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Bibliography of the American Civil War

Wikipedia bibliography

The American Civil War bibliography comprises books that deal in large part with the American Civil War. There are over 60,000 books on the war, with more appearing each month.[1] Authors James Lincoln Collier and Christopher Collier stated in 2012, "No event in American history has been so thoroughly studied, not merely by historians, but by tens of thousands of other Americans who have made the war their hobby. Perhaps a hundred thousand books have been published about the Civil War."[2]

There is no complete bibliography to the war; the largest guide to books is over 40 years old and lists over 6,000 of the most valuable titles as evaluated by three leading scholars.[3] Many specialized topics such as Abraham Lincoln,[4] women,[5] and medicine[6] have their own lengthy bibliographies. The books on major campaigns typically contain their own specialized guides to the sources and literature. The most comprehensive guide to the historiography annotates over a thousand major titles, with an emphasis on military topics.[7] The most recent guide to literary and non-military topics is A History of American Civil War Literature (2016) edited by Coleman Hutchison. It emphasizes cultural studies, memory, diaries, southern literary writings, and famous novelists.[8]

Contents

  • 1Causes of the war
  • 2American Civil War battles and campaigns
  • 3Naval history
  • 4Unit histories
  • 5Strategy and command
  • 6Technology, weapons, logistics
  • 7Reconstruction
  • 8Medical
  • 9Constitutional and legal
  • 10Slavery and emancipation
  • 11International affairs
  • 12Collected biographies
  • 13Military leaders
  • 14Soldiers and sailors
  • 15Prisoners
  • 16Violence and death
  • 17Homefront
  • 18States, regions, and local
  • 19Guerillas
  • 20Ethnic groups
  • 21Women
  • 22Ideology, rhetoric, religion
  • 23Veterans
  • 24Historiography
  • 25Surveys and reference books
  • 26Maps, photographs, environment
  • 27Newspapers in the Civil War
  • 28Art and music
  • 29Popular culture, novels, films
  • 30Tour guides
  • 31Monuments, battlefields, and battlefield preservation
  • 32Government publications
  • 33Primary sources
  • 34Other
  • 35See also
  • 36Notes
  • 37Further reading

Causes of the war[edit]

  • Ashworth, John. Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic. (1995)
  • Ayers, Edward L. What Caused the Civil War? Reflections on the South and Southern History. New York: W.W. Norton, 2005.
  • Boritt, Gabor S., ed. Why the Civil War Came. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Broadwater, Robert P. Did Lincoln and the Republican Party Create the Civil War?: An Argument. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3361-2.
  • Calore, Paul. The Causes of the Civil War: The Political, Cultural, Economic, and Territorial Disputes between North and South. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2008.
  • Donald, David. "An Excess of Democracy: The Civil War and the Social Process" in David Donald, Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era, 2d ed. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966), 209–35.
  • Egnal, Marc. Clash of Extremes: The Economic Origins of the Civil War. New York: Hill and Wang, 2009.
  • Grant, Susan-Mary. North Over South: Northern Nationalism and American Identity in the Antebellum Era. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2000.
  • Helper, Hinton Rowan. The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It. New York: Burdock Brothers, 1857.
  • Holt, Michael F. The Political Crisis of the 1850s. 1978.
  • Link, William A. Roots of Secession: Slavery and Politics in Antebellum Virginia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Olsen, Christopher J. Political Culture and Secession in Mississippi: Masculinity, Honor, and the Antiparty Tradition, 1830–1860. 2000.
  • Potter, David Morris, edited and completed by Don E. Fehrenbacher, The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861. 1976.
  • Schoen, Brian. The Fragile Fabric of Union: Cotton, Federal Politics, and the Global Origins of the Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Stampp, Kenneth M. America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink. 1990.

Secession[edit]

  • Adams, Charles. When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
  • Bledose, Alfred T. Is Davis a Traitor; or Was Secession a Constitutional Right Previous to the War in 1861?. Baltimore, Maryland: Innes and the author, 1866.
  • Dew, Charles B. Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 2001.
  • Mississippi Secession Convention. Journal of the State Convention and Ordinances and Resolution Adopted in January 1861, with an Appendix. Jackson, Mississippi: E. Barksdale, 1861.
  • Sitterson, Joseph Carlyle. The Secession Movement in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.
  • Stampp, Kenneth M. And the War Came: The North and the Secession Crisis, 1860–1861. 1950.
  • Wakelyn, Jon L., editor. Southern Pamphlets on Secession, November 1860-April 1861. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

American Civil War battles and campaigns[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War battles and campaigns

Naval history[edit]

  • Anderson, Bern. By Sea and By River: The Naval History of the Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.
  • Bennett, Michael J. Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Block, W.T. Schooner Sail to Starboard: The U.S. Navy vs. Blockade Runners in the Western Gulf of Mexico. College Station, Texas: Institute of Nautical Archaeology, 2007.
  • Bradlee, Francis. Blockade Running During the Civil War. Salem, Massachusetts: Essex Institute Press, 1959.
  • Browning, Jr., Robert M. From Cape Charles to Cape Fear: The North Atlantic Blockading Squadron During the Civil War. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-8173-0679-3.
  • Browning, Jr., Robert M. Success Is All That Was Expected: The South Atlantic Blockading Squadron in the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's Inc., 2002.
  • Campbell, R. Thomas. Academy on the James: The Confederate Naval School. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1998.
  • Campbell, R. Thomas. Confederate Naval Forces on Western Waters: The Defense of the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2005. ISBN 0-7864-2203-3.
  • —— Fire and Thunder: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-067-5.
  • —— Gray Thunder: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1996. ISBN 0-942597-99-0.
  • —— Southern Fire: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-046-2.
  • Carr, Dawson. Gray Phantoms of the Cape Fear: Running the Civil War Blockade. Winston-Salem, North Carolina: John F. Blair, 1998. ISBN 978-0-89587-213-5.
  • Carse, Robert. Blockade: The Civil War at Sea. New York: Rinehart & Co., 1950.
  • Chaffin, Tom. The H. L. Hunley: The Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang, 2008. ISBN 0809054604.
  • Chatelain, Neil P. Defending the Arteries of Rebellion: Confederate Naval Operations in the Mississippi River Valley, 1861-1865. Savas Beatie, 2020. ISBN 978-1-61121-510-6.
  • Coombe, Jack D. Gunfire Around the Gulf: The Last Major Naval Campaign of the Civil War. New York: Bantam Books, 1999.
  • Cochran, Hamilton. Blockade Runners of the Confederacy. Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1957.
  • Conrad, James Lee. Rebel Reefers: The Organization and Midshipmen of the Confederate States Naval Academy. New York: Da Capo Press, 2003.
  • Coski, John M. Capital Navy: The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James River Squadron. Campbell, California: Savas Woodbury Publishers, 1996.
  • Coski, John M. The Confederate Navy. Richmond, Virginia: The Museum of the Confederacy, 2005.
  • Cracknell, William H. United States Navy Monitors of the Civil War Windsor, England: 1973.
  • deKay, James T. Monitor. 1997.
  • Donnelly, Ralph W. The Confederate States Marine Corps: The Rebel Leathernecks. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, Inc., 1989. ISBN 0-942597-13-3.
  • Dougherty, Kevin J. Ships of the Civil War, 1861–1865: An Illustrated Guide to the Fighting Vessels of the Union and the Confederacy. London: Amber Books, Ltd., 2013. ISBN 978-1-909-160-67-5.
  • Dougherty, Kevin J. Strangling the Confederacy: Coastal Operations in the American Civil War. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2012. ISBN 978-1-61200-092-3.
  • Ericson, Peter. Running the Batteries. LULU Press, 2009.
  • Fowler, William M. Under Two Flags: The American Navy in the Civil War. Naval Institute Press, 1990.
  • Gosnell, H. Allen. Guns on the Western Waters: The Story of River Gunboats in the Civil War Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1949.
  • Graham, Eric J. Clyde Built: Blockade Runners, Cruisers and Armoured Rams of the American Civil War. Edinburgh, Scotland: Birlinn Press, 2006.
  • Hall, Andrew W. Civil War Blockade Running on the Texas Coast. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-62585-024-9.
  • Hearn, Chester G. Gray Raiders of the Sea: How Eight Confederate Warships Destroyed the Union's High Seas Commerce. Camden, Maine: International Marine Publishing, 1992.
  • Hoyt, Edwin P. The Voyage of the Hunley: The Chronicle of the Pathbreaking Confederate Submarine. Short Hills, New Jersey: Burford Books. ISBN 1-58080-094-7.
  • Joiner, Gary D. Mr. Lincoln's Brown Water Navy: The Mississippi Squadron. Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.
  • Jones, Virgil Carington. The Civil War At Sea. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1962.
  • Joyner, Elizabeth Hoxie and Margie Riddle Bearss. The USS Cairo: History and Artifacts of a Civil War Gunboat. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2006.
  • Lardas, Mark. CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsage: Cherbourg 1864. New York: Osprey, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84908-492-5.
  • Luraghi, Raimondo. A History of the Confederate Navy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996. ISBN 978-1-55750-527-9.
  • Merrill, James M. The Rebel Shore. 1957.
  • Musicant, Ivan. Divided Waters: The Naval History of the Civil War. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995. ISBN 0-06-016482-4.
  • Page, Dave. Ships Versus Shore: Civil War Engagements Along Southern Shores and Rivers. Rutledge Hill Press, 1994.
  • Porter, David Dixon. The Naval History of the Civil War. Secaucus, New Jersey: Castle, 1984.
  • Ragan, Mark K. Union and Confederate Submarine Warfare in the Civil War. Campbell, California: Savas Publishing, 1999.
  • Roberts, William H. Now for the Contest: Coastal and Oceanic Naval Operations in the Civil War. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.
  • Scarf, J. Thomas. History of the Confederate States Navy from Its Organization to the Surrender of Its Last Vessel. New York: Joseph McDonough Co., 1894.
  • Silverstone, Pal H. Warships of the Civil War Navies. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The Timberclads in the Civil War: The Lexington, Conestoga and Tyler on the Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3578-4.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. Tinclads in the Civil War: Union Light–Draught Gunboat Operations on Western Waters, 1862–1865. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-3579-1.
  • Sprunt, James. Tales of the Cape Fear Blockade. Wilmington, North Carolina: Cornelius Thomas, 1960.
  • Stern, Philip Van Doren (1962). The Confederate Navy. Doubleday & Company.
  • Still, Jr., William. Confederate Shipbuilding. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Still Jr., William, John M. Taylor, and Norman C. Delaney. Raiders & Blockaders: The American Civil War Afloat. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's Inc., 1998. ISBN 1-57488-164-7.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The First Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-040-3.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Second Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-055-1.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Third Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1998. ISBN 1-57249-081-0.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Fourth Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 2000. ISBN 1-57249-214-7.
  • Surdam, David G. Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War. University of South Carolina Press, 2001.
  • Taafe, Stephen R. Commanding Lincoln's Navy: Union Naval Leadership During the Civil War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2009.
  • Tucker, Spencer C., editor The Civil War Naval Encyclopedia, two volumes. Santa Barbara, California: ABC–CLIO, 2011. ISBN 978-1-59884-338-5.
  • Tucker, Spencer C. A Short History of the Civil War at Sea. Wilmington, Delaware: SR Books, 2001.
  • Underwood, Rodman L. Waters of Discord: The Union Blockade of Texas During the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2003.
  • U.S. Department of the Navy, Naval History Division, compiler. Civil War Naval Chronology 1861–1865. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1971.
  • Van Tillburg, Hans. A Civil War Gunboat in Pacific Waters: Life on Board the USS Saginaw. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2010. ISBN 978-0-81303516-1.
  • Walker, Sally M. Secrets of A Civil War Submarine: Solving the Mysteries of the H.L. Hunley. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 2005.
  • Wise, Stephen R. Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1988.
  • Wynne, Nick and Joe Crankshaw. Florida Civil War Blockades: Battling for the Coast. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-60949-340-0.

Ironclads[edit]

Further information: USS Monitor and CSS Virginia

  • Bearss, Edwin C. Hardluck Ironclad: The Sinking and Salvage of the Cairo. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Besse, Summer B. The C.S. Ironclad Virginia: With Data and References for a Scale Model. Newport News, Virginia, 1937.
  • Elliott, Robert G. Ironclad of the Roanoke: Gilbert Elliott's Albemarle. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Co., 1994.
  • Field, Ron. Confederate Ironclad vs. Union Ironclad: Hampton Roads 1862. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2008.
  • Holzer, Harold and Mulligan, Tim, ed. The Battle of Hampton Roads: New Perspectives on the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia. Fordham University Press, 2006.
  • MacBride, Robert. Civil War Ironclads: The Dawn of Naval Armor. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 1962.
  • Melton, Maurice. The Confederate Ironclads. South Brunswick, New Jersey: Thomas Yoseloff Ltd., 1968. OCLC 559832629
  • Mindell, David A. War, Technology, and Experience Aboard the U.S.S. Monitor. 2000.
  • Mokion, Arthur. Ironclad: The Monitor & the Merrimack. Novato, California: Presidio Press, 1991. ISBN 0-89141-405-3.
  • Nelson, James L. Reign of Iron: The Story of the First Battling Ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack. William Marrow, 2004.
  • Quarstein, John. C.S.S. Virginia: Mistress of Hampton Roads. Lynchburg, Virginia: H.E. Howard, Inc., 2000.
  • Quarstein, John V. The Monitor Boys: The Crew of the Union's First Ironclad. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-59629-455-4
  • Quarstein, John V. The CSS Virginia: Sink Before Surrender. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1-60949-580-0.
  • Quarstein, John V. A History of Ironclads. Charleston, South Carolina: History Press, 2006.
  • Roberts, William H. Civil War Ironclads: The U.S. Navy and Industrial Mobilization. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The CSS Arkansas: A Confederate Ironclad on Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-4726-8.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The USS Carondelet: A Civil War Ironclad in Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2010.
  • Still, Jr., William N. Iron Afloat: The Story of the Confederate Armorclads. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1985, 1988. ISBN 978-0-87249-616-3. Originally published Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1971.

Confederate raiders[edit]

  • Baldwin, John, and Ron Powers. Last Flag Down: The Epic Journey of the Last Confederate Warship. New York: Crown Publishers, 2007. ISBN 978-0-307-23655-5.
  • Chaffin, Tom. Sea of Gray: The Around—the—World Odyssey of the Confederate Raider Shenandoah. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8090-9511-7.
  • De Kay, James T. The Rebel Raiders: The Astonishing History of the Confederacy's Secret Navy. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002.
  • Morgan, Murray. Confederate Raider in the North Pacific: The Saga of the C.S.S. Shenandoah, 1864–65. Washington State University Press, 1948.
  • Robinson III, Charles M. Shark of the Confederacy: The Story of the CSS Alabama. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-728-7.
  • Schooler, Lynn. The Last Shot: The Incredible Story of the C.S.S. Shenandoah and the True Conclusion of the American Civil War. New York: HarperCollins, 2005. ISBN 0-06-052333-6.
  • Whittle, William C. The Voyage of the CSS Shenandoah: A Memorable Cruise. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2005.

Unit histories[edit]

  • Brown, J. Willard. The Signal Corps in the War of the Rebellion. Boston, Massachusetts: U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association, 1896.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. Soldiering in the Army of Northern Virginia: A Statistical Portrait of the Troops Who Served Under Robert E. Lee. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3492-3.
  • Tennesseans in the Civil War: A Military History of Confederate and Union Units with Available Rosters of Personnel, two volumes. Nashville, Tennessee: Civil War Centennial Commission, 1964.
  • Williams, George Forrester (1883). Bullet and shell : war as the soldier saw it; camp, march, and picket; battlefield and bivouac; prison and hospital. New York : Fords, Howard, & Hulbert.

Union military units[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War Union military unit histories

Confederate military units[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War Confederate military unit histories

Strategy and command[edit]

  • Adams, Michael C.C. Our Masters the Rebels: A Speculation on Union Military Failure in the East, 1861–1865. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1978.
  • Bartholomes, Jr., J. Boone Buff. Facings and Gilt Buttons: Staff and Headquarters Operations in the Army of Northern Virginia, 1861–1865. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1998.
  • Bledsoe, Andrew S. Citizen-Officers: The Union and Confederate Volunteer Junior Officer Corps in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-8071-6070-1.
  • Burne, Alfred H. Lee, Grant and Sherman: A Study in Leadership in the 1864–1865 Campaign. Aldershot: Gale and Polden, 1938.
  • Davis, William C.Crucible of Command: Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee – The War They Fought, The Peace They Forged. Boston: Da Capo Press, A Member of Perseus Books Group, 2014. ISBN 978-0-306-82245-2.
  • Fredricksbon, George M. Why the Confederacy Did Not Fight a Guerrilla War after the Fall of Richmond: A Comparative View. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Gettysburg College, 1996.
  • Hagerman, Edward. The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization and Field Command. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1988.
  • Harsh, Joseph L. Confederate Tide Rising: Robert E. Lee and the Making of Southern Strategy, 1861–1862. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1998. ISBN 0873385802.
  • Hess, Earl J. Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861–1864. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Jones, Archer. Civil War Command and Strategy: The Process of Victory and Defeat. New York: The Free Press, 1992.
  • Jones, Edward C. The Right Hand of Command: Use and Disuse of Personal Staff in the American Civil War. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2000.
  • Marszalek, John F. (2007). Sherman: A Soldier's Passion for Order. SIU Press. ISBN .
  • McPherson, Robertson, Sears, Symonds, Waugh. Hearts Touched by Fire, The Modern Library, New York, 2011
  • Gallagher, Gary W.; and Joseph T. Glatthaar. Leaders of the Lost Cause: New Perspectives on the Confederate High Command, 2004.
  • Silkenat, David. Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019. ISBN 978-1-4696-4972-6.
  • Smith, Jean Edward (2001). Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN .
  • Stoker, Donald. The Grand Design: Strategy and the U.S. Civil War (Oxford UP. 2010) excerpt
  • Tanner, Robert G. Retreat to Victory?: Confederate Strategy Reconsidered. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources Inc., 2001.
  • Vandiver, Frank E. Rebel Brass: The Confederate Command System. New York: 1956.
  • Winkler, H. Donald. Civil War Goats and Scapegoats. Cumberland House, 2008.
  • Wood, W.J. Civil War Generalship: The Art of Command. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1997. ISBN 0-275-95054-9.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. Civil War Generals in Defeat. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1999. ISBN 0-7006-0943-1.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. Leadership and Command in the American Civil War. New York: Da Capo, 1996.

Technology, weapons, logistics[edit]

  • Albaugh III, William A. Confederate Edged Weapons. New York: 1960.
  • Albaugh, William A., Hugh Benet, Jr., and Edward Simmons. Confederate Handguns.
  • Albert, Alphaeus H. Buttons of the Confederacy.
  • Army Jr., Thomas F. Engineering Victory: How Technology Won the Civil War (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology, 2016).
  • Bilby, Joseph G. Civil War Firearms: Their Historical Background, Tactical Use and Modern Collecting and Shooting. Conshocken, Pennsylvania: Combined Books, Inc.
  • Bilby, Joseph G. A Revolution in Arms: A History of the First Repeating Rifles. Westholme, 2006.
  • Black, III, Robert C. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1952.
  • Bragg, C.L., Charles D. Ross, Gordon A. Baker, Stephanie A.T. Jacobe, and Theodore P. Savas, eds. Never for Want of Powder: The Confederate Powder Works in Augusta, Georgia. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2007.
  • Bruce, Robert V. Lincoln and the Tools of War 1956.
  • Burke, James C. The Wilmington & Weldon Railroad in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2013. ISBN 978-0-7864-7154-6.
  • Clark, John E. Railroads in the Civil War: The Impact of Management On Victory And Defeat. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.
  • Coates, Earl J. and Dean S. Thomas. An Introduction To Civil War Small Arms. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas Publications, 1990.
  • Coggins, Jack. Arms and Equipment of the Civil War. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co., Inc., 1962.
  • Cornish, Joseph Jenkins. The Air Arm of the Confederacy: A history of origins and usages of war balloons by the Southern Armies during the American Civil War. Richmond, Virginia: Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee, 1963.
  • Davis, Carl L. Arming the Union: Small Arms in the Union Army. Port Washington, New York: Kennikat Press, Inc., 1974.
  • Edwards, William B. Civil War Guns. New York: 1962.
  • Griffith, Paddy. Battle Tactics of the Civil War. Yale University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-300-08461-7.
  • Field, Ron. Brassey's History of Uniforms: American Civil War, Confederate Army. McLean, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 1997.
  • Hagerman, Edward. The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization, and Field Command. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1988.
  • Hazlett, James C.; Olmstead, Edwin; and Parks, M. Hume. Field Artillery Weapons of the Civil War. University of Illinois Press, 2004.
  • Hess, Earl J. Civil War Logistics: A Study of Military Transportation (2017) online review
  • Hess, Earl J. Field Armies and Fortification in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861–1864. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Hess, Earl J. Grant and Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8078-3154-0.
  • Hess, Earl J. In the Trenches at Petersburg: Field Fortifications & Confederate Defeat. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8078-3282-0.
  • Hess, Earl J. The Rifle Musket in Civil War Combat. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Hodges, Jr., Robert R. American Civil War Railroad Tactics. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2009.
  • Johnston II, Angus James. Virginia Railroads in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.
  • Keim, Lon W. Confederate General Service Accoutrement Plates.
  • Kerksis, Sydney C. Field Artillery Projectiles of the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Kerksis, Sydney C. Heavy Artillery Projectiles of the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Madaus, H. Michael and Robert D. Needham. Battleflags of the Confederate Army of the Tennessee.
  • Maier, Larry B. and Joseph W. Stahl. Identification Discs in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., Inc., 2008.
  • McKee, W. Reid and M.W. Mason, Jr. Civil War Projectiles, Small Arms and Field Artillery.
  • Morton, John W. The Artillery of Nathan Bedford Forrest's Cavalry "The Wizard of the Saddle". Nashville, Tennessee: Publishing House of the M.E. Church, South, 1909.
  • Murphy, John M. Confederate Carbines and Musketoons.
  • Naisawald, L. VanLoan. Canon Blasts: Civil War Artillery in the Eastern Armies. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane, 2004.
  • Perry, Milton F. Infernal Machines: The Story of Confederate Submarine and Mine Warfare. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1965.
  • Philips, Stanley S. Bullets Used in the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Philips, Stanley S. Civil War Corps Badges and Other Related Awards, Badges, Medals of the Period.
  • Pitman, John. Breech Loading Carbines of the United States Civil War Period.
  • Plum, William R. The Military Telegraph During the Civil War in the United States, an Exposition of ancient and Modern Means of Communications, and of the Federal and Confederate Cipher Systems, Also a Running Account of the War between the States, two volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Jensen, McClug & Company, Publishers, 1882.
  • Reilly, Robert M. United States Military Small Arms 1816–1865.
  • Riling, Ray, ed. Uniforms and Dress of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Ripley, Warren. Artillery and Ammunition of the Civil War.
  • Ross, Charles D. Trial by Fire: Science, Technology and the Civil War. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing, 2000.
  • Rutherford, Kenneth R. America’s Buried History: Landmines in the Civil War. Savas Beatie, 2020. ISBN 978-1-61121-453-6.
  • Smith, Robin. Brassey's History of Uniforms: American Civil War, Union Army. McLean, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 1997.
  • Stamatelos, James. Notes on the Uniforms and Equipments of the United States Cavalry, 1861–1865.
  • Summers, Festus P. The Baltimore and Ohio in the Civil War. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1939.
  • Tucker, Spencer. Arming the Fleet. U.S. Ordnance in the Muzzle-Loading Era (1988)
  • Turner, George Edgar. Victory Rode the Rails: The Strategic Place of the Railroads in the Civil War. New York: Bobbs Merrill, 1963.
  • Wilson, Harold S. Confederate Industry, Manufacturers and Quartermasters in the Civil War. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2002.
  • Winey, Michael J. Union Army Uniforms at Gettysburg. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas, 1998.
  • Wise, Arthur and Francis A. Lord. Uniforms of the Civil War.
  • Woodhead, Henry, ed. Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of the Confederacy. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1991.
  • Woodhead, Henry, ed. Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of the Union. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1991.

