https m youtube com search

The latest Tweets from YouTube (@YouTube). like and subscribe. there are so many things to be grateful for. i'm grateful for all of your #YouTubeShorts. Explore the latest company news, creator and artist profiles, culture and trends analyses, and behind-the-scenes insights on the YouTube Official Blog. youtube desktop.

Https m youtube com search -

YouTube

Online video platform owned by Google

Not to be confused with YouTube (channel).

The YouTube logo is made of a red round-rectangular box with a white "play" button inside and the word "YouTube" written in black.

Logo since 2017

Screenshot

YouTube homepage.png

YouTube's front page on November 14, 2021

Type of businessSubsidiary

Type of site

Online video platform
FoundedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Headquarters901 Cherry Avenue
San Bruno, California,

United States

Area servedWorldwide (excluding blocked countries)
Founder(s)
Key peopleSusan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (advisor)
Industry
ProductsYouTube Premium
YouTube Music
YouTube TV
YouTube Kids
RevenueIncreaseUS$19.8 billion (2020)[1]
ParentGoogle LLC (2006–present)
URLYouTube.com
(see list of localized domain names)
AdvertisingGoogle AdSense
Registration

Optional

  • Not required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments
UsersIncrease 2 billion (October 2020)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Current statusActive

Content license

Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.
Written inPython (core/API),[3]C (through CPython), C++, Java (through Guice platform),[4][5]Go,[6]JavaScript (UI)

YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform owned by Google. It was launched on February 14, 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. It is the second most visited website, with more than one billion monthly users[7] who collectively watch more than one billion hours of videos each day.[8] As of May 2019[update], videos were being uploaded at a rate of more than 500 hours of content per minute.[9]

In October 2006, YouTube was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.[10] Google's ownership of YouTube has also changed its business model; it no longer generates revenue from advertisements alone. YouTube now offers paid content such as movies and exclusive content. YouTube and approved creators participate in Google's AdSense program, which generates more revenue for both parties. It has since evolved from a small video streaming platform to a large service with reported revenues of $19.8 billion in 2020.[1]

Since its purchase by Google, YouTube has expanded beyond the website into mobile apps, network television, and the ability to link with other services. Video categories on YouTube include music videos, video clips, news, short films, feature films, documentaries, audio recordings, movie trailers, teasers, live streams, vlogs, and more. Most content is generated by individuals. This includes collaborations between YouTubers and company sponsors. Since around 2015, established media corporations such as Disney, ViacomCBS, and WarnerMedia have created and expanded their corporate YouTube channels to advertise to a larger audience.

YouTube has had a substantial social impact, influencing popular culture, internet trends, and creating multimillionaire celebrities. It has been criticized for facilitating the spread of misinformation, copyright issues, violating its users' privacy, enabling censorship, and endangering child safety and wellbeing.

History

Main article: History of YouTube

Founding and initial growth (2005–2006)

YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. The trio were all early employees of PayPal, which left them enriched after the company was bought by eBay.[11] Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[12]

According to a story that has often been repeated in the media, Hurley and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos that had been shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen remarked that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was probably very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story that was very digestible".[13]

Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, when Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed by Justin Timberlake during the halftime show. Karim could not easily find video clips of the incident and 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.[14] Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.[13][15] They created posts on Craigslist asking attractive women to upload videos of themselves to YouTube in exchange for a $100 reward.[16] Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.[17]

The YouTube logo was used from its launch until 2011. Another version of this logo without their "Broadcast Yourself"slogan was used until 2015.

YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup. Between November 2005 and April 2006, the company raised money from a variety of investors with Sequoia Capital, $11.5 million, and Artis Capital Management, $8 million, being the largest two.[11][18] YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[19] In February 2005, the company activated .[20] The first video was uploaded April 23, 2005. Titled Me at the zoo, it shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and can still be viewed on the site.[21][22] In May, the company launched a public beta and by November, a Nike ad featuring Ronaldinho became the first video to reach one million total views.[23][24] The site launched officially on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day.[25][26] Clips at the time were limited to 100 megabytes, as little as 30 seconds of footage.[27]

Contrary to popular belief, YouTube was not the first video-sharing site on the Internet; Vimeo was launched in November 2004, though that site remained a side project of its developers from CollegeHumor at the time and did not grow much, either.[28] The week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday"'s status as an early viral video helped establish YouTube as an important website.[29] Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed when NBCUniversal requested it two months later based on copyright concerns.[30] Despite eventually being taken down, these duplicate uploads of the skit helped popularize YouTube's reach and led to the upload of more third-party content.[31][32] The site grew rapidly and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day.[33]

The choice of the name led to problems for a similarly named website, . That site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube subsequently changed its website to.[34][35]

Broadcast Yourself era (2006–2013)

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California

On October 9, 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock.[36][37] The deal was finalized on November 13, 2006.[38][39] Google's acquisition launched new newfound interest in video-sharing sites; IAC, which now owned Vimeo, focused on supporting the content creators to distinguish itself from YouTube.[28]

YouTube logo from 2015 until 2017

The company experienced rapid growth. The Daily Telegraph wrote that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[40] By 2010, the company had reached a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos, according to comScore.[41] That year, the company simplified its interface in order to increase the time users would spend on the site.[42] In 2011, more than three billion videos were being watched each day with 48 hours of new videos uploaded every minute.[43][44][45] However, most of these views came from a relatively small number of videos; according to a software engineer at that time, 30% of videos accounted for 99% of views on the site.[46] That year, the company again changed its interface and at the same time, introduced a new logo with a darker shade of red.[47][48] A subsequent interface change, designed to unify the experience across desktop, TV, and mobile, was rolled out in 2013.[49] By that point, more than 100 hours were being uploaded every minute, a number that would increase to 300 hours by November 2014.[50][51]

During this time, the company also went through some organizational changes. In October 2006, YouTube moved to a new office in San Bruno, California.[52] Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as a chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role and that Salar Kamangar would take over as head of the company in October 2010.[53]

YouTube's new CEO (2014–2018)

Susan Wojcicki was appointed CEO of YouTube in February 2014.[54] In January 2016, YouTube expanded its headquarters in San Bruno by purchasing an office park for $215 million. The complex has 51,468 square metres (554,000 square feet) of space and can house up to 2,800 employees.[55] YouTube officially launched the "polymer" redesign of its user interfaces based on Material Design language as its default, as well a redesigned logo that is built around the service's play button emblem in August 2017.[56]

Through this period, YouTube tried several new ways to generate revenue beyond advertisements. In 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program for content providers to offer premium, subscription-based channels within the platform.[57][58] This effort was discontinued in January 2018 and relaunched in June, with US$4.99 channel subscriptions.[59][60] These channel subscriptions complemented the existing Super Chat ability, launched in 2017, which allows viewers to donate between $1 and $500 to have their comment highlighted.[61] In 2014, YouTube announced a subscription service known as "Music Key," which bundled ad-free streaming of music content on YouTube with the existing Google Play Music service.[62] The service continued to evolve in 2015, when YouTube announced YouTube Red, a new premium service that would offer ad-free access to all content on the platform (succeeding the Music Key service released the previous year), premium original series, and films produced by YouTube personalities, as well as background playback of content on mobile devices. YouTube also released YouTube Music, a third app oriented towards streaming and discovering the music content hosted on the YouTube platform.[63][64][65]

The company also attempted to create products to appeal to specific kinds of viewers. YouTube released a mobile app known as YouTube Kids in 2015, designed to provide an experience optimized for children. It features a simplified user interface, curated selections of channels featuring age-appropriate content, and parental control features.[66] Also in 2015, YouTube launched YouTube Gaming—a video gaming-oriented vertical and app for videos and live streaming, intended to compete with the Amazon.com-owned Twitch.[67]

Consolidation and controversy (2018–present)

The company was attacked on April 3, 2018, when a shooting occurred at YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California, which wounded four and resulted in one death (the shooter).[68] By February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube were watched every day, and 400 hours of video were uploaded every minute.[8][69] Two years later, the uploads had risen to more than 500 hours per minute.[9] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when most of the world was under stay-at-home orders, usage of services such as YouTube greatly increased. One data firm estimated that YouTube was accounting for 15% of all internet traffic, twice its pre-pandemic level.[70] In response to EU officials requesting that such services reduce bandwidth as to make sure medical entities had sufficient bandwidth to share information, YouTube along with Netflix stated they would reduce streaming quality for at least thirty days as to cut bandwidth use of their services by 25% to comply with the EU's request.[71] YouTube later announced that they would continue with this move worldwide: "We continue to work closely with governments and network operators around the globe to do our part to minimize stress on the system during this unprecedented situation."[72]

Following a 2018 complaint alleging violations of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA),[73] the company was fined $170 million by the FTC for collecting personal information from minors under the age of 13.[74] YouTube was also ordered to create systems to increase children's privacy.[75][76] Following criticisms of its implementation of those systems, YouTube started treating all videos designated as "made for kids" as liable under COPPA on January 6, 2020.[77][78] Joining the YouTube Kids app, the company created a supervised mode, designed more for tweens, in 2021.[79]

During this period, YouTube entered disputes with other tech companies. For over a year, in 2018 and 2019, there was no YouTube app available for Amazon Fire products. In 2020, Roku was forced to remove the YouTube TV app from its streaming store after the two companies were unable to reach an agreement.[80][81]

Features

Video technology

YouTube primarily uses the VP9 and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video codecs, and the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP protocol.[82]MPEG-4 Part 2 streams contained within 3GP containers are also provided for low bandwidth connections.[83] By January 2019, YouTube had begun rolling out videos in AV1 format.[84] In 2021 it was reported that the company was considering requiring AV1 in streaming hardware in order to decrease bandwidth and increase quality.[85] Video is usually streamed alongside the Opus and AAC audio codecs.[83]

At launch in 2005, viewing YouTube videos on a personal computer required the Adobe Flash Player plug-in to be installed in the browser.[86] In January 2010, YouTube launched an experimental version of the site that used the built-in multimedia capabilities of web browsers supporting the HTML5 standard.[87] This allowed videos to be viewed without requiring Adobe Flash Player or any other plug-in to be installed.[88] On January 27, 2015, YouTube announced that HTML5 would be the default playback method on supported browsers.[87] With the switch to HTML5 video streams using Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH), an adaptive bit-rate HTTP-based streaming solution optimizing the bitrate and quality for the available network.[89]

The platform can serve videos at optionally lower resolution levels starting at 144p for smoothening playback in areas and countries with limited Internet speeds, improving compatibility, as well as for the preservation of limited cellular data plans. The resolution setting can be adjusted automatically based on detected connection speed, as well as be set manually.[90][91]

From 2008 to 2017, users could add "annotations" to their videos—such as pop-up text messages and hyperlinks and which allowed for interactive videos. By 2019 all annotations had been removed from videos, breaking some videos which depended on the feature. YouTube introduced standardized widgets intended to replace annotations in a cross-platform manner, including "end screens" (a customizable array of thumbnails for specified videos displayed near the end of the video).[92][93][94]

In 2018, YouTube became an ISNI registry, and announced its intention to begin creating ISNI identifiers to uniquely identify the musicians whose videos it features.[95]

Uploading

All YouTube users can upload videos up to 15 minutes each in duration. Users can verify their account, normally through a mobile phone, to gain the ability to upload videos up to 12 hours in length, as well as produce live streams.[96][97] When YouTube was launched in 2005, it was possible to upload longer videos, but a ten-minute limit was introduced in March 2006 after YouTube found that the majority of videos exceeding this length were unauthorized uploads of television shows and films.[98] The 10-minute limit was increased to 15 minutes in July 2010.[99] Videos can be at most 256 GB in size or 12 hours, whichever is less.[96]As of 2021[update], automatic closed captions using speech recognition technology when a video is uploaded is available in 13 languages. YouTube also offers manual closed captioning as part of its creator studio.[100] YouTube formerly offered a 'Community Captions' feature, where viewers could write and submit captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader, but this was deprecated in September 2020.

YouTube accepts the most common container formats, including MP4, Matroska, FLV, AVI, WebM, 3GP, MPEG-PS, and the QuickTime File Format. Some intermediate video formats (i.e., primarily used for professional video editing, not for final delivery or storage) are also accepted, such as ProRes.[102] YouTube provides recommended encoding settings.[103]

In 2018, YouTube added a feature called Premiere which displays a notification to the user mentioning when the video will be available for the first time, like for a live stream but with a prerecorded video.[104]

Quality and formats

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263),[105][106] with mono MP3 audio.[107] In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones.[108] In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.[109] In December 2008, 720pHD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3aspect ratio to a widescreen16:9.[110] With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels.[111][112] In March 2015, support for 4K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 3840 × 2160 pixels. In June 2015, support for 8K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 7680×4320 pixels.[113] In November 2016, support for HDR video was added which can be encoded with hybrid log–gamma (HLG) or perceptual quantizer (PQ).[114] HDR video can be encoded with the Rec. 2020 color space.[115]

In June 2014, YouTube began to deploy support for high-frame-rate videos up to 60 frames per second (as opposed to 30 before), becoming available for user uploads in October. YouTube stated that this would enhance "motion-intensive" videos, such as video game footage.[116][117][118][119]

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. Viewers only indirectly influence the video quality. Users choose between "Auto", which adjusts resolution based on the internet connection, "High Picture Quality" which will prioritize playing high-quality video, "Data saver" which will sacrifice video quality in favor of low data usage, and "Advanced" which lets the user choose a stream resolution.[120] It is not possible for the viewer to directly choose a higher bitrate (quality) for any selected resolution.

