, April 2011
    25. ^Nier, Erlend Walter. "Financial Stability Frameworks and the Role of Central Banks: Lessons from the Crisis"(PDF). International Monetary Fund.
    26. ^"Clearinghouse Definition & Example

      Most actively traded companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange

      TORONTO — Some of the most active companies traded Thursday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:

      Toronto Stock Exchange (21,613.18, up 64.75 points.) 

      Manulife Financial Corp. (TSX:MFC). Financials. Up 15 cents, or 0.61 per cent, to $24.93 on 13.1 million shares. 

      Sun Life Financial Inc. (TSX:SLF). Financials. Up 13 cents, or 0.19 per cent, to $69.77 on 4.8 million shares. 

      Suncor Energy Inc. (TSX:SU). Energy. Up 28 cents, or 0.83 per cent, to $34.02 on 3.2 million shares. 

      Storm Resources Ltd. (TSX:SRX). Energy. Up one cent, or 0.16 per cent, to $6.29 on 3.1 million shares.

      Athabasca Oil Corp. (TSX:ATH). Energy. Up one cent, or 0.78 per cent, to $1.30 on 2.8 million shares.

      Bombardier Inc. (TSX:BBD.B). Industrials. Down two cents, or 1.09 per cent, to $1.82 on 2.5 million shares.

      Companies in the news: 

      Rogers Communications Inc. (TSX:RCI.B). Up 41 cents or 0.69 per cent to $59.59. BCE Inc. urged the CRTC to reject Rogers Communications Inc.'s $26-billion proposed takeover of Shaw Communications Inc. on Thursday, while independent operators have called for more safeguards. Speaking at the second-last day of hearings in Gatineau, Que., this week — which are focused the broadcasting implications of the deal — BCE representatives echoed concerns raised by broadcasters, producers and distributors about the market dominance Rogers would have if the deal were to be approved. Robert Malcolmson, chief legal and regulatory officer at BCE, pointed to the CRTC's initial rejection of BCE's acquisition of Astral Media in 2012 because of the market size it would create as a clear precedent for if not rejecting, at least requiring commitments from Rogers to sell off assets to reduce the resulting market share.

      This report by The Canadian Press was first published Nov. 25, 2021.

      The Canadian Press

      Источник: https://www.stalberttoday.ca/national-business/most-actively-traded-companies-on-the-toronto-stock-exchange-4800271

      watch the thematic video

      Most active stocks today usa -

      Most actively traded companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange

      TORONTO — Some of the most active companies traded Thursday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:

      Toronto Stock Exchange (21,613.18, up 64.75 points.) 

      Manulife Financial Corp. (TSX:MFC). Financials. Up 15 cents, or 0.61 per cent, to $24.93 on 13.1 million shares. 

      Sun Life Financial Inc. (TSX:SLF). Financials. Up 13 cents, or 0.19 per cent, to $69.77 on 4.8 million shares. 

      Suncor Energy Inc. (TSX:SU). Energy. Up 28 cents, or 0.83 per cent, to $34.02 on 3.2 million shares. 

      Storm Resources Ltd. (TSX:SRX). Energy. Up one cent, or 0.16 per cent, to $6.29 on 3.1 million shares.

      Athabasca Oil Corp. (TSX:ATH). Energy. Up one cent, or 0.78 per cent, to $1.30 on 2.8 million shares.

      Bombardier Inc. (TSX:BBD.B). Industrials. Down two cents, or 1.09 per cent, to $1.82 on 2.5 million shares.