Reconstruction[edit]

Medical[edit]

Main article: Medicine in the American Civil War § Further reading

  • Adams, George Worthington. Doctors in Blue: The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War. New York: Henry Schuman, 1952.
  • Bell, Andrew McIlwaine. Mosquito Soldiers: Malaria, Yellow Fever, and the Course of the Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
  • Cunningham, Horace Herndon. Doctors in Gray: The Confederate Medical Service. (reprint Peter Smith, 1970)
  • Downs, Jim. Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction. (Oxford University Press, 2012)
  • Duncan, Louis C. The Medical Department of the United States Army in the Civil War. Gaithersburg, Maryland: Olde Soldiers Books, 1987.
  • Flannery, Michael A. Civil War Pharmacy: A History of Drugs, Drug Supply and Provision, and Therapeutics for the Union and Confederacy. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2004.
  • Freemon, Frank R. Gangrene and Glory: Medical Care during the American Civil War. University of Illinois Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-252-07010-5
  • Green, Carol C. Chimborazo: The Confederacy's Largest Hospital. University of Tennessee Press, 2004.
  • Grzyb, Frank L. Rhode Island's Civil War Hospital: Life and Death at Portsmouth Grove, 1862–1865. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6861-4.
  • Hilde, Libra R. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South. University of Virginia Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8139-3212-5.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Marrow of Tragedy: The Health Crisis of the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2013.
  • Lande, R. Gregory. Madness, Malingering, and Malfeasance: The Transformation of Psychiatry and the Law in the Civil War Era. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, 2003.
  • McGaugh, Scott. Surgeon in Blue: Jonathan Letterman, The Civil War Doctor Who Pioneered Battlefield Care. Arcade Publishing, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61145-839-8.
  • Miller, Brian Craig. Empty Sleeves: Amputation in the Civil War South (University of Georgia Press, 2015). xviii, 257 pp.
  • Patterson, Gerard A. Debris of Battle: The Wounded of Gettysburg. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997. ISBN 0-8117-0498-X.
  • Robertson, James I (ed). The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, seven volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Co, 1990–1992 reprint.
  • Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.
  • Schmidt, James M. and Guy R. Hasegawa, eds. Years of Change and Suffering: Modern Perspectives on Civil War Medicine. Edinborough Press, 2009.
  • Schroeder–Lein, Glenna R. The Encyclopedia of Civil War Medicine. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2012.
  • Schroeder–Lein, Glenna R. Confederate Hospitals on the Move: Samuel H. Stout and the Army of Tennessee. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Schultz, Jane E. Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Steiner, Paul E. Disease in the Civil War: Natural Biological Warfare in 1861–1865. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1968.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Confederate Generals. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1995.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Union Generals. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1997.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Barnes, Joseph H. et al., eds. The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865, 6 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1870–88.
  • Child, William. Letters from a Civil War Surgeon: The Letters of Dr. William Child of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers. Solon, Maine: Polar Bear and Company, 2001.
  • Holland, Mary Gardner, ed. Our Army Nurses: Stories from Women in the Civil War (1895) excerpts
  • Josyph, Peter ed. The Wounded River: The Civil War Letters of John Vance Lauderdale, M.D. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1993.
  • Quinn, E. Moore. "'I have been trying very hard to be powerful "nice"': the correspondence of Sister M. De Sales (Brennan) during the American Civil War," Irish Studies Review (2010) 18#2 pp 213-233, for letters from a Catholic nun who was in charge of a Confederate hospital
  • Gemrig's illustrated catalogue of surgical instruments, ca 1868
  • Robertson Hospital Register, Statistical data on 1,329 patients. VCU Libraries Digital Collections.
  • Sanger Historical Files (1859–1865), Excerpts, Includes letters, reports, and hospital records of the Medical College of Virginia during the American Civil War. VCU Libraries Digital Collections.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Two Confederate Hospitals and Their Patients, Atlanta to Opelika (Mercer University Press, 2005) 183 pp. and CDROM; statistical data on 18,000 patients

Constitutional and legal[edit]

  • Edwards, Laura F. A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2015) 212 pp.
  • Hyman Harold. "A More Perfect Union ": The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution. 1973.
  • McCurry, Stephanie. "Enemy Women and the Laws of War in the American Civil War" Law & History Review (August 2017). pp 667-710 DOI, 10.1017/s0738248017000244.
  • Neely; Mark E., Jr. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties (1991).
  • Neely, Jr., Mark E. Lincoln and the Triumph of the Nation: Constitutional Conflict in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
  • Paludan, Phillip S. "The American Civil War Considered as a Crisis in Law and Order," American Historical Review, Vol. 77, No. 4 (Oct., 1972), pp. 1013–1034 in JSTOR
  • Randall, James G. Constitutional Problems under Lincoln (1926)

Slavery and emancipation[edit]

Main article: Slavery in the United States

See also: Emancipation Proclamation

  • Belz, Herman. Emancipation and Equal Rights: Politics and Constitutionalism in the Civil War Era (1978) online
  • Biddle, Daniel R., and Murray Dubin. "'God Is Settling the Account': African American Reaction to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (Jan. 2013) 137#1 57–78.
  • Blight, David W. A Slave No More: Two Men Who Escaped to Freedom: Including Their Own Narratives of Emancipation. Orlando: Harcourt, 2007.
  • Chambers Jr, Henry L. "Lincoln, the Emancipation Proclamation, and Executive Power." Maryland Law Review 73 (2013): 100+ online
  • Durden, Robert F. The Gray and the Black: The Confederate Debate on Emancipation. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1972.
  • Fehrenbacher, Don Edward. The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2011.
  • Guelzo, Allen C. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in American. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.
  • Harrold, Stanley. Border War: Fighting Over Slavery Before the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
  • Harold Holzer, Edna Greene Medford, and Frank J. Williams. The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (2006)
  • Huston, James L. Calculating the Value of the Union: Slavery, Property Rights, and the Economic Origins of the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Lightner, David L. Slavery and the Commerce Power: How the Struggle against the Interstate Slave Trade Led to the Civil War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
  • Masur, Louis P. Lincoln's Hundred Days: The Emancipation Proclamation and the War for the Union (Harvard University Press; 2012)
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: vol 6. War Becomes Revolution, 1862–1863 (1960)
  • Mitchell, Charles W. "Maryland Voices of the Civil War" (2007) (Part 3)
  • Mohr, Clarence L. On the Threshold of Freedom: Masters and Slaves in Civil War Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
  • Morrison, Michael. Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War (1997)
  • Oakes, James. The Radical and the Republican: Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the Triumph of Antislavery Politics. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
  • Oakes, James. Freedom National: The Destruction of Slavery in the United States, 1861-1865. New York: W. W. Norton, 2013.
  • Russo, Peggy A. and Finkelman, Paul, eds. Terrible Swift Sword: The Legacy of John Brown. Ohio University Press, 2005.
  • Siddali, Silvana R. From Property To Person: Slavery And The Confiscation Acts, 1861–1862 (2005)
  • Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment (2001) online
  • Vorenberg, Michael, ed. The Emancipation Proclamation: A Brief History with Documents (2010), primary and secondary sources

International affairs[edit]

  • American Civil Wars: A Bibliography. A comprehensive bibliography of the United States Civil War's international entanglements and parallel civil strife in the Americas in the 1860s.
  • Adams, Ephraim D. Great Britain and the American Civil War (2 vols. 1925).
  • Bennett, John D. The London Confederates: The Officials, Clergy, Businessmen and Journalists Who Backed the American South During the Civil War. McFarland, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6901-7.
  • Blackett, R. J. M. Divided Hearts: Britain and the American Civil War (2001).
  • Blumenthal, Henry. "Confederate Diplomacy: Popular Notions and International Realities," Journal of Southern History, Vol. 32, No. 2 (May 1966), pp. 151–171 in JSTOR
  • Boyko, John. Blood and Daring: How Canada Fought the American Civil War and Forged a Nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013. ISBN 978-0-307-36144-8.
  • Campbell, Duncan Andrew. English Public Opinion and the American Civil War (2003).
  • Case, Lynn Marshall. The United States and France: Civil War Diplomacy. (U of Pennsylvania Press, 1970).
  • Daddysman, James W. The Matamoros Trade: Confederate Commerce, Diplomacy, and Intrigue. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1984.
  • Doyle, Don H. The Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War (2014) Excerpt and text search
  • Ellison, Mary. Support for Secession: Lancashire and the American Civil War. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1972.
  • Ferris, Norman B. Desperate Diplomacy: William H. Seward's Foreign Policy, 1861. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 1976.
  • Foreman, Amanda. A World on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War. New York: Random House, 2011. ISBN 978-0-375-50494-5.
  • Hubbard, Charles M. The Burden of Confederate Diplomacy. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 1998. ISBN 1-57233-092-9.
  • Hyman, Harold Melvin. Heard Round the World; the Impact Abroad of the Civil War. New York: Knopf, 1969.
  • Jenkins, Brian. Britain & the War for the Union. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1974.
  • Jones, Howard. Blue & Gray Diplomacy: A History of Union and Confederate Foreign Relations (2010) online
  • Jones, Howard. Union in Peril: The Crisis over British Intervention in the Civil War. (U of North Carolina Press, 1992).
  • Jones, Howard. Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8032-2582-2.
  • Mahin, Dean B. One War at a Time: The International Dimensions of the American Civil War. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2000. ISBN 978-1-57488-301-5. Originally published: Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1999.
  • May, Robert E., ed. The Union, the Confederacy, and the Atlantic Rim. Revised edition. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2013, ISBN 978-0-8130-4922-9. Originally published by Purdue University Press, 1995.
  • Mayers, Adam. Dixie and the Dominion: Canada, the Confederacy, and the War for the Union. Dundurn Press, 2004. ISBN 1-55002-468-X.
  • Merli, Frank J. The Alabama, British Neutrality, and the American Civil War. Indiana University Press, 2004.
  • Myers, Phillip E. Caution and Cooperation: The American Civil War in British–American Relations. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.
  • Owsley, Frank Lawrence. King Cotton Diplomacy: Foreign relations of the Confederate States of America, 2nd edition. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1959.
  • Sainlaude, Stève The Imperial Government and the American Civil War, the diplomatic action. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.
  • Sainlaude, Stève France and the Confederacy (1861–1865). Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.
  • Sebrell II, Thomas E. Persuading John Bull: Union and Confederate Propaganda in Britain, 1860–1865. Lexington Books, 2014.

Collected biographies[edit]

  • Bowman, John S. Who Was Who in the Civil War.(Random House, 1994).
  • Hubbell, John T. Biographical Dictionary of the Union: Northern Leaders of the Civil War. (Greenwood, 1995).
  • McNeese, Tim. Civil War Leaders (Infobase Publishing, 2009) Popular history.
  • Ritter, Charles F., and Jon L. Wakelyn, eds., Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary (1998) short biographies and valuable historiographical summaries.
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who was who in the Union: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Biographical Reference to More Than 1,500 of the Principal Union Participants in the Civil War (Facts on File, 1988).
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War: A comprehensive, illustrated biographical reference to more than 2,500 of the principal Union and Confederate participants in the War Between the States (2014), 780pp
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who was who in the Confederacy: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Biographical Reference to More Than 1,000 of the Principal Confederacy Participants in the Civil War (Facts on File, 1988).
  • Spencer, James. Civil War generals: categorical listings and a biographical directory (Greenwood, 1986).

Military leaders[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War military leaders

Soldiers and sailors[edit]

  • (no author listed) Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1866, eight volumes. Cincinnati, Ohio: The Ohio Valley Press, 1888.
  • (no author listed) The Soldier of Indiana in the War for the Union. Indianapolis, Indiana: Merrill, 1869.
  • Bennett, Michael J. Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Booth, Andrew. Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands, three volumes. New Orleans, Louisiana: no publisher listed, 1920.
  • Broadfoot Publishing Company. The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861–1865, sixteen volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1995–1996.
  • Broadfoot Publishing Company. The Roster of Union Soldiers 1861–1865, thirty–three volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1996 to date.
  • Frank, Joseph Allan and George A. Reaves. Seeing the Elephant: Raw Recruits at the Battle of Shiloh (1989)
  • Giesberg, Judith Ann. Sex and the Civil War: Soldiers, Pornography, and the Making of American Morality (U of North Carolina Press, 2017).
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman's Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-8147-3001-9.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. and Aaron Charles Sheehan. The View from the Ground: Experiences of Civil War Soldiers (2006)
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. General Lee's Army: From Victory to Collapse. New York: Free Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-684-82787-2.
  • Hartman, David W. and David J. Coles, comps. Biographical Rosters of Florida's Confederate and Union Soldiers, 1861–1865, five volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1995.
  • Hess, Earl J. The Union Soldier in Battle: Enduring the Ordeal of Combat. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-7006-0837-9.
  • Hilderman, Walter C., III. They Went into the Fight Cheering! Confederate Conscription in North Carolina. Boone, North Carolina: Parkway, 2005.
  • Johnson, Edward C., Gail R. Johnson, and Melissa Johnson William. All Were Not Heroes: A Study of "the List of U.S. Soldiers Executed by U.S. Military Authorities During the Late War". Chicago, Illinois: privately published, 1997.
  • Loon, Ella. Desertion During the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Century Company, 1928.
  • Loury, Thomas P. Don't Shoot That Boy!: Abraham Lincoln and Military Justice. Mason City, Iowa: Savas Publishing, 199.
  • Loury, Thomas P. and Lewis Laska. Confederate Death Sentences: A Reference Guide. Charleston, South Carolilna: Booksarge, 2008.
  • McPherson, James M.For Cause and Country: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-19-512499-6. (pbk.)
  • Mitchell, Reid. Civil War Soldiers: Their Expectations and Their Experiences. New York: Viking, 1988.
  • Mitchell, Reid. The Vacant Chair: The Northern Soldier Leaves Home. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Noe, Kenneth W. Reluctant Rebels: The Confederates Who Joined the Army After 1861. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8078-3377-3.
  • Nosworthy, Brent. The Bloody Crucible of Courage: Fighting Methods and Combat Experience of the Civil War. Carroll & Graf, 2003.
  • Reid, Richard M. Freedom for Themselves: North Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Still Jr. William N. The Common Sailor: The Civil War's Uncommon Man—Yankee Blue Jackets and Confederate Tars. (1985)
  • Sutherland, Jonathan. Confederate Troops of the American Civil War. Wiltshire, United Kingdom: The Crowood Press, 2005. ISBN 1 86126 768 1.
  • Thompson, Jerry Don. Mexican–Texans in the Union Army. El Paso, Texas: Western Press, 1986.
  • Weitz, Mark A. More Damning than Slaughter: Desertion in the Confederate Army. University of Nebraska Press, 2005.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. The Life of Billy Yank: The Common Soldier of the Union. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-8071-0476-0 (paper). First published Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1952.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-8071-0475-2 (paper). First published Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1943.

Prisoners[edit]

Main article: American Civil War prison camps § Bibliography

  • Arnold–Scriber, Theresa and Terry G. Scriber. Ship Island, Mississippi: Rosters and History of the Civil War Prison Jefferson, North Carolina: 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6899-7.
  • Beitzell, Edwin W. Point Lookout Prison Camp for Confederates. Abell, Maryland: published by author, 1972.
  • Burnham, Philip. So Far from Dixie: Confederates in Yankee Prisons. New York: Taylor Trade Publishing, 2003.
  • Butts, Michele Tucker. Galvanized Yankees on the Upper Missouri: The Face of Loyalty (2003).
  • Casstevens, Frances. George W. Alexander and Castle Thunder: A Confederate Prison and Its Commandant. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2004.
  • Cloyd, Benjamin G. Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
  • Denney, Robert E. Civil War Prisons & Escapes: A Day–by–Day Chronicle. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1993.
  • Fetzer, Jr., Dale and Bruce E. Mowdey. Unlikely Allies: Fort Delaware's Prison Community in the Civil War. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 0-8117-1823-9.
  • Gray, Michael P. The Business of Captivity in the Chemung Valley: Elmira and Its Civil War Prison (2001)
  • Hesseltine, William B. Civil War Prisons: A Study in War Psychology. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1930. ISBN 0-8142-0768-5.
  • Horigan, Michael. Elmira: Death Camp of the North. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 978-0-8117-3276-5.
  • Kelley, Daniel G. What I Saw and Suffered in Rebel Prisons. Buffalo, New York: Thomas, Howard and Johnson, 1868.
  • Lawrence, F. Lee and Robert Glover. Camp Ford, C.S.A.: The Story of Union Prisoners in Texas. Austin, Texas: Texas Civil War Centennial Advisory Committee, 1964.
  • Levy, George, To Die in Chicago: Confederate Prisoners at Camp Douglas 1862–1865. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, revised edition 1999. ISBN 978-1-56554-331-7. First published 1994.
  • Lisarelli, Daniel Francis. The Last Prison: The Untold Story of Camp Groce CSA. Unpublish.com/books/lisarelli.htm, 1999.
  • Marvel, William. Andersonville: The Last Depot. University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • McAdams, Benton. Rebels at Rock Island: The Story of a Civil War Prison. De Kalbe, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.
  • Parker, Sandra V. Richmond's Civil War Prisons. Lynchburg, Virginia: H.E. Howard, 1990.
  • Sanders, Charles W., Jr. While in the Hands of the Enemy: Military Prisons of the Civil War. Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
  • Scharf, Jack E. Lee's Bold Plan for Point Lookout: The Rescue of Confederate Prisoners That Never Happened. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2008.
  • Speer, Lonnie R. Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War. 1997.
  • Speer, Lonnie. War of Vengeance: Acts of Retaliation Against Civil War POWs. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002.
  • Triebe, Richard H. Fort Fisher to Elmira: The Fateful Journey of 518 Confederate Soldiers. CreateSpace, 2011.
  • Watson, Ronald G., editor. "Death Does Seem to Have All He Can Attend to": The Civil War Diary of an Anderson Survivor. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Publishing, 2014. ISBN 978-0-7864-7890-3.
  • Wheelan, Joseph. Libby Prison Breakout: The Daring Escape from the Notorious Civil War Prison. New York: Public Affairs, 2010. ISBN 978-158648-716-4.