Since 2009, viewers have had the ability watch 3D videos.[121] In 2015, the company began natively supporting 360-degree video and it has since allowed for live streaming of 360° video at up to 4K resolution.[122][123] Citing the limited number of users who watched more than 90-degrees, the company began supporting an alternative stereoscopic video format known as VR180 which it said was easier to produce.[124] The company now allows users to watch any video using virtual reality headsets.[125]

In response to increased viewership during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company temporarily downgraded the quality of its videos.[126][127] The company developed its own chip, called Argos, to help with encoding higher resolution videos in 2021.[128]

Live streaming

YouTube carried out early experiments with live streaming, including a concert by U2 in 2009, and a question-and-answer session with US President Barack Obama in February 2010.[129] These tests had relied on technology from 3rd-party partners, but in September 2010, YouTube began testing its own live streaming infrastructure.[130] In April 2011, YouTube announced the rollout of YouTube Live. The creation of live streams was initially limited to select partners.[131] It was used for real-time broadcasting of events such as the 2012 Olympics in London.[132] In October 2012, more than 8 million people watched Felix Baumgartner's jump from the edge of space as a live stream on YouTube.[133]

In May 2013, creation of live streams was opened to verified users with at least 1,000 subscribers; in August of that year the number was reduced to 100 subscribers,[134] and in December the limit was removed.[135] In February 2017, live streaming was introduced to the official YouTube mobile app. Live streaming via mobile was initially restricted to users with at least 10,000 subscribers,[136] but as of mid-2017 it has been reduced to 100 subscribers.[137] Live streams support HDR, can be up to 4K resolution at 60 fps, and also support 360° video.[123][138]

User features

On September 13, 2016, YouTube launched a public beta of Community, a social media-based feature that allows users to post text, images (including GIFs), live videos and others in a separate "Community" tab on their channel.[139] Prior to the release, several creators had been consulted to suggest tools Community could incorporate that they would find useful; these YouTubers included Vlogbrothers, AsapScience, Lilly Singh, The Game Theorists, Karmin, The Key of Awesome, The Kloons, Peter Hollens, Rosianna Halse Rojas, Sam Tsui, Threadbanger and Vsauce3.[140][non-primary source needed]

After the feature has been officially released, the community post feature gets activated automatically for every channel that passes a specific threshold of subscriber counts or already has more subscribers. This threshold was lowered over time[when?], from 10,000 subscribers to 1500 subscribers, to 1000 subscribers,[non-primary source needed] to 500 subscribers.[142]

Channels that the community tab becomes enabled for, get their channel discussions (the name before March 2013 "One channel layout" redesign finalization: "channel comments") permanently erased, instead of co-existing or migrating.[non-primary source needed]

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube user comments

Most videos enable users to leave comments, and these have attracted attention for the negative aspects of both their form and content. In 2006, Time praised Web 2.0 for enabling "community and collaboration on a scale never seen before", and added that YouTube "harnesses the stupidity of crowds as well as its wisdom. Some of the comments on YouTube make you weep for the future of humanity just for the spelling alone, never mind the obscenity and the naked hatred".[144]The Guardian in 2009 described users' comments on YouTube as:[145]

Juvenile, aggressive, misspelt, sexist, homophobic, swinging from raging at the contents of a video to providing a pointlessly detailed description followed by a LOL, YouTube comments are a hotbed of infantile debate and unashamed ignorance—with the occasional burst of wit shining through.

The Daily Telegraph commented in September 2008, that YouTube was "notorious" for "some of the most confrontational and ill-formed comment exchanges on the internet", and reported on YouTube Comment Snob, "a new piece of software that blocks rude and illiterate posts".[146]The Huffington Post noted in April 2012 that finding comments on YouTube that appear "offensive, stupid and crass" to the "vast majority" of the people is hardly difficult.[147]

Google subsequently implemented a comment system oriented on Google+ on November 6, 2013, that required all YouTube users to use a Google+ account to comment on videos. The stated motivation for the change was giving creators more power to moderate and block comments, thereby addressing frequent criticisms of their quality and tone.[148] The new system restored the ability to include URLs in comments, which had previously been removed due to problems with abuse.[149][150] In response, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted the question "why the fuck do I need a google+ account to comment on a video?" on his YouTube channel to express his negative opinion of the change.[151] The official YouTube announcement[152] received 20,097 "thumbs down" votes and generated more than 32,000 comments in two days.[153] Writing in the Newsday blog Silicon Island, Chase Melvin noted that "Google+ is nowhere near as popular a social media network like Facebook, but it's essentially being forced upon millions of YouTube users who don't want to lose their ability to comment on videos" and added that "Discussion forums across the Internet are already bursting with the outcry against the new comment system". In the same article Melvin goes on to say:[154]

Perhaps user complaints are justified, but the idea of revamping the old system isn't so bad. Think of the crude, misogynistic and racially-charged mudslinging that has transpired over the last eight years on YouTube without any discernible moderation. Isn't any attempt to curb unidentified libelers worth a shot? The system is far from perfect, but Google should be lauded for trying to alleviate some of the damage caused by irate YouTubers hiding behind animosity and anonymity.

Later, on July 27, 2015, Google announced in a blog post that it would be removing the requirement to sign up to a Google+ account to post comments to YouTube.[155] Then on November 3, 2016, YouTube announced a trial scheme which allows the creators of videos to decide whether to approve, hide or report the comments posted on videos based on an algorithm that detects potentially offensive comments.[156] Creators may also choose to keep or delete comments with links or hashtags in order to combat spam. They can also allow other users to moderate their comments.[157]

In December 2020, it was reported that YouTube would launch a new feature that will warn users who post a comment that "may be offensive to others."[158][159]

Content accessibility

YouTube offers users the ability to view its videos on web pages outside their website. Each YouTube video is accompanied by a piece of HTML that can be used to embed it on any page on the Web.[160] This functionality is often used to embed YouTube videos in social networking pages and blogs. Users wishing to post a video discussing, inspired by, or related to another user's video can make a "video response". The eleven character Youtube video identifier (64 possible characters used in each position), allows for a theoretical maximum of 6411 or around 73.8 quintillion (73.8 billion billion) unique ids.

YouTube announced that it would remove video responses for being an underused feature on August 27, 2013.[161] Embedding, rating, commenting and response posting can be disabled by the video owner.[162] YouTube does not usually offer a download link for its videos, and intends for them to be viewed through its website interface.[163] A small number of videos can be downloaded as MP4 files.[164] Numerous third-party web sites, applications and browser plug-ins allow users to download YouTube videos.[165]

In February 2009, YouTube announced a test service, allowing some partners to offer video downloads for free or for a fee paid through Google Checkout.[166] In June 2012, Google sent cease and desist letters threatening legal action against several websites offering online download and conversion of YouTube videos.[167] In response, Zamzar removed the ability to download YouTube videos from its site.[168] Users retain copyright of their own work under the default Standard YouTube License,[169] but have the option to grant certain usage rights under any public copyright license they choose.

Since July 2012, it has been possible to select a Creative Commons attribution license as the default, allowing other users to reuse and remix the material.[170]

Platforms

Most modern smartphones are capable of accessing YouTube videos, either within an application or through an optimized website. YouTube Mobile was launched in June 2007, using RTSP streaming for the video.[171] Not all of YouTube's videos are available on the mobile version of the site.[172]

Since June 2007, YouTube's videos have been available for viewing on a range of Apple products. This required YouTube's content to be transcoded into Apple's preferred video standard, H.264, a process that took several months. YouTube videos can be viewed on devices including Apple TV, iPod Touch and the iPhone.[173]

The mobile version of the site was relaunched based on HTML5 in July 2010, avoiding the need to use Adobe Flash Player and optimized for use with touch screen controls.[174] The mobile version is also available as an app for the Android platform.[175][176]

In September 2012, YouTube launched its first app for the iPhone, following the decision to drop YouTube as one of the preloaded apps in the iPhone 5 and iOS 6 operating system.[177] According to GlobalWebIndex, YouTube was used by 35% of smartphone users between April and June 2013, making it the third-most used app.[178]

A TiVo service update in July 2008 allowed the system to search and play YouTube videos.[179]

In January 2009, YouTube launched "YouTube for TV", a version of the website tailored for set-top boxes and other TV-based media devices with web browsers, initially allowing its videos to be viewed on the PlayStation 3 and Wiivideo game consoles.[180][181]

During the month of June that same year, YouTube XL was introduced, which has a simplified interface designed for viewing on a standard television screen.[182] YouTube is also available as an app on Xbox Live.[183]

On November 15, 2012, Google launched an official app for the Wii, allowing users to watch YouTube videos from the Wii channel.[184] An app was available for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS, but was discontinued in August 2019.[185] Videos can also be viewed on the Wii U Internet Browser using HTML5.[186] Google made YouTube available on the Roku player on December 17, 2013,[187] and, in October 2014, the Sony PlayStation 4.[188]

YouTube launched as a downloadable app for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.[189]

International and localization

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt appeared in Paris to launch the new localization system.[190] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 104 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[191]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date
 United States (and worldwide launch) English, SpanishFebruary 14, 2005[190]
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[190]
 FranceFrench, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 IrelandEnglish, IrishJune 19, 2007[190]
 ItalyItalian, German, CatalanJune 19, 2007[190]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[190]
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[190]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[190]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[190]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[192]
 Hong KongChinese, EnglishOctober 17, 2007[193]
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 CanadaEnglish, FrenchNovember 6, 2007[195]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[196]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[197]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[198]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, Punjabi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, UrduMay 7, 2008[199]
 IsraelHebrew, ArabicSeptember 16, 2008
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[200]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[201]
 South AfricaEnglish, Afrikaans, ZuluMay 17, 2010[190]
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[202]
 AlgeriaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 MoroccoFrench, ArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 TunisiaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 KenyaEnglish, SwahiliSeptember 1, 2011[204]
 PhilippinesFilipino, EnglishOctober 13, 2011[205]
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, TamilOctober 20, 2011[206]
 BelgiumFrench, Dutch, GermanNovember 16, 2011[190]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[207]
 UgandaEnglish, SwahiliDecember 2, 2011[208]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[209]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[210]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[211]
 MalaysiaMalay, EnglishMarch 22, 2012[212]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[213]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic, EnglishApril 1, 2012[214]
 GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian, EnglishMay 17, 2012[215]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[216]
 SenegalFrench, EnglishJuly 4, 2012[217]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[218]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[219]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 FinlandFinnish, SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[221]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[222]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, ItalianMarch 29, 2013[223]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[224]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[225]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[226]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[227]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian, CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[233]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[234]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[228]
 Puerto RicoSpanish, EnglishAugust 23, 2014
 IcelandIcelandic2014
 LuxembourgFrench, German2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015
 TanzaniaEnglish, SwahiliJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[235]
 BelarusBelarusian, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 KazakhstanKazakh, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 PakistanUrdu, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[237]
 Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish, GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
 Dominican RepublicSpanishFebruary 21, 2019
 CyprusGreek, TurkishMarch 13, 2019
 LiechtensteinGermanMarch 13, 2019
 VenezuelaSpanishMarch 10, 2020
 Papua New GuineaEnglish2020
 BangladeshBengali, EnglishSeptember 2, 2020

The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen based on the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[238] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Armenian, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions. Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[239][240] In October 2012, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain . The local version is subject to the content regulations found in Turkish law.[241] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach an agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[242] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[243]

Videos

In January 2012, it was estimated that visitors to YouTube spent an average of 15 minutes a day on the site, in contrast to the four or five hours a day spent by a typical US citizen watching television.[244] In 2017, viewers on average watched YouTube on mobile devices for more than an hour every day.[245]

In December 2012, two billion views were removed from the view counts of Universal and Sony music videos on YouTube, prompting a claim by The Daily Dot that the views had been deleted due to a violation of the site's terms of service, which ban the use of automated processes to inflate view counts. This was disputed by Billboard, which said that the two billion views had been moved to Vevo, since the videos were no longer active on YouTube.[246][247] On August 5, 2015, YouTube patched the formerly notorious behaviour which caused a video's view count to freeze at "301" (later "301+") until the actual count was verified to prevent view count fraud.[248] YouTube view counts once again updated in real time.[249]