      Companies in the news: 

      Rogers Communications Inc. (TSX:RCI.B). Up 41 cents or 0.69 per cent to $59.59. BCE Inc. urged the CRTC to reject Rogers Communications Inc.'s $26-billion proposed takeover of Shaw Communications Inc. on Thursday, while independent operators have called for more safeguards. Speaking at the second-last day of hearings in Gatineau, Que., this week — which are focused the broadcasting implications of the deal — BCE representatives echoed concerns raised by broadcasters, producers and distributors about the market dominance Rogers would have if the deal were to be approved. Robert Malcolmson, chief legal and regulatory officer at BCE, pointed to the CRTC's initial rejection of BCE's acquisition of Astral Media in 2012 because of the market size it would create as a clear precedent for if not rejecting, at least requiring commitments from Rogers to sell off assets to reduce the resulting market share.

      This report by The Canadian Press was first published Nov. 25, 2021.

      The Canadian Press

      Источник: https://www.stalberttoday.ca/national-business/most-actively-traded-companies-on-the-toronto-stock-exchange-4800271

      Most Active NYSE Stocks in Share Volume

      Cite

      2005
      rank
      Company name (symbol) 2005 share
      volume
      (in millions)
      1.Pfizer, Inc. (PFE)2,871.0
      2.Lucent Technologies, Inc. (LU) 2,732.1
      3.General Electric Co. (GE) 2,045.8
      4.Time Warner, Inc. (TWX) 1,960.6
      5.Exxon Mobil Corp. (XOM) 1,905.9
      6.Citigroup, Inc. (C) 1,657.5
      7.Motorola, Inc. (MOT) 1,591.0
      8.Texas Instruments, Inc. (TXN)1,477.8
      9.Wal-Mart Stores (WMT) 1,427.7
      10.Hewlett-Packard Co. (HPQ) 1,371.1
      11.EMC Corp. (EMC)1,343.9
      12.Nortel Networks Corp. (NT) 1,330.5
      13.Sprint FON Group (FON)1,280.6
      14.News Corp. (NWSA)1,262.9
      15.J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. (JPM) 1,256.4
      16.American Int'l Group, Inc. (AIG) 1,239.9
      17.Ford Motor Co. (F) 1,239.2
      18.Nokia Corp. (NOK) 1,180.4
      19.Bank of America Corp. (BAC) 1,165.6
      20.SBC Communications (SBC) 1,111.8
      21.Qwest Communications (Q)1,054.4
      22.Tyco International (TYC)1,047.1
      23. MBNA Corp. (KRB)1,022.1
      24.Merck & Co. (MRK)1,006.7
      25.Elan Corp. PLC (ELN)974.8
      26.Corning, Inc. (GLW) 963.1
      27.Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD)950.5
      28.General Motors Corp. (GM)942.7
      29.Liberty Media Corp. (L) 886.2
      30.Verizon Communications (VZ)884.8
      31.Procter & Gamble Co. (PG)853.1
      32.Home Depot, Inc. (HD)846.6
      33.Chevron Corp. (CVX)842.2
      34.Calpine Corp. (CPN) 840.9
      35.Viacom, Inc. (VIAB)800.3
      36.Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)795.8
      37.Morgan Stanley (MWD) 793.2
      38.Taiwan Semiconductor (TSM) 790.3
      39.Walt Disney Co. (DIS) 749.8
      40.Int'l Business Machines (IBM) 726.6
      41.Philip Morris Companies (MO) 700.7
      42.Micron Technology, Inc. (MU)698.5
      43.Charles Schwab Corp. (SCH)687.3
      44.Coca-Cola Co. (KO)683.4
      45.Schering?Plough Corp. (SGP) 651.7
      46.Halliburton Co. (HAL)630.7
      47.McDonalds Corp. (MCD)622.6
      48.AT&T Corp. (T)617.0
      49.BellSouth Corp. (BLS)613.8
      50.Alcoa, Inc. (AA)600.0

      Source:New York Stock Exchange.


      Top NYSE Stocks by Dollar ValueStock MarketMost Active NASDAQ Stocks, 2005
      Источник: https://www.infoplease.com/business/economy/stock-market/most-active-nyse-stocks-share-volume

      How to Find the Most Actively-Traded Stocks

      Knowing which stocks are the most actively traded can provide investors with information about the liquidity of a security, insight into market sentiment about the company and how likely a price increase or decrease will stick. Many financial websites offer lists of daily, monthly or yearly most actives. Below, we will discuss websites that provide additional advantages like more detailed lists, the ability to customize lists and information that is usually behind a paywall. 

