Enable rdp auditing

enable rdp auditing

However, there is a vulnerability in the method used to encrypt sessions in earlier versions of RDP. This vulnerability can allow unauthorized access to. Restrict the audit log permissions., CC ID: 05566; Use the pkgchk utility to force default settings and to verify the ownership, group ownership, and access. Enable single sign-on (SSO) in RDP applications secured by Enterprise Application Access (EAA) so that end users do not have to provide their credentials more.

Enable rdp auditing -

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Recordings and Audits

Separate keystroke records

You can define a list of keys that indicate when a keystrokes audit record ends. This list can be defined for each connection component and can be overidden for a specific platform. Whenever the user strikes a key on the keyboard from this list, PSM creates a new audit record that contains the group of keys that were typed up to this point.

Override the separator keys for a connection component in your platform
    1. in the PVWA, click Administration , and then click Platform Management.

    2. Select the platform to configure, then click Edit; the settings page for the selected platform appears.

    3. Expand UI & Workflows, and then expand Connection Components.

    4. Right-click the connection component to configure then, from the pop-up menu, select Add Override target settings; a new set of Override target settings are added to the Connection Component.

    5. Expand Override target Settings, then right-click Client Specific parameters, and select Add Multiline Parameter; a new parameter is added.

    6. In the Properties list, in the Name property, specify the name of the multiline property. Specify KeystrokesRecordSeparator.

    7. Click the Value property; an edit box appears to enable you to specify the list of keys that indicate when a keystrokes audit record ends. As this is a multiline parameter, each line represents a single key. Any key can be specified in this list, although special characters must be enclosed with parenthesis and are case sensitive. For example, [Tab] or [RCtrl]. The default value is the Enter key.

      Specify any regular character or any of the following special characters: [RAlt] [LAlt] [LShift] [RShift] [LCtrl] [RCtrl] [F1] [F2] [F3] [F4] [F5] [F6] [F7] [F8] [F9] [F10] [F11] [F12] [Esc] [Home] [Delete] [Insert] [End] [PageUp] [PageDown] [Pause/Break] [LWinKey] [RWinKey] [Menu] [Tab] [LeftArrow] [RightArrow] [UpArrow] [DownArrow] [Backspace] [CapsLock] [NumLock] [ScrollLock] [Enter]

    8. Click OK; the list of keys that indicate when a keystrokes audit record ends is displayed in the Value property as one line.

    9. Save your changes.

Configure detailed audit in PSM

By default, PSM records all the activities that take place during privileged sessions and provides audits for the following events:

Event

Description

SQL commands

PSM can record all the commands that were executed during privileged SQL sessions on the Server or database. This type of auditing is supported for the following connection components:

SSH keystrokes

PSM can record all the keystrokes that are carried out during privileged SSH sessions. This type of auditing is supported for the following connection component:

For SSH keystrokes audit in PSM for SSH, see Recordings and Audits in PSM for SSH.

Window titles

PSM can record the titles of the windows that are displayed during privileged Windows sessions. This type of auditing is supported for the following connection components:

  • PSM-RDP
  • PSM-WebFormSample 
  • PSM-MS-Azure 
  • PSM-PVWA
  • PSM-AWSConsoleWithSTS 
  • PSM-PTA 
  • PSM-VSphere 

Universal keystrokes recording and Windows events recording cannot be configured for the same PSM-RDP connection. Windows events recording is enabled for PSM-RDP connections by default.

Windows events audit is not supported when connecting with local administrators (except for the built-in Administrator user) to systems with UAC enabled.

Before enabling the Windows events audit, see Configure Windows events text recording and Windows events auditing.

Universal keystrokes

PSM can record all the keystrokes that are carried out during all privileged sessions. This type of auditing is supported for all connection components.

Universal keystroke recording and Windows events recording cannot be configured for the same PSM-RDP connection. Windows events recording is enabled for PSM-RDP connections by default. To enable universal keystrokes recording, first disable Windows events recording. For more information, refer to the relevant steps in the following procedure.