Since September 2019, subscriber counts are abbreviated. Only three leading digits of channels' subscriber counts are indicated publicly, compromising the function of third-party real-time indicators such as that of Social Blade. Exact counts remain available to channel operators inside YouTube Studio.[250] On November 11, 2021, after testing out this change on March 2021, YouTube announced it would start hiding dislike counts on videos, making them invisible to viewers. YouTube creators will still be able to see the number of likes and dislikes in the YouTube Studio dashboard tool, according to YouTube.[251][252][253] The announcement was panned by the YouTube community and prompted a negative response from YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim, who referred to the update as "a stupid idea".[254][255]

Copyright issues

Main article: YouTube copyright issues

Further information: § Revenue to copyright holders

YouTube has faced numerous challenges and criticisms in its attempts to deal with copyright, including the site's first viral video, Lazy Sunday, which had to be taken down, due to copyright concerns.[29] At the time of uploading a video, YouTube users are shown a message asking them not to violate copyright laws.[256] Despite this advice, many unauthorized clips of copyrighted material remain on YouTube. YouTube does not view videos before they are posted online, and it is left to copyright holders to issue a DMCAtakedown notice pursuant to the terms of the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act. Any successful complaint about copyright infringement results in a YouTube copyright strike. Three successful complaints for copyright infringement against a user account will result in the account and all of its uploaded videos being deleted.[257][258] From 2007 to 2009 organizations including Viacom, Mediaset, and the English Premier League have filed lawsuits against YouTube, claiming that it has done too little to prevent the uploading of copyrighted material.[259][260][261]

In August 2008, a US court ruled in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. that copyright holders cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the posting reflected fair use of the material.[262] YouTube's owner Google announced in November 2015 that they would help cover the legal cost in select cases where they believe fair use defenses apply.[263]

In the 2011 case of Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC, professional singer Matt Smith sued Summit Entertainment for the wrongful use of copyright takedown notices on YouTube.[264] He asserted seven causes of action, and four were ruled in Smith's favor.[265] In April 2012, a court in Hamburg ruled that YouTube could be held responsible for copyrighted material posted by its users.[266] On November 1, 2016, the dispute with GEMA was resolved, with Google content ID being used to allow advertisements to be added to videos with content protected by GEMA.[267]

In April 2013, it was reported that Universal Music Group and YouTube have a contractual agreement that prevents content blocked on YouTube by a request from UMG from being restored, even if the uploader of the video files a DMCA counter-notice.[268][269] As part of YouTube Music, Universal and YouTube signed an agreement in 2017, which was followed by separate agreements other major labels, which gave the company the right to advertising revenue when its music was played on YouTube.[270] By 2019, creators were having videos taken down or demonetized when Content ID identified even short segments of copyrighted music within a much longer video, with different levels of enforcement depending on the record label.[271] Experts noted that some of these clips said qualified for fair use.[271]

Content ID

Main article: Content ID (system)

In June 2007, YouTube began trials of a system for automatic detection of uploaded videos that infringe copyright. Google CEO Eric Schmidt regarded this system as necessary for resolving lawsuits such as the one from Viacom, which alleged that YouTube profited from content that it did not have the right to distribute.[272] The system, which was initially called "Video Identification"[273][274] and later became known as Content ID,[275] creates an ID File for copyrighted audio and video material, and stores it in a database. When a video is uploaded, it is checked against the database, and flags the video as a copyright violation if a match is found.[276] When this occurs, the content owner has the choice of blocking the video to make it unviewable, tracking the viewing statistics of the video, or adding advertisements to the video.

By 2010, YouTube had "already invested tens of millions of dollars in this technology".[274]

In 2011, YouTube described Content ID as "very accurate in finding uploads that look similar to reference files that are of sufficient length and quality to generate an effective ID File".[276]

By 2012, Content ID accounted for over a third of the monetized views on YouTube.[277]

An independent test in 2009 uploaded multiple versions of the same song to YouTube and concluded that while the system was "surprisingly resilient" in finding copyright violations in the audio tracks of videos, it was not infallible.[278] The use of Content ID to remove material automatically has led to controversy in some cases, as the videos have not been checked by a human for fair use.[279] If a YouTube user disagrees with a decision by Content ID, it is possible to fill in a form disputing the decision.[280]

Before 2016, videos were not monetized until the dispute was resolved. Since April 2016, videos continue to be monetized while the dispute is in progress, and the money goes to whoever won the dispute.[281] Should the uploader want to monetize the video again, they may remove the disputed audio in the "Video Manager".[282] YouTube has cited the effectiveness of Content ID as one of the reasons why the site's rules were modified in December 2010 to allow some users to upload videos of unlimited length.[283]

Moderation and offensive content

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube, and Censorship by Google § YouTube

YouTube has a set of community guidelines aimed to reduce abuse of the site's features. The uploading of videos containing defamation, pornography, and material encouraging criminal conduct is forbidden by YouTube's "Community Guidelines".[284] Generally prohibited material includes sexually explicit content, videos of animal abuse, shock videos, content uploaded without the copyright holder's consent, hate speech, spam, and predatory behavior.[284] YouTube relies on its users to flag the content of videos as inappropriate, and a YouTube employee will view a flagged video to determine whether it violates the site's guidelines.[284] Despite the guidelines, YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations,[285] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[286] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters,[287] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[288] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[285]

YouTube contracts companies to hire content moderators, who view content flagged as potentially violating YouTube's content policies and determines if they should be removed. In September 2020, a class-action suit was filed by a former content moderator who reported developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after an 18-month period on the job. The former content moderator said that she was regularly made to exceed YouTube's stated limited of four hours per day of viewing graphic content. The lawsuit alleges that YouTube's contractors gave little to no training or support for its moderator's mental health, made prospective employees sign NDAs before showing them any examples of content they would see while reviewing, and censored all mention of trauma from its internal forums. It also purports that requests for extremely graphic content to be blurred, reduced in size or made monochrome, per recommendations from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, were rejected by YouTube as not a high priority for the company.[289][290][291]

To limit the spread of misinformation and fake news via YouTube, it has rolled out a comprehensive policy regarding how to planned to deal with technically manipulated videos.[292]

Controversial content has included material relating to Holocaust denial and the Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 football fans from Liverpool were crushed to death in 1989.[293][294] In July 2008, the Culture and Media Committee of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom stated that it was "unimpressed" with YouTube's system for policing its videos, and argued that "proactive review of content should be standard practice for sites hosting user-generated content". YouTube responded by stating:

We have strict rules on what's allowed, and a system that enables anyone who sees inappropriate content to report it to our 24/7 review team and have it dealt with promptly. We educate our community on the rules and include a direct link from every YouTube page to make this process as easy as possible for our users. Given the volume of content uploaded on our site, we think this is by far the most effective way to make sure that the tiny minority of videos that break the rules come down quickly.[295] (July 2008)

In October 2010, U.S. Congressman Anthony Weiner urged YouTube to remove from its website videos of imam Anwar al-Awlaki.[296] YouTube pulled some of the videos in November 2010, stating they violated the site's guidelines.[297] In December 2010, YouTube added the ability to flag videos for containing terrorism content.[298]

In 2018, YouTube introduced a system that would automatically add information boxes to videos that its algorithms determined may present conspiracy theories and other fake news, filling the infobox with content from Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia as a means to inform users to minimize misinformation propagation without impacting freedom of speech.[299] In the wake of the Notre-Dame de Paris fire on April 15, 2019, several user-uploaded videos of the landmark fire were flagged by YouTube' system automatically with an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the false conspiracy theories around the September 11 attacks. Several users complained to YouTube about this inappropriate connection. YouTube officials apologized for this, stating that their algorithms had misidentified the fire videos and added the information block automatically, and were taking steps to remedy this.[300]

Five leading content creators whose channels were based on LGBTQ+ materials filed a federal lawsuit against YouTube in August 2019, alleging that YouTube's algorithms divert discovery away from their channels, impacting their revenue. The plaintiffs claimed that the algorithms discourage content with words like "lesbian" or "gay", which would be predominant in their channels' content, and because of YouTube's near-monopolization of online video services, they are abusing that position.[301]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube

Before you continue

Google uses cookiesand data to:
  • Deliver and maintain services, like tracking outages and protecting against spam, fraud, and abuse
  • Measure audience engagement and site statistics to understand how our services are used
If you agree, we’ll also use cookies and data to:
  • Improve the quality of our services and develop new ones
  • Deliver and measure the effectiveness of ads
  • Show personalized content, depending on your settings
  • Show personalized or generic ads, depending on your settings, on Google and across the web
For non-personalized content and ads, what you see may be influenced by things like the content you’re currently viewing and your location (ad serving is based on general location). Personalized content and ads can be based on those things and your activity like Google searches and videos you watch on YouTube. Personalized content and ads include things like more relevant results and recommendations, a customized YouTube homepage, and ads that are tailored to your interests.

Click “Customize” to review options, including controls to reject the use of cookies for personalization and information about browser-level controls to reject some or all cookies for other uses. You can also visit g.co/privacytools anytime.

Customize

Источник: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/unhook-remove-youtube-rec/khncfooichmfjbepaaaebmommgaepoid?hl=en

YouTube

Get the official YouTube app on Android phones and tablets. See what the world is watching -- from the hottest music videos to what’s popular in gaming, fashion, beauty, news, learning and more. Subscribe to channels you love, create content of your own, share with friends, and watch on any device.

Watch and subscribe
● Browse personal recommendations on Home
● See the latest from your favorite channels in Subscriptions
● Look up videos you’ve watched, liked, and saved for later in Library

Explore different topics, what’s popular, and on the rise (available in select countries)
● Stay up to date on what’s popular in music, gaming, beauty, news, learning and more
● See what’s trending on YouTube and around the world on Explore
● Learn about the coolest Creators, Gamers, and Artists on the Rise (available in select countries)

Connect with the YouTube community
● Keep up with your favorites creators with Posts, Stories, Premieres, and Live streams
● Join the conversation with comments and interact with creators and other community members

Create content from your mobile device
● Create or upload your own videos directly in the app
● Engage with your audience in real time with live streaming right from the app

Find the experience that fits you and your family (available in select countries)
● Every family has their own approach to online video. Learn about your options: the YouTube Kids app or a new parent supervised experience on YouTube at youtube.com/myfamily

Support creators you love with channel memberships (available in select countries)
● Join channels that offer paid monthly memberships and support their work
● Get access to exclusive perks from the channel & become part of their members community
● Stand out in comments and live chats with a loyalty badge next to your username

Upgrade to YouTube Premium (available in select countries)
● Watch videos uninterrupted by ads, while using other apps, or when the screen is locked
● Save videos for when you really need them – like when you’re on a plane or commuting
● Get access to YouTube Music Premium as part of your benefits

Источник: https://play.google.com/

API Reference

Resource types

Activities

An resource contains information about an action that a particular channel, or user, has taken on YouTube. The actions reported in activity feeds include rating a video, sharing a video, marking a video as a favorite, uploading a video, and so forth. Each resource identifies the type of action, the channel associated with the action, and the resource(s) associated with the action, such as the video that was rated or uploaded.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of channel activity events that match the request criteria. For example, you can retrieve events associated with a particular channel or with the user's own channel.
Note: This method has been deprecated and is no longer supported.

Captions

A resource represents a YouTube caption track. A caption track is associated with exactly one YouTube video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes the specified caption track.
Downloads a caption track. The caption track is returned in its original format unless the request specifies a value for the parameter and in its original language unless the request specifies a value for the parameter.
Uploads a caption track.
Returns a list of caption tracks that are associated with a specified video. Note that the API response does not contain the actual captions and that the method provides the ability to retrieve a caption track.
Updates a caption track. When updating a caption track, you can change the track's draft status, upload a new caption file for the track, or both.

ChannelBanners

A resource contains the URL that you would use to set a newly uploaded image as the banner image for a channel.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a channel banner image to YouTube. This method represents the first two steps in a three-step process to update the banner image for a channel:
  1. Call the method to upload the binary image data to YouTube. The image must have a 16:9 aspect ratio and be at least 2048x1152 pixels. We recommend uploading a 2560px by 1440px image.
  2. Extract the property's value from the response that the API returns for step 1.
  3. Call the method to update the channel's branding settings. Set the property's value to the URL obtained in step 2.

ChannelSections

A resource contains information about a set of videos that a channel has chosen to feature. For example, a section could feature a channel's latest uploads, most popular uploads, or videos from one or more playlists.

Note that a channel's sections are only visible if the channel displays content in a browse view (rather than a feed view). To enable a channel to display content in a browse view, set the property to for the specified channel.