      The Importance of Trading Volume

      The average daily trading volume is an important statistic for both traders and investors to understand. The trading volume is the number of shares or contracts in that trade in a given time period, usually one day. The importance of volume lies in its ability to help traders ascertain how and why a security is moving a certain way. Tracking trading volume provides information on how a particular stock is performing, what is driving the stock price, and how strong or weak the move may be. For example, if a stock begins trending upwards and is accompanied by a high trading volume, it is a sign that the upward trend will stick and continue. If a stock is trading upwards and is accompanied by low trading volumes, it is an indication that the trend may be weak and quickly reverse itself. Trading volume can also provide clues on the likelihood of future price movements. Stocks generally have high trading volume when there is news about the company or new significant related information. For a stock to make a significant move or break through a resistance level, usually a high trading volume is needed. The higher the volume, the greater the potential for a price change to stick, which can lead to strong price momentum.

      Where to Find Trading Volume Data

      Daily trading volume data is readily available in many trade publications, newspapers, and financial websites. For example, Yahoo! Finance provides the following information on its Market Data page. 

      The Wall Street Journal also provides an interesting feature; a link to access historical data for the most active stocks on any particular day in the past. This data can be downloaded and used to analyze price movements related to many other variables. Similarly, historical data by year for NYSE stocks can be found at nyxdata.com. 

      In addition to daily most actively traded stock data, weekly and monthly volume leaders and laggards data can be found, although this data is not as widely distributed as daily most actives. The financialpost.com allows users to view weekly most active data on their Market Data page. It groups its most actives by the overall market as well as by market exchange. 

      Monthly data is a bit tougher to find. Many sites provide this data as part of a membership, but some sites allow access without membership rights. For example, marketvalue.com allows users to view monthly most traded stocks by volume as well as daily and yearly most traded by volume without a membership.  

      The Bottom Line

      Understanding trading volume and how it relates to current stock price movements can help traders judge the significance of trends and even forecast future movements. This information, when added to other technical and fundamental analysis data, can complete the picture of a stock and help traders make informed investment decisions. The abundance of financial websites makes finding the most actively traded stocks, especially the daily most actives, very convenient.  

      Источник: https://www.investopedia.com/articles/active-trading/021115/how-find-most-actively-traded-stocks.asp
      1 Minute Review

      Tradier is a high-tech broker made with the most active traders in mind. Tradier differentiates itself by using Application Programming Interface (API) technology to partner with popular trading software to offer a wide range of platform choices to Investors. Tradier brokerage offers integration with one of the widest ranges of platforms we’ve seen, including Esignal, Orion Multi Trader, Stockstotrade, 1Option, Evati, and many, many more. 

      Tradier offers 2 pricing options — infrequent traders may want to opt for Tradier’s 0 Stocks and $0.35 per Options contract trading, while very active traders can often save money by opting into Tradier’s $30 monthly all-inclusive option and Equity, which cuts commissions entirely.

      Tradier TradeHawk platform is exceptionally impressive, combining intuitive 1-click order placements with a vast range of indicators and charting tools. TradeHawk is also completely compatible with both Apple and Android mobile devices. Though we’d love to see Tradier expand into mutual funds and offer a bit more in the way of educational tools, the broker remains a top choice for advanced traders and those looking for enhanced customization options.