Violence and death[edit]

  • Carmichael, Peter S. The War for the Common Soldier: How Men Thought, Fought, and Survived in Civil War Armies (2018) excerpt
  • Faust, Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (2008) excerpt
  • Hacker, J. David. "A Census-Based Count of the Civil War Dead" Civil War History 57.4 (2011): 307–348.
  • Marshall, Nicholas. "The Great Exaggeration: Death and the Civil War" Journal of the Civil War Era 4#1 (2014) pp. 3–27 online
    • Hacker, J. David. "Has the Demographic Impact of Civil War Deaths Been Exaggerated?." Civil War History 60.4 (2014): 453-458 excerpt
  • Neff, John R. Honoring the Civil War Dead: Commemoration and the Problem of Reconciliation (UP of Kansas, 2016) online.
  • Schantz, Mark S. Awaiting the Heavenly Country: The Civil War and America's Culture of Death (Cornell UP, 2008).
  • Scott, Sean A. "'Earth Has No Sorrow That Heaven Cannot Cure': Northern Civilian Perspectives on Death and Eternity during the Civil War," Journal of Social History (2008). 41#4:843-866 online
  • Sheehan-Dean, Aaron. The Calculus of Violence: How Americans Fought the Civil War (Harvard UP, 2018). Pp. 465. excerpt also online review
  • Steplyk, Jonathan M. Fighting Means Killing: Civil War Soldiers and the Nature of Combat (UP of Kansas, 2018) online
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front (U of Arkansas Press, 2009).
  • Swanson, David A., and Richard Verdugo. "The Civil War’s Demographic Impact on White Males in Mississippi." Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 62#3 (2017) : 309+ oneline.

Homefront[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War homefront

States, regions, and local[edit]

Main article: Regional bibliography of the American Civil War

Guerillas[edit]

  • Barton, O.S. Three Years with Quantrill: A True Story by His Scout John McCorkle. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma press, 1992.
  • Beilein, Joseph M. and Matthew Christopher Hulbert, eds. The Civil War Guerrilla: Unfolding the Black Flag in History, Memory, and Myth. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2015. ISBN 978-0813165325.
  • Brant, Marley. The Outlaw Youngers: A Confederate Brotherhood. New York: Madison Books, 1992. ISBN 0-8191-8627-9.
  • Breihan, Carl W. Quantrill and his Civil War Guerillas. Denver, Colorado: Sage Books, 1959.
  • Brownlee, Richard S. Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy: Guerilla Warfare in the West, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.
  • Castel, Albert. William Clark Quantrill: His Life and Times. New York: Frederick Fell, Inc., Publishers, 1962.
  • Castel, Albert and Thomas Goodrich. Bloody Bill Anderson: The Short Savage Life of a Civil War Guerilla. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1998. ISBN 0-8117-1506-X.
  • Connelley, William Elsey. Quantrill and the Border Wars. New York: Pageant Book Company, 1956.
  • Crouch, Richard E. Rough–Riding Scout: The Story of John W. Mobberley, Loudoun's Own Civil War Guerilla Hero. Arlington, Virginia: Edden Editions.
  • Dyer, Robert L. Jesse James and the Civil War in Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1994.
  • Edwards, John N. Noted Guerillas, or the Warfare of the Border. Being a History of the Lives and Adventures of Quantell, Bill Anderson, George Todd, Dave Poole, Fletcher Taylor, Peyton Long, Oll Shepherd, Arch Clements, John Maupin, Tuck and Woot Hill, Wm. Gregg, Thomas Maupin, the James Brothers, the Younger Brothers, Arthur McCoy, and Numerous Other Well Known Guerillas of the West. St. Louis, Missouri: Bryan, Brand & Company, 1877.
  • Erwin, James W. Guerilla Hunters in Civil War Missouri. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2012. ISBN 9781609497453.
  • Fellman, Michael. Inside War: The Guerilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-19-505198-X.
  • Goodrich, Thomas. Black Flag: Guerilla Warfare on the Western Border, 1861–1865. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-253-32599-4.
  • Hulbert, Matthew Christopher. The Ghosts of Guerrilla Memory: How Civil War Bushwhackers Became Gunslingers in the American West. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2016. ISBN 978-0820350028.
  • Jones, Virgil Carrington. Gray Ghosts and Rebel Raiders. Atlanta: Mockingbird Books, 1973. ISBN 0-89176-016-4. First published New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1956.
  • Leslie, Edward E. The Devil Knows How to Ride: The True Story of William Clarke Quantrill and His Confederate Raiders. New York: Random House, 1996. ISBN 0-679-42455-5.
  • Mackey, Robert R. The Uncivil War: Irregular Warfare in the Upper South, 1861–1865. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004.
  • Mays, Thomas D. Cumberland Blood: Champ Ferguson's Civil War. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8093-2860-7.
  • McKnight, Brian D. Confederate Outlaw: Champ Ferguson and the Civil War in Appalachia. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8071-3769-7.
  • McLachlan, Sean. American Civil War Guerilla Tactics. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2009. ISBN 1846034949.
  • Mountcastle, Clay. Punitive War: Confederate Guerillas and Union Reprisals. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Nichols, Bruce. Guerilla Warfare in Civil War Missouri, 1862. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2004.
  • O'Brien, Sean Michael. Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in the Southern Appalachians, 1861–1865. Praeger, 1999.
  • Peterson, Paul R. Quantrill of Missouri: The Making of a Guerilla Warrior. Nashville, Tennessee: Cumberland House, 2003.
  • Sensing, Thurman. Champ Ferguson: Confederate Guerilla. Vanderbilt University Press, 1942. ISBN 0-8265-1253-4.
  • Settle, William A. Jesse James Was His Name; or, Fact and Fiction Concerning the Careers of the Notorious James Brothers of Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1966.
  • Schultz, Duane. Quantrill's War: The Life and Times of William Clarke Quantrill 1837–1865. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. ISBN 0-312-14710-4.
  • Sheridan, Richard B., ed. Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre – a Reader. Lawrence, Kansas: no publisher listed, 1997.
  • Stiles, T.J. Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. "Sideshow No Longer: A Historiographical Review of the Guerrilla War." Civil War History 46.1 (2000): 5-23; American Civil War, 1861–65
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front. Fayetteville, Arkansas: University of Arkansas Press, 2009.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. A Savage Conflict: The Decisive Role of Guerillas in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Bailey, Anne J. Invisible Southerners: Ethnicity in the Civil War. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 2006.
  • Kamphoefner, Walter D. et al. eds. Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home. 2006.
  • Kaufmann, Wilhelm. The Germans in the American Civil War, With a Biographical Directory. Carlisle, Pa.: John Kallmann Publishers, 1999.
  • Keller, Christian B. Chancellorsville and the German: Nativism, Ethnicity, and Civil War Memory. New York: Fordham University Press, 2007.
  • Kohl, Lawrence. The Irish Brigade and Its Campaigns. 1994.
  • Lause, Mark A. Race and Radicalism in the Union Army. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
  • Lonn, Ella, Foreigners in the Confederacy. 1940.
  • McCarthy, Cal. Green, Blue & Grey: The Irish in the American Civil War. 2010.
  • Mahin, Dean B. The Blessed Place of Freedom: Europeans in Civil War America. Dulles, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 2002.
  • Samito, Christian G. Becoming American Under Fire: Irish Americans, African Americans, and the Politics of Citizenship During the Civil War Era. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2009.
  • Sarna, Jonathan D. and Adam Mendelshon, eds. Jews and the Civil War: A Reader. New York University Press, 2010.
  • Thompson, Jerry D. Mexican Texans in the Union Army. El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press, 1986.
  • Tucker, Phillip Thomas. Irish Confederates: The Civil War's Forgotten Soldiers. 2007.
  • Ural, Susannah J., ed. Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Conflict. New York: New York University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-08147-8570-6.
  • Vida, Istvan Kornel. Hungarian Émigrés in the American Civil War: A History and Biographical Dictionary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-6562-0.

African Americans[edit]

  • Barrow, Charles Kelly, J.H. Segars, and R.B. Rosenburg, editors. Forgotten Confederates: An Anthology about Black Southerners. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Southern Heritage Press, 1995.
  • Bergeron, Arthur W. and Richard M. Rollins. Black Southerners in Gray: Essays on Afro-Americans in Confederate Armies. Rank and File Publications, 1994.
  • Berlin, Ira, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie S. Rowland, eds. Freedom's Soldiers: The Black Military Experience in the Civil War. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Blatt, Martin H., Thomas J. Brown, and Donald Yacovone, editors. Hope and Glory: Essays on the Legacy of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
  • Brown, William Wlls. The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and His Fidelity, edited by John D. Smith. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2003.
  • Burchard, Peter. One Gallant Rush: Robert Gould Shaw and His Brave Black Regiment. New York: St. Martin's, 1965.
  • Cimprich, John. Fort Pillow, a Civil War Massacre, and Public Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
  • Cornish, Dudley Taylor. The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861–1865. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1987.
  • Downs, Jim. Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Durden, Robert Franklin. The Gray and the Black: The Confederate Debate on Emancipation. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.
  • Gannon, Barbarra A. The Won Cause: Black and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3452-7.
  • Gladstone, William A. United States Colored Troops, 1863–1867. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas Publications, 1990.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-8071-2560-1.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. The Civil War's Black Soldiers. Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1996.
  • Hollandsworth, Jr., James G. The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1995.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Levine, Bruce. Confederate Emancipation: Southern Plans to Free and Arm Slaves during the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-19-514762-9.
  • Longacre, Edward G. A Regiment of Slaves: The 4th United States Colored Infantry, 1863–1866. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2003.
  • Magness, Philip W. and Sebastion N. Page. Colonization After Emancipation: Lincoln and the Movement for Black Resettlement. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2011.
  • McPherson, James. The Negro's Civil War: How American Blacks Felt and Acted During the War for the Union. 1965. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991.
  • Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown, 1953.
  • Reed, Richard M. Freedom for themselves: North Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Robinson, Armstead L. Bitter Fruits of Bondage: The Demise of Slavery and the Collapse of the Confederacy, 1861–1865. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 2005.
  • Rollins, Richard, editor. Black Southerners in Gray: Essays on Afro-Americans in Confederate Armies. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Southern Heritage Press, 1994.
  • Segars, J.H. and Charles Kelly Barrow, compilers. Black Southerners in Confederate Armies: A Collection of Historical Accounts. Atlanta, Georgia: Southern Lion Books, 2001.
  • Trudeau, Noah Andre. Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War 1862–1865. Edison, NJ: Castle Books, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7858-1476-4. Originally published: New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1998.
  • Ward, Andrew. River Run Red: The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War. New York: Viking, 2005.
  • Williams, George Washington. A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865. New York: 1888.
  • Wilson, Keith, editor. Honor in Command: Lt. Freeman S. Bowley's Civil War Service in the 30th United States Colored Infantry. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2006.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Adair, Lyle, and Glenn Robins. They Have Left Us Here to Die: The Civil War Prison Diary of Sgt. Lyle Adair, 111th U.S. Colored Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2011.

American Indians[edit]

  • Abel, Annie Heloise. The American Indian as a Participant in the Civil War. Cleveland, Ohio: Authr Clarke, 1919.
  • Abel, Annie Heloise. The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist: An Omitted Chapter of the Southern Confederacy. Cleveland, Ohio: A. H. Clark Company, 1919.
  • Berg, Scott W. 38 Nooses: Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier's End. New York: Pantheon, 2012.
  • Confer, Clarissa W. The Cherokee Nation in the Civil War. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.
  • Crow, Vernon H. Storm in the Mountains: Thomas' Confederate Indians and Mountaineers. Cherokee, North Carolina: Museum of the Cherokee Indians, 1982.
  • Crowe, Clint. Caught in the Maelstrom: The Indian Nations in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Savas Beatie, 2019. ISBN 978-1-61121-336-2.
  • Cunningham, Frank. General Stand Watie's: Confederate Indians. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959.
  • Danziger, Jr., Edmund J. Indians and Bureaucrats: Administrating the Reservation Policy During the Civil War. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1974.
  • Franks, Kenny A. Stand Watie and the Agony of the Cherokee Nation. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis State University Press, 1979.
  • Hauptman, Laurence M. Between Two Fires: American Indians in the Civil War. New York: The Free Press, 1995. ISBN 0-02914180-X.
  • Hauptman, Lawrence M. The Iroquois in the Civil War: From Battlefield to Reservation. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1993.
  • Kelman, Ari. A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the memory of Sand Creek. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.
  • Madsen, Brigham D. The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre. Provo, Utah: University of Utah Press, 1985.
  • McBride, Lela Jean. Opothleyaholo and the Loyal Muskogee: Their Flight to Kansas in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2000. ISBN 0-7864-0638-0.
  • Minges, Patrick. Slavery in the Cherokee Nation: The Keetowah Society and the Defining of a People, 1855–1867. Routledge, 2003.
  • Nichols, David A. Lincoln and the Indians: Civil War Policy and Politics. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1978.
  • Oehler, C.M. The Great Sioux Uprising. New York: Oxford University Press, 1959.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Baird, W. David, editor. A Creek Warrior for the Confederacy: The Autobiography of Chief G.W. Greyson. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.
  • Edwards, Whit. "The Prairie Was on Fire": Eyewitness Accounts of the Civil War in the Indian Territory. Oklahoma Historical Society, 2001.
  • Hauptman, Laurence M., ed. A Seneca Indian in the Union Army: The Letters of Sergeant Isaac Newton Parker. Columbia, Maryland: White Mane Publishing Co., 1995.
  • Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Papers of John Ross, two volumes. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985.

Women[edit]

See also: Sex in the American Civil War § Further reading, and Bibliography of works on wartime cross-dressing § American Civil War

National[edit]

  • Berkin, Carol. Civil War Wives: The Lives and Times of Angelina Grimke Weld, Varina Howell Davis and Julia Dent Grant. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4000-4466-5.
  • Clinton, Catherine and Silber, Nina, eds. Battle Scars: Gender and Sexuality in the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Frank, Lisa Tendric, ed. Women in the American Civil War. ABC-CLIO, 2008.
  • Giesberg, Judith, and Randall M. Miller, eds. Women and the American Civil War: North-South Counterpoints (2018) online review
  • Harper, Judith E. Women during the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. Routledge, 2004.
  • Holstein, Anna Morris. Three Years In Field Hospitals Of The Army Of The Potomac, J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1867
  • McDevitt, Theresa. Women and the American Civil War: An Annotated Bibliography. Praeger, 2003.
  • Massey, Mary Elizabeth. Bonnet Brigades: American Women and the Civil War. 1966.
  • Mitchell, Reid. The Vacant Chair: The Northern Soldier Leaves Home. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
  • Murphy, Kim. I Had Rather Die: Rape in the Civil War. Virginia: Coachlight Press, LLC, 2014.
  • Schultz, Jane E. Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Young, Elizabeth. Disarming the Nation: Women's Writing and the American Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

North[edit]

  • Anderson, J. L. "The Vacant Chair on the Farm: Soldier Husbands, Farm Wives, and the Iowa Home Front, 1861–1865," Annals of Iowa (2007) 66: 241-265
  • Attie, Jeanie. "Patriotic Toil: Northern Women and the American Civil War." Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.
  • Bahde, Thomas. "'I never wood git tired of wrighting to you.'" Journal of Illinois History, 2009. 12:129-55
  • Fleischner, Jennifer. Mrs. Lincoln and Mrs. Keckly: The Remarkable Story of the Friendship Between a First Lady and a Former Slave. New York: Broadway Books, 2003.
  • Gallman, Matthew J.Mastering Wartime: A Social History of Philadelphia During the Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Gallman, Matthew J, America's Joan of Arc: The Life of Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Giesberg, Judith. Army at Home: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Hall, Richard. Patriots in Disguise. New York: Paragon House, 1993.
  • Marten, James. Children for the Union: The War Spirit on the Northern Home Front. Ivan R. Dee, 2004.
  • Scott, Sean A. "'Earth Has No Sorrow That Heaven Cannot Cure': Northern Civilian Perspectives on Death and Eternity during the Civil War," Journal of Social History, 2008. 41:843-866
  • Silber, Nina. Daughters of the Union: Northern Women Fight the Civil War. Harvard University Press, 2005.
  • Smith, Michael T. "The Beast Unleashed: Benjamin F. Butler and Conceptions of Masculinity in the Civil War North." New England Quarterly 2006 79(2): 248–276. ISSN 0028-4866
  • Venet, Wendy Hamand. A Strong-Minded Woman: The Life of Mary Livermore. University of Massachusetts Press, 2005.

Black South[edit]

  • Frankel, Noralee. Freedom's Women: Black Women and Families in Civil War Era Mississippi. 1999.
  • Schwalm, Leslie A. (1997). "'Sweet Dreams of Freedom': Freedwomen's Reconstruction of Life nd Labor in Lowcountry South Carolina," Journal of Women's History 9: 9-38
  • Wiley, Bell I.Confederate Women. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1975.

White South[edit]

  • no author listed. Confederate Women of Arkansas in the Civil War, 1861–'65. Little Rock, Arkansas: State Committee on Memorial to Women of the Confederacy, 1907.
  • Anderson, Lucy London. North Carolina Women of the Confederacy. Fayettesville, North Carolina: published by author, 1926.
  • Andrews, Eliza Frances. The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl: 1864–1865. New York: Appleton, 1908.
  • Andrews, Matthew Page, compiler. Women of the Southern War Times. Baltimore, Maryland: Norman Remington, 1927.
  • Berry, Stephen W., II. All that Makes a Man: Love and Ambition in the Civil War South. Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Brock, Darla. "'Our Hands Are At Your Service': The Story of Confederate Women in Memphis." West Tennessee Historical Society Papers (1991) 45: 19-34
  • Drago, Edmund L. Confederate Phoenix: Rebel Children and Their Families in South Carolina. Fordham University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8232-2937-6.
  • Faust, Drew. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
  • Frank, Lisa T. The Civilian War: Confederate Women and Union Soldiers During Sherman's March. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-8071-5996-5.
  • Gardner, Sarah E. Blood and Irony: Southern White Women's Narratives of the Civil War, 1861–1937. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Genovese, Eugene D. A Consuming Fire: The Fall of the Confederacy in the Mind of the White Christian South Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009.
  • Hilde, Libra R. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8139-3212-5.
  • Jabour, Anya. Scarlett's Sisters: Young Women in the Old South. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Ott, Victoria E. Confederate Daughters: Coming of Age during the Civil War. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8093-2828-4.
  • Rable. George. Civil Wars: Women and the Crisis of Southern Nationalism. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
  • Revels, Tracy J. Grander in Her Daughters: Florida's Women during the Civil War. University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Roberts, Giselle. The Confederate Belle. University of Missouri Press, 2003.
  • Strasser, William A. (1999). "'A Terrible Calamity Has Befallen Us': Unionist Women in Civil War East Tennessee". Journal of East Tennessee History. 71: 66-88
  • Whites, LeeAnn. The Civil War as a Crisis in Gender: Augusta, Georgia, 1860–1890 Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1995.
  • Whites, LeeAnn and Alecia P. Long, editors. Occupied Women: Gender, Military Occupation, and the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8071-3440-5.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. Confederate Women, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Baird, Nancy Disher, ed. Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary. University Press of Kentucky, 2009.
  • Berlin, Jean V., ed. A Confederate Nurse: The Diary of Ada W. Bacot, 1860–1863. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Dawson, Sarah Morgan. A Confederate Girl's Diary. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1960.
  • Fain, John N. Sanctified Trial: The Diary of Eliza Rhea Anderson Fain, a Confederate Woman in East Tennessee. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2002.
  • Heller III, J. Roderick, and Carolynn Ayres Heller, eds. The Confederacy in on Her Way up the Spout: Letters to South Carolina, 1861–1864. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1992.
  • McGuire, Judith Breckinbrough. Diary of a Southern Refugee During the War: Annotated Edition. Edited by James I. Robertson. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2014. ISBN 978-0-8131-4438-2.
  • Robertson, Mary D., ed. Lucy Breckinridge of Grove Hall: The Journal of a Virginia Girl, 1862–1864. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Rohr, Nancy M., ed. Incidents of War: The Civil War Journal of Mary Jane Chadick. Boaz, Alabama: SilverThreads Publishing, 2005.
  • Woodward, C. Vann, Ed., Mary Chesnut's Civil War, Yale University Press, 1981, ISBN 0-300-02979-9

Ideology, rhetoric, religion[edit]

  • (no author listed) Report of the Committee on the Destruction of Churches in the Diocese of South Carolina During the Late War: Presented to the Protestant Episcopal Convention, May 1868. Charleston, South Carolina: J. Walker, Printer, 1868.
  • Bennett, William. A Narrative of the Great Revival which Prevailed in the Southern Armies. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Claxton, Remsen, and Haffelfinger, 1877.
  • Brinsfield, John W.; Davis, William C.; Maryniak, Benedict; and Robertson, James I., eds. Faith in the Fight: Civil War Chaplains. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2003.
  • Dorn, T. Felder. Challenges on the Emmaus Road: Episcopal Bishops Confront Slavery, Civil War and Emancipation. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61-121-104-7.
  • Durkin, Joseph T. Confederate Chaplin: A War Journal of Rev. James B. Sheeran, C.SS.R. Fourteenth Louisiana, CSA. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Bruce Publishing Company, 1960.
  • Faust, Drew Gilpin. The Creation of Confederate Nationalism: Ideology and Identity in the Civil War South. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.
  • Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. ISBN 978-0-19-509981-2.
  • Gallman, J. Matthew. Defining Duty in the Civil War. The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.
  • Gourley, Bruce T. Diverging Loyalties: Baptists in Middle Georgia During the Civil War. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 2011.
  • Hutchison, Coleman. Apples and Ashes: Literature, Nationalism and the Confederate States of America Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2012.
  • Korn, Bertram. American Jewry and the American Civil War. New York: Athenaeum, 1970.
  • Lehman, James O. and Steven M. Nolt. Mennonites, Amish, and the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University, 2007.
  • McPherson, James. What They Fought For, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.
  • Miller, Randall M., Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, eds. Religion and the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-512128-7.
  • Neff, John R. Honoring the Civil War Dead: Commemoration and the Problem of Reconciliation. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2005.
  • Nelson, Jacquelyn Sue. Indiana Quakers confront the Civil War. Indiana Historical Society, 1991.
  • Noll, Mark A. The Civil War as a Theological Crisis. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
  • Rolfs, David. No Peace for the Wicked: Northern Protestant Soldiers in the American Civil War. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-57233-662-9.
  • Sarna, Jonathan D. When Grant Expelled the Jews. New York: Schocken Books, 2012.
  • Scott, Sean A. A Visitation of God: Northern Civilians Interpret the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-539599-0.
  • Silver, James W.Confederate Morality and Church Propaganda. New York: W.W. Norton, 1967.
  • Stout, Harry S. Upon the Altar of the Nation: A Moral History of the Civil War. 2006.
  • Wells, Cheryl A. Civil War Time: Temporality and Identity in America, 1861–1865. University of Georgia Press, 2005.
  • Wills, Garry. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Literary Research, Inc., 1992. ISBN 0-671-86742-3
  • Wilson, Douglas L. Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln (1999).
  • Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore: Studies in the Literature of the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press 1962; reprinted: Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1984. ISBN 0-930350-61-8.