A channel can create a maximum of 10 shelves.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a channel section.
Adds a channel section to the authenticated user's channel. A channel can create a maximum of 10 shelves.
Returns a list of resources that match the API request criteria.
Updates a channel section.

Channels

A resource contains information about a YouTube channel.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a collection of zero or more resources that match the request criteria.
Updates a channel's metadata. Note that this method currently only supports updates to the resource's and objects and their child properties.

GuideCategories

A resource identifies a category that YouTube algorithmically assigns based on a channel's content or other indicators, such as the channel's popularity. The list is similar to video categories, with the difference being that a video's uploader can assign a video category but only YouTube can assign a channel category.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of categories that can be associated with YouTube channels.

I18nLanguages

An resource identifies an application language that the YouTube website supports. The application language can also be referred to as a UI language. For the YouTube website, an application language could be automatically selected based on Google Account settings, browser language, or IP location. A user could also manually select the desired UI language from the YouTube site footer.

Each resource identifies a language code and a name. The language code can be used as the value of the parameter when calling API methods like and .

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of application languages that the YouTube website supports.

I18nRegions

An resource identifies a geographic area that a YouTube user can select as the preferred content region. The content region can also be referred to as a content locale. For the YouTube website, a content region could be automatically selected based on heuristics like the YouTube domain or the user's IP location. A user could also manually select the desired content region from the YouTube site footer.

Each resource identifies a region code and a name. The region code can be used as the value of the parameter when calling API methods like , , , and .

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of content regions that the YouTube website supports.

Members

A resource represents a channel member for a YouTube channel. A member provides recurring monetary support to a creator and receives special benefits. For example, members are able to chat when the creator turns on members-only mode for a chat.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Lists members (formerly known as "sponsors") for a channel. The API request must be authorized by the channel owner.

MembershipsLevels

A resource identifies a pricing level for the creator that authorized the API request.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a collection of zero or more resources owned by the channel that authorized the API request. Levels are returned in implicit display order.

PlaylistItems

A resource identifies another resource, such as a video, that is included in a playlist. In addition, the resource contains details about the included resource that pertain specifically to how that resource is used in that playlist.

YouTube also uses a playlist to identify a channel's list of uploaded videos, with each in that list representing one uploaded video. You can retrieve the playlist ID for that list from the for a given channel. You can then use the method to the list.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a playlist item.
Adds a resource to a playlist.
Returns a collection of playlist items that match the API request parameters. You can retrieve all of the playlist items in a specified playlist or retrieve one or more playlist items by their unique IDs.
Modifies a playlist item. For example, you could update the item's position in the playlist.

Playlists

A resource represents a YouTube playlist. A playlist is a collection of videos that can be viewed sequentially and shared with other users. A playlist can contain up to 200 videos, and YouTube does not limit the number of playlists that each user creates. By default, playlists are publicly visible to other users, but playlists can be public or private.

YouTube also uses playlists to identify special collections of videos for a channel, such as:

  • uploaded videos
  • positively rated (liked) videos
  • watch history
  • watch later
To be more specific, these lists are associated with a channel, which is a collection of a person, group, or company's videos, playlists, and other YouTube information. You can retrieve the playlist IDs for each of these lists from the for a given channel.

You can then use the method to retrieve any of those lists. You can also add or remove items from those lists by calling the and methods.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a playlist.
Returns a collection of playlists that match the API request parameters. For example, you can retrieve all playlists that the authenticated user owns, or you can retrieve one or more playlists by their unique IDs.
Creates a playlist.
Modifies a playlist. For example, you could change a playlist's title, description, or privacy status.

Search

A search result contains information about a YouTube video, channel, or playlist that matches the search parameters specified in an API request. While a search result points to a uniquely identifiable resource, like a video, it does not have its own persistent data.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a collection of search results that match the query parameters specified in the API request. By default, a search result set identifies matching , , and resources, but you can also configure queries to only retrieve a specific type of resource.

Subscriptions

A resource contains information about a YouTube user subscription. A subscription notifies a user when new videos are added to a channel or when another user takes one of several actions on YouTube, such as uploading a video, rating a video, or commenting on a video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a subscription.
Adds a subscription for the authenticated user's channel.
Returns subscription resources that match the API request criteria.

Thumbnails

A resource identifies different thumbnail image sizes associated with a resource. Please note the following characteristics of thumbnail images:

  • A resource's property is an object that identifies the thumbnail images available for that resource.
  • A resource contains a series of objects. The name of each object (, , , etc.) refers to the thumbnail image size.
  • Different types of resources may support different thumbnail image sizes.
  • Different types of resources may define different sizes for thumbnail images with the same name. For example, the thumbnail image for a resource is typically 120px by 90px, and the thumbnail image for a resource is typically 88px by 88px.
  • Resources of the same type may still have different thumbnail image sizes for certain images depending on the resolution of the original image or content uploaded to YouTube. For example, an HD video may support higher resolution thumbnails than non-HD videos.
  • Each object that contains information about a thumbnail image size has a property and a property. However, the width and height properties may not be returned for that image.
  • If an uploaded thumbnail image does not match the required dimensions, the image is resized to match the correct size without changing its aspect ratio. The image is not cropped, but may include black bars so that the size is correct.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a custom video thumbnail to YouTube and sets it for a video.

VideoAbuseReportReasons

A resource contains information about a reason that a video would be flagged for containing abusive content. When your application calls the method to report an abusive video, the request uses the information from a resource to identify the reason that the video is being reported.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Retrieve a list of reasons that can be used to report abusive videos.

VideoCategories

A resource identifies a category that has been or could be associated with uploaded videos.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of categories that can be associated with YouTube videos.

Videos

A resource represents a YouTube video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a video to YouTube and optionally sets the video's metadata.
Returns a list of videos that match the API request parameters.
Deletes a YouTube video.
Updates a video's metadata.
Add a like or dislike rating to a video or remove a rating from a video.
Retrieves the ratings that the authorized user gave to a list of specified videos.
Report a video for containing abusive content.

Watermarks

A resource identifies an image that displays during playbacks of a specified channel's videos. You can also specify a target channel to which the image will link as well as timing details that determine when the watermark appears during video playbacks and the length of time it is visible.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a watermark image to YouTube and sets it for a channel.
Deletes a channel's watermark image.
Источник: https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/docs

Device Links

The mobile version of YouTube has come a long way in recent years. Most features available in the version on your desktop or laptop computer have made their way to mobile devices. From comments and playlists to dark mode and annotation, YouTube’s mobile site—in addition to their mobile app—has gotten really great.

There are times when you need to use the desktop site to make the most of video streaming. While more than half of all internet traffic now lives on mobile devices, you’ll occasionally need to switch to the desktop version of YouTube to accomplish a task. Here’s how to load the desktop version of YouTube on your phone or tablet.

View the YouTube Desktop Site from Your Android Phone

If you’re using an Android device, we’ll review the steps here to open the desktop site.

Using Chrome on Android

If you prefer the Chrome web browser, follow these steps:

  1. Open Chrome and type ‘YouTube.com‘ in the address bar then click Enter. If you don’t type in the URL but instead select the first option that appears from the search engine, your phone may open the mobile app rendering these instructions useless.
  2. Tap on the three vertical dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Tap Desktop site in the menu that appears.

This will automatically redirect you to the desktop version of YouTube.

Using Firefox on Android

The instructions to visit the YouTube desktop site are very similar to Chrome. Just follow these steps:

  1. Open Firefox, type ‘YouTube.com‘ into the address bar and click Enter.

    Note: If you only type ‘YouTube‘ and click on the link that appears; the YouTube app on your phone may open and you won’t see the option to open to the desktop site.
  2. Toggle the switch for Desktop site to on.
  3. The desktop version of YouTube will automatically open for you.

Just like Chrome, switching to the Desktop version on Firefox is really simple.

Using the Default Internet Browser on Android

Some Android users have a default or native internet browser. If this is your preferred browser, follow these steps:

  1. Open the internet browser, type ‘YouTube.com‘ and then click Enter. As with the other browsers if you choose YouTube from the search engine it may open the YouTube application instead.
  2. Tap on the three horizontal bars in the lower right-hand corner.
  3. Then, tap on Desktop site.
  4. This will automatically redirect you to the desktop version of YouTube.

Now, you can browse YouTube on your phone using the desktop version.

Using Opera on Android

Another popular browser is Opera. Fortunately, you can view the YouTube desktop version following these steps:

  1. Open Opera and type in ‘YouTube.com.’ Keep in mind if you click on the link from the search engine you may be directed to the mobile app which will not show the option to open the desktop site.
  2. Tap on the three vertical dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Toggle the switch on for Desktop site.
  4. Opera will automatically open the desktop version of YouTube.

That’s all there is to it! Now you can browse the desktop version of YouTube on your phone.

View your Watch History and Search History

You can view all your watched videos and search history in YouTube’s desktop mode.

  1. Tap Library at the bottom right of the screen.
  2. Then, tap History.
  3. From there you can see your Watch History and Search History.

View Any Desktop Website from Your Android Phone

The above process will work with any website you choose to visit. You can also make the same selection with other mobile browsers.

In Firefox, you select the menu and then Request desktop site.

In Opera, access the menu, Settings, and User-Agent and then switch from Mobile to Desktop.

If you use a different browser, chances are it will have the same kind of option. As most of them are based on Chromium, they will likely be similar to Chrome.

View the YouTube Desktop Site from Your iPhone

Just like Android phones, iPhones also have a lot of browser options. From Safari to Chrome, you can easily view the desktop version of YouTube on your iPhone.

Let’s review your options.

Using Safari on iPhone

If you prefer Apple’s default browser, you can follow these steps to view YouTube in the desktop version:

  1. Open Safari and type ‘YouTube.com‘ into the address bar. Safari may ask you if you want to open this in the app. Ignore that, the application doesn’t give you the desktop option.
  2. Tap on the Aa icon in the upper left-hand corner of the address bar.
  3. Then, tap on Request Desktop Website.
  4. Safari will automatically provide you the desktop view.

It’s a little bit more difficult to find the menu option in Safari, so the instructions above should help you to open the Desktop version quickly.

Using Firefox on iOS

Firefox is a little more simple to navigate. If you need to access the desktop version of YouTube, do this:

  1. Open Firefox and visit YouTube.com.
  2. Tap on the three dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Now, tap on Request Desktop Site.

Just like the other browsers, the desktop version of YouTube will automatically revert to the desktop site.

View Any Desktop Site from your iPhone

As with Android, you can repeat the above process on almost any website you choose to visit. If you use Chrome for iOS or another browser instead of Safari, you can also request the desktop website.

  1. Open Chrome on your iPhone.
  2. Select the three-dot menu icon in the top right.
  3. Check the box next to the Desktop site.
  4. Navigate to your website as normal.

The same is true for Opera Mini, Dolphin, Firefox Focus, or any of the alternatives you may have installed. All will have similar options to select the desktop site from the menu.

The theory behind offering a mobile site over a desktop one is sound. They will be streamlined and pared back to burn less data and will load much faster. They should also be optimized for smaller screens.

That’s fine if the site itself doesn’t compromise the browsing experience and gives mobile users as close to the desktop experience as possible. But that isn’t always the case. In YouTube’s case, there isn’t enough screen real estate to emulate the desktop experience in a way that works well enough to satisfy Google. Users, on the other hand, have other ideas.

Frequently Asked Questions

As you can see, using the desktop version of YouTube on a mobile device is fairly straightforward with a few extra steps.

How do I get back to the mobile site?

If you need to view the mobile version of YouTube you can. Tap on the menu icon as we did above and uncheck the desktop option. Your page should automatically refresh showing you the mobile version again.

If I play a video in a new window, it reverts back to the mobile site. What can I do?

One common issue with the desktop version of websites on a mobile device is that they’re designed to run the mobile version. This means that whenever you open a new web page, the mobile version is displayed. Fortunately, all you need to do is click on the desktop option as we’ve done above.

Phones and Browser Settings

Most phones and browsers are capable of supporting the desktop version of a site. All you really need is a browser you find reliable and trustworthy, the developers did all the hard work for us.

Share your thoughts and experiences on viewing desktop sites on your phone below.

Источник: https://www.alphr.com/view-youtube-desktop-site-phone/

Thematic video

YouTube

Online video platform owned by Google

Not to be confused with YouTube (channel).

The YouTube logo is made of a red round-rectangular box with a white "play" button inside and the word "YouTube" written in black.