Universal keystroke recording cannot be applied with Commands Access Control in PSM.

Before enabling the Universal keystrokes audit, see Configure universal keystrokes text recording and universal keystrokes auditing.

In environments where single language support is configured, you can benefit from Universal keystrokes for PSM-RDP connections without any extra configuration. In environments where additional language support is configured, specific prerequisites are required.

For more information, see Configure universal keystrokes for Windows connections when an additional language is used.

Configure detailed audit in PSM
  1. Click ADMINISTRATION to display the System Configuration page, then click Platform Management to display a list of supported target account platforms.

  2. Select the platform to configure, then click Edit; the settings page for the selected platform appears.

  3. Expand UI & Workflows, and right-click Privileged Session Management.

  4. From the pop-up menu, select Add Audit Settings; a new parameter is added to the Privileged Session Management settings.

  5. Select Audit Settings, then from the pop-up menu, select an option, depending on the audit settings you want to disable or customize.

    SQL Level Audit

    To disable or customize SQL Level Audit for PSM-Toad and PSM‑SQLPlus connection components using this platform

    1. Right-click Audit Settings, then from the pop-up menu, select Add SQL Level Audit.

    2. By default, SQL level auditing is enabled for the supported connection components.

    3. To disable auditing for these components, in the Properties list, set the value of Enable to No.

    4. Configure advanced properties to determine how PSM manages audit records. For more information about these properties, refer to References.

    SSH Keystrokes Audit

    To disable or customize SSH Keystrokes Audit for PSM-SSH, and/or PSMP‑SSH and/or PSM-Telnet connection components using this platform:

    1. Right-click Audit Settings, then from the pop-up menu, select Add SSH Keystrokes Audit.

    2. By default, SSH keystrokes auditing is enabled for the supported connection component.

    3. To disable auditing for this component, in the Properties list, set the value of Enable to No.

       

      This configuration affects SSH Keystrokes Audits in both PSM and PSM for SSH.

    4. To audit SSH keystrokes, PSM uses the shell prompt of the target system to understand text that was entered by the end-user. As different systems and devices have different prompts, you can configure the regular expression that represents the shell prompt so that PSM is able to recognize the text entered by the user.

      In addition, you can configure whether the session continues without an audit, or is terminated if the shell prompt is not recognized.

      • To configure the regular expression, use the parameter ShellPromptForAudit.

      • To configure whether the session continues without an audit, or is terminated if the shell prompt is not recognized, use the parameter TerminateOnShellPromptFailure.

    5. See Connection Component Configuration for details on the
    6. Configure advanced properties to determine how PSM manages audit records. For more information about these properties, refer to References.

    Windows Events Audit

    To disable or customize Windows Events Audit for PSM-RDP connection components using this policy:

    1. Right-click Audit Settings, then from the pop-up menu, select Add Windows Events Audit.

    2. By default, Windows events auditing is enabled for the supported connection component.

    3. To disable auditing for this component, in the Properties list, set the value of Enable to No.

    4. Configure additional properties to determine how PSM manages audit records. For more information about these properties, refer to References.

    Universal Keystrokes Audit

    To disable or customize Universal Keystrokes Audit for all connection components using this platform:

    1. Right-click Audit Settings, then from the pop-up menu, select Add Keystrokes Audit.

    2. By default, universal keystrokes audit is enabled for the supported connection components except PSM-RDP.

    3. To disable auditing for any component, in the Properties list, set the value of Enable to No.

    4. To enable these recordings for other platforms, set the value of Enabled to Yes.

    5. Configure advanced properties to determine how PSM manages audit records. For more information about these properties, refer to References.