Veterans[edit]

  • (no author listed) Report of Seventh Annual Reunion of the 64th N.Y. Regimental Association at Salamanca, New York, August 21 and 22, 1895. New York: Randolph Publishing, 1894.
  • (no author listed) Reunions of the Nineteenth Main Regiment Association. Augusta, Maine: Press of Sprague, Owen and Nash, 1878.
  • Carroon, Robert G. and Dana B. Shoaf. Union Blue: The History of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Books, 2001.
  • Dearing, Mary R. Veterans in Politics: The Story of the G.A.R. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1952.
  • Frazier, John W. Reunions of the Blue and Gray. Philadelphia Brigade and Pickett's Division, July 2, 3, 4, 1887 and Sept. 15, 16, 17, 1906. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Ware Brothers, 1906.
  • Gannon, Barbara A. The Won Cause: Black and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3452-7.
  • Heuvel, Sean M. Images of America: Remembering Virginia's Confederates. Arcadia Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7385-6611-5.
  • Hunt, Robert. The Good Men Who Won the War: Army of the Cumberland Veterans and Emancipation Memory. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2010.
  • O'Mara, Daniel A. Proceedings of the Associated Survivors of the Fifty-Ninth Reg't, N.Y. Vet. Vols. First Annual Re-Union and Dedication of Monument at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3d, 1889. New York: Wm. Finley, Printer, 1889.
  • Shaffer, Donald R. After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2004.
  • Work, J.B., ed. Re–Union of Col. Dan McCook's Third Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth A.C., "Army of the Cumberland": Assault of Col. Dan McCook's Brigade on Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 27, 1864/August 27th and 29th, 1900. Chicago, Illinois: Allied, 1901.

Historiography[edit]

  • Bailey, Anne J., and Daniel E. Sutherland. "The history and historians of Civil War Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 58.3 (1999): 232–63. in JSTOR, historiography.
  • Cushman, Stephen (2014). Belligerent Muse: Five Northern Writers and How They Shaped Our Understanding of the Civil War. ISBN .
  • Aimone, Alan C. and Barbara A. A User's Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, Inc., 1993. ISBN 0-942597-38-9.
  • Aaron, Daniel. The Unwritten War: American Writers and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1973.
  • Binnington, Ian. Confederate Visions: Nationalism, Symbolism, and the Imagined South in the Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-8139-3500-3.
  • Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.
  • Boritt, Gabor S., ed. The Historian's Lincoln. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
  • Bresnahan, Jim, ed. Revisioning the Civil War: Historians on Counter-Factual Scenarios. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2006. ISBN 978-0-7864-2392-7.
  • Brown, Thomas J., ed. Remixing the Civil War: Meditations on the Sesquicentennial. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4214-0251-2.
  • Catton, Bruce. Reflections on the Civil War. Edited by John Leekley. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1981. ISBN 978-0-385-06347-0.
  • Cook, Robert J. Troubled Commemoration: The Civil War Centennial, 1961–1965. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8071-3227-2.
  • Coske, John M. The Confederate Battle Flag: America's Most Embattled Emblem. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2005.
  • Connelly, Thomas L., The Marble Man. Robert E. Lee and His Image in American Society. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.
  • Cox, Karen L. Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2003.
  • Cushman, Stephen (2014). Belligerent Muse: Five Northern Writers and How They Shaped Our Understanding of the Civil War. ISBN .; covers Lincoln, Walt Whitman, Sherman, Ambrose Bierce, and Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.
  • Donald, David ed. Why the North Won the Civil War. 1977. ISBN 0-02-031660-7.
  • Foner, Eric et al. "Talking Civil War History: A Conversation with Eric Foner and James McPherson," Australasian Journal of American Studies (2011) 30#2 pp. 1–32 in JSTOR
  • Foner, Eric. "The Causes of the American Civil War: Recent Interpretations and New Directions." In Beyond the Civil War Synthesis: Political Essays of the Civil War Era, edited by Robert P. Swieringa. 1975.
  • Fuller, Randell. From Battlefields Rising: How the Civil War Transformed American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-534230-7.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. The Civil War at Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press and the Great American Conflict. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot, 1989.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. Lee & His Army in Confederate History. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8078-5769-4.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. Lee and His Generals in War and Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8071-2958-5.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. and Alan T. Nolan, editors. The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  • Goldfield, David. Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.
  • Hartwig, D. Scott. The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862: A Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Meckler, 1990.
  • Hattaway, Herman. Reflections of a Civil War Historian: Essays on Leadership, Society, and the Art of War. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2004.
  • Janney, Caroline E. Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Lawson, Melinda. Patriot Fires: Forging a New American Nationalism in the Civil War North. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2002.
  • Mackowski, Chris and Kristopher D. White. The Story Behind the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61121-160-3.
  • Marshall, Anne E. Creating Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8078-3436-7.
  • Martinez, J. Michael, William D. Richardson, and Ron Me Ninch-Su, editors. Confederate Symbols in the Contemporary South. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2000.
  • McMurry, Richard M. The Fourth Battle of Winchester: Towards a New Civil War Paradigm. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2002.
  • Neely, Jr., Mark E. The Civil War and the Limits of Destruction. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007.
  • Onuf, Nicholas and Peter Onuf. Nations, Muskets, and War: Modern History and the American Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2006.
  • Osterweis, Rollin G.The Myth of the Lost Cause, 1865–1900. Hamden, Connecticut: Archon, 1973.
  • Panabaker, James. Shelby Foote and the Art of History: Two Gates to the City. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2004.
  • Pressly, Thomas. Americans Interpret Their Civil War. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1966.
  • Prince, L. Michael. Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!: South Carolina and the Confederate Flag. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Ritter, Charles F., and Jon L. Wakelyn, eds., Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary (1998) short biographies and valuable historiographical summaries.
  • Ross, Charles. Civil War Acoustic Shadow. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Books, 2001.
  • Rubin, Anne Sarah. Through the Heart of Dixie: Sherman's March and American Memory (U of North Carolina Press, 2014). ISBN 978-1-4696-1777-0.
  • Smith, John David. "Whither Kentucky Civil War and Reconstruction Scholarship?." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 112.2 (2014): 223-247. online
  • Tulloch, Hugh. The Debate on the American Civil War Era. 1999.
  • Varney, Frank P. General Grant and the Rewriting of History: How the Destruction of General William S. Rosecrans Influenced Our Understanding of the Civil War. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61121-118-4.
  • Warren, Craig. Scars to Prove It: The Civil War Soldiers and American Fiction. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-60635-015-7.
  • Watchell, Cynthia. War No More: The Antiwar Impulse on American Literature, 1861–1914. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8071-3562-4.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. (1996). The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research. p. 208. ISBN ., the standard summary of the historiography.

Surveys and reference books[edit]

  • American Annual Cyclopaedia for 1861 (N.Y.: Appleton's, 1864), an extensive collection of reports on each state, Congress, and military activities, and many other topics; annual issues from 1861 to 1901
  • Appletons' annual cyclopedia and register of important events: Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, science, agriculture, and mechanical industry, Volume 3 1863 (1864), thorough coverage of the events of 1863
  • Axelrod, Alan. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Civil War. Indianapolis, Indiana: Alpha Books, 2004.
  • Barney, William L. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-1997-8201-7.
  • Beringer, Richard E., Archer Jones, and Herman Hattaway, Why the South Lost the Civil War 1986; also, The Elements of Confederate Defeat: Nationalism, War Aims, and Religion (1988), abridged version.
  • Blair, Jayne E. The Essential Civil War: A Handbook to the Battles, Armies, Navies, and Commanders. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2006.
  • Bordewich, Fergus M.Congress at War: How Republican Reformers Fought the Civil War, Defied Lincoln, Ended Slavery, and Remade America. New York, NY: Knopf, 2020.
  • Bouton, Edward. Events of the Civil War. Miami, FL: Hardpress Publishing, 2012.
  • Campaigns of the Civil War, New York: Scribner, in 15 volumes:
  1. John G. Nicolay (1881), The Outbreak of Rebellion, reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1995.
  2. Manning Force (1881), From Fort Henry to Corinth.
  3. Alexander S. Webb (1881), The Peninsular: McClellan's Campaign of 1862.
  4. John Codman Ropes (1881), The Army under Pope.
  5. James Russell Soley (1883), The Blockade and the Cruisers.
  6. Francis Winthrop Palfrey (1885), The Antietam and Fredericksburg, reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1996.
  7. Abner Doubleday (1882), Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, reprints, New York: Da Capo, 1994, and Saint Petersburg, FL: Red and Black, 2009.
  8. Henry M. Cist (1882), The Army of the Cumberland.
  9. Francis Vinton Greene (1882), The Mississippi.
  10. Daniel Ammen (1883), The Atlantic Coast.
  11. Jacob Dolson Cox (1882), Atlanta, reprint, retitled as Sherman's Battle for Atlanta, New York: Da Capo, 1994.
  12. Jacob Dolson Cox, (1882), The March to the Sea, Franklin and Nashville, reprint, retitled as Sherman's March to the Sea, Hood's Tennessee Campaign and the Carolina Campaigns of 1865, New York: Da Capo, 1994.
  13. George Edward Pond (1882), The Shenandoah Valley in 1864.
  14. Andrew A. Humphreys (1883), The Virginia Campaign of '64 and '65: The Army of the Potomac and the Army of the James, reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1995.
  15. Alfred Thayer Mahan (1883), The Gulf and Inland Waters.
  1. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 1, The Coming Fury. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961. ISBN 0-641-68525-4.
  2. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 2, Terrible Swift Sword. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963. ISBN 0-385-02614-5.
  3. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 3, Never Call Retreat. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965. ISBN 0-671-46990-8.
  • Catton, Bruce. This Hallowed Ground: The Story of the Union Side of the Civil War 1956.
  • Cooper, Charles R. Chronological and Alphabetical Record of the Engagements of the Great Civil War. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: The Caston Press, 1904.
  • Cooper, Jr., William J. and John M. McCardell, Jr. In the Cause of Liberty: How the Civil War Redefined American Ideals. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2009.
  • Copley, Richard L. The Civil War: A History in 3-D. Copleys Graphics LLC, 2009.
  • Cozzens, Peter, ed. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, volume 5. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002. ISBN 0-252-02404-4.
  • Cozzens, Peter, ed. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, volume 6. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004. ISBN 0-252-02879-1.
  • Davis, William C. The Battlefields of the Civil War. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8061-2882-8.
  • Davis, William C. The Imperiled Union, 1861–1865, three volumes, 1983.
  • Doyle, Don H. The Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War. New York: Basic Books, 2015. ISBN 978-0-465-02967-9.
  • Draper, John William. History of the American Civil War, three volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1870.
  • Eaton, Clement. History of the Southern Confederacy. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1954.
  • Evans, Clement A., general editor (1899). Confederate Military History, twelve volumes. Atlanta, Georgia: Confederate Publishing Co.
  • Denney, Robert E. The Civil War Years: A Day-by-Day Chronicle. New York: Gramercy Books, 1992. ISBN 0-517-18945-3.
  • Eicher, David J.The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. ISBN 978-0-684-84944-7.
  • Faust, Patricia L. (ed.) Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War 1986. ISBN 0-06-181261-7.
  • Fishel, Edwin C. The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. 3 vols. New York: Random House, 1974. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  1. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 1, Fort Sumter to Perryville. New York: Random House, 1958. ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  2. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 2, Fredericksburg to Meridian. New York: Random House, 1958. ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  3. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 3, Red River to Appomattox. New York: Random House, 1974. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  • Ford, Lacy K., ed. A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Blackwell, 2005.
  • Gallagher, Gary. The Confederate War. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. The Union War. New York: Harvard University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-674-04562-0.
  • Gallagher, Gary W., Stephen Engle, Robert Krick, and Joseph Glatthaar. The American Civil War: This Mighty Scourge of War. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2003.
  • Gibboney, Douglas Lee: Tragic Glory: A Concise, Illustrated History of the Civil War. Fredericksburg, Virginia: Sergeant Kirkland's, 1997. ISBN 1-887901-17-5.
  • Goldfield, David. America Aflame: How the Civil War Created a Nation. Bloomsbury Press, 2011.
  • Goodheart, Adam. 1861: The Civil War Awakening. New York: Vintage Books, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4000-3219-8.
  • Guelzo, Allen C.Fateful Lightning: A New History of the Civil War & Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-984328-2.
  • Hannings, Bud. Every Day of the Civil War: A Chronological Encyclopedia. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2010.
  • Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1983. ISBN 0-252-00918-5.
  • Hattaway, Herman. Shades of Blue and Gray: An Introductory Military History of the Civil War. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1997.
  • Heidler, David S., and Jeanne T. Seidler, editors. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social and Military History. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2002.
  • Holzer, Harold, and Sara Vaughn Gabbard. 1865: America Makes War and Peace in Lincoln's Final Year (Southern Illinois University Press, 2015). viii, 199 pp.
  • Hughes, Mark. The New Civil War Handbook: Facts and Photos for Readers of All Ages. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2009. ISBN 1-932714-62-6.
  • Hummel, Jeffrey Rogers. Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men: A History of the American Civil War. Chicago, Illinois: Open Court, 1996.
  • Johnson, Robert Underwood and Clarence C. Buel, eds. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. 4 volumes. New York: Century Co., 1884–1888. OCLC 2048818. Later edition: New York: Castle Books, 1956.
  1. From Sumter to Shiloh.
  2. North to Antietam.
  3. Retreat from Gettysburg.
  4. The Way to Appomattox.
  • Jones, Robert H. Disrupted Decades: The Civil War and Reconstruction Years. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.
  • Kagan, Neil, and Stephen G. Hyslop. National Geographic Atlas of the Civil War: A Comprehensive Guide to the Tactics and Terrain of Battle. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2008. ISBN 978-1-4262-0347-3.
  • Keegan, John. The Civil War: A Military History, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010.
  • Kennedy, Frances H. (editor) The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd edition. New York: The Conservation Fund, 1998. ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  • Long, E. B. The Civil War Day by Day: An Almanac 1861–1865. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1971.
  • Lowry, Don. Dark and Cruel War: The Decisive Months of the Civil War, September–December 1864. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1993.
  • Lowry, Thomas P. A Thousand Stories You Didn't Know About the Civil War. No place of publication: published by the author, 2014.
  • Marten, James and A. Kristen Foster. More Than a Contest Between Armies: Essays on the Civil War Era. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.
  • Masur, Louis P. The Civil War: A Concise History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • McPherson James M. The Atlas of the Civil War. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7624-2356-9.
  • McPherson James M. Fields of Fury: The American Civil War. New York: Bryon Press Visual Publications, Inc., 2002.
  • McPherson James M. Ordeal by Fire: the Civil War and Reconstruction. (1992), uses modernization interpretation; the text is different from his Battle Cry book
  • Mitchell, Joseph B. Military Leaders in the Civil War. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1972.
  • Mosocco, Ronald A. The Chronological Tracking of the American Civil War per the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion. Williamsburg, Va: James River Publications, 1994.
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union, an 8-volume set (1947–1971).
  1. Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847–1852
  2. A House Dividing, 1852–1857
  3. Douglas, Buchanan, and Party Chaos, 1857–1859
  4. Prologue to Civil War, 1859–1861
  5. The Improvised War, 1861–1862
  6. War Becomes Revolution, 1862–1863
  7. The Organized War, 1863–1864
  8. The Organized War to Victory, 1864–1865
  • Miller, Francis T., ed. The Photographic History of the Civil War, ten volumes. New York: Review of Reviews, 1912.
  • Olson, Christopher J. The American Civil War: A Hands-On History. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006.
  • Pollard, Edwin. The First Year of the War. Richmond, Virginia: West and Johnston, 1862.
  • Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 (1920 and numerous editions) five volumes.
  • Rhodes, James Ford. A History of the Civil War, 1861–1865 (Pulitzer Prize winner).
  • Shotwell, Walter. The Civil War in America. New York: Longmans, Green and Company, 1923.
  • Stoddard, Brooke C., and Daniel P. Murphy. The Everything Civil War Book. New York: Everything Books, 2009.
  • Swinton, William. The Twelve Decisive Battles of the Civil War. New York: Dick and Fitzgerald, 1867.
  • Symonds, Craig L. A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil War. Annapolis, Maryland: The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1983. ISBN 0-933852-40-1.
  • Thomas, Emory M. The American War and Peace, 1860–1877. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice–Hall, Inc., 1973.
  • Trudeau, Noah Andre. Out of the Storm: The End of the Storm, April–June 1865. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company, 1994. ISBN 0-316-85328-3.
  • Varon, Elizabeth. Disunion: The Coming of the American Civil War 1789–1859. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Wagner, Margaret E. Gary W. Gallagher, and Paul Finkelman, eds. The Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference. 2002.
  • Weigley, Russell F. A Great Civil War: A Military and Political History, 1861–1865. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  • Wink, Jay. April 1865: The Month That Saved America. New York: HarperCollins, 2006. ISBN 978-0-06-089968-4. First published 2001.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., and Kenneth J. Winkle. Oxford Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-522131-1.
  • Wooster, Robert. The Civil War Bookshelf: 50 Must-Read Books About the War Between the States. New York: Citadel Press, Kensington Publishing Corp., 2001. ISBN 0-8065-2692-0.
  • Wright, John D., editor. Oxford Dictionary of Civil War Quotations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Wright, Mike. What They Didn't Teach You About the Civil War. Novato, California: Presidio Press, 1997.

Maps, photographs, environment[edit

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibliography_of_the_American_Civil_War

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As efficient as rooftop solar panels can be for your home, it’s still not wise to have them installed without a roof inspection first. Even though you can probably expect a solar company to make sure that your roof can handle new solar panels, that’s almost certainly all you can expect of them. Their job is to install the solar panels and make sure that they will work effectively. Meanwhile, you will still be responsible for the state of your roof, just like you are responsible for the rest of your home. A roof inspection can ensure that everything is in good condition. Here are just some reasons to consider scheduling one.

Tile Roofing Deterioration

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Bibliography of the American Civil War

Wikipedia bibliography

The American Civil War bibliography comprises books that deal in large part with the American Civil War. There are over 60,000 books on the war, with more appearing each month.[1] Authors James Lincoln Collier and Christopher Collier stated in 2012, "No event in American history has been so thoroughly studied, not merely by historians, but by tens of thousands of other Americans who have made the war their hobby. Perhaps a hundred thousand books have been published about the Civil War."[2]

There is no complete bibliography to the war; the largest guide to books is over 40 years old and lists over 6,000 of the most valuable titles as evaluated by three leading scholars.[3] Many specialized topics such as Abraham Lincoln,[4] women,[5] and medicine[6] have their own lengthy bibliographies. The books on major campaigns typically contain their own specialized guides to the sources and literature. The most comprehensive guide to the historiography annotates over a thousand major titles, with an emphasis on military topics.[7] The most recent guide to literary and non-military topics is A History of American Civil War Literature (2016) edited by Coleman Hutchison. It emphasizes cultural studies, memory, diaries, southern literary writings, and famous novelists.[8]

Contents

  • 1Causes of the war
  • 2American Civil War battles and campaigns
  • 3Naval history
  • 4Unit histories
  • 5Strategy and command
  • 6Technology, weapons, logistics
  • 7Reconstruction
  • 8Medical
  • 9Constitutional and legal
  • 10Slavery and emancipation
  • 11International affairs
  • 12Collected biographies
  • 13Military leaders
  • 14Soldiers and sailors
  • 15Prisoners
  • 16Violence and death
  • 17Homefront
  • 18States, regions, and local
  • 19Guerillas
  • 20Ethnic groups
  • 21Women
  • 22Ideology, rhetoric, religion
  • 23Veterans
  • 24Historiography
  • 25Surveys and reference books
  • 26Maps, photographs, environment
  • 27Newspapers in the Civil War
  • 28Art and music
  • 29Popular culture, novels, films
  • 30Tour guides
  • 31Monuments, battlefields, and battlefield preservation
  • 32Government publications
  • 33Primary sources
  • 34Other
  • 35See also
  • 36Notes
  • 37Further reading

Causes of the war[edit]

  • Ashworth, John. Slavery, Capitalism, and Politics in the Antebellum Republic. (1995)
  • Ayers, Edward L. What Caused the Civil War? Reflections on the South and Southern History. New York: W.W. Norton, 2005.
  • Boritt, Gabor S., ed. Why the Civil Carlson survey software free download Came. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • Broadwater, Robert P. Did Lincoln and the Republican Party Create the Civil War?: An Argument. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3361-2.
  • Calore, Paul. The Causes of the Civil War: The Political, Cultural, Economic, and Territorial Disputes between North and South. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2008.
  • Donald, David. "An Excess of Democracy: The Civil War and the Social Process" in David Donald, Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era, 2d ed. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966), 209–35.
  • Egnal, Marc. Clash of Extremes: The Economic Origins of the Civil War. New York: Hill and Wang, 2009.
  • Grant, Susan-Mary. North Over South: Northern Nationalism and American Identity in the Antebellum Era. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2000.
  • Helper, Hinton Rowan. The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It. New York: Burdock Brothers, 1857.
  • Holt, Michael F. The Political Crisis of the 1850s. 1978.
  • Link, William A. Roots of Secession: Slavery and Politics in Antebellum Virginia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Olsen, Christopher J. Political Culture and Secession in Mississippi: Masculinity, Honor, and the Antiparty Tradition, 1830–1860. 2000.
  • Potter, David Morris, edited and completed by Don E. Fehrenbacher, The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861. 1976.
  • Schoen, Brian. The Fragile Fabric of Union: Cotton, Federal Politics, and the Global Origins of the Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Stampp, Kenneth M. America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink. 1990.