      Best For
      • Very active options traders who would benefit from a flat-rate monthly charge instead of per-contract fees.
      • Advanced traders looking for a customizable broker with a wide range of platforms that can be integrated.
      • Prominent options traders get high-quality execution, real-time market data and subscription trading.
      Pros
      • Wide range of integrated platforms provide an option for any trader.
      • All-inclusive per-month subscriptions available in lieu of per-contract commissions.
      • Platforms are powered by quality real-time market data and execution.
      Cons
      • Newer traders may prefer a platform with fewer integration choices and a more streamlined approach.
      • No online mutual funds currently available.
      Источник: https://www.benzinga.com/movers

      Most popular US shares

      Our most popular investments and the market risers and fallers should not be taken as personal recommendations to buy or sell a particular bond, stock or fund, and is not intended to provide advice. This content can indicate the general buying and selling trends of our customers. The value of international investments may be affected by currency fluctuations which might reduce their value in sterling. We may receive two elements of commission in relation to international dealing - Trading Commission and our FX Charge. Please see our Rates and Charges for full details of the relevant costs. Our services are execution only. Together with our partners we also provide opinions on whether to buy a specific investment. None of the opinions we provide are a personal recommendation. We have not assessed your investing knowledge and experience, your financial situation or your investment objectives. We want to make sure that you're comfortable with the risks of investing, so please remember that the value of your investments can go down as well as up and you may not get back all the money you put in. Past performance of investments is not a reliable indicator of future performance. If you're unsure about the suitability of a particular investment or think you need a personal recommendation, you should speak to a suitably qualified financial adviser.

      Источник: https://www.ii.co.uk/investing-with-ii/international-investing/most-popular-us-stocks
      1 Minute Review

      Tradier is a high-tech broker made with the most active traders in mind. Tradier differentiates itself by using Application Programming Interface (API) technology to partner with popular trading software to offer a wide range of platform choices to Investors. Tradier brokerage offers integration with one of the widest ranges of platforms we’ve seen, including Esignal, Orion Multi Trader, Stockstotrade, 1Option, Evati, and many, many more. 

      Tradier offers 2 pricing options — infrequent traders may want to opt for Tradier’s 0 Stocks and $0.35 per Options contract trading, while very active traders can often save money by opting into Tradier’s $30 monthly all-inclusive option and Equity, which cuts commissions entirely.

      Tradier TradeHawk platform is exceptionally impressive, combining intuitive 1-click order placements with a vast range of indicators and charting tools. TradeHawk is also completely compatible with both Apple and Android mobile devices. Though we’d love to see Tradier expand into mutual funds and offer a bit more in why is olive oil so good for you way of educational tools, the broker remains a top choice for advanced traders and those looking for enhanced customization options.

      Best For
      • Very active options traders who would benefit from a flat-rate monthly charge instead of per-contract fees.
      • Advanced traders looking for a customizable broker with a wide range of platforms that can cells at work black manga integrated.
      • Prominent options traders get high-quality execution, real-time market data and subscription trading.
      Pros
      • Wide range of integrated platforms provide an option for any trader.
      • All-inclusive per-month subscriptions available in lieu of per-contract commissions.
      • Platforms are powered by quality real-time market data and execution.
      Cons
      • Newer traders may prefer a platform with fewer integration choices and a more streamlined approach.
      • No online mutual funds currently available.
      Источник: https://www.benzinga.com/movers

      How to Find the Most Actively-Traded Stocks

      Knowing which stocks are the most actively traded can provide investors with information about the liquidity of a security, insight into market sentiment about the company and how likely a price increase or decrease will stick. Many financial websites offer lists of daily, monthly or yearly most actives. Below, we will discuss websites that provide additional advantages like more detailed lists, the ability to customize lists and information that is usually behind a paywall. 