  6. To save your changes, do one of the following:

    • Click Apply to save the new parameter values and stay in the platform settings  page
    • Click OK to save them and return to the System Configuration page. The changes are applied after the period of time specified in the ConfigurationRefreshInterval parameter

Configure Windows events text recording and Windows events auditing

Target server prerequisites:

  • A share called "admin" must be available on the target server.
  • Make sure the “SERVER” Windows service is running.
  • In the firewall, open TCP port 445.
  • The account used to access the target machine must belong to the Administrators Group.
 

To enable Detailed Session Auditing, PSM installs a service named CAInvokerService.exe on the target machine. The service starts when a new session is initiated, and stops immediately after the session is established.

Configure Windows event recording and auditing
  1. Log on to the PrivateArk Client as an administrative user and open the PVWAConfig Safe.

  2. Right-click the PVConfiguration.xml file and retrieve it for editing.

  3. In the PVConfiguration.xml file, make the following changes:

    1. Under the PSM-RDP node, locate the TargetSettings node and add the Capabilities node as its last child node, as shown in bold text in the following example:
       
    2. Under the ConnectionClientSettings node, locate the Capabilities node and add the WindowsEventsTextRecorder and WindowsEventsAudit nodes as the last child nodes, as shown in bold text in the following example:

       
  4. Save the changes and return the PVConfiguration.xml file to the PVWAConfig Safe. The changes are applied after the period of time specified in the ConfigurationRefreshInterval parameter.

Configure universal keystrokes text recording and universal keystrokes auditing

Before enabling Universal keystrokes text recording or Universal keystrokes auditing, configure your PAS environment, as described below:

CyberArk Component Compatibility:
All PSM servers in your environment must be V8.6 or above.
All PSM SSH-Proxy servers in your environment must be V7.2.12 or above.
The Vault and the PVWA components must be V8.6 or above.
Configure keystroke recording and auditing
  1. Log on to the PrivateArk Client as an administrative user and open the PVWAConfig Safe.

  2. Right-click the PVConfiguration.xml file and retrieve it for editing.

  3. In the PVConfiguration.xml file, make the following changes:

    1. Under the ConnectionClientSettings node, locate the Capabilities node and add the KeystrokesTextRecorder and KeystrokesAudit nodes as the last child nodes, as shown in bold text in the following example:

       
    2. For every connection component in which you want to add the universal keystrokes features, locate the TargetSettings node and add the Capabilities node as its last child node.

       

      If the Capabilities node already exists, add the new KeystrokesTextRecorder and KeystrokesAudit nodes beneath it.

      The bold text in the example below shows how to add the universal keystrokes features to the PSM-SQLServerMgmtStudio connection component. To configure other connection components, add the same text in their configuration.

       
  4. Save the changes and return the PVConfiguration.xml file to the PVWAConfig Safe. The changes are applied after the period of time specified in the ConfigurationRefreshInterval parameter.

Configure universal keystrokes for Windows connections when an additional language is used

Universal keystrokes recording is configured by default to support Windows sessions in which a single language is used.

If you use an additional language in your Windows sessions (for example, if you use both English and French keyboards), configure the Universal keystrokes as described In this section:

 

Universal keystrokes that are configured to support an additional language are not recorded when connecting to 32-bit target servers.

Prerequisites and limitations when additional language support is enabled

On the target machine, PSM requires the following:

A share called "admin" must be available on the target server.
Make sure the “SERVER” Windows service is running.
In the firewall, open TCP port 445.
The account used to access the target machine must belong to the Administrators Group.
 

To enable Universal Keystrokes for Windows sessions when additional language support is enabled, PSM installs a service on the target machine. The service starts when a new session is initiated, and stops immediately after the session is established.

Add the additional language as an extra keyboard for the target account user on the target machine.
When Windows Keystrokes additional language support is enabled, only connections to Win2008R2 or Win2012R2 target systems are supported.

On the PSM Server, PSM requires the following:

Set the system locale to the additional language.

Configure universal keystrokes to support an additional language

By default, single language support for capturing Universal Keystrokes for Windows sessions is configured at system level. This setting can be overriden at system or platform level, enabling you to customize additional language support according to your preferences.