Logo since 2017

Screenshot

YouTube homepage.png

YouTube's front page on November 14, 2021

Type of businessSubsidiary

Type of site

Online video platform
FoundedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Headquarters901 Cherry Avenue
San Bruno, California,

United States

Area servedWorldwide (excluding blocked countries)
Founder(s)
Key peopleSusan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (advisor)
Industry
ProductsYouTube Premium
YouTube Music
YouTube TV
YouTube Kids
RevenueIncreaseUS$19.8 billion (2020)[1]
ParentGoogle LLC (2006–present)
URLYouTube.com
(see list of localized domain names)
AdvertisingGoogle AdSense
Registration

Optional

  • Not required to watch most videos; required movies playing in mankato mall certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments
UsersIncrease 2 billion (October 2020)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Current statusActive

Content license

Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.
Written inPython (core/API),[3]C (through CPython), C++, Java (through Guice platform),[4][5]Go,[6]JavaScript (UI)

YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform owned by Google. It was launched on February 14, 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. It is the second most visited website, with more than one billion monthly users[7] who collectively watch more than one billion hours of videos each day.[8] As of May 2019[update], videos were being uploaded at a rate of more than 500 hours of content per minute.[9]

In October 2006, YouTube was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.[10] Google's ownership of YouTube has also changed its business model; it no longer generates revenue from advertisements alone. YouTube now offers paid content such as movies and exclusive content. YouTube and approved creators participate in Google's AdSense program, which generates more revenue for both parties. It has since evolved from a small video streaming platform to a large service with reported revenues of $19.8 billion in 2020.[1]

Since its purchase by Google, YouTube has expanded beyond the website into mobile apps, network television, and the ability to link with other services. Video categories on YouTube include music videos, video clips, news, short films, feature films, documentaries, audio recordings, movie trailers, teasers, live streams, vlogs, and more. Most content is generated by individuals. This includes collaborations between YouTubers and company sponsors. Since around 2015, established media corporations such as Disney, ViacomCBS, and WarnerMedia have created and expanded their corporate YouTube channels to advertise to a larger audience.

YouTube has had a substantial social impact, influencing popular culture, internet trends, and creating multimillionaire celebrities. It has been criticized for facilitating the spread of misinformation, copyright issues, violating its users' privacy, enabling censorship, and endangering child safety and wellbeing.

History

Main article: History of YouTube

Founding and initial growth (2005–2006)

YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. The trio were all early employees of PayPal, which left them enriched after the company childhood obesity in america essay bought by eBay.[11] Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[12]

According to a story that has often been repeated in the media, Hurley and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos that had been shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen remarked that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was probably very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story that was very digestible".[13]

Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, when Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed by Justin Timberlake during the halftime show. Karim could not easily find video clips of the incident and 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.[14] Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.[13][15] They created posts on Craigslist asking attractive women to upload videos of themselves to YouTube in exchange for a $100 reward.[16] Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led https m youtube com search a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.[17]

The YouTube logo was used from its launch until 2011. Another version of this logo without their "Broadcast Yourself"slogan was used until 2015.

YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup. Between November 2005 and April 2006, the company raised money from a variety of investors with Sequoia Capital, $11.5 million, and Artis Capital Management, $8 million, being the largest two.[11][18] YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[19] In February 2005, the company activated .[20] The first video was uploaded April 23, 2005. Titled Me at the zoo, it shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and can still be viewed on the site.[21][22] In May, the company launched a public beta and by November, a Nike ad featuring Ronaldinho became the first video to reach one million total views.[23][24] The site launched officially on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day.[25][26] Clips at the time were limited to 100 megabytes, as little as 30 seconds of footage.[27]

Contrary to popular belief, YouTube was not the first video-sharing site on the Internet; Vimeo was launched in November 2004, though that site remained a side project of its developers from CollegeHumor at the time and did not grow much, either.[28] The week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday"'s status as an early viral video helped establish YouTube as an important website.[29] Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed when NBCUniversal requested it two months later based on copyright concerns.[30] Despite eventually being taken down, these duplicate uploads of the skit helped popularize YouTube's reach and led to the upload of more third-party content.[31][32] The site grew rapidly and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day.[33]

The choice of the name led to problems for a similarly named website. That site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube subsequently changed its website to.[34][35]

Broadcast Yourself era (2006–2013)

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California

On October 9, 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock.[36][37] The deal was finalized on November 13, 2006.[38][39] Google's acquisition launched new newfound interest in video-sharing sites; IAC, which now owned Vimeo, focused on supporting the content creators to distinguish itself from YouTube.[28]

YouTube logo from 2015 until 2017

The company experienced rapid growth. The Daily Telegraph wrote that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[40] By 2010, the company had reached a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos, according to comScore.[41] That year, the company simplified its interface in order to increase the time users would spend on the site.[42] In 2011, more than three billion videos were being watched each day with 48 hours of new videos uploaded every minute.[43][44][45] However, most of these views came from a relatively small number of videos; according to a software engineer at that time, 30% of videos accounted for 99% best buy capital one credit card login views on the site.[46] That year, the company again changed its interface and at the same time, introduced a new logo with a darker shade of red.[47][48] A subsequent interface change, designed to unify the experience across desktop, TV, and mobile, was rolled out in 2013.[49] By that point, more than 100 hours were being uploaded every minute, a number that would increase to 300 hours by November 2014.[50][51]

During this time, the company also went through some organizational changes. In October 2006, YouTube moved to a new office in San Bruno, California.[52] Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as a chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role and that Salar Kamangar would take over as head of the company in October 2010.[53]

YouTube's new CEO (2014–2018)

Susan Wojcicki was appointed CEO of YouTube in February 2014.[54] In January 2016, YouTube expanded its headquarters in San Bruno by purchasing an office park for $215 million. The complex has 51,468 square metres (554,000 square feet) of space and can house up to 2,800 employees.[55] YouTube officially launched the "polymer" redesign of its user interfaces based on Material Design language as its default, as well a redesigned logo that is built around the service's play button emblem in August 2017.[56]

Through this period, YouTube tried several new ways to generate revenue beyond advertisements. In 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program for content providers to offer premium, subscription-based channels within the platform.[57][58] This effort was discontinued in January 2018 and relaunched in June, with US$4.99 channel subscriptions.[59][60] These channel subscriptions complemented the existing Super Chat ability, launched in 2017, which allows viewers to donate between $1 and $500 to have their comment highlighted.[61] In 2014, YouTube announced a subscription service known as "Music Key," which bundled ad-free streaming of music content on YouTube with the existing Google Play Music service.[62] The service continued to evolve in 2015, when YouTube announced YouTube Red, a new premium service that would offer ad-free access to all content on the platform (succeeding the Music Key service released the previous year), premium original series, and films produced by YouTube personalities, as well as background playback of content on mobile devices. YouTube also released YouTube Music, a third app oriented towards streaming and discovering the music content hosted on the YouTube platform.[63][64][65]

The company also attempted to create products to appeal to specific kinds of viewers. YouTube released a mobile app known as YouTube Kids in 2015, designed to provide an experience optimized for children. It features a simplified user interface, curated selections of channels featuring age-appropriate content, and parental control features.[66] Also in 2015, YouTube launched YouTube Gaming—a video gaming-oriented vertical and app for videos and live streaming, intended to compete with the Amazon.com-owned Twitch.[67]

Consolidation and controversy (2018–present)

The company was attacked on April 3, 2018, when a shooting occurred at YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California, which wounded four and resulted in one death (the shooter).[68] By February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube were watched every day, and 400 hours of video were uploaded every minute.[8][69] Two years later, the uploads had risen to more than 500 hours per minute.[9] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when most of the world was under stay-at-home orders, usage of services such as YouTube greatly increased. One data firm estimated that YouTube was accounting for 15% of all internet traffic, twice its pre-pandemic level.[70] In response to EU officials requesting that such services reduce bandwidth as to make sure medical entities had sufficient bandwidth to share information, YouTube along with Netflix stated they would reduce streaming quality for at least thirty days as to cut bandwidth use of their services by 25% to comply with the EU's request.[71] YouTube later announced that they would continue with this move worldwide: "We continue to work closely with governments and network operators around the globe to do our part to minimize stress on the system during this unprecedented situation."[72]

Following a 2018 complaint alleging violations of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA),[73] the company was fined $170 million by the FTC for collecting personal information from minors under the age of 13.[74] YouTube was also ordered to create systems to increase children's privacy.[75][76] Following criticisms of its implementation of those systems, YouTube started treating all videos designated as "made for kids" as liable under COPPA on January 6, 2020.[77][78] Joining the YouTube Kids app, the company created a supervised mode, designed more for tweens, in 2021.[79]

During this period, YouTube entered disputes with other tech companies. For over a year, in 2018 and 2019, there was no YouTube app available webster bank branch hours Amazon Fire products. In 2020, Roku was forced to remove the YouTube TV app from its streaming store after the two companies were unable to reach an agreement.[80][81]

Features

Video technology

YouTube primarily uses the VP9 and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video codecs, and the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP protocol.[82]MPEG-4 Part 2 streams contained within 3GP containers are also provided for low bandwidth connections.[83] By January 2019, YouTube had begun rolling out videos in AV1 format.[84] In 2021 it was reported that the company was considering requiring AV1 in streaming hardware in order to decrease bandwidth and increase quality.[85] Video is usually streamed alongside the Opus and AAC audio codecs.[83]

At launch in 2005, viewing YouTube videos on a personal computer required the Adobe Flash Player plug-in to be installed in the browser.[86] In January 2010, YouTube launched an experimental version of the site that used the built-in multimedia capabilities of web browsers supporting the HTML5 standard.[87] This allowed videos to be viewed without requiring Adobe Flash Player or any other plug-in to be installed.[88] On January 27, 2015, YouTube announced that HTML5 would be the default playback method on supported browsers.[87] With the switch to HTML5 video streams using Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH), an adaptive bit-rate HTTP-based streaming solution https m youtube com search the bitrate and quality for the available network.[89]

The platform can serve videos at optionally lower resolution levels starting at 144p for smoothening playback in areas and countries with limited Internet speeds, improving compatibility, as well as for the preservation of limited cellular data plans. The resolution setting can be adjusted automatically based on detected connection speed, as well as be set manually.[90][91]

From 2008 to 2017, users could add "annotations" to their videos—such as pop-up text messages and hyperlinks and which allowed for interactive videos. By 2019 all annotations had been removed from videos, breaking some videos which depended on the is publix open today christmas day. YouTube introduced standardized widgets intended to replace annotations in a cross-platform manner, including "end screens" (a customizable array of thumbnails for specified videos displayed near the end of the video).[92][93][94]

In 2018, YouTube became an ISNI registry, and announced its intention to begin creating ISNI identifiers to uniquely identify the musicians whose videos it features.[95]

Uploading

All YouTube users can upload videos up to 15 minutes each in duration. Users can verify their account, normally through a mobile phone, to gain the ability to upload videos up to 12 hours in length, as well as produce live streams.[96][97] Https m youtube com search YouTube was launched in 2005, it was possible to upload longer videos, but a ten-minute limit was introduced in March 2006 after Https m youtube com search found that the majority of videos exceeding this length were unauthorized uploads of television shows and films.[98] The 10-minute limit was increased to 15 minutes in July 2010.[99] Videos can be at most 256 GB in size or 12 hours, whichever is less.[96]As of 2021[update], automatic closed captions using speech recognition technology when a video is uploaded is available in 13 languages. YouTube also offers manual closed captioning as part of its creator studio.[100] YouTube formerly offered a 'Community Captions' feature, where viewers could write and submit captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader, but this was deprecated in September 2020.

YouTube accepts the most common container formats, including MP4, Matroska, FLV, AVI, WebM, 3GP, MPEG-PS, and the QuickTime File Format. Some intermediate video formats (i.e., primarily used for professional video editing, not for final delivery or storage) are also accepted, such as ProRes.[102] YouTube provides recommended encoding settings.[103]

In 2018, YouTube added a feature called Premiere which displays a notification to the user mentioning when the video will be available for the first time, like for a live stream but with a prerecorded video.[104]

Quality and formats

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263),[105][106] with mono MP3 audio.[107] In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones.[108] In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.[109] In December 2008, 720pHD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3aspect ratio to a widescreen16:9.[110] With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels.[111][112] In March 2015, support for 4K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 3840 × 2160 pixels. In June 2015, support for 8K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 7680×4320 pixels.[113] In November 2016, support for HDR video was added which can be encoded with hybrid log–gamma (HLG) or perceptual quantizer (PQ).[114] HDR video can be encoded with the Rec. 2020 color space.[115]

In June 2014, YouTube began to deploy support for high-frame-rate videos up to 60 frames per second (as opposed to 30 before), becoming available for user uploads in October. YouTube stated that this would enhance "motion-intensive" videos, such as video game footage.[116][117][118][119]

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. Viewers only indirectly influence the video quality. Users choose between "Auto", which adjusts resolution based on the internet connection, "High Picture Quality" which will prioritize playing high-quality video, "Data saver" which will sacrifice video quality in favor of low data usage, and "Advanced" which lets the user choose a stream resolution.[120] It is not possible for the viewer to directly choose a higher bitrate (quality) for any selected resolution.