      The Importance of Trading Volume

      The average daily trading volume is an important statistic for both traders and investors to understand. The trading volume is the number of shares or contracts in that trade in a given time period, usually one day. The importance of volume lies in its ability to help traders ascertain how and why a security is moving a certain way. Tracking trading volume most active stocks today usa information on how a particular stock is performing, what is driving the stock price, and how strong or weak the move may be. For example, if a stock begins trending upwards and is accompanied by a high trading volume, it is a sign that the upward trend will stick and continue. If a stock is trading upwards and is accompanied by low trading volumes, it is an indication that the trend may be weak and quickly reverse itself. Trading volume can also provide clues on the likelihood of future price movements. Stocks generally have high trading volume when there is news about the company or new significant related information. For a stock to make a significant move or break through a resistance level, usually a high trading volume is needed. The higher the volume, the greater the potential for a price change to stick, which can lead to strong price momentum.

      Where to Find Trading Volume Data

      Daily trading volume data is readily available in many trade publications, newspapers, and financial websites. For example, Yahoo! Finance provides the following information on its Market Data page. 

      The Wall Street Journal also provides an interesting feature; a link to access historical data for the most active stocks on any particular day in the past. This data can be downloaded and used to analyze price movements related to many other variables. Similarly, historical data by year for NYSE stocks can be found at nyxdata.com. 

      In addition to daily most actively traded stock data, weekly and monthly volume leaders and laggards data can be found, although this data is not as widely distributed as daily most actives. The financialpost.com allows users to view weekly most active data on their Market Data page. It groups its most actives by the overall market as well as by market exchange. 

      Monthly data is a bit tougher to find. Many sites provide this data as part of a membership, but some sites allow access without membership rights. For example, marketvalue.com allows users to view monthly most traded stocks by volume as well as daily and yearly most traded by volume without a membership.  

      The Bottom Line

      Understanding trading volume and how it relates to current stock price movements can help traders judge the significance of trends and even forecast future movements. This information, when first community mortgage shelbyville tn to other technical and fundamental analysis data, can complete the picture of a stock and help traders make informed investment decisions. The abundance of financial websites makes finding the most actively traded stocks, especially the daily most actives, very convenient.  

      Источник: https://www.investopedia.com/articles/active-trading/021115/how-find-most-actively-traded-stocks.asp

      Most traded stocks by country: January 2021

      The end of January marks the end of the first month of trading of the year. The S&P 500 and the EURO STOXX 50 both posted losses, ending January down by 1.11% and 2.52% respectively.

      In this article, we discuss the companies that made an appearance on the map for the first time this year and share January’s biggest winner and loser.

      oGameStop was the predominant stock among our investors and saw the biggest price increase in January.

      Newcomers on the map

      While we see some companies on the map month after month, two companies were traded the most for the first time, making their debut on our map.

      GameStop

      GameStop made headlines in January as it shook up the financial markets. GameStop is an American gaming retailer, and its prices increased by 1,625.05% last month. In case you haven’t been following GameStop’s wild ride, we provide a brief explanation.

      To understand what is happening, you first need to know what a short squeeze is. A short squeeze primarily negatively affects short sellers, which are investors who have sold shares without actually owning them. These investors believe that stock prices will decrease and hope to buy back at a lower price, making the difference in profit. When prices sharply increase due to news or any other reason, a large volume of short-sellers buys back the stock to minimise losses, pushing the price of the stock up even more. Essentially, the most active stocks today usa are ‘squeezed’ out of their positions.

      In GameStop’s case, certain hedge funds were betting that GameStop’s stock price would decrease. The company had been allied first bank atlanta ga, especially amid the Covid-19 pandemic. More than 100% of GameStop’s stock was shorted at one point, meaning more people were shorting the stock than there were shares available in the market.

      A forum on Reddit with over 3.4 million users began talking about GameStop after the founder of pet-supply chain Chewy, Ryan Cohen, invested in GameStop and became a board member. Reddit users and other retail investors then bought GameStop stocks or options, driving the price up. Stock prices soared and GameStop’s market cap increased from $1.4 billion to almost $23 billion as of January 29th.

      You can trade GameStop with a DEGIRO account with Limit and Stop Limit order types. Due to the extreme volatility, placing a Market order might result in executions at unintended prices. This is why Market orders for these products have temporarily been disabled.