Secession[edit]

  • Adams, Charles. When in the Course of Human Events: Arguing the Case for Southern Secession. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.
  • Bledose, Alfred T. Is Davis homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Traitor; or Was Secession a Constitutional Right Previous to the War in 1861?. Baltimore, Maryland: Innes and the author, 1866.
  • Dew, Charles B. Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 2001.
  • Mississippi Secession Convention. Journal of the State Convention and Ordinances and Resolution Adopted in January 1861, with an Appendix. Jackson, Mississippi: E. Barksdale, 1861.
  • Sitterson, Joseph Carlyle. The Secession Movement in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.
  • Stampp, Kenneth M. And the War Came: The North and the Secession Crisis, 1860–1861. 1950.
  • Wakelyn, Jon L., editor. Southern Pamphlets on Secession, November 1860-April 1861. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

American Civil War battles and campaigns[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War battles and campaigns

Naval history[edit]

  • Anderson, Bern. By Sea and By River: The Naval History of the Civil War. New York: Da Capo Press, 1989.
  • Bennett, Michael J. Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Block, W.T. Schooner Sail to Starboard: The U.S. Navy vs. Blockade Runners in the Western Gulf of Mexico. College Station, Texas: Institute of Nautical Archaeology, 2007.
  • Bradlee, Francis. Blockade Running During the Civil War. Salem, Massachusetts: Essex Institute Press, 1959.
  • Browning, Jr., Robert M. From Cape Charles to Cape Fear: The North Atlantic Blockading Squadron During the Civil War. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0-8173-0679-3.
  • Browning, Jr., Robert M. Success Is All That Was Expected: The South Atlantic Blockading Squadron in the Civil War. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's Inc., 2002.
  • Campbell, R. Thomas. Academy on the James: The Confederate Naval School. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1998.
  • Campbell, R. Thomas. Confederate Naval Forces on Western Waters: The Defense of the Mississippi River and Its Tributaries. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2005. ISBN 0-7864-2203-3.
  • —— Fire and Thunder: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-067-5.
  • —— Gray Thunder: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1996. ISBN 0-942597-99-0.
  • —— Southern Fire: Exploits of the Confederate States Navy. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: Burd Street Press, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-046-2.
  • Carr, Dawson. Gray Phantoms of the Cape Fear: Running the Civil War Blockade. Winston-Salem, North Carolina: John F. Blair, 1998. ISBN 978-0-89587-213-5.
  • Carse, Robert. Blockade: The Civil War at Sea. New York: Rinehart & Co., 1950.
  • Chaffin, Tom. The H. L. Hunley: The Secret Hope of the Confederacy. New York: Hill and Wang, 2008. ISBN 0809054604.
  • Chatelain, Neil P. Defending homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Arteries of Rebellion: Confederate Naval Operations in the Mississippi River Valley, 1861-1865. Savas Beatie, 2020. ISBN 978-1-61121-510-6.
  • Coombe, Jack D. Gunfire Around the Gulf: The Last Major Naval Campaign of the Civil War. New York: Bantam Books, 1999.
  • Cochran, Hamilton. Blockade Runners of the Confederacy. Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1957.
  • Conrad, James Lee. Rebel Reefers: The Organization and Midshipmen of the Confederate States Naval Academy. New York: Da Capo Press, 2003.
  • Coski, John Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U. Capital Navy: The Men, Ships, and Operations of the James River Squadron. Campbell, California: Savas Woodbury Publishers, 1996.
  • Coski, John M. The Confederate Navy. Richmond, Virginia: The Museum of the Confederacy, 2005.
  • Cracknell, William H. United States Navy Monitors of the Civil War Windsor, England: 1973.
  • deKay, James T. Monitor. 1997.
  • Donnelly, Ralph W. The Confederate States Marine Corps: The Rebel Leathernecks. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, Inc., 1989. ISBN 0-942597-13-3.
  • Dougherty, Kevin J. Ships of the Civil War, 1861–1865: An Illustrated Guide to the Fighting Vessels of the Union and the Confederacy. London: Amber Books, Ltd., 2013. ISBN 978-1-909-160-67-5.
  • Dougherty, Kevin J. Strangling the Confederacy: Coastal Operations in the American Civil War. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2012. ISBN 978-1-61200-092-3.
  • Ericson, Peter. Running the Batteries. LULU Press, 2009.
  • Fowler, William M. Under Two Flags: The American Navy in the Civil War. Naval Institute Press, 1990.
  • Gosnell, H. Allen. Guns on the Western Waters: The Story of River Gunboats in the Civil War Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1949.
  • Graham, Eric J. Clyde Built: Blockade Runners, Cruisers and Armoured Rams of the American Civil War. Edinburgh, Scotland: Birlinn Press, 2006.
  • Hall, Andrew W. Civil War Blockade Running on the Texas Coast. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-62585-024-9.
  • Hearn, Chester G. Gray Raiders of the Sea: How Eight Confederate Warships Destroyed the Union's High Seas Commerce. Camden, Maine: International Marine Publishing, 1992.
  • Hoyt, Edwin P. The Voyage of the Hunley: The Chronicle of the Pathbreaking Confederate Submarine. Short Hills, New Jersey: Burford Books. ISBN 1-58080-094-7.
  • Joiner, Gary D. Mr. Lincoln's Brown Water Navy: The Mississippi Squadron. Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.
  • Jones, Virgil Carington. The Civil War At Sea. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston, 1962.
  • Joyner, Elizabeth Hoxie and Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Riddle Bearss. The USS Cairo: History and Artifacts of a Civil War Gunboat. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2006.
  • Lardas, Mark. CSS Alabama vs. USS Kearsage: Cherbourg 1864. New York: Osprey, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84908-492-5.
  • Luraghi, Raimondo. A History of the Confederate Navy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996. ISBN 978-1-55750-527-9.
  • Merrill, James M. The Rebel Shore. 1957.
  • Musicant, Ivan. Divided Waters: The Naval History of the Civil War. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995. ISBN 0-06-016482-4.
  • Page, Dave. Ships Versus Shore: Civil War Engagements Along Southern Shores and Rivers. Rutledge Hill Press, 1994.
  • Porter, David Dixon. The Naval History of the Civil War. Secaucus, New Jersey: Castle, 1984.
  • Ragan, Mark K. Union and Confederate Submarine Warfare in the Civil War. Campbell, California: Savas Publishing, 1999.
  • Roberts, William H. Now for the Contest: Coastal and Oceanic Naval Operations in the Civil War. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.
  • Scarf, J. Thomas. History of the Confederate States Navy from Its Organization to the Surrender of Its Last Vessel. New York: Joseph McDonough Co., 1894.
  • Silverstone, Pal H. Warships of the Civil War Navies. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The Timberclads in the Civil War: The Lexington, Conestoga and Tyler on the Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3578-4.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. Tinclads in the Civil War: Union Light–Draught Gunboat Operations on Western Waters, 1862–1865. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-3579-1.
  • Sprunt, James. Tales of the Cape Fear Blockade. Wilmington, North Carolina: Cornelius Thomas, 1960.
  • Stern, Philip Van Doren (1962). The Confederate Navy. Doubleday & Company.
  • Still, Jr., William. Confederate Shipbuilding. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Still Jr., William, John M. Taylor, and Norman C. Delaney. Raiders & Blockaders: The American Civil War Afloat. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's Inc., 1998. ISBN 1-57488-164-7.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The First Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-040-3.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Second Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1997. ISBN 1-57249-055-1.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Third Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 1998. ISBN 1-57249-081-0.
  • Sullivan, David M. The United States Marine Corps in the Civil War – The Fourth Year. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, 2000. ISBN 1-57249-214-7.
  • Surdam, David G. Northern Naval Superiority and the Economics of the American Civil War. University of South Carolina Press, 2001.
  • Taafe, Stephen R. Commanding Lincoln's Navy: Union Naval Leadership During the Civil War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2009.
  • Tucker, Spencer C., editor The Civil War Naval Encyclopedia, two volumes. Santa Barbara, California: ABC–CLIO, 2011. ISBN 978-1-59884-338-5.
  • Tucker, Spencer C. A Short History of the Civil War at Sea. Wilmington, Delaware: SR Books, 2001.
  • Underwood, Rodman L. Waters of Discord: The Union Blockade of Texas During the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2003.
  • U.S. Department of the Navy, Naval History Division, compiler. Civil War Naval Chronology 1861–1865. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1971.
  • Van Tillburg, Hans. A Civil War Gunboat in Pacific Waters: Life on Board the USS Saginaw. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2010. ISBN 978-0-81303516-1.
  • Walker, Sally M. Secrets of A Civil War Submarine: Solving the Mysteries of the H.L. Hunley. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Carolrhoda Books, Inc., 2005.
  • Wise, Stephen R. Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1988.
  • Wynne, Nick and Joe Crankshaw. Florida Civil War Blockades: Battling for the Coast. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-60949-340-0.

Ironclads[edit]

Further information: USS Monitor and CSS Virginia

  • Bearss, Edwin C. Hardluck Ironclad: The Sinking and Salvage of the Cairo. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Besse, Summer B. The C.S. Ironclad Virginia: With Data and References for a Scale Model. Newport News, Virginia, 1937.
  • Elliott, Robert G. Ironclad of the Roanoke: Gilbert Elliott's Albemarle. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Co., 1994.
  • Field, Ron. Confederate Ironclad vs. Union Ironclad: Hampton Roads 1862. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2008.
  • Holzer, Harold and Mulligan, Tim, ed. The Battle of Hampton Roads: New Perspectives on the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia. Fordham University Press, 2006.
  • MacBride, Robert. Civil War Ironclads: The Dawn of Naval Armor. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: 1962.
  • Melton, Maurice. The Confederate Ironclads. South Brunswick, New Jersey: Thomas Yoseloff Ltd., 1968. OCLC 559832629
  • Mindell, David A. War, Technology, and Experience Aboard the U.S.S. Monitor. 2000.
  • Mokion, Arthur. Ironclad: The Monitor & the Merrimack. Novato, California: Presidio Press, 1991. ISBN 0-89141-405-3.
  • Nelson, James L. Reign of Iron: The Story of the First Battling Ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack. William Marrow, 2004.
  • Quarstein, John. C.S.S. Virginia: Mistress of Hampton Roads. Lynchburg, Virginia: H.E. Howard, Inc., 2000.
  • Quarstein, John V. The Monitor Boys: The Crew of the Union's First Ironclad. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-59629-455-4
  • Quarstein, John V. The CSS Virginia: Sink Before Surrender. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1-60949-580-0.
  • Quarstein, John V. A History of Ironclads. Charleston, South Carolina: History Press, 2006.
  • Roberts, William H. Civil War Ironclads: The U.S. Navy and Industrial Mobilization. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The CSS Arkansas: A Confederate Ironclad on Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-4726-8.
  • Smith, Jr., Myron J. The USS Carondelet: A Civil War Ironclad in Western Waters. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2010.
  • Still, Jr., William N. Iron Afloat: The Story of the Confederate Armorclads. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1985, 1988. ISBN 978-0-87249-616-3. Originally published Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1971.

Confederate raiders[edit]

  • Baldwin, John, and Ron Powers. Last Flag Down: The Epic Journey of the Last Confederate Warship. New York: Crown Publishers, 2007. ISBN 978-0-307-23655-5.
  • Chaffin, Tom. Sea of Gray: The Around—the—World Odyssey of the Confederate Raider Shenandoah. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8090-9511-7.
  • De Kay, James T. The Rebel Raiders: The Astonishing History of the Confederacy's Secret Navy. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002.
  • Morgan, Murray. Confederate Raider in the North Pacific: The Saga of the C.S.S. Shenandoah, 1864–65. Washington State University Press, 1948.
  • Robinson III, Charles M. Shark of the Confederacy: The Story of the CSS Alabama. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-728-7.
  • Schooler, Lynn. The Last Shot: The Incredible Story of the C.S.S. Shenandoah and the True Conclusion of the American Civil War. New York: HarperCollins, 2005. ISBN 0-06-052333-6.
  • Whittle, William C. The Voyage of the CSS Shenandoah: A Memorable Cruise. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2005.

Unit histories[edit]

  • Brown, J. Willard. The Signal Corps in the War of the Rebellion. Boston, Massachusetts: U.S. Veteran Signal Corps Association, 1896.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. Soldiering in the Army of Northern Virginia: A Statistical Portrait of the Troops Who Served Under Robert E. Lee. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3492-3.
  • Tennesseans in the Civil War: A Military History of Confederate and Union Units with Available Rosters of Personnel, two volumes. Nashville, Tennessee: Civil War Centennial Commission, 1964.
  • Williams, George Forrester (1883). Bullet and shell : war as the soldier saw it; camp, march, and picket; battlefield and bivouac; prison and hospital. New York : Fords, Howard, & Hulbert.

Union military units[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War Union military unit histories

Confederate military units[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War Confederate military unit histories

Strategy and command[edit]

  • Adams, Michael C.C. Our Masters the Rebels: A Speculation on Union Military Failure in the East, 1861–1865. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1978.
  • Bartholomes, Jr., J. Boone Buff. Facings and Gilt Buttons: Staff and Headquarters Operations in the Army of Northern Virginia, 1861–1865. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1998.
  • Bledsoe, Andrew S. Citizen-Officers: The Union and Confederate Volunteer Junior Officer Corps in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-8071-6070-1.
  • Burne, Alfred H. Lee, Grant and Sherman: A Study in Leadership in the 1864–1865 Campaign. Aldershot: Gale and Polden, 1938.
  • Davis, William C.Crucible of Command: Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee – The War They Fought, The Peace They Forged. Boston: Da Capo Press, A Member of Perseus Books Group, 2014. ISBN 978-0-306-82245-2.
  • Fredricksbon, George M. Why the Confederacy Did Not Fight a Guerrilla War after the Fall of Richmond: A Comparative View. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Gettysburg College, 1996.
  • Hagerman, Edward. The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization and Field Command. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1988.
  • Harsh, Joseph L. homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Tide Rising: Robert E. Lee and the Making of Southern Strategy, 1861–1862. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1998. ISBN 0873385802.
  • Hess, Earl J. Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861–1864. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Jones, Archer. Civil War Command and Strategy: The Process of Victory and Defeat. New York: The Free Press, 1992.
  • Jones, Edward C. The Right Hand of Command: Use and Disuse of Personal Staff in the American Civil War. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2000.
  • Marszalek, John F. (2007). Sherman: A Soldier's Passion for Order. SIU Press. ISBN .
  • McPherson, Robertson, Sears, Symonds, Waugh. Hearts Touched by Fire, The Modern Library, New York, 2011
  • Gallagher, Gary W.; and Joseph T. Glatthaar. Leaders of the Lost Cause: New Perspectives on the Confederate High Command, 2004.
  • Silkenat, David. Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of IMazing 2.13.6 Crack+ License Key 2021 - Free Activators Carolina Press, 2019. ISBN 978-1-4696-4972-6.
  • Smith, Jean Edward (2001). Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN .
  • Stoker, Donald. The Grand Design: Strategy and the U.S. Civil War (Oxford UP. 2010) excerpt
  • Tanner, Robert G. Retreat to Victory?: Confederate Strategy Reconsidered. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources Inc., 2001.
  • Vandiver, Frank E. Rebel Brass: The Confederate Command System. New York: 1956.
  • Winkler, H. Donald. Civil War Goats and Scapegoats. Cumberland House, 2008.
  • Wood, W.J. Civil War Generalship: The Art of Command. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1997. ISBN 0-275-95054-9.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. Civil War Generals in Defeat. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1999. ISBN 0-7006-0943-1.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. Leadership and Command in the American Civil War. New York: Da Capo, 1996.

Technology, weapons, logistics[edit]

  • Albaugh III, William A. Confederate Edged Weapons. New York: 1960.
  • Albaugh, William A., Hugh Benet, Jr., and Edward Simmons. Confederate Handguns.
  • Albert, Alphaeus H. Buttons of the Confederacy.
  • Army Jr., Thomas F. Engineering Victory: How Technology Won the Civil War (Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology, 2016).
  • Bilby, Joseph G. Civil War Firearms: Their Historical Background, Tactical Use and Modern Collecting and Shooting. Conshocken, Pennsylvania: Combined Books, Inc.
  • Bilby, Joseph G. A Revolution in Arms: A History of the First Repeating Rifles. Westholme, 2006.
  • Black, III, Robert C. The Railroads of the Confederacy. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1952.
  • Bragg, C.L., Charles D. Ross, Gordon A. Baker, Stephanie A.T. Jacobe, and Theodore P. Savas, eds. Never for Want of Powder: The Confederate Powder Works in Augusta, Georgia. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2007.
  • Bruce, Robert V. Lincoln and the Tools of War 1956.
  • Burke, James C. The Wilmington & Weldon Railroad in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2013. ISBN 978-0-7864-7154-6.
  • Clark, John E. Railroads in the Civil War: The Impact of Management On Victory And Defeat. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.
  • Coates, Earl J. and Dean S. Thomas. An Introduction To Civil War Small Arms. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas Publications, 1990.
  • Coggins, Jack. Arms and Equipment of the Civil War. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co., Inc., 1962.
  • Cornish, Joseph Jenkins. The Air Arm of the Confederacy: A history of origins and usages of war balloons by the Southern Armies during the American Civil War. Richmond, Virginia: Richmond Civil War Centennial Committee, 1963.
  • Davis, Carl L. Arming the Union: Small Arms in the Union Army. Port Washington, New York: Kennikat Press, Inc., 1974.
  • Edwards, William B. Civil War Guns. New York: 1962.
  • Griffith, Paddy. Battle Tactics of the Civil War. Yale University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-300-08461-7.
  • Field, Ron. Brassey's History of Uniforms: American Civil War, Confederate Army. McLean, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 1997.
  • Hagerman, Edward. The American Civil War and the Origins of Modern Warfare: Ideas, Organization, and Field Command. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1988.
  • Hazlett, James C.; Olmstead, Edwin; and Parks, M. Hume. Field Artillery Weapons of the Civil War. University of Illinois Press, 2004.
  • Hess, Earl J. Civil War Logistics: A Study of Military Transportation (2017) online review
  • Hess, Earl J. Field Armies and Fortification in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861–1864. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Hess, Earl J. Grant and Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8078-3154-0.
  • Hess, Earl J. In the Trenches at Petersburg: Field Fortifications & Confederate Defeat. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8078-3282-0.
  • Hess, Earl J. The Rifle Musket in Civil War Combat. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Hodges, Jr., Robert R. American Civil War Railroad Tactics. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2009.
  • Johnston II, Angus James. Virginia Railroads in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1961.
  • Keim, Lon W. Confederate General Service Accoutrement Plates.
  • Kerksis, Sydney C. Field Artillery Projectiles of the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Kerksis, Sydney C. Heavy Artillery Projectiles of the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Madaus, H. Michael and Robert D. Needham. Battleflags of the Confederate Army of the Tennessee.
  • Maier, Larry B. and Joseph W. Stahl. Identification Discs in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., Inc., 2008.
  • McKee, W. Reid and M.W. Mason, Jr. Civil War Projectiles, Small Arms and Field Artillery.
  • Morton, John W. The Artillery of Nathan Bedford Forrest's Cavalry "The Wizard of the Saddle". Nashville, Tennessee: Publishing House of the M.E. Church, South, 1909.
  • Murphy, John M. Confederate Carbines and Musketoons.
  • Naisawald, L. VanLoan. Canon Blasts: Civil War Artillery in the Eastern Armies. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane, 2004.
  • Perry, Milton F. Infernal Machines: The Story of Confederate Submarine and Mine Warfare. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1965.
  • Philips, Stanley S. Bullets Used in the Civil War, 1861–1865.
  • Philips, Stanley S. Civil War Corps Badges and Other Related Awards, Badges, Medals of the Period.
  • Pitman, John. Breech Loading Carbines of the United States Civil War Period.
  • Plum, William R. The Military Telegraph During the Civil War in the United States, an Exposition of ancient and Modern Means of Communications, and of the Federal and Confederate Cipher Systems, Also a Running Account of the War between the States, two volumes. Chicago, Illinois: Jensen, McClug & Company, Publishers, 1882.
  • Reilly, Robert M. United States Military Small Arms 1816–1865.
  • Riling, Ray, ed. Uniforms and Dress of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States.
  • Ripley, Warren. Artillery and Ammunition of the Civil War.
  • Ross, Charles D. Trial by Fire: Science, Technology and the Civil War. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing, 2000.
  • Rutherford, Kenneth R. America’s Buried History: Landmines in the Civil War. Savas Beatie, 2020. ISBN 978-1-61121-453-6.
  • Smith, Robin. Brassey's History of Uniforms: American Civil War, Union Army. McLean, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 1997.
  • Stamatelos, James. Notes on the Uniforms and Equipments of the United States Cavalry, 1861–1865.
  • Summers, Festus P. The Baltimore and Ohio in the Civil War. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1939.
  • Tucker, Spencer. Arming the Fleet. U.S. Ordnance in the Muzzle-Loading Era (1988)
  • Turner, George Edgar. Victory Rode the Rails: The Strategic Place of the Railroads in the Civil War. New York: Bobbs Merrill, 1963.
  • Wilson, Harold S. Confederate Industry, Manufacturers and Quartermasters in the Civil War. Jackson, Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2002.
  • Winey, Michael J. Union Army Uniforms at Gettysburg. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas, 1998.
  • Wise, Arthur and Francis A. Lord. Uniforms of the Civil War.
  • Woodhead, Henry, ed. Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of the Confederacy. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1991.
  • Woodhead, Henry, ed. Echoes of Glory: Arms and Equipment of the Union. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1991.