  1. Click ADMINISTRATION to display the System Configuration page, then click Platform Management to display a list of supported target account platforms.

  2. Select the platform to configure, then click Edit; the settings page for the selected platform appears.

  3. Expand UI & Workflows, and then expand Connection Components.

  4. Right-click the Windows connection component to configure. By default, the Windows connection component is PSM-RDP.

  5. From the Connection Component pop-up menu, select Add Override target settings; a new set of Override target settings are added to the Connection Component.

  6. Expand Override target Settings, then right-click Client Specific parameters, and select Add Parameter; a new parameter is added.

  7. In the Properties list, in the Name property, specify WindowsKeystrokesSingleLanguage.

  8. In the Properties list, in the Value property, specify No.

     

    To revert to single language support, change this Value to Yes.

  9. To save your changes, do one of the following:

    • Click Apply to apply the new configurations
    • Click OK to save the new configurations and return to the System Configuration page

Filter SQL command audits

PSM can filter SQL command audits that are recorded during PSM-Toad and PSM‑SQLPlus connections to minimize unwanted audit records, reducing the number of audit records stored in the Vault and increasing server performance. Filters can be created at system level to apply to all SQL commands issued through PSM connections, or at platform level to apply to SQL commands issued through connections that are linked to a specific platform.

You can define lists to filter commands that are recorded according to the following criteria:

Commands to audit

An allowlistis a list of SQL commands that are included in the command audit records. All other commands are not included. By default, all commands that are issued during privileged sessions are audited. However, after you create an allowlist, only the listed commands are audited, if they do not appear in the denylist.

Commands not to audit

A denylistis a list of SQL commands that are excluded from audit records. All other commands are included.

By defining denylists and allowlists, you assert granular control over audit records in the Vault and determine exactly which commands are audited. These lists are created in audit filter rules as regular expressions which define specific commands. You can create as many rules as you require for denylists as well as allowlists, as well as lists that combine them both.

 

Denylist:

By default, PSM includes a single denylist that excludes the multiple commands that are issued automatically at the start of each Toad session. These commands are predetermined as part of the Toad setup, and are not relevant to the privileged session, other than to start it. This denylist excludes these commands from the session audit, and reduces the number of audit records stored in the Vault.

 

Allowlist:

The following example describes an example of when you would require an allowlist: You wish to audit all DDL queries such as ‘update’, ‘insert’, and ‘delete’ so that you know who issues these commands, when, and from which station. However, you don’t need to audit other commands that are issued. You can create an allowlist that contains these commands, ensuring that every time these specific commands are issued during the privileged session, they are audited.

Enable/Disable the SQL command audit filter
  1. Click ADMINISTRATION, then in the System Configuration page click Options; the Web Access Options are displayed.

  2. Expand the Audit Filters parameters, then select SQLLevelAudit; the following properties of the SQL Level Audit filter are displayed in the Properties list:

    Id The unique ID of the audit filter.
    Description A description of the audit filter.
  3. Expand the SQLLevelAudit filter to display the predefined audit filter rules. Each rule is configured for the system, and can be overridden at platform level.

  4. Select an audit filter rule to display the rule’s Properties list, which includes the following:

    Id The unique ID of the audit filter rule.
    Type Whether this rule is a denylist (exclude) or an allowlist (include).
    EnableForReports Whether or not this rule is enabled by default for reports. This property is for future use.
    EnableForAudit Whether or not this rule is enabled by default for auditing.
    Description A description of the audit rule.
  5. Enable/disable the audit filter rule:

    • To enable the audit filter rule – Set EnableForAudit to Yes; the audit filter rule is applied to all commands issued during PSM-Toad and PSM-SQLPlus connections, regardless of the platform that is used. For more information about enabling audit filters for a specific platform, refer to Apply SQL command audit filters to specific platforms.

       

      By default, before an allowlist is enabled, all commands are audited. After enabling the first allowlist, only the commands specified in this allowlist are audited. To audit more commands, create and enable additional allowlists.

    • To disable the audit filter rule – Set EnableForAudit to No; the audit filter rule is canceled and the filter rule is not applied to commands issued during PSM-Toad and PSM-SQLPlus connections.

  6. To save your changes, do one of the following:

    • Click Apply to save the new parameter values and stay in the Web Access Options page
    • Click OK to save them and return to the System Configuration page

    These changes are applied the next time PSM refreshes the configuration, according to the value of the ConfigurationRefreshInterval parameter in the Privileged Session Management configuration.

Create an SQL command audit filter
  1. Click ADMINISTRATION, then in the System Configuration page, click Options; the Web Access Options are displayed.

  2. Expand the Audit Filters parameters, then right-click SQLLevelAudit.

  3. From the pop-up menu, select Add Audit Filter Rule; a new audit filter rule is added to the list of audit filters and the properties of the new rule are displayed.

  4. Specify the following properties for the new audit filter rule:

    Id

    The unique ID of the audit filter rule.

    Type

    Whether this rule is a denylist or an allowlist.

    • To create a denylist, specify Exclude.
    • To create an allowlist, specify Include.

    EnableForReports

    Whether or not this rule is enabled by default for reports. This property is for future use.

    EnableForAudit

    Whether or not this rule is enabled by default for auditing. Specify Yes to enable this audit filter rule.

    Description

    A description of the audit rule.

  5. Right-click Audit Filter Rule, then from the pop-up menu, select Add Regular Expression; a new parameter is created in which you can specify the regular expression that defines a single audit filter.

  6. In the Properties list, in the RegExp property, specify the regular expression to filter. Repeat this step to list all the commands that are filtered during recorded privileged sessions.

    Blacklist

    This list specifies the commands that are not included in audits of the privileged session.

    Whitelist

    This list specifies the commands that are included in audits of the privileged session. No other commands are audited.

Источник: https://docs.cyberark.com/Product-Doc/OnlineHelp/PAS/Latest/en/Content/PASIMP/Configuring-Recordings-and-Audits-in-PSM.htm?Highlight=recorder%20settings
Select TimeGenerated, ClientIP ` , @{N='Username';E={'{0}\{1}' -f $_.UserDomain,$_.UserName}} ` , @{N='LogType';E={ switch ($_.LogonType) { 2 {'Interactive - local logon'} 3 {'Network conection to shared folder)'} 4 {'Batch'} 5 {'Service'} 7 {'Unlock (after screensaver)'} 8 {'NetworkCleartext'} 9 {'NewCredentials (local impersonation process under existing connection)'} 10 {'RDP'} 11 {'CachedInteractive'} default {"LogType Not Recognised: $($_.LogonType)"} } }}

Exporting RDP logs

Sometimes it is needed to export RDP logs into Excel table, in this case you can upload any Windows log to a text file and afterwards import it into Excel. You can export the log from the Event Viewer console or from the command line:

WEVTUtil query-events Security > c:\ps\security_log.txt

Or:

get-winevent -logname "Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-LocalSessionManager/Operational" ?{(4624,4778) -contains $_.EventID -and $_.Message -match 'logon type:\s+(10)\s'} Export-Csv c:\ps\rdp-log.txt -Encoding UTF8

A list of the current RDP sessions on the server can be displayed as a command “Qwinsta”

qwinsta command output

The command returns as session identifier, username and status (Active/Disconnect). This command is useful when you need to determine the RDP session ID of a user during a shadow connection.

After defining a Session ID you can list running processes in a particular RDP session:

qprocess command output

So here are the most common ways to view RDP connection logs in Windows.

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Источник: https://sysadminpoint.com/2020/07/13/how_to_view_rdp_connection_logs_in_windows/
?{$_.eventid -eq 4624 -and $_.Message -match 'logon type:\s+(10)\s'}

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enable rdp auditing Export-Csv c:\ps\rdp-log.txt -Encoding UTF8