      Trading in such volatile stocks comes with a high level of risk. We advise you to only most active stocks today usa in financial products that match your knowledge and experience. Don’t invest all your money in the same product and make sure your portfolio is well diversified.

      Solutions 30

      Solutions 30 also made an appearance on our map for the first time. It is a French-listed, Luxembourg-based company that specialises in IT repair services for individuals and businesses. Prices were down by 3.61% at the end of January.

      Biggest movements

      As mentioned, GameStock’s prices increased by 1,625.05%, making it January’s winner out of the stocks on the map. On the losing end was Alpha Bank, with most active stocks today usa dropping by 20.86%.

      Investing via DEGIRO

      Would you like to invest in one of the companies seen on the map? For all stocks trading on US exchanges, we offer a low fee of €0.50 + $0.004 per share. Fees vary for all other exchanges. For details, please visit our Fees page.

      In addition to these, we offer a multitude of other companies and financial products to invest in on more than fifty exchanges across most active stocks today usa countries. For details, please visit our Markets page.

      Open an account

      The information in this article is not written for advisory purposes, nor does it intend to recommend any investments. Please be aware that facts may have changed since the article was originally written. Investing involves risks. You can lose (a part of) your deposit. We advise you to only invest in financial products that match your knowledge and experience.

      Deemed authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. The nature and extent of consumer protections may differ from those for firms based in the UK. Details of the Temporary Permissions Regime, which allows EEA-based firms to operate in the UK for a limited period while seeking full authorisation, are available on the Financial Conduct Authority’s website.

      Sources: Bloomberg, Financial Times, New York Times, Morningstar, Forbes

      BackИсточник: https://www.degiro.co.uk/

      Most popular US shares

      Our most popular investments and the market risers and fallers should not be taken as personal recommendations to buy or sell a particular most active stocks today usa, stock or fund, and is not intended to provide advice. This content can indicate the general buying and selling trends of our customers. The value of international investments may be affected by currency fluctuations which might reduce their value most active stocks today usa sterling. We may receive two elements of commission in relation to international dealing - Trading Commission and our FX Charge. Please see our Rates and Charges for full details of the relevant costs. Our services are execution only. Together with our partners we also provide opinions on whether to buy a specific investment. None of the opinions we provide are a personal recommendation. We have not assessed your investing knowledge and experience, your financial situation or your investment objectives. We want to make sure that you're comfortable with the risks of investing, so please remember that the value of your investments can go down as well as up and you may not get back all the money you put in. Past performance of investments is not a reliable indicator of future performance. If you're unsure about the suitability of a particular investment or think you need a personal recommendation, you should speak to a suitably qualified financial adviser.