Reconstruction[edit]

Medical[edit]

Main article: Medicine in the American Civil War § Further reading

  • Adams, George Worthington. Doctors in Blue: The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War. New York: Henry Schuman, 1952.
  • Bell, Andrew McIlwaine. Mosquito Soldiers: Malaria, Yellow Fever, and the Course of the Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
  • Cunningham, Horace Herndon. Doctors in Gray: The Confederate Medical Service. (reprint Peter Smith, 1970)
  • Downs, Jim. Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction. (Oxford University Press, 2012)
  • Duncan, Louis C. The Medical Department of the United States Army in the Civil War. Gaithersburg, Maryland: Olde Soldiers Books, 1987.
  • Flannery, Michael A. Civil War Pharmacy: A History of Drugs, Drug Supply and Provision, and Therapeutics for the Union and Confederacy. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2004.
  • Freemon, Frank R. Gangrene and Glory: Medical Care during the American Civil War. University of Illinois Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-252-07010-5
  • Green, Carol C. Chimborazo: The Confederacy's Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Hospital. University of Tennessee Press, 2004.
  • Grzyb, Frank L. Rhode Island's Civil War Hospital: Life and Death at Portsmouth Grove, 1862–1865. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6861-4.
  • Hilde, Libra R. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South. University of Virginia Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8139-3212-5.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Marrow of Tragedy: The Health Crisis of the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2013.
  • Lande, R. Gregory. Madness, Malingering, and Malfeasance: The Transformation of Psychiatry and the Law in the Civil War Era. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, 2003.
  • McGaugh, Scott. Surgeon in Blue: Jonathan Letterman, The Civil War Doctor Who Pioneered Battlefield Care. Arcade Publishing, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61145-839-8.
  • Miller, Brian Craig. Empty Sleeves: Amputation in the Civil War South (University of Georgia Press, 2015). homeguard novato - Crack Key For U, 257 pp.
  • Patterson, Gerard A. Debris of Battle: The Wounded of Gettysburg. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997. ISBN 0-8117-0498-X.
  • Robertson, James I (ed). The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, seven volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Co, 1990–1992 reprint.
  • Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.
  • Schmidt, James M. and Guy R. Hasegawa, eds. Years of Change and Suffering: Modern Perspectives on Civil War Medicine. Edinborough Press, 2009.
  • Schroeder–Lein, Glenna R. The Encyclopedia of Civil War Medicine. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2012.
  • Schroeder–Lein, Glenna R. Confederate Hospitals on the Move: Samuel H. Stout and the Army of Tennessee. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Schultz, Jane E. Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Steiner, Paul E. Disease in the Civil War: Natural Biological Warfare in 1861–1865. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1968.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Confederate Generals. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1995.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Medical Histories of Union Generals. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1997.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Barnes, Joseph H. et al., eds. The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865, 6 vols. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1870–88.
  • Child, William. Letters from a Civil War Surgeon: The Letters of Dr. William Child of the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers. Solon, Maine: Polar Bear and Company, 2001.
  • Holland, Mary Gardner, ed. Our Army Nurses: Stories from Women in the Civil War (1895) excerpts
  • Josyph, Peter ed. The Wounded River: The Civil War Letters of John Vance Lauderdale, M.D. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1993.
  • Quinn, E. Moore. "'I have been trying very hard to be powerful "nice"': the correspondence of Sister M. De Sales (Brennan) during the American Civil War," Irish Studies Review (2010) 18#2 pp 213-233, for letters from a Catholic nun who was in charge of a Confederate hospital
  • Gemrig's illustrated catalogue of surgical instruments, ca 1868
  • Robertson Hospital Register, Statistical data on 1,329 patients. VCU Libraries Digital Collections.
  • Sanger Historical Files (1859–1865), Excerpts, Includes letters, reports, and hospital records of the Medical College of Virginia during the American Civil War. VCU Libraries Digital Collections.
  • Welsh, Jack D. Two Confederate Hospitals and Their Patients, Atlanta to Opelika (Mercer University Press, 2005) 183 pp. and CDROM; statistical data on 18,000 patients

Constitutional and legal[edit]

  • Edwards, Laura F. A Legal History of the Civil War and Reconstruction: A Nation of Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2015) 212 pp.
  • Hyman Harold. "A More Perfect Union ": The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution. 1973.
  • McCurry, Stephanie. "Enemy Women and the Laws of War in the American Civil War" Law & History Review (August 2017). pp 667-710 DOI, 10.1017/s0738248017000244.
  • Neely; Mark E., Jr. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties (1991).
  • Neely, Jr., Mark E. Lincoln and the Triumph of the Nation: Constitutional Conflict in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
  • Paludan, Phillip S. "The American Civil War Considered as a Crisis in Law and Order," American Historical Review, Vol. 77, No. 4 (Oct., 1972), pp. 1013–1034 in JSTOR
  • Randall, James G. Constitutional Problems under Lincoln (1926)

Slavery and emancipation[edit]

Main article: Slavery in the United States

See also: Emancipation Proclamation

  • Belz, Herman. Emancipation and Equal Rights: Politics and Constitutionalism in the Civil War Era (1978) online
  • Biddle, Daniel R., and Murray Dubin. "'God Is Settling the Account': African American Reaction to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (Jan. 2013) 137#1 57–78.
  • Blight, David W. A Slave No More: Two Men Who Escaped to Freedom: Including Their Own Narratives of Emancipation. Orlando: Harcourt, 2007.
  • Chambers Jr, Henry L. "Lincoln, the Emancipation Proclamation, and Executive Power." Maryland Law Review 73 (2013): 100+ online
  • Durden, Robert F. The Gray and the Black: The Confederate Debate on Emancipation. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1972.
  • Fehrenbacher, Don Edward. The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics, New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Foner, Eric. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2011.
  • Guelzo, Allen C. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in American. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.
  • Harrold, Stanley. Border War: Fighting Over Slavery Before the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
  • Harold Holzer, Edna Greene Medford, and Frank J. Williams. The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (2006)
  • Huston, James L. Calculating the Value of the Union: Slavery, Property Rights, and the Economic Origins of the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  • Lightner, David L. Slavery and the Commerce Power: How the Struggle against the Interstate Slave Trade Led to the Civil War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
  • Masur, Louis P. Lincoln's Hundred Days: The Emancipation Proclamation and the War for the Union (Harvard University Press; 2012)
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union: vol 6. War Becomes Revolution, 1862–1863 (1960)
  • Mitchell, Charles W. "Maryland Voices of the Civil War" (2007) (Part 3)
  • Mohr, Clarence L. On the Threshold of Freedom: Masters and Slaves in Civil War Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1986.
  • Morrison, Michael. Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War (1997)
  • Oakes, James. The Radical and the Republican: Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the Triumph of Antislavery Politics. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007.
  • Oakes, James. Freedom National: The Destruction of Slavery in the United States, 1861-1865. New York: W. W. Norton, 2013.
  • Russo, Peggy A. and Finkelman, Paul, eds. Terrible Swift Sword: The Legacy of John Brown. Ohio University Press, 2005.
  • Siddali, Silvana R. From Property To Person: Slavery And The Confiscation Acts, 1861–1862 (2005)
  • Vorenberg, Michael. Final Freedom: The Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment (2001) online
  • Vorenberg, Michael, ed. The Emancipation Proclamation: A Brief History with Documents (2010), primary and secondary sources

International affairs[edit]

  • American Civil Wars: A Bibliography. A comprehensive bibliography of the United States Civil War's international entanglements and parallel civil strife in the Americas in the 1860s.
  • Adams, Ephraim D. Great Britain and the American Civil War (2 vols. 1925).
  • Bennett, John D. The London Confederates: The Officials, Clergy, Businessmen and Journalists Who Backed the American South During the Civil War. McFarland, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6901-7.
  • Blackett, R. J. M. Divided Hearts: Britain and the American Civil War (2001).
  • Blumenthal, Henry. "Confederate Diplomacy: Popular Notions and International Realities," Journal of Southern History, Vol. 32, No. 2 (May 1966), pp. 151–171 in JSTOR
  • Boyko, John. Blood and Daring: How Canada Fought the American Civil War and Forged a Nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013. ISBN 978-0-307-36144-8.
  • Campbell, Duncan Andrew. English Public Opinion and the American Civil War (2003).
  • Case, Lynn Marshall. The United States and France: Civil War Diplomacy. (U of Pennsylvania Press, 1970).
  • Daddysman, James W. The Matamoros Trade: Confederate Commerce, Diplomacy, and Intrigue. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1984.
  • Doyle, Don H. The Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War (2014) Excerpt and text search
  • Ellison, Mary. Support for Secession: Lancashire and the American Civil War. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1972.
  • Ferris, Norman B. Desperate Diplomacy: William H. Seward's Foreign Policy, 1861. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 1976.
  • Foreman, Amanda. A World on Fire: Britain's Crucial Role in the American Civil War. New York: Random House, 2011. ISBN 978-0-375-50494-5.
  • Hubbard, Charles M. The Burden of Confederate Diplomacy. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 1998. ISBN 1-57233-092-9.
  • Hyman, Harold Melvin. Heard Round the World; the Impact Abroad of the Civil War. New York: Knopf, 1969.
  • Jenkins, Brian. Britain & the War for the Union. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1974.
  • Jones, Howard. Blue & Gray Diplomacy: A History of Union and Confederate Foreign Relations (2010) online
  • Jones, Howard. Union in Peril: The Crisis over British Intervention in the Civil War. (U of North Carolina Press, 1992).
  • Jones, Howard. Abraham Lincoln and a New Birth of Freedom: The Union and Slavery in the Diplomacy of the Civil War. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8032-2582-2.
  • Mahin, Dean B. One War at a Time: The International Dimensions of the American Civil War. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2000. ISBN 978-1-57488-301-5. Originally published: Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1999.
  • May, Robert E., ed. The Union, the Confederacy, and the Atlantic Rim. Revised edition. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2013, ISBN 978-0-8130-4922-9. Originally published by Purdue University Press, 1995.
  • Mayers, Adam. Dixie and the Dominion: Canada, the Confederacy, and the War for the Union. Dundurn Press, 2004. ISBN 1-55002-468-X.
  • Merli, Frank J. The Alabama, British Neutrality, and the American Civil War. Indiana University Press, 2004.
  • Myers, Phillip E. Caution and Cooperation: The American Civil War in British–American Relations. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.
  • Owsley, Frank Lawrence. King Cotton Diplomacy: Foreign camtasia studio 32 bit full version free download - Free Activators of the Confederate States of America, 2nd edition. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 1959.
  • Sainlaude, Stève The Imperial Government and the American Civil War, the diplomatic action. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.
  • Sainlaude, Stève France and the Confederacy (1861–1865). Paris: L'Harmattan, 2011.
  • Sebrell II, Thomas E. Persuading John Bull: Union and Confederate Propaganda in Britain, 1860–1865. Lexington Books, 2014.

Collected biographies[edit]

  • Bowman, John S. Who Was Who in the Civil War.(Random House, 1994).
  • Hubbell, John T. Biographical Dictionary of the Union: Northern Leaders of the Civil War. (Greenwood, 1995).
  • McNeese, Tim. Civil War Leaders (Infobase Publishing, 2009) Popular history.
  • Ritter, Charles F., and Jon L. Wakelyn, eds., Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary (1998) short biographies and valuable historiographical summaries.
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who was who in the Union: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Biographical Reference to More Than 1,500 of the Principal Union Participants in the Civil War (Facts on File, 1988).
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War: A comprehensive, illustrated biographical reference to more than 2,500 of the principal Union and Confederate participants in the War Between the States (2014), 780pp
  • Sifakis, Stewart. Who was who in the Confederacy: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Biographical Reference to More Than 1,000 of the Principal Confederacy Participants in the Civil War (Facts on File, 1988).
  • Spencer, James. Civil War generals: categorical listings and a biographical directory (Greenwood, 1986).

Military leaders[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War military leaders

Soldiers and sailors[edit]

  • (no author listed) Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1866, eight volumes. Cincinnati, Ohio: The Ohio Valley Press, 1888.
  • (no author listed) The Soldier of Indiana in the War for the Union. Indianapolis, Indiana: Merrill, 1869.
  • Bennett, Michael J. Union Jacks: Yankee Sailors in the Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Booth, Andrew. Records of Louisiana Confederate Soldiers and Louisiana Confederate Commands, three volumes. New Orleans, Louisiana: no publisher listed, 1920.
  • Broadfoot Publishing Company. The Roster of Confederate Soldiers 1861–1865, sixteen volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1995–1996.
  • Broadfoot Publishing Company. The Roster of Union Soldiers 1861–1865, thirty–three volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1996 to date.
  • Frank, Joseph Allan and George A. Reaves. Seeing the Elephant: Raw Recruits at the Battle of Shiloh (1989)
  • Giesberg, Judith Ann. Sex and the Civil War: Soldiers, Pornography, and the Making of American Morality (U of North Carolina Press, 2017).
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. The March to the Sea and Beyond: Sherman's Troops in the Savannah and Carolinas Campaigns. New York: New York University Press, 1985. Utorrent download speed - Crack Key For U, Joseph T. and Aaron Charles Sheehan. The View from the Ground: Experiences of Civil War Soldiers (2006)
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. General Lee's Army: From Victory to Collapse. New York: Free Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-684-82787-2.
  • Hartman, David W. and David J. Coles, comps. Biographical Rosters of Florida's Confederate and Union Soldiers, 1861–1865, five volumes. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing, 1995.
  • Hess, Earl J. The Union Soldier in Battle: Enduring the Ordeal of Combat. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-7006-0837-9.
  • Hilderman, Walter C., III. They Went into the Fight Cheering! Confederate Conscription in North Carolina. Boone, North Carolina: Parkway, homeguard novato - Crack Key For U, Edward C., Gail R. Johnson, and Melissa Johnson William. All Were Not Heroes: A Study of "the List of U.S. Soldiers Executed by U.S. Military Authorities During the Late War". Chicago, Illinois: privately published, 1997.
  • Loon, Ella. Desertion During the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Century Company, 1928.
  • Loury, Thomas P. Don't Shoot That Boy!: Abraham Lincoln and Military Justice. Mason City, Iowa: Savas Publishing, 199.
  • Loury, Thomas Website X5 Evolution 2021.3.3.0 Crack + Torrent Latest Version Free. and Lewis Laska. Confederate Death Sentences: A Reference Guide. Charleston, South Carolilna: Booksarge, 2008.
  • McPherson, James M.For Cause and Country: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-19-512499-6. (pbk.)
  • Mitchell, Reid. Civil War Soldiers: Their Expectations and Their Experiences. New York: Viking, 1988.
  • Mitchell, Reid. The Vacant Chair: The Northern Soldier Leaves Home. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Noe, Kenneth W. Reluctant Rebels: The Confederates Who Joined the Army After 1861. Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8078-3377-3.
  • Nosworthy, Brent. The Bloody Crucible of Courage: Fighting Methods and Combat Experience of the Civil War. Carroll & Graf, 2003.
  • Reid, Richard M. Freedom for Themselves: North Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Still Jr. William N. The Common Sailor: The Civil War's Uncommon Man—Yankee Blue Jackets and Confederate Tars. (1985)
  • Sutherland, Jonathan. Confederate Troops of the American Civil War. Wiltshire, United Kingdom: The Crowood Press, 2005. ISBN 1 86126 768 1.
  • Thompson, Jerry Don. Mexican–Texans in the Union Army. El Paso, Texas: Western Press, 1986.
  • Weitz, Mark A. More Damning Foxit PhantomPDF Activation key Slaughter: Desertion in the Confederate Army. University of Nebraska Press, 2005.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. The Life of Billy Yank: The Common Soldier of the Union. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-8071-0476-0 (paper). First published Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1952.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. The Life of Johnny Reb: The Common Soldier of the Confederacy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-8071-0475-2 (paper). First published Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1943.

Prisoners[edit]

Main article: American Civil War prison camps § Bibliography

  • Arnold–Scriber, Theresa and Terry G. Scriber. Ship Island, Mississippi: Rosters and History of the Civil War Prison Jefferson, North Carolina: 2012. ISBN 978-0-7864-6899-7.
  • Beitzell, Edwin W. Point Lookout Prison Camp for Confederates. Abell, Maryland: published by author, 1972.
  • Burnham, Philip. So Far from Dixie: Confederates in Yankee Prisons. New York: Taylor Trade Publishing, 2003.
  • Butts, Michele Tucker. Galvanized Yankees on the Upper Missouri: The Face of Loyalty (2003).
  • Casstevens, Frances. George W. Alexander and Castle Thunder: A Confederate Prison and Its Commandant. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2004.
  • Cloyd, Benjamin G. Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010.
  • Denney, Robert E. Civil War Prisons & Escapes: A Day–by–Day Chronicle. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1993.
  • Fetzer, Jr., Dale and Bruce E. Mowdey. Unlikely Allies: Fort Delaware's Prison Community in the Civil War. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 0-8117-1823-9.
  • Gray, Michael P. The Business of Captivity in the Chemung Valley: Elmira and Its Civil War Prison (2001)
  • Hesseltine, William B. Civil War Prisons: A Study in War Psychology. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1930. ISBN 0-8142-0768-5.
  • Horigan, Michael. Elmira: Death Camp of the North. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 978-0-8117-3276-5.
  • Kelley, Daniel G. What I Saw and Suffered in Rebel Prisons. Buffalo, New York: Thomas, Howard and Johnson, 1868.
  • Lawrence, F. Lee and Robert Glover. Camp Ford, C.S.A.: The Story of Union Prisoners in Texas. Austin, Texas: Texas Civil War Centennial Advisory Committee, 1964.
  • Levy, George, To Die in Chicago: Confederate Prisoners at Camp Douglas 1862–1865. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, revised edition 1999. ISBN 978-1-56554-331-7. First published 1994.
  • Lisarelli, Daniel Francis. The Last Prison: The Untold Story of Camp Groce CSA. Unpublish.com/books/lisarelli.htm, 1999.
  • Marvel, William. Andersonville: The Last Depot. University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • McAdams, Benton. Rebels at Rock Island: The Story of a Civil War Prison. De Kalbe, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.
  • Parker, Sandra V. Richmond's Civil War Prisons. Lynchburg, Virginia: H.E. Howard, 1990.
  • Sanders, Charles W., Jr. While in the Hands of the Enemy: Military Prisons of the Civil War. Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
  • Scharf, Jack E. Lee's Bold Plan for Point Lookout: The Rescue of Confederate Prisoners That Never Happened. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2008.
  • Speer, Lonnie R. Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War. 1997.
  • Speer, Lonnie. War of Vengeance: Acts of Retaliation Against Civil War POWs. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002.
  • Triebe, Richard H. Fort Fisher to Elmira: The Fateful Journey of 518 Confederate Soldiers. CreateSpace, 2011.
  • Watson, Ronald G., editor. "Death Does Seem to Have All He Can Attend to": The Civil War Diary of an Anderson Survivor. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Publishing, 2014. ISBN 978-0-7864-7890-3.
  • Wheelan, Joseph. Libby Prison Breakout: The Daring Escape from the Notorious Civil War Prison. New York: Public Affairs, 2010. ISBN 978-158648-716-4.

Violence and death[edit]

  • Carmichael, Peter S. The War for the Common Soldier: How Men Thought, Fought, and Survived in Civil War Armies (2018) excerpt
  • Faust, Drew Gilpin. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (2008) excerpt
  • Hacker, J. David. "A Census-Based Count of the Civil War Dead" Civil War History 57.4 (2011): 307–348.
  • Marshall, Nicholas. "The Great Exaggeration: Death and the Civil War" Journal of the Civil War Era 4#1 (2014) pp. 3–27 online
    • Hacker, J. David. "Has the Demographic Impact of Civil War Deaths Been Exaggerated?." Civil War History 60.4 (2014): 453-458 excerpt
  • Neff, John R. Honoring the Civil War Dead: Commemoration and the Problem of Reconciliation (UP of Kansas, 2016) online.
  • Schantz, Mark S. Awaiting the Heavenly Country: The Civil War and America's Culture of Death (Cornell UP, 2008).
  • Scott, Sean A. "'Earth Has No Sorrow That Heaven Cannot Cure': Northern Civilian Perspectives on Death and Eternity during the Civil War," Journal of Social History (2008). 41#4:843-866 online
  • Sheehan-Dean, Aaron. The Calculus of Violence: How Americans Fought the Civil War (Harvard UP, 2018). Pp. 465. excerpt also online review
  • Steplyk, Jonathan M. Fighting Means Killing: Civil War Soldiers and the Nature of Combat (UP of Kansas, 2018) online
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front (U of Arkansas Press, 2009).
  • Swanson, David A., and Richard Verdugo. "The Civil War’s Demographic Impact on White Males in Mississippi." Journal of the Mississippi Academy rhino 6 crack windows - Free Activators Sciences 62#3 (2017) : 309+ oneline.

Homefront[edit]

Main article: Bibliography of American Civil War homefront

States, regions, and local[edit]

Main article: Regional bibliography of the American Civil War

Guerillas[edit]

  • Barton, O.S. Three Years with Quantrill: A True Story by His Scout John McCorkle. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma press, 1992.
  • Beilein, Joseph M. and Matthew Christopher Hulbert, eds. The Civil War Guerrilla: Unfolding the Black Flag in History, Memory, and Myth. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2015. ISBN 978-0813165325.
  • Brant, Marley. The Outlaw Youngers: A Confederate Brotherhood. New York: Madison Books, 1992. ISBN 0-8191-8627-9.
  • Breihan, Carl W. Quantrill and his Civil War Guerillas. Denver, Colorado: Sage Books, 1959.
  • Brownlee, Richard S. Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy: Guerilla Warfare in the West, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.
  • Castel, Albert. William Clark Quantrill: His Life and Times. New York: Frederick Fell, Inc., Publishers, 1962.
  • Castel, Albert and Thomas Goodrich. Bloody Bill Anderson: The Short Savage Life of a Civil War Guerilla. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1998. ISBN 0-8117-1506-X.
  • Connelley, William Elsey. Quantrill and the Border Wars. New York: Pageant Book Company, 1956.
  • Crouch, Richard E. Rough–Riding Scout: The Story of John W. Mobberley, Loudoun's Own Civil War Guerilla Hero. Arlington, Virginia: Edden Editions.
  • Dyer, Robert L. Jesse James and the Civil War in Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1994.
  • Edwards, John N. Noted Guerillas, or the Warfare of the Border. Being a History of the Lives and Adventures of Quantell, Bill Anderson, George Todd, Dave Poole, Fletcher Taylor, Peyton Long, Oll Shepherd, Arch Clements, John Maupin, Tuck and IMAZING Pro 2.14.2 Crack With Licence Key+free Download 2021 Hill, Wm. Gregg, Thomas Maupin, the James Brothers, the Younger Brothers, Arthur McCoy, and Numerous Other Well Known Guerillas of the West. St. Louis, Missouri: Bryan, Brand & Company, 1877.
  • Erwin, James W. Guerilla Hunters in Civil War Missouri. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, 2012. ISBN 9781609497453.
  • Fellman, Michael. Inside War: The Guerilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. ISBN 0-19-505198-X.
  • Goodrich, Thomas. Black Flag: Guerilla Warfare on the Western Border, 1861–1865. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-253-32599-4.
  • Hulbert, Matthew Christopher. The Ghosts of Guerrilla Memory: How Civil War Bushwhackers Became Gunslingers in the American West. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2016. ISBN 978-0820350028.
  • Jones, Virgil Carrington. Gray Pc cleaner pro free download and Rebel Raiders. Atlanta: Mockingbird Books, 1973. ISBN 0-89176-016-4. First published New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1956.
  • Leslie, Edward E. The Devil Knows How to Ride: The True Story of William Clarke Quantrill and His Confederate Raiders. New York: Random House, 1996. ISBN 0-679-42455-5.
  • Mackey, Robert R. The Uncivil War: Irregular Warfare in the Upper South, 1861–1865. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004.
  • Mays, Thomas D. Cumberland Blood: Champ Ferguson's Civil War. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-8093-2860-7.
  • McKnight, Brian D. Confederate Outlaw: Champ Ferguson and the Civil War in Appalachia. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8071-3769-7.
  • McLachlan, Sean. American Civil War Guerilla Tactics. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2009. ISBN 1846034949.
  • Mountcastle, Clay. Punitive War: Confederate Guerillas and Union Reprisals. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2009.
  • Nichols, Bruce. Guerilla Warfare in Civil War Missouri, 1862. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2004.
  • O'Brien, Sean Michael. Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in the Southern Appalachians, 1861–1865. Praeger, 1999.
  • Peterson, Paul R. Quantrill advanced systemcare pro 12.5.0.354 key - Free Activators Missouri: The Making of a Guerilla Warrior. Nashville, Tennessee: Cumberland House, 2003.
  • Sensing, Thurman. Champ Ferguson: Confederate Guerilla. Vanderbilt University Press, 1942. ISBN 0-8265-1253-4.
  • Settle, William A. Jesse James Was His Name; or, Fact and Fiction Concerning the Careers of the Notorious James Brothers of Missouri. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1966.
  • Schultz, Duane. Quantrill's War: The Life and Times of William Clarke Quantrill 1837–1865. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. ISBN 0-312-14710-4.
  • Sheridan, Richard B., ed. Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre – a Reader. Lawrence, Kansas: no publisher listed, 1997.
  • Stiles, T.J. Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. "Sideshow No Longer: A Historiographical Review of the Guerrilla War." Civil War History 46.1 (2000): 5-23; American Civil War, 1861–65
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front. Fayetteville, Arkansas: University of Arkansas Press, 2009.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E. A Savage Conflict: The Decisive Role of Guerillas in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Bailey, Anne J. Invisible Southerners: Ethnicity in the Civil War. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 2006.
  • Kamphoefner, Walter D. et al. eds. Germans in the Civil War: The Letters They Wrote Home. 2006.
  • Kaufmann, Wilhelm. The Germans in the American Civil War, With a Biographical Directory. Carlisle, Pa.: John Kallmann Publishers, 1999.
  • Keller, Christian B. Chancellorsville and the German: Nativism, Ethnicity, and Civil War Memory. New York: Fordham University Press, 2007.
  • Kohl, Lawrence. The Irish Brigade and Its Campaigns. 1994.
  • Lause, Mark A. Race and Radicalism in the Union Army. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
  • Lonn, Ella, Foreigners in the Confederacy. 1940.
  • McCarthy, Cal. Green, Blue & Grey: The Irish in the American Civil War. 2010.
  • Mahin, Dean B. The Blessed Place of Freedom: Europeans in Civil War America. Dulles, Virginia: Brassey's Inc., 2002.
  • Samito, Christian G. Becoming American Under Fire: Irish Americans, African Americans, and the Politics of Citizenship During the Civil War Era. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2009.
  • Sarna, Jonathan D. and Adam Mendelshon, eds. Jews and the Civil War: A Reader. New York University Press, 2010.
  • Thompson, Jerry D. Mexican Texans in the Union Army. El Paso, Texas: Texas Western Press, 1986.
  • Tucker, Phillip Thomas. Irish Confederates: The Civil War's Forgotten Soldiers. 2007.
  • Ural, Susannah J., ed. Civil War Citizens: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity in America's Bloodiest Conflict. New York: New York University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-08147-8570-6.
  • Vida, Istvan Kornel. Hungarian Émigrés in the American Civil War: A History and Biographical Dictionary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-6562-0.

African Americans[edit]

  • Barrow, Charles Kelly, J.H. Segars, and R.B. Rosenburg, editors. Forgotten Confederates: An Anthology about Black Southerners. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Southern Heritage Press, 1995.
  • Bergeron, Arthur W. and Richard M. Rollins. Black Southerners in Gray: Essays on Afro-Americans in Confederate Armies. Rank and File Publications, 1994.
  • Berlin, Ira, Joseph P. Reidy, and Leslie S. Rowland, eds. Freedom's Soldiers: The Black Military Experience in the Civil War. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Blatt, Martin H., Thomas J. Brown, and Donald Yacovone, editors. Hope and Glory: Essays on the Legacy of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
  • Brown, William Wlls. The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and His Fidelity, edited by John D. Smith. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2003.
  • Burchard, Peter. One Gallant Rush: Robert Gould Shaw and His Brave Black Regiment. New York: St. Martin's, 1965.
  • Cimprich, John. Fort Pillow, a Civil War Massacre, and Public Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2005.
  • Cornish, Dudley Taylor. The Sable Arm: Black Troops in the Union Army, 1861–1865. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1987.
  • Downs, Jim. Sick from Freedom: African-American Illness and Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Durden, Robert Franklin. The Gray and the Black: The Confederate Debate on Emancipation. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.
  • Gannon, Barbarra A. The Won Cause: Black and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3452-7.
  • Gladstone, William A. United States Colored Troops, 1863–1867. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Thomas Publications, 1990.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: The Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-8071-2560-1.
  • Glatthaar, Joseph T. The Civil War's Black Soldiers. Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1996.
  • Hollandsworth, Jr., James G. The Louisiana Native Guards: The Black Military Experience During the Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1995.
  • Humphreys, Margaret. Intensely Human: The Health of the Black Soldier in the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
  • Levine, Bruce. Confederate Emancipation: Southern Plans to Free and Arm Slaves during the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-19-514762-9.
  • Longacre, Edward G. A Regiment of Slaves: The 4th United Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U Colored Infantry, 1863–1866. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2003.
  • Magness, Philip W. and Sebastion N. Page. Colonization After Emancipation: Lincoln and the Movement for Black Resettlement. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2011.
  • McPherson, James. The Negro's Civil War: How American Blacks Felt and Acted During the War for the Union. 1965. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991.
  • Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown, 1953.
  • Reed, Richard M. Freedom for themselves: North Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Robinson, Armstead L. Bitter Fruits of Bondage: The Demise of Slavery and the Collapse of the Confederacy, 1861–1865. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 2005.
  • Rollins, Richard, editor. Black Southerners in Gray: Essays on Afro-Americans in Confederate Armies. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Southern Heritage Press, 1994.
  • Segars, J.H. and Charles Kelly Barrow, compilers. Black Southerners in Confederate Armies: A Collection of Historical Accounts. Atlanta, Georgia: Southern Lion Books, 2001.
  • Trudeau, Noah Andre. Like Men of War: Black Troops in the Civil War 1862–1865. Edison, NJ: Castle Books, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7858-1476-4. Originally published: New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1998.
  • Ward, Andrew. River Run Red: The Fort Pillow Massacre in the American Civil War. New York: Viking, 2005.
  • Williams, George Washington. A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865. New York: 1888.
  • Wilson, Keith, editor. Honor in Command: Lt. Freeman S. Bowley's Civil War Service in the 30th United States Colored Infantry. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2006.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Adair, Lyle, and Glenn Robins. They Have Left Us Here to Die: The Civil War Prison Diary of Sgt. Lyle Adair, 111th U.S. Colored Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2011.

American Indians[edit]

  • Abel, Annie Heloise. The American Indian as a Participant in the Civil War. Cleveland, Ohio: Authr Clarke, 1919.
  • Abel, Annie Heloise. The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist: An Omitted Chapter of the Southern Confederacy. Cleveland, Ohio: A. H. Clark Company, 1919.
  • Berg, Scott W. 38 Nooses: Lincoln, Little Crow, and the Beginning of the Frontier's End. New York: Pantheon, 2012.
  • Confer, Clarissa W. The Cherokee Nation in the Civil War. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007.
  • Crow, Vernon H. Storm in the Mountains: Thomas' Confederate Indians and Mountaineers. Cherokee, North Carolina: Museum of the Cherokee Indians, 1982.
  • Crowe, Clint. Caught in the Maelstrom: The Indian Nations in the Civil War, 1861-1865. Savas Beatie, 2019. ISBN 978-1-61121-336-2.
  • Cunningham, Frank. General Stand Watie's: Confederate Indians. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959.
  • Danziger, Jr., Edmund J. Indians and Bureaucrats: Administrating the Reservation Policy During the Civil War. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1974.
  • Franks, Kenny A. Stand Watie and the Agony of the Cherokee Nation. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis State University Press, 1979.
  • Hauptman, Laurence M. Between Two Fires: American Indians in the Civil War. New York: The Free Press, 1995. ISBN 0-02914180-X.
  • Hauptman, Lawrence M. The Iroquois in the Civil War: From Battlefield to Reservation. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1993.
  • Kelman, Ari. A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the memory of Sand Creek. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.
  • Madsen, Brigham D. The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre. Provo, Utah: University of Utah Press, 1985.
  • McBride, Lela Jean. Opothleyaholo and the Loyal Muskogee: Their Flight to Kansas in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2000. ISBN 0-7864-0638-0.
  • Minges, Patrick. Slavery in the Cherokee Nation: The Keetowah Society and the Defining of a People, 1855–1867. Routledge, 2003.
  • Nichols, David A. Lincoln and the Indians: Civil War Policy and Politics. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1978.
  • Oehler, C.M. The Great Sioux Uprising. New York: Oxford University Press, 1959.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Baird, W. David, editor. A Creek Warrior for the Confederacy: The Autobiography of Chief G.W. Greyson. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.
  • Edwards, Whit. "The Prairie Was on Fire": Eyewitness Accounts of the Civil War in the Indian Territory. Oklahoma Historical Society, 2001.
  • Hauptman, Laurence M., ed. A Seneca Indian in the Union Army: The Letters of Sergeant Isaac Newton Parker. Columbia, Maryland: White Mane Publishing Co., 1995.
  • Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Papers of John Ross, two volumes. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1985.

Women[edit]

See also: Sex in the American Civil War § Further reading, and Bibliography of works on wartime cross-dressing § American Civil War

National[edit]

  • Berkin, Carol. Civil War Wives: The Lives and Times of Angelina Grimke Weld, Varina Howell Davis and Julia Dent Grant. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4000-4466-5.
  • Clinton, Catherine and Silber, Nina, eds. Battle Scars: Gender and Sexuality in the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Frank, Lisa Tendric, ed. Women in the American Civil War. ABC-CLIO, 2008.
  • Giesberg, Judith, and Randall M. Miller, eds. Women and the American Civil War: North-South Counterpoints (2018) online review
  • Harper, Judith E. Women during the Civil War: An Encyclopedia. Routledge, 2004.
  • Holstein, Anna Morris. Three Years In Field Hospitals Of The Army Of The Potomac, J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1867
  • McDevitt, Theresa. Women and the American Civil War: An Annotated Bibliography. Praeger, 2003.
  • Massey, Mary Elizabeth. Bonnet Brigades: American Women and the Civil War. 1966.
  • Mitchell, Reid. The Vacant Chair: The Northern Soldier Leaves Home. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
  • Murphy, Kim. I Had Rather Die: Rape in the Civil War. Virginia: Coachlight Press, LLC, 2014.
  • Schultz, Jane E. Women at the Front: Hospital Workers in Civil War America. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Young, Elizabeth. Disarming the Nation: Women's Writing and the American Civil War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

North[edit]

  • Anderson, J. L. "The Vacant Chair on the Farm: Soldier Husbands, Farm Wives, and the Iowa Home Front, 1861–1865," Annals of Iowa (2007) 66: 241-265
  • Attie, Jeanie. "Patriotic Toil: Northern Women and the American Civil War." Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.
  • Bahde, Thomas. "'I never wood git tired of wrighting to you.'" Journal of Illinois History, 2009. 12:129-55
  • Fleischner, Jennifer. Mrs. Lincoln and Mrs. Keckly: The Remarkable Story of the Friendship Between a First Youtube by click patch download - Activators Patch and a Former Slave. New York: Broadway Books, 2003.
  • Gallman, Matthew J.Mastering Wartime: A Social History of Philadelphia During the Civil War. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Gallman, Matthew J, America's Joan of Arc: The Life of Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Giesberg, Judith. Army at Home: Women and the Civil War on the Northern Home Front. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Hall, Richard. Patriots in Disguise. New York: Paragon House, 1993.
  • Marten, James. Children for the Union: The War Spirit on the Northern Home Front. Ivan R. Dee, 2004.
  • Scott, Sean A. "'Earth Has No Sorrow That Heaven Cannot Cure': Northern Civilian Perspectives on Death and Eternity during the Civil War," Journal of Social History, 2008. 41:843-866
  • Silber, Nina. Daughters of the Union: Northern Women Fight the Civil War. Harvard University Press, 2005.
  • Smith, Michael T. "The Beast Unleashed: Benjamin F. Butler and Conceptions of Masculinity in the Civil War North." New England Quarterly 2006 79(2): 248–276. ISSN 0028-4866
  • Venet, Wendy Hamand. A Strong-Minded Woman: The Life of Mary Livermore. University of Massachusetts Press, 2005.

Black South[edit]

  • Frankel, Noralee. Freedom's Women: Black Women and Families in Civil War Era Mississippi. 1999.
  • Schwalm, Leslie A. (1997). "'Sweet Dreams of Freedom': Freedwomen's Reconstruction of Life nd Labor in Lowcountry South Carolina," Journal of Women's History 9: 9-38
  • Wiley, Bell I.Confederate Women. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1975.

White South[edit]

  • no author listed. Confederate Women of Arkansas in the Civil War, 1861–'65. Little Rock, Arkansas: State Committee on Memorial to Women of the Confederacy, 1907.
  • Anderson, Lucy London. North Carolina Women of the Confederacy. Fayettesville, North Carolina: published by author, 1926.
  • Andrews, Eliza Frances. The War-Time Journal of a Georgia Girl: 1864–1865. New York: Appleton, 1908.
  • Andrews, Matthew Page, compiler. Women of the Southern War Times. Baltimore, Maryland: Norman Remington, 1927.
  • Berry, Stephen W., II. All that Makes a Man: Love and Ambition in the Civil War South. Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Brock, Darla. "'Our Hands Are At Your Service': The Story of Confederate Women in Memphis." West Tennessee Historical Society Papers (1991) 45: 19-34
  • Drago, Edmund L. Confederate Phoenix: Rebel Children and Their Families in South Carolina. Fordham University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8232-2937-6.
  • Faust, Drew. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
  • Frank, Lisa T. The Civilian War: Confederate Women and Union Soldiers During Sherman's March. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2015. ISBN 978-0-8071-5996-5.
  • Gardner, Sarah E. Blood and Irony: Southern White Women's Narratives of the Civil War, 1861–1937. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Genovese, Eugene D. A Consuming Fire: The Fall of the Confederacy in the Mind of the White Christian South Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009.
  • Hilde, Libra R. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8139-3212-5.
  • Jabour, Anya. Scarlett's Sisters: Young Women in the Old South. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Ott, Victoria E. Confederate Daughters: Coming of Age during the Civil War. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8093-2828-4.
  • Rable. George. Civil Wars: Women and the Crisis of Southern Nationalism. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
  • Revels, Tracy J. Grander in Her Daughters: Florida's Women during the Civil War. University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Roberts, Giselle. The Confederate Belle. University of Missouri Press, 2003.
  • Strasser, William A. (1999). "'A Terrible Calamity Has Befallen Us': Unionist Women in Civil War East Tennessee". Journal of East Tennessee History. 71: 66-88
  • Whites, LeeAnn. The Civil War as a Crisis in Gender: Augusta, Georgia, 1860–1890 Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1995.
  • Whites, LeeAnn and Alecia P. Long, editors. Occupied Women: Gender, Military Occupation, and the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8071-3440-5.
  • Wiley, Bell Irvin. Confederate Women, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Primary sources[edit]

  • Baird, Nancy Disher, ed. Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary. University Press of Kentucky, 2009.
  • Berlin, Jean V., ed. A Confederate Nurse: The Diary of Ada W. Bacot, 1860–1863. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Dawson, Sarah Morgan. A Confederate Girl's Diary. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1960.
  • Fain, John N. Sanctified Trial: The Diary of Eliza Rhea Anderson Fain, a Confederate Woman in East Tennessee. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2002.
  • Heller III, J. Roderick, and Carolynn Ayres Heller, eds. The Confederacy in on Her Way up the Spout: Letters to South Carolina, 1861–1864. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1992.
  • McGuire, Judith Breckinbrough. Diary of a Southern Refugee During the War: Annotated Edition. Edited by James I. Robertson. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2014. ISBN 978-0-8131-4438-2.
  • Robertson, Mary D., ed. Lucy Breckinridge of Grove Hall: The Journal of a Virginia Girl, 1862–1864. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Rohr, Nancy M., ed. Incidents of War: The Civil War Journal of Mary Jane Chadick. Boaz, Alabama: SilverThreads Publishing, 2005.
  • Woodward, C. Vann, Ed., Mary Chesnut's Civil War, Yale University Press, 1981, ISBN 0-300-02979-9

Ideology, rhetoric, religion[edit]

  • (no author listed) Report of the Committee on the Destruction of Churches in the Diocese of South Carolina During the Late War: Presented to the Protestant Episcopal Convention, May 1868. Charleston, South Carolina: J. Walker, Printer, 1868.
  • Bennett, William. A Narrative of the Great Revival which Prevailed in the Southern Armies. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Claxton, Remsen, and Haffelfinger, 1877.
  • Brinsfield, Homeguard novato - Crack Key For U W.; Davis, William C.; Maryniak, Benedict; and Robertson, James I., eds. Faith in the Fight: Civil War Chaplains. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2003.
  • Dorn, T. Felder. Challenges on the Emmaus Road: Episcopal Bishops Confront Slavery, Civil War and Emancipation. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61-121-104-7.
  • Durkin, Joseph T. Confederate Chaplin: A War Journal of Rev. James B. Sheeran, C.SS.R. Fourteenth Louisiana, CSA. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Bruce Publishing Company, 1960.
  • Faust, Drew Gilpin. The Creation of Confederate Nationalism: Ideology and Identity in the Civil War South. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1988.
  • Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. ISBN 978-0-19-509981-2.
  • Gallman, J. Matthew. Defining Duty in the Civil War. The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.
  • Gourley, Bruce T. Diverging Loyalties: Baptists in Middle Georgia During the Civil War. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 2011.
  • Hutchison, Coleman. Apples and Ashes: Literature, Nationalism and the Confederate States of America Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2012.
  • Korn, Bertram. American Jewry and the American Civil War. New York: Athenaeum, 1970.
  • Lehman, James O. and Steven M. Nolt. Mennonites, Amish, and the American Civil War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University, 2007.
  • McPherson, James. What They Fought For, 1861–1865. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.
  • Miller, Randall M., Harry S. Stout, and Charles Reagan Wilson, eds. Religion and the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-512128-7.
  • Neff, John R. Honoring the Civil War Dead: Commemoration and the Problem of Reconciliation. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2005.
  • Nelson, Jacquelyn Sue. Indiana Quakers confront the Civil War. Indiana Historical Society, 1991.
  • Noll, Mark A. The Civil War as a Theological Crisis. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
  • Rolfs, David. No Peace for the Wicked: Northern Protestant Soldiers in the American Civil War. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-57233-662-9.
  • Sarna, Jonathan D. When Grant Expelled the Jews. New York: Schocken Books, 2012.
  • Scott, Sean A. A Visitation of God: Northern Civilians Interpret the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-539599-0.
  • Silver, James W.Confederate Morality and Church Propaganda. New York: W.W. Norton, 1967.
  • Stout, Harry S. Upon the Altar of the Nation: A Moral History of the Civil War. 2006.
  • Wells, Cheryl A. Civil War Time: Temporality and Identity in America, 1861–1865. University of Georgia Press, 2005.
  • Wills, Garry. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Literary Research, Inc., 1992. ISBN 0-671-86742-3
  • Wilson, Douglas L. Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln (1999).
  • Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore: Studies in the Literature of the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press 1962; reprinted: Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1984. ISBN 0-930350-61-8.

Veterans[edit]

  • (no author listed) Report of Seventh Annual Reunion of the 64th N.Y. Regimental Association at Salamanca, New York, August 21 and 22, 1895. New York: Randolph Publishing, 1894.
  • (no author listed) Reunions of the Nineteenth Main Regiment Association. Augusta, Maine: Press of Sprague, Owen and Nash, 1878.
  • Carroon, Robert G. and Dana B. Shoaf. Union Blue: The History of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Books, 2001.
  • Dearing, Mary R. Veterans in Politics: The Story of the G.A.R. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1952.
  • Frazier, John W. Reunions of the Blue and Gray. Philadelphia Brigade and Pickett's Division, July 2, 3, 4, 1887 and Sept. 15, 16, 17, 1906. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Ware Brothers, 1906.
  • Gannon, Barbara A. The Won Cause: Black and White Comradeship in the Grand Army of the Republic. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8078-3452-7.
  • Heuvel, Sean M. Images of America: Remembering Virginia's Confederates. Arcadia Publishing, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7385-6611-5.
  • Hunt, Robert. The Good Men Who Won the War: Army of the Cumberland Veterans and Emancipation Memory. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 2010.
  • O'Mara, Daniel A. Proceedings of the Associated Survivors of the Fifty-Ninth Reg't, N.Y. Vet. Vols. First Annual Re-Union and Dedication of Monument at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3d, 1889. New York: Wm. Finley, Printer, 1889.
  • Shaffer, Donald R. After the Glory: The Struggles of Black Civil War Veterans. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2004.
  • Work, J.B., ed. Re–Union of Col. Dan McCook's Third Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth A.C., "Army of the Cumberland": Assault of Col. Dan McCook's Brigade on Kenesaw Mountain, Ga., June 27, 1864/August 27th and 29th, 1900. Chicago, Illinois: Allied, 1901.

Historiography[edit]

  • Bailey, Anne J., and Daniel E. Sutherland. "The history and historians of Civil War Arkansas." Arkansas Historical Quarterly 58.3 (1999): 232–63. in JSTOR, historiography.
  • Cushman, Stephen (2014). Belligerent Muse: Five Northern Writers and How They Shaped Our Understanding of the Civil War. ISBN .
  • Aimone, Alan C. and Barbara A. A User's Guide to the Official Records of the American Civil War. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Publishing Company, Inc., 1993. ISBN 0-942597-38-9.
  • Aaron, Daniel. The Unwritten War: American Writers and the Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1973.
  • Binnington, Ian. Confederate Visions: Nationalism, Symbolism, and the Imagined South in the Civil War. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-8139-3500-3.
  • Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.
  • Boritt, Gabor S., ed. The Historian's Lincoln. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1988.
  • Bresnahan, Jim, ed. Revisioning the Civil War: Historians on Counter-Factual Scenarios. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2006. ISBN 978-0-7864-2392-7.
  • Brown, Thomas J., ed. Remixing the Civil War: Meditations on the Sesquicentennial. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4214-0251-2.
  • Catton, Bruce. Reflections on the Civil War. Edited by John Leekley. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1981. ISBN 978-0-385-06347-0.
  • Cook, Robert J. Troubled Commemoration: The Civil War Centennial, 1961–1965. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8071-3227-2.
  • Coske, John M. The Confederate Battle Flag: America's Most Embattled Emblem. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2005.
  • Connelly, Thomas L., The Marble Man. Robert E. Lee and His Image in American Society. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.
  • Cox, Karen L. Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2003.
  • Cushman, Stephen (2014). Belligerent Muse: Five Northern Writers and How They Shaped Our Understanding of the Civil War. ISBN .; covers Lincoln, Walt Whitman, Sherman, Ambrose Bierce, and Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.
  • Donald, David ed. Why the North Won the Civil War. 1977. ISBN 0-02-031660-7.
  • Foner, Eric et al. "Talking Civil War History: A Conversation with Eric Foner and James McPherson," Australasian Journal of American Studies (2011) 30#2 pp. 1–32 in JSTOR
  • Foner, Eric. "The Causes of the American Civil War: Recent Interpretations and New Directions." In Beyond the Civil War Synthesis: Political Essays of the Civil War Era, edited by Robert P. Swieringa. 1975.
  • Fuller, Randell. From Battlefields Rising: How the Civil War Transformed American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19-534230-7.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. The Civil War at Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press and the Great American Conflict. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot, 1989.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. Lee & His Army in Confederate History. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8078-5769-4.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. Lee and His Generals in War and Memory. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8071-2958-5.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. and Alan T. Nolan, editors. The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  • Goldfield, David. Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.
  • Hartwig, D. Scott. The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862: A Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut: Meckler, 1990.
  • Hattaway, Herman. Reflections of a Civil War Historian: Essays on Leadership, Society, and the Art of War. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 2004.
  • Janney, Caroline E. Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
  • Lawson, Melinda. Patriot Fires: Forging a New American Nationalism in the Civil War Nero Burning Rom 23.5.1000 Crack With Torrent Download 2021. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2002.
  • Mackowski, Chris and Kristopher D. White. The Story Behind the Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61121-160-3.
  • Marshall, Anne E. Creating Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8078-3436-7.
  • Martinez, J. Michael, William D. Whatsapp cracked apk lifetime - Activators Patch, and Ron Me Ninch-Su, editors. Confederate Symbols in the Contemporary South. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 2000.
  • McMurry, Richard M. The Fourth Battle of Winchester: Towards a New Civil War Paradigm. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2002.
  • Neely, Jr., Mark E. The Civil War and the Limits of Destruction. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007.
  • Onuf, Nicholas and Peter Onuf. Nations, Muskets, and War: Modern History and the American Civil Techtool pro 11 review - Activators Patch. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 2006.
  • Osterweis, Rollin G.The Myth of the Lost Cause, 1865–1900. Hamden, Connecticut: Archon, 1973.
  • Panabaker, James. Shelby Foote and the Art of History: Two Gates to the City. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press, 2004.
  • Pressly, Thomas. Americans Interpret Their Civil War. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1966.
  • Prince, L. Michael. Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!: South Carolina and the Confederate Flag. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Ritter, Charles F., and Jon L. Wakelyn, eds., Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary (1998) short biographies and valuable historiographical summaries.
  • Ross, Charles. Civil War Acoustic Shadow. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania: White Mane Books, 2001.
  • Rubin, Anne Sarah. Through the Heart of Dixie: Sherman's March and American Memory (U of North Carolina Press, 2014). ISBN 978-1-4696-1777-0.
  • Smith, John David. "Whither Kentucky Civil War and Reconstruction Scholarship?." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 112.2 (2014): 223-247. online
  • Tulloch, Hugh. The Debate on the American Civil War Era. 1999.
  • Varney, Frank P. General Grant and the Rewriting of History: How the Destruction of General William S. Rosecrans Influenced Our Understanding of the Civil War. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2013. ISBN 978-1-61121-118-4.
  • Warren, Craig. Scars to Prove It: The Civil War Soldiers and American Fiction. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-1-60635-015-7.
  • Watchell, Cynthia. War No More: The Antiwar Impulse on American Literature, 1861–1914. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8071-3562-4.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., ed. (1996). The American Civil War: A Handbook of Literature and Research. p. 208. ISBN ., the standard summary of the historiography.

Surveys and reference books[edit]

  • American Annual Cyclopaedia for 1861 (N.Y.: Appleton's, 1864), an extensive collection of rhino 6 crack windows - Free Activators on each state, Congress, and military activities, and many other topics; annual issues from 1861 to 1901
  • Appletons' annual cyclopedia and register of important events: Embracing political, military, and ecclesiastical affairs; public documents; biography, statistics, commerce, finance, literature, science, agriculture, and mechanical industry, Volume 3 1863 (1864), thorough coverage of the events of 1863
  • Axelrod, Alan. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Civil War. Indianapolis, Indiana: Alpha Books, 2004.
  • Barney, William L. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-1997-8201-7.
  • Beringer, Richard E., Archer Jones, and Herman Hattaway, Why the South Lost the Civil War 1986; also, The Elements of Confederate Defeat: Nationalism, War Aims, and Religion (1988), abridged version.
  • Blair, Jayne E. The Essential Civil War: A Handbook to the Battles, Armies, Navies, and Commanders. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co., 2006.
  • Bordewich, Fergus M.Congress at War: How Republican Reformers Fought the Civil War, Defied Lincoln, Ended Slavery, and Remade America. New York, NY: Knopf, 2020.
  • Bouton, Edward. Events of the Civil War. Miami, FL: Hardpress Publishing, 2012.
  • Campaigns of the Civil War, New York: Scribner, in 15 volumes:
  1. John G. Nicolay (1881), The Outbreak of Rebellion, reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1995.
  2. Manning Force (1881), From Fort Henry to Corinth.
  3. Alexander S. Webb (1881), The Peninsular: McClellan's Campaign of 1862.
  4. John Codman Ropes (1881), The Army under Pope.
  5. James Russell Soley (1883), The Blockade and the Cruisers.
  6. Francis Winthrop Palfrey (1885), The Antietam and ActivePresenter Pro Crack 8.5.0 + Keygen Full Download [Latest], reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1996.
  7. Abner Doubleday (1882), Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, reprints, New York: Da Capo, 1994, and Saint Petersburg, FL: Red and Black, 2009.
  8. Henry M. Cist (1882), The Army of the Cumberland.
  9. Francis Vinton Greene (1882), The Mississippi.
  10. Daniel Ammen (1883), The Atlantic Coast.
  11. Jacob Dolson Cox (1882), Atlanta, reprint, retitled as Sherman's Battle for Atlanta, New York: Da Capo, 1994.
  12. Jacob Dolson Cox, (1882), The March to the Sea, Franklin and Nashville, reprint, retitled as Sherman's March to the Sea, Hood's Tennessee Campaign and the Carolina Campaigns of 1865, New York: Da Capo, 1994.
  13. George Edward Pond (1882), The Shenandoah Valley in 1864.
  14. Andrew A. Humphreys (1883), The Virginia Campaign of '64 and '65: The Army of the Potomac and the Army of the James, reprint, New York: Da Capo, 1995.
  15. Alfred Thayer Mahan (1883), The Gulf and Inland Waters.
  1. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 1, The Coming Fury. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1961. ISBN 0-641-68525-4.
  2. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 2, Terrible Swift Sword. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1963. ISBN 0-385-02614-5.
  3. Catton, Bruce. The Centennial History of the Civil War. Vol. 3, Never Call Retreat. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965. ISBN 0-671-46990-8.
  • Catton, Bruce. This Hallowed Ground: The Story of the Union Side of the Civil War 1956.
  • Cooper, Charles R. Chronological and Alphabetical Record of the Engagements of the Great Civil War. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: The Caston Press, 1904.
  • Cooper, Jr., William J. and John M. McCardell, Jr. In the Cause of Liberty: How the Civil War Redefined American Ideals. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2009.
  • Copley, Richard L. The Civil War: A History in 3-D. Copleys Graphics LLC, 2009.
  • Cozzens, Peter, ed. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, volume 5. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002. ISBN 0-252-02404-4.
  • Cozzens, Peter, ed. Battles & Leaders of the Civil War, volume 6. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004. ISBN 0-252-02879-1.
  • Davis, William C. The Battlefields of the Civil War. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000. ISBN 0-8061-2882-8.
  • Davis, William C. The Imperiled Union, 1861–1865, three volumes, 1983.
  • Doyle, Don H. The Cause of All Nations: An International History of the American Civil War. New York: Basic Books, 2015. ISBN 978-0-465-02967-9.
  • Draper, John William. History of the American Civil War, three volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1870.
  • Eaton, Clement. History of the Southern Confederacy. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1954.
  • Evans, Clement A., general editor (1899). Confederate Military History, twelve volumes. Atlanta, Georgia: Confederate Publishing Co.
  • Denney, Robert E. The Civil War Years: A Day-by-Day Chronicle. New York: Gramercy Books, 1992. ISBN 0-517-18945-3.
  • Eicher, David J.The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. ISBN 978-0-684-84944-7.
  • Faust, Patricia L. (ed.) Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil War 1986. ISBN 0-06-181261-7.
  • Fishel, Edwin C. The Secret War for the Union: The Untold Story of Military Intelligence in the Civil War. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. 3 vols. New York: Random House, 1974. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  1. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 1, Fort Sumter to Perryville. New York: Random House, 1958. ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  2. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 2, Fredericksburg to Meridian. New York: Random House, 1958. ISBN 0-394-49517-9.
  3. Foote, Shelby. The Civil War: A Narrative. Vol. 3, Red River to Appomattox. New York: Random House, 1974. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  • Ford, Lacy K., ed. A Companion to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Blackwell, 2005.
  • Gallagher, Gary. The Confederate War. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998.
  • Gallagher, Gary W. The Union War. New York: Harvard University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-674-04562-0.
  • Gallagher, Gary W., Stephen Engle, Robert Krick, and Joseph Glatthaar. The American Civil War: This Mighty Scourge of War. United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing, 2003.
  • Gibboney, Douglas Lee: Tragic Glory: A Concise, Illustrated History of the Civil War. Fredericksburg, Virginia: Sergeant Kirkland's, 1997. ISBN 1-887901-17-5.
  • Goldfield, David. America Aflame: How the Civil War Created a Nation. Bloomsbury Press, 2011.
  • Goodheart, Adam. 1861: The Civil War Awakening. New York: Vintage Books, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4000-3219-8.
  • Guelzo, Allen C.Fateful Lightning: A New History of the Civil War & Reconstruction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-984328-2.
  • Hannings, Bud. Every Day of the Civil War: A Chronological Encyclopedia. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2010.
  • Hattaway, Herman, and Archer Jones. How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1983. ISBN 0-252-00918-5.
  • Hattaway, Herman. Shades of Blue and Gray: An Introductory Military History of the Civil War. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1997.
  • Heidler, David S., and Jeanne T. Seidler, editors. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social and Military History. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2002.
  • Holzer, Harold, and Sara Vaughn Gabbard. 1865: America Makes War and Peace in Lincoln's Final Year (Southern Illinois University Press, 2015). viii, 199 pp.
  • Hughes, Mark. The New Civil War Handbook: Facts and Photos for Readers of All Ages. Savas Beatie, LLC, 2009. ISBN 1-932714-62-6.
  • Hummel, Jeffrey Rogers. Emancipating Slaves, Enslaving Free Men: A History of the American Civil War. Chicago, Illinois: Open Court, 1996.
  • Johnson, Robert Underwood and Clarence C. Buel, eds. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. 4 volumes. New York: Century Co., 1884–1888. OCLC 2048818. Later edition: New York: Castle Books, 1956.
  1. From Sumter to Shiloh.
  2. North to Antietam.
  3. Retreat from Gettysburg.
  4. The Way to Appomattox.
  • Jones, Robert H. Disrupted Decades: The Civil War and Reconstruction Years. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973.
  • Kagan, Neil, and Stephen G. Hyslop. National Geographic Atlas of the Civil War: A Comprehensive Guide to the Tactics and Terrain of Battle. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2008. ISBN 978-1-4262-0347-3.
  • Keegan, John. The Civil War: A Military History, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010.
  • Kennedy, Frances H. (editor) The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd edition. New York: The Conservation Fund, 1998. ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  • Long, E. B. The Civil War Day by Day: An Almanac 1861–1865. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1971.
  • Lowry, Don. Dark and Cruel War: The Decisive Months of the Civil War, September–December 1864. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1993.
  • Lowry, Thomas P. A Thousand Stories You Didn't Know About the Civil War. No place of publication: published by the author, 2014.
  • Marten, James and A. Kristen Foster. More Than a Contest Between Armies: Essays on the Civil War Era. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2008.
  • Masur, Louis P. The Civil War: A Concise History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • McPherson James M. The Atlas of the Civil War. Philadelphia: Running Press Book Publishers, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7624-2356-9.
  • McPherson James M. Fields of Fury: The American Civil War. New York: Bryon Press Visual Publications, Inc., 2002.
  • McPherson James M. Ordeal by Fire: the Civil War and Reconstruction. (1992), uses modernization interpretation; the text is different from his Battle Cry book
  • Mitchell, Joseph B. Military Leaders in the Civil War. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1972.
  • Mosocco, Ronald A. The Chronological Tracking of the American Civil War per the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion. Williamsburg, Va: James River Publications, 1994.
  • Nevins, Allan. Ordeal of the Union, an 8-volume set (1947–1971).
  1. Fruits of Manifest Destiny, 1847–1852
  2. A House Dividing, 1852–1857
  3. Douglas, Buchanan, and Party Chaos, 1857–1859
  4. Prologue to Civil War, 1859–1861
  5. The Improvised War, 1861–1862
  6. War Becomes Revolution, 1862–1863
  7. The Organized War, 1863–1864
  8. The Organized War to Victory, 1864–1865
  • Miller, Francis T., ed. The Photographic History of the Civil War, ten volumes. New York: Review of Reviews, 1912.
  • Olson, Christopher J. The American Civil War: A Hands-On History. New York: Hill & Wang, 2006.
  • Pollard, Edwin. The First Year of the War. Richmond, Virginia: West and Johnston, 1862.
  • Rhodes, James Ford. History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 (1920 and numerous editions) five volumes.
  • Rhodes, James Ford. A History of the Civil War, 1861–1865 (Pulitzer Prize winner).
  • Shotwell, Walter. The Civil War in America. New York: Longmans, Green and Company, 1923.
  • Stoddard, Brooke C., and Daniel P. Murphy. The Everything Civil War Book. New York: Everything Books, 2009.
  • Swinton, William. The Twelve Decisive Battles of the Civil War. New York: Dick and Fitzgerald, 1867.
  • Symonds, Craig L. A Battlefield Atlas of the Civil Rhino 6 crack windows - Free Activators. Annapolis, Maryland: The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1983. ISBN 0-933852-40-1.
  • Thomas, Emory M. The American War and Peace, 1860–1877. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice–Hall, Inc., 1973.
  • Trudeau, Noah Andre. Out of the Storm: The End of the Storm, April–June 1865. Boston, Massachusetts: Little, Brown and Company, 1994. ISBN 0-316-85328-3.
  • Varon, Elizabeth. Disunion: The Coming of the American Civil War 1789–1859. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
  • Wagner, Margaret E. Gary W. Gallagher, and Paul Finkelman, eds. The Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference. 2002.
  • Weigley, Russell F. A Great Civil War: A Military and Political History, 1861–1865. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2000.
  • Wink, Jay. April 1865: The Month That Saved America. New York: HarperCollins, 2006. ISBN 978-0-06-089968-4. First published 2001.
  • Woodworth, Steven E., and Kenneth J. Winkle. Oxford Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-522131-1.
  • Wooster, Robert. The Civil War Bookshelf: 50 Must-Read Books About the War Between the States. New York: Citadel Press, Kensington Publishing Corp., 2001. ISBN 0-8065-2692-0.
  • Wright, John D., editor. Oxford Dictionary of Civil War Quotations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Wright, Mike. What They Didn't Teach You About the Civil War. Novato, California: Presidio Press, 1997.

Maps, photographs, environment[edit

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibliography_of_the_American_Civil_War

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