Since 2009, viewers have had the ability watch 3D videos.[121] In 2015, the company began natively supporting 360-degree video and it has since allowed for live streaming of 360° video at up to 4K resolution.[122][123] Citing the limited number of users who watched more than 90-degrees, the company began supporting an alternative stereoscopic video format known as VR180 which it said was easier to produce.[124] The company now allows users to watch any video using virtual reality headsets.[125]

In response to increased viewership during the 40 29 weather fort smith ar pandemic, the company temporarily downgraded the quality of its videos.[126][127] The company developed its own chip, called Argos, to help with encoding higher resolution videos in 2021.[128]

Live streaming

YouTube carried out early experiments with live streaming, including a concert by U2 in 2009, and a question-and-answer session with US President Barack Obama in February 2010.[129] These tests had relied on technology from 3rd-party partners, but in September 2010, YouTube began testing its own live streaming infrastructure.[130] In April 2011, YouTube announced the rollout of YouTube Live. The creation of live streams was initially limited to select partners.[131] It was used for real-time broadcasting of events such as the 2012 Olympics in London.[132] In October 2012, more than 8 million people watched Felix Baumgartner's jump from the edge of space as a live stream on YouTube.[133]

In May 2013, creation of live streams was opened to verified users with at least 1,000 subscribers; in August of that year the number was reduced to 100 subscribers,[134] and in December the limit was removed.[135] In February 2017, live streaming was introduced to the official YouTube mobile app. Live streaming via mobile was initially restricted to users with at least 10,000 subscribers,[136] but as of mid-2017 it has been reduced to 100 subscribers.[137] Live streams support Comenity bank credit cards, can be up to 4K resolution at 60 fps, and also support 360° video.[123][138]

User features

On September 13, 2016, YouTube launched a public beta of Community, a social media-based feature that allows users to post text, images (including GIFs), live videos and others in a separate "Community" tab on their channel.[139] Prior to the release, several creators had been consulted to suggest tools Community could incorporate that they would find useful; these YouTubers included Vlogbrothers, AsapScience, Lilly Singh, The Game Theorists, Karmin, The Key of Awesome, The Kloons, Peter Hollens, Rosianna Halse Rojas, Sam Tsui, Threadbanger and Vsauce3.[140][non-primary source needed]

After the feature has been officially released, the community post feature gets activated automatically for every channel that passes a specific threshold of subscriber counts or already has more subscribers. This threshold was lowered over time[when?], from 10,000 subscribers to 1500 subscribers, to 1000 subscribers,[non-primary source needed] to 500 subscribers.[142]

Channels that the community tab becomes enabled for, get their channel discussions (the name before March 2013 "One channel layout" redesign finalization: "channel comments") permanently erased, instead of co-existing or migrating.[non-primary source needed]

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube user comments

Most videos enable users to leave comments, and these have attracted attention for the best bank fishing spots near me aspects of both their form and content. In 2006, Time praised Web 2.0 for enabling "community and collaboration on a scale never seen before", and added that YouTube "harnesses the stupidity of crowds as well as its wisdom. Some of the comments on YouTube make you weep for the future of humanity just for the spelling alone, never mind the obscenity and the naked hatred".[144]The Guardian in 2009 described users' comments on YouTube as:[145]

Juvenile, aggressive, misspelt, sexist, homophobic, swinging from raging at the contents of a video to providing a pointlessly detailed description followed by a LOL, YouTube comments are a hotbed of infantile debate and unashamed ignorance—with the occasional burst of wit shining through.

The Daily Telegraph commented in September 2008, that YouTube was "notorious" for "some of the most confrontational and ill-formed comment exchanges on the internet", and reported on YouTube Comment Snob, "a new piece of software that blocks rude and illiterate posts".[146]The Huffington Post noted in April 2012 that finding comments on YouTube that appear "offensive, stupid and crass" to the "vast majority" of the people is hardly difficult.[147]

Google subsequently implemented a comment system oriented on Google+ on November 6, 2013, that required all YouTube users to use a Google+ account to comment on videos. The stated motivation for the change was giving creators more power to moderate and block comments, thereby addressing frequent criticisms of their quality and tone.[148] The new system restored the ability to include URLs in comments, which had previously been removed due to problems with abuse.[149][150] In response, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted the question "why the fuck do I need a google+ account to comment on a video?" on his YouTube channel to express his negative opinion of the change.[151] The official YouTube announcement[152] received 20,097 "thumbs down" votes and generated more than 32,000 comments in two days.[153] Writing in the Newsday blog Silicon Island, Chase Melvin noted that "Google+ is nowhere near as popular a social media network like Facebook, but it's essentially being forced upon millions of YouTube users who don't want to lose their ability to comment on videos" and added that "Discussion forums across the Internet are already bursting with the outcry against the new comment system". In the same article Melvin goes on to say:[154]

Perhaps user complaints are amazon store card synchrony app, but the idea of revamping the old system isn't so bad. Think of the crude, misogynistic and racially-charged mudslinging that has transpired over the last eight years on YouTube without any discernible moderation. Isn't any attempt to curb unidentified libelers worth a shot? The system is far from perfect, but Google should be lauded for trying to alleviate some of the damage caused by irate YouTubers hiding behind animosity and anonymity.

Later, on July 27, 2015, Google announced in a blog post that it would be removing the requirement to sign up to a Google+ account to post comments to YouTube.[155] Then on November 3, 2016, YouTube announced a trial scheme which allows the creators of videos to decide whether to approve, hide or report the comments posted on videos based on an algorithm that detects potentially offensive comments.[156] Creators may also choose to keep or delete comments with links or hashtags in order to combat spam. They can also allow other users to moderate their comments.[157]

In December 2020, it was reported that YouTube would launch a new feature that will warn users who post a comment that "may be offensive to others."[158][159]

Content accessibility

YouTube offers users the ability to view its videos on web pages outside their website. Each YouTube video is accompanied by a piece of HTML that can be used to embed it on any page on the Web.[160] This functionality is often used to embed YouTube videos in social networking pages and blogs. Users wishing to post a video discussing, inspired by, or related to another user's video can make a "video response". The eleven character Youtube video identifier (64 possible characters used in each position), allows for a theoretical maximum of 6411 or around 73.8 quintillion (73.8 billion billion) unique ids.

YouTube announced that it would remove video responses for being an underused feature on August 27, 2013.[161] Closest food bank to me, rating, commenting and response posting can be disabled by the video owner.[162] YouTube does not usually offer a download link for its videos, and intends for them to be viewed through its website interface.[163] A small number of videos can be downloaded as MP4 files.[164] Numerous third-party web sites, citizens bank corvallis login and browser plug-ins allow users to download YouTube videos.[165]

In February 2009, YouTube announced a test service, allowing some partners to offer video downloads for free or for a fee paid through Google Checkout.[166] In June 2012, Google sent cease and desist letters threatening legal action against several websites offering online download and conversion of YouTube videos.[167] In response, Zamzar removed the ability to download YouTube videos from its site.[168] Users retain copyright of their own work under the default Standard YouTube License,[169] but have the option to grant certain usage rights under any public copyright license they choose.

Since July 2012, it has been possible to select a Creative Commons attribution license as the default, allowing other users to reuse and remix the material.[170]

Platforms

Most modern smartphones are capable of accessing YouTube videos, either within an application or through an optimized website. YouTube Mobile was launched in June 2007, using RTSP streaming for the video.[171] Not all of YouTube's videos are available on the mobile version of the site.[172]

Since June 2007, YouTube's videos have been available for viewing on a range of Apple products. This required YouTube's content to be transcoded into Apple's preferred video standard, H.264, a process that took several months. YouTube videos can be viewed on devices including Apple TV, iPod Touch and the iPhone.[173]

The mobile version of the site was relaunched based on HTML5 in July 2010, avoiding the need to use Adobe Flash Player and optimized for use with touch screen controls.[174] The mobile version is also available as an app for the Android platform.[175][176]

In September 2012, YouTube launched its first app for the iPhone, following the decision to drop YouTube as one of the preloaded https m youtube com search in the iPhone 5 and iOS 6 operating system.[177] According to GlobalWebIndex, YouTube was used by 35% of smartphone users between April and June 2013, making it the third-most used app.[178]

A TiVo service update in July 2008 allowed the system to search and play YouTube videos.[179]

In January 2009, YouTube launched "YouTube for TV", a version of the website tailored for set-top boxes and other TV-based media devices with web browsers, initially allowing its videos to be viewed on the PlayStation 3 and Wiivideo game consoles.[180][181]

During the month of June that same year, YouTube XL was introduced, which has a simplified interface designed for viewing on a standard television screen.[182] YouTube is also available as an app on Xbox Live.[183]

On November 15, 2012, Google launched an official app for the Wii, allowing users to watch YouTube videos from the Wii channel.[184] An app was available for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS, but was discontinued in August 2019.[185] Videos can also be viewed on the Wii U Internet Browser using HTML5.[186] Google made YouTube available on the Roku player on December 17, 2013,[187] and, in October 2014, the Sony PlayStation 4.[188]

YouTube launched as a downloadable app for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.[189]

International and localization

On June 19, 2007, Cox phoenix pay bill phone CEO Eric Schmidt appeared in Paris to launch the new localization system.[190] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 104 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[191]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date
 United States (and worldwide launch) English, SpanishFebruary 14, 2005[190]
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[190]
 FranceFrench, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 IrelandEnglish, IrishJune 19, 2007[190]
 ItalyItalian, German, CatalanJune 19, 2007[190]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[190]
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[190]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[190]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[190]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[192]
 Hong KongChinese, EnglishOctober 17, 2007[193]
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 CanadaEnglish, FrenchNovember 6, 2007[195]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[196]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[197]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[198]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, Punjabi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, UrduMay 7, 2008[199]
 IsraelHebrew, ArabicSeptember 16, 2008
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[200]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[201]
 South AfricaEnglish, Afrikaans, ZuluMay 17, 2010[190]
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[202]
 AlgeriaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 MoroccoFrench, ArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 TunisiaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 KenyaEnglish, SwahiliSeptember 1, 2011[204]
 PhilippinesFilipino, EnglishOctober 13, 2011[205]
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, TamilOctober 20, 2011[206]
https m youtube com search src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg.png" width="23" height="15"> BelgiumFrench, Dutch, GermanNovember 16, 2011[190]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[207]
 UgandaEnglish, SwahiliDecember 2, 2011[208]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[209]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[210]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[211]
 MalaysiaMalay, EnglishMarch 22, 2012[212]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[213]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic, EnglishApril 1, 2012[214]
 GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian, EnglishMay 17, 2012[215]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[216]
 SenegalFrench, EnglishJuly 4, 2012[217]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[218]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[219]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 FinlandFinnish, SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[221]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[222]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, ItalianMarch 29, 2013[223]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[224]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[225]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[226]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[227]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian, CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[233]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[234]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[228]
 Puerto RicoSpanish, EnglishAugust 23, 2014
 IcelandIcelandic2014
 LuxembourgFrench, German2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015
 TanzaniaEnglish, SwahiliJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[235]
 BelarusBelarusian, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 KazakhstanKazakh, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 PakistanUrdu, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[237]
 Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish, GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
 Dominican RepublicSpanishFebruary 21, 2019
 CyprusGreek, TurkishMarch 13, 2019
 LiechtensteinGermanMarch 13, 2019
 VenezuelaSpanishMarch 10, 2020
 Papua New GuineaEnglish2020
 BangladeshBengali, EnglishSeptember 2, 2020

The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen based on the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[238] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Https m youtube com search, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions. Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[239][240] In October 2012, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain. The local version is subject to the content regulations embed instagram feed in Turkish law.[241] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach an agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[242] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[243]

Videos

In January 2012, it was estimated that visitors to YouTube spent an average of 15 minutes a day on the site, in contrast to the four or five hours a day spent by a typical US citizen watching television.[244] In 2017, viewers on average watched YouTube on mobile devices for more than an hour every day.[245]

In December 2012, two billion views were removed from the view counts of Universal and Car insurance in germany for military music videos on YouTube, prompting a claim by The Daily Dot that the views had been deleted due to a violation of the site's terms of service, which ban the use of automated processes to inflate view counts. This was disputed by Billboard, which said that the two billion views had been moved to Vevo, since the videos were no longer active on YouTube.[246][247] On August 5, 2015, YouTube patched the formerly notorious behaviour which caused a video's view count to freeze at "301" (later "301+") until the actual count was verified to prevent view count fraud.[248] YouTube view counts once again updated in real time.[249]