      Источник: https://www.ii.co.uk/investing-with-ii/international-investing/most-popular-us-stocks
      Ari Barkah Djamil, Dominique Razafindrambinina, Caroline Tandeans Journal of Business Studies Quarterly 2013, Volume 5, Number 2
    27. ^ abCutler, D. Poterba, J. & Summers, L. (1991). "Speculative dynamics". Review of Economic Studies. 58 (3): 520–546. doi:10.2307/2298010. JSTOR 2298010. S2CID 219396672.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
    28. ^"OpenStax CNX". cnx.org. Rice University. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
    29. ^Mandelbrot, Benoit & Hudson, Richard L. (2006). The Misbehavior of Markets: A Fractal View of Financial Turbulence (annot. ed.). Basic Books. ISBN .
    30. ^Taleb, Nassim Nicholas (2008). Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets (2nd ed.). Random House. ISBN .
    31. ^Tversky, A. & Kahneman, D. (1974). "Judgement under uncertainty: heuristics and biases". Science. 185 (4157): 1124–1131. Bibcode:1974Sci.185.1124T. doi:10.1126/science.185.4157.1124. PMID 17835457. S2CID 143452957.
    32. ^Morris, Stephen; Shin, Hyun Song (1999). "Risk management with interdependent most active stocks today usa. Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 15 (3): 52–62. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.381.3080. doi:10.1093/oxrep/15.3.52.
    33. ^copied content from Business Cycle; see that page's history for attribution
    34. ^Syverson, Chad (2019). "Macroeconomics and Market Power: Context, Implications, most active stocks today usa Open Questions". Journal of Economic Perspectives. 33 (3): 23–43. doi:10.1257/jep.33.3.23. S2CID 201326865.
    35. ^copied content from Social Security (United States)#Public economics; see that page's history for attribution
    36. ^"Americans with a college degree 1940-2018, by gender".
    37. ^David Fabian (February 9, 2014). "Why The Market Doesn't Care Where You Most active stocks today usa It Should Go". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
    38. ^Sergey Perminov, Trendocracy and Stock Market Manipulations (2008, ISBN 978-1-4357-5244-3).
    39. ^"News Headlines". Cnbc.com. October 13, 2008. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
    40. ^ abcShiller, Robert (2005). Irrational Exuberance (2nd ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN .
    41. ^Completing the Circuit: Canadian Regulation, FIXGlobal, February 2012
    42. ^"Trading Information". New York Stock Exchange.
    43. ^"Market volatility regulations". The Vanguard Group.

    Further reading[edit]

    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_market

    Does high most active stocks today usa volume indicate a good or bad stock?

    — -- Q: When a stock is actively traded in terms of volume, does that mean it's a good or a bad investment?

    A: Used car buyers often take comfort knowing they're buying from the original owner. And sometimes house buyers like to know that the selling family has lived there awhile.

    When it comes to cars or houses, constantly flipping might indicate there's something wrong. There's a reason why the property is being dumped. And buyers don't want to buy another person's problems.

    But stocks are much different. Just because a stock is bought and sold frequently, and has high trading volume, doesn't tell you much about the quality of the investment.

    There are many factors that determine how frequently a stock trades. Stocks with lower per-share prices, for instance, tend to have higher trading volumes simply because the same dollar investment translates into more shares. And just because a stock has a higher per-share dollar price doesn't mean it's a better investment than a stock with a lower per-share price. Similarly, large companies with many shares outstanding tend to have high trading volume.

    Trading volume can also spike around the release of news, as investors scramble to buy and sell as they digest the new information. And other stocks tend to have high trading volumes because they're in the news or of special interest to investors.

    Don't confuse trading volume with long-term intentions by investors either. A bulk of the market's trading volume is simply buying and selling done by computers programmed to fire off trades. These computer programs don't even know what the companies do, nor do they care. They're just trading in nanoseconds trying to make a quick buck on short-term moves.

    Some investors combine trading volume with price moves to glean insights. For instance, some investors might look at a big price move, either higher or lower, as more meaningful if it comes on big volume. Conversely, some investors would distrust a big move higher, and think it's a fake rally, if it is done on low volume.

    Heavy stock trading can present some benefits to investors. For instance, the more buying and selling in a stock, the closer the bid and ask price of a stock gets. That's a technical way of saying that when investors buy or sell a heavily traded stock, they tend to get a more fair price. It's just as when you sell an item on eBay. If many people are bidding on the product, as a seller, you're more likely to get a price that's closer to what the object is most active stocks today usa worth than if only one person is bidding.

    But overall, the fact some stocks are more heavily citizens one card services login than others doesn't tell you much about the future prospects of a stock, but is a key aspect of short-term trading.

    Matt Krantz is a financial markets reporter at USA TODAY and author of Investing Online for Dummies and Fundamental Analysis for Dummies. He answers a different reader question every weekday in his Ask Matt column at money.usatoday.com. To submit a question, e-mail Matt at [email protected] Follow Matt on Twitter at: twitter.com/mattkrantz

    Источник: https://abcnews.go.com/Business/high-trading-volume-good-bad-stock/story?id=16075702
    most active stocks today usa