Since September 2019, subscriber counts are abbreviated. Only three leading digits of channels' subscriber counts are indicated publicly, compromising the function of third-party real-time indicators such as that of Social Blade. Exact counts remain available to channel operators inside YouTube Studio.[250] On November 11, 2021, after testing out this change on March 2021, YouTube announced it would start hiding dislike counts on videos, making them invisible to viewers. YouTube creators will still be able to see the number of likes and dislikes in the YouTube Studio dashboard tool, according to YouTube.[251][252][253] The announcement was panned by the YouTube community and prompted a negative response from YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim, who referred to the update as "a stupid idea".[254][255]

Copyright issues

Main article: YouTube copyright issues

Further information: § Revenue to copyright holders

YouTube has faced numerous challenges and criticisms in its attempts how to find a registry on amazon deal with copyright, including the site's first viral video, Lazy Sunday, which had to be taken down, due to copyright concerns.[29] At the time of uploading a video, YouTube users are shown a message asking them not to violate copyright laws.[256] Despite this advice, many unauthorized clips of copyrighted material remain on YouTube. YouTube does not view videos before they are posted online, and it is left to copyright holders to issue a DMCAtakedown notice pursuant to the terms of the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act. Any successful complaint about copyright infringement results in a YouTube copyright strike. Three successful complaints for copyright infringement against a user account will result in the account and all of its uploaded videos being deleted.[257][258] From 2007 to 2009 organizations including Viacom, Mediaset, and the English Premier League have filed lawsuits against YouTube, claiming that it has done too little to prevent the uploading of copyrighted material.[259][260][261]

In August 2008, a US court ruled in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. that copyright holders cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the posting reflected fair use of the material.[262] YouTube's owner Google announced in November 2015 that they would help cover the legal cost in select cases where they believe fair use defenses apply.[263]

In the 2011 case of Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC, professional singer Matt Smith sued Summit Entertainment for the wrongful use of copyright takedown notices on YouTube.[264] He asserted seven causes of action, and four were ruled in Smith's favor.[265] In April 2012, a court in Hamburg ruled that YouTube could be held responsible for copyrighted material posted by its users.[266] On November 1, 2016, the dispute with GEMA was resolved, with Google pnc financial services address ID being used to allow advertisements to be added to videos with content protected by GEMA.[267]

In April 2013, it was reported that Universal Music Group and YouTube have a contractual agreement that prevents content blocked on YouTube by a request from UMG from being restored, even if the uploader of the video files a DMCA counter-notice.[268][269] As part of YouTube Music, Universal and YouTube signed an agreement in 2017, which was followed by separate agreements other major labels, which gave the company the right to advertising revenue when its music was played on YouTube.[270] By 2019, creators were having videos taken down or demonetized when Content ID identified even short segments of copyrighted music within a much longer video, with different levels of enforcement depending on the record label.[271] Experts noted that some of these clips said qualified for fair use.[271]

Content ID

Main article: Content ID (system)

In June 2007, YouTube began trials of a system for automatic detection of uploaded videos that infringe copyright. Google CEO Eric Schmidt regarded this system as necessary for resolving lawsuits such as the one from Viacom, which alleged that YouTube profited from content that it did not have the right to distribute.[272] The system, which was initially called "Video Identification"[273][274] and later became known as Content ID,[275] creates an ID File for copyrighted audio and video material, and stores it in a database. When a video is uploaded, it is checked against the database, and flags the video as a copyright violation if a match is found.[276] When this occurs, the content owner has the choice of blocking the video to make it unviewable, tracking the viewing statistics of the video, or adding advertisements to the video.

By 2010, YouTube had "already invested tens of millions of dollars in this technology".[274]

In 2011, YouTube described Content ID as "very accurate in finding uploads that look similar to reference files that are of sufficient length and quality to generate an effective ID File".[276]

By 2012, Content ID accounted for over a third of the monetized views on YouTube.[277]

An independent test in 2009 uploaded multiple versions of the same song to YouTube and concluded that while the system was "surprisingly resilient" in finding copyright violations in the audio tracks of videos, it was not infallible.[278] The use of Content ID to remove material automatically has led to controversy in some cases, as the videos have not been checked by a human for fair use.[279] If a YouTube user disagrees with a decision by Content ID, it is possible to fill in a form disputing the decision.[280]

Before 2016, videos were not monetized until the dispute was resolved. Since April 2016, videos continue to be monetized while the dispute is in progress, and the money goes to whoever won the dispute.[281] Should the uploader want to monetize the video again, they may remove the disputed audio in the "Video Manager".[282] YouTube has cited the effectiveness of Content ID as one of the reasons why the site's rules were modified in December 2010 to allow some users to upload videos of unlimited length.[283]

Moderation and offensive content

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube, and Censorship by Google § YouTube

YouTube has a set of community guidelines aimed to reduce abuse of the site's features. The uploading of videos containing defamation, pornography, and material encouraging criminal conduct is forbidden by YouTube's "Community Guidelines".[284] Generally prohibited material includes sexually explicit content, videos of animal abuse, shock videos, content uploaded without the copyright holder's consent, hate speech, spam, and predatory behavior.[284] YouTube relies on its users to flag the content of videos as inappropriate, and a YouTube employee will view a flagged video to determine whether it violates the site's guidelines.[284] Despite the guidelines, YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations,[285] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[286] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters,[287] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[288] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[285]

YouTube contracts companies to hire content moderators, who view content flagged as potentially violating YouTube's content policies and determines if they should be removed. In September 2020, a class-action suit was filed by a former content moderator who reported developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after an 18-month period on the job. The former content moderator said that she was regularly made to exceed YouTube's stated limited of four hours per day of viewing graphic content. The lawsuit alleges that YouTube's contractors gave little to no training or support for its moderator's mental health, made prospective employees sign NDAs before showing them any examples of content they would see while reviewing, and censored all mention of trauma from its internal forums. It also purports that requests for extremely graphic content to be blurred, reduced in size or made monochrome, per recommendations from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, were rejected by YouTube as not a high priority for the company.[289][290][291]

To limit the spread of misinformation and fake news via YouTube, it has rolled out a comprehensive policy regarding how to planned to deal with technically manipulated videos.[292]

Controversial content has included material relating to Holocaust denial and the Hillsborough disaster, in which pnc infratech ltd contact number football fans from Liverpool were crushed to death in 1989.[293][294] In July 2008, the Culture and Media Committee of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom stated that it was "unimpressed" with YouTube's system for policing its videos, and argued that "proactive review of content should be standard practice for sites hosting user-generated content". YouTube responded by stating:

We have strict rules on what's allowed, and a system that enables anyone who sees inappropriate content to report it to our 24/7 saturday hours bank of america near me team and have it dealt with promptly. We educate our community on the rules and include a direct link from every YouTube page to make this process as easy as possible for our users. Given the volume of content uploaded on our site, we think this is by far the most effective way to make sure that the tiny minority of videos that break the rules come down quickly.[295] (July 2008)

In October 2010, U.S. Congressman Anthony Weiner urged YouTube to remove from its website videos of imam Anwar al-Awlaki.[296] YouTube pulled some of the videos in November 2010, stating they violated the site's guidelines.[297] In December 2010, YouTube added the ability to flag videos for containing terrorism content.[298]

In 2018, YouTube introduced a system that would automatically add information boxes to videos that its algorithms determined may present conspiracy theories and other fake news, filling the infobox with content from Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia as a means to inform users to minimize misinformation propagation without impacting freedom of speech.[299] In the wake of the Notre-Dame de Paris fire on April 15, 2019, several user-uploaded videos of the landmark fire were flagged by YouTube' system automatically with an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the false conspiracy theories around the September 11 attacks. Several users complained to YouTube about this inappropriate connection. YouTube officials apologized for this, stating that their algorithms had misidentified the fire videos and added the information block automatically, and were taking steps to remedy this.[300]

Five leading content creators whose channels were based on LGBTQ+ materials filed a federal walmart black friday ad 2018 tv against YouTube in August 2019, alleging that YouTube's algorithms divert discovery away from their https m youtube com search, impacting their revenue. The plaintiffs claimed that the algorithms discourage content with words like "lesbian" or "gay", which would be predominant in their channels' content, and because of YouTube's near-monopolization of online video services, they are abusing that position.[301]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube

Before you continue

Google uses cookiesand data to:
  • Deliver and maintain services, like tracking outages and protecting against spam, fraud, and abuse
  • Measure audience engagement and site statistics to understand how our services are used
If you agree, we’ll also use cookies and data to:
  • Improve the quality of our services and develop new ones
  • Deliver and measure the effectiveness of ads
  • Show personalized content, depending on your settings
  • Show personalized or generic ads, depending on your settings, on Google and across the web
For non-personalized content and ads, what you see may be influenced by things like the content you’re currently viewing and your location (ad serving is based on general location). Personalized content and ads can be based on those things and your activity like Google searches and videos you watch on YouTube. Personalized content and ads include things like more relevant results and recommendations, a customized YouTube homepage, and ads that are tailored to your interests.

Click “Customize” to review options, including controls to reject the use of cookies for personalization and information about browser-level controls to reject some or all cookies for other uses. You can also visit g.co/privacytools anytime.

Customize

Источник: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/unhook-remove-youtube-rec/khncfooichmfjbepaaaebmommgaepoid?hl=en

YouTube

Get the official YouTube app on Android phones and tablets. See what the world is watching -- from the hottest music videos to what’s popular in gaming, fashion, beauty, news, learning and more. Subscribe to channels you love, create content of your own, share with friends, and watch on any device.

Watch and subscribe
● Browse personal recommendations on Home
● See the latest from your favorite channels in Subscriptions
● Look up videos you’ve watched, liked, and saved for later https m youtube com search Library

Explore different topics, what’s popular, and on the rise (available in select countries)
● Stay up to date on what’s popular in music, gaming, beauty, news, learning and more
● See what’s trending on YouTube and around the world on Explore
● Learn about the coolest Creators, Gamers, and Artists on the Rise (available in select countries)

Connect with the YouTube community
● Keep up with your favorites creators with Posts, Stories, Premieres, and Live streams
● Join the conversation with comments and interact with creators and other community members

Create content from your mobile device
● Create or upload your own videos directly in the app
● Engage with your audience in real time with live streaming right from the app

Find the experience that fits you and your family (available in select countries)
● Every family has their own approach to online video. Learn about your options: the YouTube Kids app or a new parent supervised experience on YouTube at youtube.com/myfamily

Support creators you love with channel memberships (available in select countries)
● Join channels that offer paid monthly memberships and support their work
● Get access to exclusive perks from the channel & become part of their members community
● Stand out in comments and live chats with a loyalty badge next to your username

Upgrade to YouTube Premium (available in select countries)
● Watch videos uninterrupted by ads, while using other apps, or when the screen is locked
● Save videos for when you really need them – like when you’re on a plane or commuting
● Get access to YouTube Music Premium as part of your benefits

Источник: https://play.google.com/

API Reference

Resource types

Activities

An resource contains information about an action that a particular channel, or user, has taken on YouTube. The actions reported in activity feeds include rating a video, sharing a video, marking a video as a favorite, uploading a video, and so forth. Each resource identifies the type of action, the channel associated with the action, and the resource(s) associated with the action, such as the video that was rated or uploaded.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of channel activity events that match the request criteria. For example, you can retrieve events associated with a particular channel or with the user's own channel.
Note: This method has been deprecated and is no longer supported.

Captions

A resource represents a YouTube caption track. A caption track is associated with exactly one YouTube video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes the specified caption track.
Downloads a caption track. The caption track is returned in its original format unless the request specifies a value for the parameter and in its original language unless the request specifies a value for the parameter.
Uploads a caption track.
Returns a list of caption tracks that are associated with a specified video. Note that the API response does not contain the actual captions and that the method provides the ability to retrieve a caption track.
Updates a caption track. When updating a caption track, you can change the track's draft status, upload a new caption file for the track, or both.

ChannelBanners

A resource contains the URL that you would use to set a newly uploaded image as the banner image for a channel.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a channel banner image to YouTube. This method represents the first two steps in a three-step process to update the banner image for a channel:
  1. Call the method to upload the binary image data to YouTube. The image must have a 16:9 aspect ratio and be at least 2048x1152 pixels. We recommend uploading a 2560px by 1440px image.
  2. Extract the property's value from the response that the API returns for step 1.
  3. Call the method to update the channel's branding settings. Set the property's value to the URL obtained in step 2.

ChannelSections

A resource contains information about a set of videos that a channel has chosen to feature. For example, a section could feature a channel's latest uploads, most popular uploads, or videos from one or more playlists.

Note that a channel's sections are only visible if the channel displays content in a browse view (rather than a feed view). To enable a channel to display content in a browse view, set the property to for the specified channel.

A channel can create a maximum of 10 shelves.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a channel section.
Adds a channel section to the authenticated user's channel. A channel can create a maximum of 10 shelves.
Returns a list of resources that match the API request criteria.
Updates a channel section.

Channels

A resource contains information about a YouTube channel.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative https m youtube com search
Returns a collection of zero or more resources that match the request criteria.
Updates a channel's metadata. Note that this method currently only supports updates to the resource's and objects and their child properties.

GuideCategories

A resource identifies a category that YouTube algorithmically assigns based on a channel's content or other indicators, such as the channel's popularity. The list is similar to video categories, with the difference being that a video's uploader can assign a video category but only YouTube can assign a channel category.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of categories that can be associated with YouTube first interstate bank of arizona resource identifies an application language that the YouTube website supports. The application language can also be referred to as a UI language. For the YouTube website, an application language could be automatically selected based on Google Account settings, browser language, or IP location. A user could also manually select the desired UI language from the YouTube site footer.

Each resource identifies a language code and a name. The language code can be used as the value of the parameter when calling API methods like and .

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of application languages that the YouTube website supports.

I18nRegions

An resource identifies a geographic area that a YouTube user can select as the preferred content region. The content region can also be referred to as a content locale. For the YouTube website, a content region could be automatically selected based on heuristics like the YouTube domain or the user's IP location. A user could also manually select the desired content region from the YouTube site footer.

Each resource identifies a region code what is a bb trumpet a name. The region code can be used as the value of the parameter when calling API methods like,and .

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of content regions that the YouTube website supports.

Members

A resource represents a channel member for a YouTube channel. A member provides recurring monetary support to a creator and receives special benefits. For example, members are able to chat when the creator turns on members-only mode for a chat.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Lists members (formerly known as "sponsors") for a channel. The API request must be authorized by the channel owner.

MembershipsLevels

A resource identifies a pricing level for the creator that authorized the API request.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and comenity net maurices pay bill of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a collection of zero or more resources owned by the channel that authorized the API request. Levels are returned in implicit display order.

PlaylistItems

A resource identifies another resource, such as a video, that is included in a playlist. In addition, the resource contains details about the included resource that pertain specifically to how that resource is used in that playlist.

YouTube also uses a playlist to identify a channel's list of uploaded videos, with each in that list representing one uploaded video. You can retrieve the playlist ID for that list from the for a given channel. You can then use the method to the list.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a playlist item.
Adds a resource to a playlist.
Returns a collection of playlist items that match the API request parameters. You can retrieve all of the playlist items in a specified playlist or retrieve one or more playlist items by their unique IDs.
Modifies a playlist item. For example, you could update the item's position in the playlist.

Playlists

A resource represents a YouTube playlist. A playlist is a collection of videos that can be viewed sequentially and shared with other users. A playlist can contain up to 200 videos, and YouTube does not limit the number of playlists that each user creates. By default, playlists are publicly visible to other users, but playlists can be public or private.

YouTube also uses playlists to identify special collections of videos for a channel, such as:

  • uploaded videos
  • positively rated (liked) videos
  • watch history
  • watch later
To be more specific, these lists are associated with a channel, which is a collection of a person, group, or company's videos, playlists, and other YouTube information. You can retrieve the playlist IDs for each of these lists from the for a given channel.

You can then use the method to retrieve any of those lists. You can also add or remove items from those lists by calling the and methods.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a playlist.
Returns a collection of playlists that match the API request parameters. For example, you can retrieve all playlists that the authenticated user owns, or you can retrieve one or more playlists by their unique IDs.
Creates a playlist.
Modifies a playlist. For example, you could change a playlist's title, description, or privacy status.

Search

A search result contains information about a YouTube video, channel, or playlist that matches the search parameters specified in an API request. While a search result points to a uniquely identifiable resource, like a video, it does not have its own persistent data.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a collection of search results that match the query parameters specified in the API request. By default, a search result set identifies matching, and resources, but you can also configure queries to only retrieve a specific type of resource.

Subscriptions

A resource contains information about a YouTube user subscription. A subscription notifies a user when new videos are added to a channel or when another user takes one of several actions on YouTube, such as uploading a video, rating a video, or commenting on a video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Deletes a subscription.
Adds a subscription for the authenticated user's channel.
Returns subscription resources that match the API request criteria.

Thumbnails

A resource identifies different thumbnail image sizes associated with a resource. Please note the following characteristics of thumbnail images:

  • A resource's property is an object that identifies the thumbnail images available for that resource.
  • A resource contains a series of objects. The name of each object (, etc.) refers to the thumbnail image size.
  • Different types of resources may support different thumbnail image sizes.
  • Different types of resources may define different sizes for thumbnail images with the same name. For example, the thumbnail image for a resource is typically 120px by 90px, and the thumbnail image for a resource is typically 88px by 88px.
  • Resources of the same type may still have different thumbnail image sizes for certain images depending on the resolution of the original image or content uploaded to YouTube. For example, an HD video may support higher resolution thumbnails than non-HD videos.
  • Each object that contains information about a thumbnail image size has a property and a property. However, the width and height properties may not be returned for that image.
  • If an uploaded thumbnail image does not match the required dimensions, the image is resized to match the correct size without changing its aspect ratio. The image is not cropped, but may include black bars so that the size is correct.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a custom video thumbnail to YouTube and sets it for a video.

VideoAbuseReportReasons

A resource contains information about a reason that a video would be flagged for containing abusive content. When your application calls the method to report an abusive video, the request uses the information from a resource to identify the reason that the video is being reported.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Retrieve a list of reasons that can be used to report abusive videos.

VideoCategories

A resource identifies a category that has been or could be associated with uploaded videos.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Returns a list of categories that can be associated with YouTube videos.

Videos

A resource represents a YouTube video.

For more information about this resource, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a video to YouTube and optionally sets the video's metadata.
Returns a list of videos that match the API request parameters.
Deletes a YouTube video.
Updates a video's metadata.
Add a like or dislike rating to a video or remove a rating from a video.
Retrieves the ratings that the authorized user gave to a list of specified videos.
Report a video for containing abusive content.

Watermarks

A resource identifies an image that displays during playbacks of a specified channel's videos. You can also specify a target channel to which the image will link as well as timing details that determine when the watermark appears during video playbacks and the length of time it is visible.

For more information about this how to contact stubhub customer service, see its resource representation and list of properties.

MethodHTTP requestDescription
URIs relative to
Uploads a watermark image to YouTube and sets it for a channel.
Deletes a channel's watermark image.
Источник: https://developers.google.com/youtube/v3/docs

Device Links

The mobile version of YouTube has come a long way in recent years. Most features available in the version on your desktop or laptop computer have made their way to mobile devices. From comments and playlists to dark mode and annotation, YouTube’s mobile site—in addition to their mobile app—has gotten really great.

There are times when you need to use the desktop site to make the most of video streaming. While more than half of all internet traffic now lives on mobile devices, you’ll occasionally need to switch to the desktop version of YouTube to accomplish a task. Here’s how to load the desktop version of YouTube on your phone or tablet.

https m youtube com search alt="">

View the YouTube Desktop Site from Your Android Phone

If you’re using an Android device, we’ll review the steps here to open the desktop site.

Using Chrome on Android

If you prefer the Https m youtube com search web browser, follow these steps:

  1. Open Chrome and type ‘YouTube.com‘ in the address bar then click Enter. If you don’t type in the URL but instead select the first option that appears from the search engine, your phone may open the mobile app rendering these instructions useless.
  2. Tap on the three vertical dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Tap Desktop site in adams community bank login menu that appears.

This will automatically redirect you to the desktop version of YouTube.

Using Firefox on Android

The instructions to visit the YouTube desktop site are very similar to Chrome. Just follow these steps:

  1. Open Firefox, type ‘YouTube.com‘ into the address bar and click Enter.

    Note: If you only type ‘YouTube‘ and click on the link that appears; the YouTube app on your phone may open and you won’t see the option to open to the desktop site.
  2. Toggle the switch for Desktop site to on.
  3. The desktop version of YouTube will automatically open for you.

Just like Chrome, switching to the Desktop version on Firefox is really simple.

Using the Default Internet Browser on Android

Some Android users have a default or native internet browser. If this is your preferred browser, follow these steps:

  1. Open the internet browser, type ‘YouTube.com‘ and then click Enter. As with the other browsers if you choose YouTube from the search engine it may open the YouTube application instead.
  2. Tap on the three horizontal bars in the lower right-hand corner.
  3. Then, tap on Desktop site.
  4. This will automatically redirect you to the desktop version of YouTube.

Now, you can browse YouTube on your phone using the desktop version.

Using Opera on Android

Another popular browser is Opera. Fortunately, you can view the YouTube desktop version following these steps:

  1. Open Opera and type in ‘YouTube.com.’ Keep in mind if you click on the link from the search engine you may be directed to the mobile app which will not show the option to open the desktop site.
  2. Tap on the three vertical dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Toggle the switch on for Desktop site.
  4. Opera will automatically open the desktop version of YouTube.

That’s all there is to it! Now you can browse the desktop version of YouTube on your phone.

View your Watch History and Search History

You can view all your watched videos and search history in YouTube’s desktop mode.

  1. Tap Library at the bottom right of the screen.
  2. Then, tap History.
  3. From there you can see your Watch History and Search History.

View Any Desktop Website from Your Android Phone

The above process will work with any website you choose to visit. You can also make the same selection with other mobile browsers.

In Firefox, you select the menu and then Request desktop site.

In Opera, access the menu, Settings, and User-Agent and then switch from Mobile to Desktop.

If you use a how many people die in the us every year browser, chances are it will have the same kind of option. As most of them are based on Chromium, they will likely be similar to Chrome.

View the YouTube Desktop Site from Your iPhone

Just like Android phones, iPhones also have a lot of browser options. From Safari to Chrome, you can easily view the desktop version of YouTube on your iPhone.

Let’s review your options.

Using Safari on iPhone

If you prefer Apple’s default browser, you can follow these steps to view YouTube in the desktop version:

  1. Open Safari and type ‘YouTube.com‘ into the address bar. Safari may ask you if you want to open this in the app. Ignore that, the application doesn’t give you the desktop option.
  2. Tap on the Aa icon in the upper left-hand corner of the address bar.
  3. Then, tap on Request Desktop Website.
  4. Safari will automatically provide you the desktop view.

It’s a little bit more difficult to find the menu option in Safari, so the instructions above should help you to open the Desktop version quickly.

Using Firefox on iOS

Firefox is a little more simple to navigate. If you need to access the desktop version of YouTube, do this:

  1. Open Firefox and visit YouTube.com.
  2. Tap on the three dots in the upper right-hand corner.
  3. Now, tap on Request Desktop Site.

Just like the other browsers, the desktop version of YouTube will automatically revert to the desktop site.

View Any Desktop Site from your iPhone

As with Android, you can repeat the above process on almost any website you choose to visit. If you use Chrome for iOS or another browser instead of Safari, you can also request the desktop website.

  1. Open Chrome on your iPhone.
  2. Select the three-dot menu icon in the top right.
  3. Check the box next to the Desktop site.
  4. Navigate to your website as normal.

The same is true for Opera Mini, Dolphin, Firefox Focus, or any of the alternatives you may have installed. All will have similar options to select the desktop site from the menu.

The theory behind offering a mobile site over a desktop one is sound. They will be streamlined and pared back to burn less data and will load much faster. They should also be optimized for smaller screens.

That’s fine if the site itself doesn’t compromise the browsing experience and gives mobile users as close to the desktop experience as possible. But that isn’t always the case. In YouTube’s case, there isn’t enough screen real estate to emulate the desktop experience in a way that works well enough to satisfy Google. Users, on the other hand, have other ideas.

Frequently Asked Questions

As you can see, using the desktop version of YouTube on a mobile device is fairly straightforward with a few extra steps.

How do I get back to the mobile site?

If you need to view the mobile version of YouTube you can. Tap on the menu icon as we did above and uncheck the desktop option. Your page should automatically refresh showing you the mobile version again.

If I play a video in a new window, it reverts back to the mobile site. What can I do?

One common issue with the desktop version of websites on a mobile device is that they’re designed to run the mobile version. This means that whenever you open a new web page, the mobile version is displayed. Fortunately, all you need to do is click on the desktop option as we’ve done above.

Phones and Browser Settings

Most phones and browsers are capable of supporting the desktop version of a site. All you really need is a browser you find reliable and trustworthy, the developers did all the hard work for us.

Share your thoughts and experiences on viewing desktop sites on your phone below.

Источник: https://www.alphr.com/view-youtube-desktop-site-phone/
https m youtube com search

4 Replies to “Https m youtube com search”

  1. Salary account nhi h axis bank me or na koi income proof he to bad sakti h kiya limit automatically

  2. Bg kalau di desboard saya yg insentif survey ke 2 jadwal nya pertama di tanggal 20 november berubah menjadi 16 oktober skarang jadi di jadwal kn mksd nya apa y bg

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *