edmonds weather today

2 Week Extended Forecast in Edmonds, Washington, USA. Scroll right to see more. Conditions, Comfort, Precipitation, Sun. Day, Temperature, Weather. occupants of the vehicle said they were traveling from Wheeling after picking up Edmonds in Pittsburgh. Weather News / 23 mins ago. Local hourly and 7-day forecast, current conditions, weather alerts, radar, and SkyCams for Edmonds, Washington (98026).

Edmonds weather today -

Edmonds, WA (United States): Weather forecast and hotel reservation for the next 7 days

Today

+10

High: +10°Low: +8°

Rain

Feels Like:+10°

Humidity:94%

  • Saturday27November

    Rain

    High: +13°

    Low: +8°

  • Sunday28November

    Rain

    High: +15°

    Low: +11°

  • Monday29November

    Rain

    High: +13°

    Low: +11°

  • Tuesday30November

    Rain

    High: +12°

    Low: +8°

  • Wednesday01December

    Partly Sunny

    High: +15°

    Low: +10°

  • Thursday02December

    Rain

    High: +10°

    Low: +7°

Today

+49

High: +50°Low: +46°

Rain

Feels Like:+49°

Humidity:94%

  • Saturday27November

    Rain

    High: +55°

    Low: +46°

  • Sunday28November

    Rain

    High: +58°

    Low: +53°

  • Monday29November

    Rain

    High: +55°

    Low: +51°

  • Tuesday30November

    Rain

    High: +54°

    Low: +46°

  • Wednesday01December

    Partly Sunny

    High: +58°

    Low: +50°

  • Thursday02December

    Rain

    High: +51°

    Low: +45°

7-day weather forecast for Edmonds

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Interested in the weather in Edmonds for today?

Maximum daytime temperature will be +10ºC and the minimum +8ºC.

Winds will persist through the day from the south at 5.56 km/h.

Other weather conditions will include 94% of humidity, 100% of cloudiness and atmospheric pressure near 1022 hPa.

We anticipate windy weather with light rain followed by 0.97 mm of precipitation.

So don’t leave home without your umbrella.

What is a detailed weather forecast for tomorrow in Edmonds?

Maximum daytime temperature for November 27: +13ºC and minimum nighttime temperature: +8ºC.

South winds at 7.50 km/h. Tomorrow’s average humidity is 94%.

It’s followed by 1017 hPa of atmospheric pressure and 100% cloud coverage.

Looking for a place to stay in Edmonds?

Our recommendation is Travelodge By Wyndham Seattle North/Edmonds with rating 6.4 in Edmonds. More hotels in Edmonds. You are free to choose motels or bed & breakfasts.

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SS Edmund Fitzgerald

American Great Lakes freighter 1958–1975

"Edmund Fitzgerald" redirects here. For other uses, see Edmund Fitzgerald (disambiguation).

Edmund Fitzgerald, 1971, 3 of 4 (restored; cropped).jpg

SS Edmund Fitzgerald in 1971

History
United States
NameSS Edmund Fitzgerald
NamesakeEdmund Fitzgerald, president of Northwestern Mutual
OwnerNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company
OperatorColumbia Transportation Division, Oglebay Norton Company of Cleveland, Ohio
Port of registryMilwaukee, Wisconsin
OrderedFebruary 1, 1957
Yard number301
Laid downAugust 7, 1957
LaunchedJune 7, 1958
Maiden voyageSeptember 24, 1958
In serviceJune 8, 1958
Out of serviceNovember 10, 1975
IdentificationRegistry number US 277437
Nickname(s)Fitz, Mighty Fitz, Big Fitz, Pride of the American Side, Toledo Express, Titanic of the Great Lakes
FateLost with all hands (29 crew) in a storm, November 10, 1975
StatusWreck
NotesLocation: 46°59.91′N85°06.61′W / 46.99850°N 85.11017°W / 46.99850; -85.11017Coordinates: 46°59.91′N85°06.61′W / 46.99850°N 85.11017°W / 46.99850; -85.11017
General characteristics
TypeLake freighter
Tonnage
  • 13,632 GRT
  • 8,713 NRT (from 1969: 8,686 NRT)
  • 26,000 DWT
Length
Beam75 ft (23 m)
Draft25 ft (7.6 m) typical
Depth39 ft (12 m) (moulded)
Depth of hold33 ft 4 in (10.16 m)
Installed power
  • As built:
  • Coal fired Westinghouse Electric Corporation steam turbine at 7,500 shp (5,600 kW)
  • After refit:
  • Conversion to oil fuel and the fitting of automated boiler controls over the winter of 1971–72.
  • Carried 72,000 U.S. gal (270,000 L; 60,000 imp gal) fuel oil
PropulsionSingle fixed pitch 19.5 ft (5.9 m) propeller
Speed14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Capacity25,400 tons of cargo
Crew29

SS Edmund Fitzgerald was an American Great Lakes freighter that sank in Lake Superior during a storm on November 10, 1975, with the loss of the entire crew of 29 men. When launched on June 7, 1958, she was the largest ship on North America's Great Lakes, and she remains the largest to have sunk there. She was located in deep water on November 14, 1975, by a U.S. Navy aircraft detecting magnetic anomalies, and found soon afterwards to be in two large pieces.

For 17 years, Edmund Fitzgerald carried taconiteiron ore from mines near Duluth, Minnesota, to iron works in Detroit, Toledo, and other Great Lakes ports. As a workhorse, she set seasonal haul records six times, often breaking her own record. Captain Peter Pulcer was known for piping music day or night over the ship's intercom while passing through the St. Clair and Detroit rivers (between lakes Huron and Erie), and entertaining spectators at the Soo Locks (between Lakes Superior and Huron) with a running commentary about the ship. Her size, record-breaking performance, and "DJ captain" endeared Edmund Fitzgerald to boat watchers.

Carrying a full cargo of ore pellets with Captain Ernest M. McSorley in command, she embarked on her ill-fated voyage from Superior, Wisconsin, near Duluth, on the afternoon of November 9, 1975. En route to a steel mill near Detroit, Edmund Fitzgerald joined a second taconite freighter, SS Arthur M. Anderson. By the next day, the two ships were caught in a severe storm on Lake Superior, with near hurricane-force winds and waves up to 35 feet (11 m) high. Shortly after 7:10 p.m., Edmund Fitzgerald suddenly sank in Canadian (Ontario) waters 530 feet (88 fathoms; 160 m) deep, about 17 miles (15 nautical miles; 27 kilometers) from Whitefish Bay near the twin cities of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario—a distance Edmund Fitzgerald could have covered in just over an hour at her top speed.

Edmund Fitzgerald previously reported being in significant difficulty to Arthur M. Anderson: "I have a bad list, lost both radars. And am taking heavy seas over the deck. One of the worst seas I've ever been in." However, no distress signals were sent before she sank; Captain McSorley's last (7:10 p.m.) message to Arthur M. Anderson was, "We are holding our own." Her crew of 29 perished, and no bodies were recovered. The exact cause of the sinking remains unknown, though many books, studies, and expeditions have examined it. Edmund Fitzgerald may have been swamped, suffered structural failure or topside damage, experienced shoaling, or suffered from a combination of these.

The disaster is one of the best known in the history of Great Lakes shipping. Gordon Lightfoot made it the subject of his 1976 hit song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" after reading an article, "The Cruelest Month", in the November 24, 1975, issue of Newsweek. The sinking led to changes in Great Lakes shipping regulations and practices that included mandatory survival suits, depth finders, positioning systems, increased freeboard, and more frequent inspection of vessels.

History[edit]

SS Edmund Fitzgerald upbound and in ballast
SS Edmund Fitzgerald,upbound and in ballast

Design and construction[edit]

Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, invested in the iron and minerals industries on a large-scale basis, including the construction of Edmund Fitzgerald, which represented the first such investment by any American life insurance company. In 1957, they contracted Great Lakes Engineering Works (GLEW), of River Rouge, Michigan, to design and construct the ship "within a foot of the maximum length allowed for passage through the soon-to-be completed Saint Lawrence Seaway." The ship's value at that time was $7 million (equivalent to $49.7 million in 2019[10]). Edmund Fitzgerald was the first laker built to the maximum St. Lawrence Seaway size, which was 730 feet (222.5 m) long, 75 feet (22.9 m) wide, and with a 25 foot (7.6 m) draft. The moulded depth (roughly speaking, the vertical height of the hull) was 39 ft (12 m). The hold depth (the inside height of the cargo hold) was 33 ft 4 in (10.16 m). GLEW laid the first keel plate on August 7 the same year.

With a deadweight capacity of 26,000 long tons (29,120 short tons; 26,417 t), and a 729-foot (222 m) hull, Edmund Fitzgerald was the longest ship on the Great Lakes, earning her the title Queen of the Lakes until September 17, 1959, when the 730-foot (222.5 m) SS Murray Bay was launched.Edmund Fitzgerald's three central cargo holds were loaded through 21 watertight cargo hatches, each 11 by 48 feet (3.4 by 14.6 m) of 5⁄16-inch-thick (7.9 mm) steel. Originally coal-fired, her boilers were converted to burn oil during the 1971–72 winter layup. In 1969, the ship's maneuverability was improved by the installation of a diesel-powered bow thruster.

By ore freighter standards, the interior of Edmund Fitzgerald was luxurious. Her J.L. Hudson Company-designed furnishings included deep pile carpeting, tiled bathrooms, drapes over the portholes, and leather swivel chairs in the guest lounge. There were two guest staterooms for passengers. Air conditioning extended to the crew quarters, which featured more amenities than usual. A large galley and fully stocked pantry supplied meals for two dining rooms. Edmund Fitzgerald's pilothouse was outfitted with "state-of-the-art nautical equipment and a beautiful map room."

Name and launch[edit]

Northwestern Mutual named the ship after its president and chairman of the board, Edmund Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald's own grandfather had himself been a lake captain, and his father owned the Milwaukee Drydock Company, which built and repaired ships. More than 15,000 people attended Edmund Fitzgerald's christening and launch ceremony on June 7, 1958. The event was plagued by misfortunes. When Elizabeth Fitzgerald, wife of Edmund Fitzgerald, tried to christen the ship by smashing a champagne bottle over the bow, it took her three attempts to break it. A delay of 36 minutes followed while the shipyard crew struggled to release the keel blocks. Upon sideways launch, the ship created a large wave that "doused" the spectators and then crashed into a pier before righting herself. One man watching the launching had a heart attack and later died. Other witnesses later said they swore the ship was "trying to climb right out of the water". On September 22, 1958, Edmund Fitzgerald completed nine days of sea trials.[23]

Career[edit]

SS Edmund Fitzgerald underway
SS Edmund Fitzgeraldunder way

Northwestern Mutual's normal practice was to purchase ships for operation by other companies. In Edmund Fitzgerald's case, they signed a 25-year contract with Oglebay Norton Corporation to operate the vessel. Oglebay Norton immediately designated Edmund Fitzgerald the flagship of its Columbia Transportation fleet.

Edmund Fitzgerald was a record-setting workhorse, often beating her own milestones. The vessel's record load for a single trip was 27,402 long tons (30,690 short tons; 27,842 t) in 1969. For 17 years, Edmund Fitzgerald carried taconite from Minnesota's Iron Range mines near Duluth, Minnesota, to iron works in Detroit, Toledo, and other ports. She set seasonal haul records six different times. Her nicknames included "Fitz", "Pride of the American Side", "Mighty Fitz", "Toledo Express", "Big Fitz", and the "Titanic of the Great Lakes". Loading Edmund Fitzgerald with taconite pellets took about four and a half hours, while unloading took around 14 hours. A round trip between Superior, Wisconsin, and Detroit, Michigan, usually took her five days and she averaged 47 similar trips per season. The vessel's usual route was between Superior, Wisconsin, and Toledo, Ohio, although her port of destination could vary. By November 1975, Edmund Fitzgerald had logged an estimated 748 round trips on the Great Lakes and covered more than a million miles, "a distance roughly equivalent to 44 trips around the world."

Up until a few weeks before her loss, passengers had traveled on board as company guests. Frederick Stonehouse wrote:

Stewards treated the guests to the entire VIP routine. The cuisine was reportedly excellent and snacks were always available in the lounge. A small but well-stocked kitchenette provided the drinks. Once each trip, the captain held a candlelight dinner for the guests, complete with mess-jacketed stewards and special "clamdigger" punch.

Because of her size, appearance, string of records, and "DJ captain,"Edmund Fitzgerald became a favorite of boat watchers throughout her career. Although Captain Peter Pulcer was in command of Edmund Fitzgerald on trips when cargo records were set, "he is best remembered ... for piping music day or night over the ship's intercom system" while passing through the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers. While navigating the Soo Locks he would often come out of the pilothouse and use a bullhorn to entertain tourists with a commentary on details about Edmund Fitzgerald.

In 1969, Edmund Fitzgerald received a safety award for eight years of operation without a time-off worker injury. The vessel ran aground in 1969, and she collided with SS Hochelaga in 1970. Later that same year, she struck the wall of a lock, an accident repeated in 1973 and 1974. During 1974, she lost her original bow anchor in the Detroit River. None of these mishaps, however, were considered serious or unusual.Freshwater ships are built to last more than half a century, and Edmund Fitzgerald would still have had a long career ahead of her when she sank.

Final voyage and wreck[edit]

Map of Fitzgerald's probable course on final voyage
The National Transportation Safety Board map of probable course of Edmund Fitzgeraldand Arthur M. Anderson
Map showing the location of the wreck

Edmund Fitzgerald left Superior, Wisconsin, at 2:15 p.m. on the afternoon of November 9, 1975, under the command of Captain Ernest M. McSorley. She was en route to the steel mill on Zug Island, near Detroit, Michigan, with a cargo of 26,116 long tons (29,250 short tons; 26,535 t) of taconite ore pellets and soon reached her full speed of 16.3 miles per hour (14.2 kn; 26.2 km/h). Around 5 p.m., Edmund Fitzgerald joined a second freighter under the command of Captain Jesse B. "Bernie" Cooper, Arthur M. Anderson, destined for Gary, Indiana, out of Two Harbors, Minnesota. The weather forecast was not unusual for November and the National Weather Service (NWS) predicted that a storm would pass just south of Lake Superior by 7 a.m. on November 10.

SS Wilfred Sykes loaded opposite Edmund Fitzgerald at the Burlington Northern Dock #1 and departed at 4:15 p.m., about two hours after Edmund Fitzgerald. In contrast to the NWS forecast, Captain Dudley J. Paquette of Wilfred Sykes predicted that a major storm would directly cross Lake Superior. From the outset, he chose a route that took advantage of the protection offered by the lake's north shore to avoid the worst effects of the storm. The crew of Wilfred Sykes followed the radio conversations between Edmund Fitzgerald and Arthur M. Anderson during the first part of their trip and overheard their captains deciding to take the regular Lake Carriers' Association downbound route. The NWS altered its forecast at 7:00 p.m., issuing gale warnings for the whole of Lake Superior.Arthur M. Anderson and Edmund Fitzgerald altered course northward seeking shelter along the Ontario shore where they encountered a winter storm at 1:00 a.m. on November 10. Edmund Fitzgerald reported winds of 52 knots (96 km/h; 60 mph) and waves 10 feet (3.0 m) high. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes reported that after 1 a.m., he overheard McSorley say that he had reduced the ship's speed because of the rough conditions. Paquette said he was stunned to later hear McSorley, who was not known for turning aside or slowing down, state that "we're going to try for some lee from Isle Royale. You're walking away from us anyway … I can't stay with you."

At 2:00 a.m. on November 10, the NWS upgraded its warnings from gale to storm, forecasting winds of 35–50 knots (65–93 km/h; 40–58 mph). Until then, Edmund Fitzgerald had followed Arthur M. Anderson, which was travelling at a constant 14.6 miles per hour (12.7 kn; 23.5 km/h), but the faster Edmund Fitzgerald pulled ahead at about 3:00 a.m. As the storm center passed over the ships, they experienced shifting winds, with wind speeds temporarily dropping as wind direction changed from northeast to south and then northwest. After 1:50 p.m., when Arthur M. Anderson logged winds of 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph), wind speeds again picked up rapidly, and it began to snow at 2:45 p.m., reducing visibility; Arthur M. Anderson lost sight of Edmund Fitzgerald, which was about 16 miles (26 km) ahead at the time.

Shortly after 3:30 p.m., Captain McSorley radioed Arthur M. Anderson to report that Edmund Fitzgerald was taking on water and had lost two vent covers and a fence railing. The vessel had also developed a list. Two of Edmund Fitzgerald's six bilge pumps ran continuously to discharge shipped water. McSorley said that he would slow his ship down so that Arthur M. Anderson could close the gap between them. In a broadcast shortly afterward, the United States Coast Guard (USCG) warned all shipping that the Soo Locks had been closed and they should seek safe anchorage. Shortly after 4:10 p.m., McSorley called Arthur M. Anderson again to report a radar failure and asked Arthur M. Anderson to keep track of them.Edmund Fitzgerald, effectively blind, slowed to let Arthur M. Anderson come within a 10-mile (16 km) range so she could receive radar guidance from the other ship.

For a time, Arthur M. Anderson directed Edmund Fitzgerald toward the relative safety of Whitefish Bay; then, at 4:39 p.m., McSorley contacted the USCG station in Grand Marais, Michigan, to inquire whether the Whitefish Point light and navigation beacon were operational. The USCG replied that their monitoring equipment indicated that both instruments were inactive. McSorley then hailed any ships in the Whitefish Point area to report the state of the navigational aids, receiving an answer from Captain Cedric Woodard of Avafors between 5:00 and 5:30 p.m. that the Whitefish Point light was on but not the radio beacon. Woodard testified to the Marine Board that he overheard McSorley say, "Don't allow nobody on deck," as well as something about a vent that Woodard could not understand. Some time later, McSorley told Woodard, "I have a 'bad list', I have lost both radars, and am taking heavy seas over the deck in one of the worst seas I have ever been in."

By late in the afternoon of November 10, sustained winds of over 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph) were recorded by ships and observation points across eastern Lake Superior.Arthur M. Anderson logged sustained winds as high as 58 knots (107 km/h; 67 mph) at 4:52 p.m., while waves increased to as high as 25 feet (7.6 m) by 6:00 p.m.Arthur M. Anderson was also struck by 70-to-75-knot (130 to 139 km/h; 81 to 86 mph) gusts and rogue waves as high as 35 feet (11 m).

At approximately 7:10 p.m., when Arthur M. Anderson notified Edmund Fitzgerald of an upbound ship and asked how she was doing, McSorley reported, "We are holding our own." She was never heard from again. No distress signal was received, and ten minutes later, Arthur M. Anderson lost the ability either to reach Edmund Fitzgerald by radio or to detect her on radar.

Search[edit]

Edmund Fitzgerald lifeboat
One of Edmund Fitzgerald's lifeboats, on display at the Valley Campmuseum ship

Captain Cooper of Arthur M. Anderson first called the USCG in Sault Ste. Marie at 7:39 p.m. on channel 16, the radio distress frequency. The USCG responders instructed him to call back on channel 12 because they wanted to keep their emergency channel open and they were having difficulty with their communication systems, including antennas blown down by the storm. Cooper then contacted the upbound saltwater vessel Nanfri and was told that she could not pick up Edmund Fitzgerald on her radar either. Despite repeated attempts to raise the USCG, Cooper was not successful until 7:54 p.m. when the officer on duty asked him to keep watch for a 16-foot (4.9 m) boat lost in the area. At about 8:25 p.m., Cooper again called the USCG to express his concern about Edmund Fitzgerald and at 9:03 p.m. reported her missing. Petty Officer Philip Branch later testified, "I considered it serious, but at the time it was not urgent."

Lacking appropriate search-and-rescue vessels to respond to Edmund Fitzgerald's disaster, at approximately 9:00 p.m., the USCG asked Arthur M. Anderson to turn around and look for survivors. Around 10:30 p.m., the USCG asked all commercial vessels anchored in or near Whitefish Bay to assist in the search. The initial search for survivors was carried out by Arthur M. Anderson, and a second freighter, SS William Clay Ford. The efforts of a third freighter, the Toronto-registered SS Hilda Marjanne, were foiled by the weather. The USCG sent a buoy tender, Woodrush, from Duluth, Minnesota, but it took two and a half hours to launch and a day to travel to the search area. The Traverse City, Michigan, USCG station launched an HU-16 fixed-wing search aircraft that arrived on the scene at 10:53 p.m. while an HH-52 USCG helicopter with a 3.8-million-candlepower searchlight arrived at 1:00 a.m. on November 11.Canadian Coast Guard aircraft joined the three-day search and the Ontario Provincial Police established and maintained a beach patrol all along the eastern shore of Lake Superior.

Although the search recovered debris, including lifeboats and rafts, none of the crew were found. On her final voyage, Edmund Fitzgerald's crew of 29 consisted of the captain, the first, second and third mates, five engineers, three oilers, a cook, a wiper, two maintenance men, three watchmen, three deckhands, three wheelsmen, two porters, a cadet and a steward. Most of the crew were from Ohio and Wisconsin; their ages ranged from 20 year old watchman Karl A. Peckol to 63 year old Captain McSorley.

Edmund Fitzgerald is among the largest and best-known vessels lost on the Great Lakes but she is not alone on the Lake Superior seabed in that area. In the years between 1816, when Invincible was lost, and 1975, when Edmund Fitzgerald sank, the Whitefish Point area had claimed at least 240 ships.

Wreck discovery and surveys[edit]

USCG drawing of wreck site
A USCG drawing of the relative positions of the wreck parts

Wreck discovery[edit]

A U.S. Navy Lockheed P-3 Orion aircraft, piloted by Lt. George Conner and equipped to detect magnetic anomalies usually associated with submarines, found the wreck on November 14, 1975. Edmund Fitzgerald lay about 15 miles (13 nmi; 24 km) west of Deadman's Cove, Ontario (about 8 miles (7.0 nmi; 13 km) northwest of Pancake Bay Provincial Park), 17 miles (15 nmi; 27 km) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay to the southeast, in Canadian waters close to the international boundary at a depth of 530 feet (160 m). A further November 14–16 survey by the USCG using a side scan sonar revealed two large objects lying close together on the lake floor. The U.S. Navy also contracted Seaward, Inc., to conduct a second survey between November 22 and 25.

Underwater surveys[edit]

From May 20 to 28, 1976, the U.S. Navy dived on the wreck using its unmanned submersible, CURV-III, and found Edmund Fitzgerald lying in two large pieces in 530 feet (160 m) of water. Navy estimates put the length of the bow section at 276 feet (84 m) and that of the stern section at 253 feet (77 m). The bow section stood upright in the mud, some 170 feet (52 m) from the stern section that lay capsized at a 50-degree angle from the bow. In between the two broken sections lay a large mass of taconite pellets and scattered wreckage lying about, including hatch covers and hull plating.

In 1980, during a Lake Superior research dive expedition, marine explorer Jean-Michel Cousteau, the son of Jacques Cousteau, sent two divers from RV Calypso in the first manned submersible dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. The dive was brief, and although the dive team drew no final conclusions, they speculated that Edmund Fitzgerald had broken up on the surface.

The Michigan Sea Grant Program organized a three-day dive to survey Edmund Fitzgerald in 1989. The primary objective was to record 3-D videotape for use in museum educational programs and the production of documentaries. The expedition used a towed survey system (TSS Mk1) and a self-propelled, tethered, free-swimming remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV). The Mini Rover ROV was equipped with miniature stereoscopic cameras and wide-angle lenses in order to produce 3-D images. The towed survey system and the Mini Rover ROV were designed, built and operated by Chris Nicholson of Deep Sea Systems International, Inc. Participants included the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Geographic Society, the United States Army Corps of Engineers, the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society (GLSHS), and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the latter providing RV Grayling as the support vessel for the ROV. The GLSHS used part of the five hours of video footage produced during the dives in a documentary and the National Geographic Society used a segment in a broadcast. Frederick Stonehouse, who wrote one of the first books on the Edmund Fitzgerald wreck, moderated a 1990 panel review of the video that drew no conclusions about the cause of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking.

Canadian explorer Joseph B. MacInnis organized and led six publicly funded dives to Edmund Fitzgerald over a three-day period in 1994.Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution provided Edwin A. Link as the support vessel, and their manned submersible, Celia. The GLSHS paid $10,000 for three of its members to each join a dive and take still pictures. MacInnis concluded that the notes and video obtained during the dives did not provide an explanation why Edmund Fitzgerald sank. The same year, longtime sport diver Fred Shannon formed Deepquest Ltd., and organized a privately funded dive to the wreck of Edmund Fitzgerald, using Delta Oceanographic's submersible, Delta. Deepquest Ltd. conducted seven dives and took more than 42 hours of underwater video while Shannon set the record for the longest submersible dive to Edmund Fitzgerald at 211 minutes. Prior to conducting the dives, Shannon studied NOAA navigational charts and found that the international boundary had changed three times before its publication by NOAA in 1976. Shannon determined that based on GPS coordinates from the 1994 Deepquest expedition, "at least one-third of the two acres of immediate wreckage containing the two major portions of the vessel is in U.S. waters because of an error in the position of the U.S.–Canada boundary line shown on official lake charts."

Shannon's group discovered the remains of a crew member partly dressed in coveralls and wearing a life jacket lying face up on the lake bottom alongside the bow of the ship, indicating that at least one of the crew was aware of the possibility of sinking. The life jacket had deteriorated canvas and "what is thought to be six rectangular cork blocks ... clearly visible." Shannon concluded that "massive and advancing structural failure" caused Edmund Fitzgerald to break apart on the surface and sink.

MacInnis led another series of dives in 1995 to salvage the bell from Edmund Fitzgerald. The Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians backed the expedition by co-signing a loan in the amount of $250,000.[87] Canadian engineer Phil Nuytten's atmospheric diving suit, known as the "Newtsuit," was used to retrieve the bell from the ship, replace it with a replica, and put a beer can in Edmund Fitzgerald's pilothouse. That same year, Terrence Tysall and Mike Zee set multiple records when they used trimix gas to scuba dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. The pair are the only people known to have touched the Edmund Fitzgerald wreck. They also set records for the deepest scuba dive on the Great Lakes and the deepest shipwreck dive, and were the first divers to reach Edmund Fitzgerald without the aid of a submersible. It took six minutes to reach the wreck, six minutes to survey it, and three hours to resurface to avoid decompression sickness, also known as "the bends."

Restrictions on surveys[edit]

Under the Ontario Heritage Act, activities on registered archeological sites require a license. In March 2005, the Whitefish Point Preservation Society accused the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society (GLSHS) of conducting an unauthorized dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. Although the director of the GLSHS admitted to conducting a sonar scan of the wreck in 2002, he denied such a survey required a license at the time it was carried out.

An April 2005 amendment to the Ontario Heritage Act allows the Ontario government to impose a license requirement on dives, the operation of submersibles, side scan sonars or underwater cameras within a designated radius around protected sites. Conducting any of those activities without a license would result in fines of up to CA$1 million. On the basis of the amended law, to protect wreck sites considered "watery graves", the Ontario government issued updated regulations in January 2006, including an area with a 500-meter (1,640 ft) radius around Edmund Fitzgerald and other specifically designated marine archeological sites. In 2009, a further amendment to the Ontario Heritage Act imposed licensing requirements on any type of surveying device.

Hypotheses on the cause of sinking[edit]

Extreme weather and sea conditions play a role in all of the published hypotheses regarding Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking, but they differ on the other causal factors.

Waves and weather hypothesis[edit]

In 2005, NOAA and the NWS ran a computer simulation, including weather and wave conditions, covering the period from November 9, 1975, until the early morning of November 11. Analysis of the simulation showed that two separate areas of high wind appeared over Lake Superior at 4:00 p.m. on November 10. One had speeds in excess of 43 knots (80 km/h; 49 mph) and the other winds in excess of 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph). The southeastern part of the lake, the direction in which Edmund Fitzgerald was heading, had the highest winds. Average wave heights increased to near 19 feet (5.8 m) by 7:00 p.m., November 10, and winds exceeded 50 mph (43 kn; 80 km/h) over most of southeastern Lake Superior.

Edmund Fitzgerald sank at the eastern edge of the area of high wind where the long fetch, or distance that wind blows over water, produced significant waves averaging over 23 feet (7.0 m) by 7:00 p.m. and over 25 feet (7.6 m) at 8:00 p.m. The simulation also showed one in 100 waves reaching 36 feet (11 m) and one out of every 1,000 reaching 46 feet (14 m). Since the ship was heading east-southeastward, it is likely that the waves caused Edmund Fitzgerald to roll heavily.

At the time of the sinking, the ship Arthur M. Anderson reported northwest winds of 57 mph (50 kn; 92 km/h), matching the simulation analysis result of 54 mph (47 kn; 87 km/h). The analysis further showed that the maximum sustained winds reached near hurricane force of about 70 mph (61 kn; 110 km/h) with gusts to 86 miles per hour (75 kn; 138 km/h) at the time and location where Edmund Fitzgerald sank.

Rogue wave hypothesis[edit]

A group of three rogue waves, often called "three sisters," was reported in the vicinity of Edmund Fitzgerald at the time she sank. The "three sisters" phenomenon is said to occur on Lake Superior as a result of a sequence of three rogue waves forming that are one-third larger than normal waves. The first wave introduces an abnormally large amount of water onto the deck. This water is unable to fully drain away before the second wave strikes, adding to the surplus. The third incoming wave again adds to the two accumulated backwashes, quickly overloading the deck with too much water.

Captain Cooper of Arthur M. Anderson reported that his ship was "hit by two 30 to 35 foot seas about 6:30 p.m., one burying the aft cabins and damaging a lifeboat by pushing it right down onto the saddle. The second wave of this size, perhaps 35 foot, came over the bridge deck." Cooper went on to say that these two waves, possibly followed by a third, continued in the direction of Edmund Fitzgerald and would have struck about the time she sank. This hypothesis postulates that the "three sisters" compounded the twin problems of Edmund Fitzgerald's known list and her lower speed in heavy seas that already allowed water to remain on her deck for longer than usual.

The "Edmund Fitzgerald" episode of the 2010 television series Dive Detectives features the wave-generating tank of the National Research Council's Institute for Naval Technology in St. John's, and the tank's simulation of the effect of a 17-meter (56 ft) rogue wave upon a scale model of Edmund Fitzgerald. The simulation indicated such a rogue wave could almost completely submerge the bow or stern of the ship with water, at least temporarily.

Cargo-hold flooding hypothesis[edit]

The July 26, 1977, USCG Marine Casualty Report suggested that the accident was caused by ineffective hatch closures. The report concluded that these devices failed to prevent waves from inundating the cargo hold. The flooding occurred gradually and probably imperceptibly throughout the final day, finally resulting in a fatal loss of buoyancy and stability. As a result, Edmund Fitzgerald plummeted to the bottom without warning. Video footage of the wreck site showed that most of her hatch clamps were in perfect condition. The USCG Marine board concluded that the few damaged clamps were probably the only ones fastened. As a result, ineffective hatch closure caused Edmund Fitzgerald to flood and founder.

From the beginning of the USCG inquiry, some of the crewmen's families and various labor organizations believed the USCG findings could be tainted because there were serious questions regarding their preparedness as well as licensing and rules changes. Paul Trimble, a retired USCG vice admiral and president of the Lake Carriers Association (LCA), wrote a letter to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) on September 16, 1977, that included the following statements of objection to the USCG findings:

The present hatch covers are an advanced design and are considered by the entire lake shipping industry to be the most significant improvement over the telescoping leaf covers previously used for many years … The one-piece hatch covers have proven completely satisfactory in all weather conditions without a single vessel loss in almost 40 years of use … and no water accumulation in cargo holds …

It was common practice for ore freighters, even in foul weather, to embark with not all cargo clamps locked in place on the hatch covers. Maritime author Wolff reported that depending on weather conditions, all the clamps were eventually set within one to two days. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes was dismissive of suggestions that unlocked hatch clamps caused Edmund Fitzgerald to founder. He said that he commonly sailed in fine weather using the minimum number of clamps necessary to secure the hatch covers.

The May 4, 1978, NTSB findings differed from the USCG. The NTSB made the following observations based on the CURV-III survey:

The No. 1 hatch cover was entirely inside the No. 1 hatch and showed indications of buckling from external loading. Sections of the coaming in way of the No. 1 hatch were fractured and buckled inward. The No. 2 hatch cover was missing and the coaming on the No. 2 hatch was fractured and buckled. Hatches Nos. 3 and 4 were covered with mud; one corner of hatch cover No. 3 could be seen in place. Hatch cover No. 5 was missing. A series of 16 consecutive hatch cover clamps were observed on the No. 5 hatch coaming. Of this series, the first and eighth were distorted or broken. All of the 14 other clamps were undamaged and in the open position. The No. 6 hatch was open and a hatch cover was standing on end vertically in the hatch. The hatch covers were missing from hatches Nos. 7 and 8 and both coamings were fractured and severely distorted. The bow section abruptly ended just aft of hatch No. 8 and the deck plating was ripped up from the separation to the forward end of hatch No. 7.

The NTSB conducted computer studies, testing and analysis to determine the forces necessary to collapse the hatch covers and concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald sank suddenly from flooding of the cargo hold "due to the collapse of one or more of the hatch covers under the weight of giant boarding seas" instead of flooding gradually due to ineffective hatch closures. The NTSB dissenting opinion held that Edmund Fitzgerald sank suddenly and unexpectedly from shoaling.

Shoaling hypothesis[edit]

The LCA believed that instead of hatch cover leakage, the more probable cause of Edmund Fitzgerald's loss was shoaling or grounding in the Six Fathom Shoal northwest of Caribou Island when the vessel "unknowingly raked a reef" during the time the Whitefish Point light and radio beacon were not available as navigation aids. This hypothesis was supported by a 1976 Canadian hydrographic survey, which disclosed that an unknown shoal ran a mile farther east of Six Fathom Shoal than shown on the Canadian charts. Officers from Arthur M. Anderson observed that Edmund Fitzgerald sailed through this exact area. Conjecture by proponents of the Six Fathom Shoal hypothesis concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald's downed fence rail reported by McSorley could occur only if the ship "hogged" during shoaling, with the bow and stern bent downward and the midsection raised by the shoal, pulling the railing tight until the cables dislodged or tore under the strain. Divers searched the Six Fathom Shoal after the wreck occurred and found no evidence of "a recent collision or grounding anywhere." Maritime authors Bishop and Stonehouse wrote that the shoaling hypothesis was later challenged on the basis of the higher quality of detail in Shannon's 1994 photography that "explicitly show[s] the devastation of the Edmund Fitzgerald". Shannon's photography of Edmund Fitzgerald's overturned stern showed "no evidence on the bottom of the stern, the propeller or the rudder of the ship that would indicate the ship struck a shoal."

Maritime author Stonehouse reasoned that "unlike the Lake Carriers, the Coast Guard had no vested interest in the outcome of their investigation." Author Bishop reported that Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes argued that through their support for the shoaling explanation, the LCA represented the shipping company's interests by advocating a hypothesis that held LCA member companies, the American Bureau of Shipping, and the U.S. Coast Guard Service blameless.

Paul Hainault, a retired professor of mechanical engineering from Michigan Technological University, promoted a hypothesis that began as a student class project. His hypothesis held that Edmund Fitzgerald grounded at 9:30 a.m. on November 10 on Superior Shoal. This shoal, charted in 1929, is an underwater mountain in the middle of Lake Superior about 50 miles (80 km) north of Copper Harbor, Michigan. It has sharp peaks that rise nearly to the lake surface with water depths ranging from 22 to 400 feet (6.7 to 121.9 m), making it a menace to navigation. Discovery of the shoal resulted in a change in recommended shipping routes. A seiche, or standing wave, that occurred during the low-pressure system over Lake Superior on November 10, 1975, caused the lake to rise 3 feet (0.91 m) over the Soo Locks's gates to flood Portage Avenue in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, with 1 foot (0.3 m) of water. Hainault's hypothesis held that this seiche contributed to Edmund Fitzgerald shoaling 200 feet (61 m) of her hull on Superior Shoal, causing the hull to be punctured mid-body. The hypothesis contended that the wave action continued to damage the hull, until the middle third dropped out like a box, leaving the ship held together by the center deck. The stern section acted as an anchor and caused Edmund Fitzgerald to come to a full stop, causing everything to go forward. The ship broke apart on the surface within seconds. Compressed air pressure blew a hole in the starboard bow, which sank 18 degrees off course. The rear kept going forward with the engine still running, rolled to port and landed bottom up.

Structural failure hypothesis[edit]

Another published hypothesis contends that an already weakened structure, and modification of Edmund Fitzgerald's winter load line (which allows heavier loading and travel lower in the water), made it possible for large waves to cause a stress fracture in the hull. This is based on the "regular" huge waves of the storm and does not necessarily involve rogue waves.

The USCG and NTSB investigated whether Edmund Fitzgerald broke apart due to structural failure of the hull and because the 1976 CURV III survey found Edmund Fitzgerald's sections were 170 feet (52 m) from each other, the USCG's formal casualty report of July 1977 concluded that she had separated upon hitting the lake floor. The NTSB came to the same conclusion as USCG because:

The proximity of the bow and stern sections on the bottom of Lake Superior indicated that the vessel sank in one piece and broke apart either when it hit bottom or as it descended. Therefore, Edmund Fitzgerald did not sustain a massive structural failure of the hull while on the surface … The final position of the wreckage indicated that if the Edmund Fitzgerald had capsized, it must have suffered a structural failure before hitting the lake bottom. The bow section would have had to right itself and the stern portion would have had to capsize before coming to rest on the bottom. It is, therefore, concluded that the Edmund Fitzgerald did not capsize on the surface.

Other authors have concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald most likely broke in two on the surface before sinking due to the intense waves, like the ore carriers SS Carl D. Bradley and SS Daniel J. Morrell.[126][127][128] After maritime historian Frederick Stonehouse moderated the panel reviewing the video footage from the 1989 ROV survey of Edmund Fitzgerald, he concluded that the extent of taconite coverage over the wreck site showed that the stern had floated on the surface for a short time and spilled taconite into the forward section; thus the two sections of the wreck did not sink at the same time. The 1994 Shannon team found that the stern and the bow were 255 feet (78 m) apart, leading Shannon to conclude that Edmund Fitzgerald broke up on the surface. He said:

This placement does not support the hypothesis that the ship plunged to the bottom in one piece, breaking apart when it struck bottom. If this were true, the two sections would be much closer. In addition, the angle, repose and mounding of clay and mud at the site indicate the stern rolled over on the surface, spilling taconite ore pellets from its severed cargo hold, and then landed on portions of the cargo itself.

The stress fracture hypothesis was supported by the testimony of former crewmen. Former Second Mate Richard Orgel, who served on Edmund Fitzgerald in 1972 and 1973, testified that "the ship had a tendency to bend and spring during storms 'like a diving board after somebody has jumped off.'" Orgel was quoted as saying that the loss of Edmund Fitzgerald was caused by hull failure, "pure and simple. I detected undue stress in the side tunnels by examining the white enamel paint, which will crack and splinter when submitted to severe stress." George H. "Red" Burgner, Edmund Fitzgerald's steward for ten seasons and winter ship-keeper for seven years, testified in a deposition that a "loose keel" contributed to the vessel's loss. Burgner further testified that "the keel and sister kelsons were only 'tack welded'" and that he had personally observed that many of the welds were broken. Burgner was not asked to testify before the Marine Board of Inquiry.

When Bethlehem Steel Corporation permanently laid up Edmund Fitzgerald's sister ship, SS Arthur B. Homer, just five years after going to considerable expense to lengthen her, questions were raised as to whether both ships had the same structural problems. The two vessels were built in the same shipyard using welded joints instead of the riveted joints used in older ore freighters. Riveted joints allow a ship to flex and work in heavy seas, while welded joints are more likely to break. Reports indicate that repairs to Edmund Fitzgerald's hull were delayed in 1975 due to plans to lengthen the ship during the upcoming winter layup. Arthur B. Homer was lengthened to 825 feet (251 m) and placed back in service by December 1975, not long after Edmund Fitzgerald foundered. In 1978, without explanation, Bethlehem Steel Corporation denied permission for the chairman of the NTSB to travel on Arthur B. Homer. Arthur B. Homer was permanently laid up in 1980 and broken for scrap in 1987.

Retired GLEW naval architect Raymond Ramsay, one of the members of the design team that worked on the hull of Edmund Fitzgerald, reviewed her increased load lines, maintenance history, along with the history of long ship hull failure and concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald was not seaworthy on November 10, 1975. He stated that planning Edmund Fitzgerald to be compatible with the constraints of the St. Lawrence Seaway had placed her hull design in a "straight jacket [sic?]."Edmund Fitzgerald's long-ship design was developed without the benefit of research, development, test, and evaluation principles while computerized analytical technology was not available at the time she was built. Ramsay noted that Edmund Fitzgerald's hull was built with an all-welded (instead of riveted) modular fabrication method, which was used for the first time in the GLEW shipyard. Ramsay concluded that increasing the hull length to 729 feet (222 m) resulted in an L/D slenderness ratio (the ratio of the length of the ship to the depth of her structure) that caused excessive multi-axial bending and springing of the hull, and that the hull should have been structurally reinforced to cope with her increased length.

[edit]

The USCG cited topside damage as a reasonable alternative reason for Edmund Fitzgerald sinking and surmised that damage to the fence rail and vents was possibly caused by a heavy floating object such as a log. Historian and mariner Mark Thompson believes that something broke loose from Edmund Fitzgerald's deck. He theorized that the loss of the vents resulted in flooding of two ballast tanks or a ballast tank and a walking tunnel that caused the ship to list. Thompson further conjectured that damage more extensive than Captain McSorley could detect in the pilothouse let water flood the cargo hold. He concluded that the topside damage Edmund Fitzgerald experienced at 3:30 p.m. on November 10, compounded by the heavy seas, was the most obvious explanation for why she sank.

Possible contributing factors[edit]

The USCG, NTSB, and proponents of alternative theories have all named multiple possible contributing factors to the foundering of Edmund Fitzgerald.

Weather forecasting[edit]

Scale mode of Fitzgerald
A scale model of SS Edmund Fitzgerald

The NWS long-range forecast on November 9, 1975, predicted that a storm would pass just south of Lake Superior and over the Keweenaw Peninsula, extending into the Lake from Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes had been following and charting the low-pressure system over Oklahoma since November 8 and concluded that a major storm would track across eastern Lake Superior. He therefore chose a route that gave Wilfred Sykes the most protection and took refuge in Thunder Bay, Ontario, during the worst of the storm. Based on the NWS forecast, Arthur M. Anderson and Edmund Fitzgerald instead started their trip across Lake Superior following the regular Lake Carriers Association route, which placed them in the path of the storm. The NTSB investigation concluded that the NWS failed to accurately predict wave heights on November 10. After running computer models in 2005 using actual meteorological data from November 10, 1975, Hultquist of the NWS said of Edmund Fitzgerald's position in the storm, "It ended in precisely the wrong place at the absolute worst time."

Inaccurate navigational charts[edit]

After reviewing testimony that Edmund Fitzgerald had passed near shoals north of Caribou Island, the USCG Marine Board examined the relevant navigational charts. They found that the Canadian 1973 navigational chart for the Six Fathom Shoal area was based on Canadian surveys from 1916 and 1919 and that the 1973 U.S. Lake Survey Chart No. 9 included the notation, "Canadian Areas. For data concerning Canadian areas, Canadian authorities have been consulted." Thereafter, at the request of the Marine Board and the Commander of the USCG Ninth District, the Canadian Hydrographic Service conducted a survey of the area surrounding Michipicoten Island and Caribou Island in 1976. The survey revealed that the shoal ran about 1 mile (1.6 km) farther east than shown on Canadian charts. The NTSB investigation concluded that, at the time of Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering, Lake Survey Chart No. 9 was not detailed enough to indicate Six Fathom Shoal as a hazard to navigation.

Lack of watertight bulkheads[edit]

Mark Thompson, a merchant seaman and author of numerous books on Great Lakes shipping, stated that if her cargo holds had watertight subdivisions, "the Edmund Fitzgerald could have made it into Whitefish Bay." Frederick Stonehouse also held that the lack of watertight bulkheads caused Edmund Fitzgerald to sink. He said:

The Great Lakes ore carrier is the most commercially efficient vessel in the shipping trade today. But it's nothing but a motorized barge! It's the unsafest commercial vessel afloat. It has virtually no watertight integrity. Theoretically, a one-inch puncture in the cargo hold will sink it.

Stonehouse called on ship designers and builders to design lake carriers more like ships rather than "motorized super-barges" making the following comparison:

Contrast this [the Edmund Fitzgerald] with the story of the SS Maumee, an oceangoing tanker that struck an iceberg near the South Pole recently. The collision tore a hole in the ship's bow large enough to drive a truck through, but the Maumee was able to travel halfway around the world to a repair yard, without difficulty, because she was fitted with watertight bulkheads.

After Edmund Fitzgerald foundered, Great Lakes shipping companies were accused of valuing cargo payloads more than human life, since the vessel's cargo hold of 860,950 cubic feet (24,379 m3) had been divided by two non-watertight traverse "screen" bulkheads. The NTSB Edmund Fitzgerald investigation concluded that Great Lakes freighters should be constructed with watertight bulkheads in their cargo holds.

The USCG had proposed rules for watertight bulkheads in Great Lakes vessels as early as the sinking of Daniel J. Morrell in 1966 and did so again after the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald, arguing that this would allow ships to make it to refuge or at least allow crew members to abandon ship in an orderly fashion. The LCA represented the Great Lakes fleet owners and was able to forestall watertight subdivision regulations by arguing that this would cause economic hardship for vessel operators. A few vessel operators have built Great Lakes ships with watertight subdivisions in the cargo holds since 1975, but most vessels operating on the lakes cannot prevent flooding of the entire cargo hold area.

Lack of instrumentation[edit]

A fathometer was not required under USCG regulations, and Edmund Fitzgerald lacked one, even though fathometers were available at the time of her sinking. Instead, a hand line was the only method Edmund Fitzgerald had to take depth soundings. The hand line consisted of a piece of line knotted at measured intervals with a lead weight on the end. The line was thrown over the bow of the ship and the count of the knots measured the water depth. The NTSB investigation concluded that a fathometer would have provided Edmund Fitzgerald additional navigational data and made her less dependent on Arthur M. Anderson for navigational assistance.

Edmund Fitzgerald had no system to monitor the presence or amount of water in her cargo hold, even though there was always some present. The intensity of the November 10 storm would have made it difficult, if not impossible, to access the hatches from the spar deck (deck over the cargo holds). The USCG Marine Board found that flooding of the hold could not have been assessed until the water reached the top of the taconite cargo. The NTSB investigation concluded that it would have been impossible to pump water from the hold when it was filled with bulk cargo. The Marine Board noted that because Edmund Fitzgerald lacked a draft-reading system, the crew had no way to determine whether the vessel had lost freeboard (the level of a ship's deck above the water).

Increased load lines, reduced freeboard[edit]

The USCG increased Edmund Fitzgerald's load line in 1969, 1971, and 1973 to allow 3 feet 3.25 inches (997 mm) less minimum freeboard than Edmund Fitzgerald's original design allowed in 1958. This meant that Edmund Fitzgerald's deck was only 11.5 feet (3.5 m) above the water when she faced 35-foot (11 m) waves during the November 10 storm. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes noted that this change allowed loading to 4,000 tons more than what Edmund Fitzgerald was designed to carry.

Concerns regarding Edmund Fitzgerald's keel-welding problem surfaced during the time the USCG started increasing her load line. This increase and the resultant reduction in freeboard decreased the vessel's critical reserve buoyancy. Prior to the load-line increases she was said to be a "good riding ship" but afterwards Edmund Fitzgerald became a sluggish ship with slower response and recovery times. Captain McSorley said he did not like the action of a ship he described as a "wiggling thing" that scared him. Edmund Fitzgerald's bow hooked to one side or the other in heavy seas without recovering and made a groaning sound not heard on other ships.

Maintenance[edit]

NTSB investigators noted that Edmund Fitzgerald's prior groundings could have caused undetected damage that led to major structural failure during the storm, since Great Lakes vessels were normally drydocked for inspection only once every five years. It was also alleged that when compared to Edmund Fitzgerald's previous captain (Peter Pulcer), McSorley did not keep up with routine maintenance and did not confront the mates about getting the requisite work done. After August B. Herbel, Jr., president of the American Society for Testing and Materials, examined photographs of the welds on Edmund Fitzgerald, he stated, "the hull was just being held together with patching plates." Other questions were raised as to why the USCG did not discover and take corrective action in its pre-November 1975 inspection of Edmund Fitzgerald, given that her hatch coamings, gaskets, and clamps were poorly maintained.

Complacency[edit]

On the fateful evening of November 10, 1975, McSorley reported he had never seen bigger seas in his life. Paquette, master of Wilfred Sykes, out in the same storm, said, "I'll tell anyone that it was a monster sea washing solid water over the deck of every vessel out there." The USCG did not broadcast that all ships should seek safe anchorage until after 3:35 p.m. on November 10, many hours after the weather was upgraded from a gale to a storm.

McSorley was known as a "heavy weather captain" who "'beat hell' out of the Edmund Fitzgerald and 'very seldom ever hauled up for weather'". Paquette held the opinion that negligence caused Edmund Fitzgerald to founder. He said, "in my opinion, all the subsequent events arose because (McSorley) kept pushing that ship and didn't have enough training in weather forecasting to use common sense and pick a route out of the worst of the wind and seas." Paquette's vessel was the first to reach a discharge port after the November 10 storm; she was met by company attorneys who came aboard Sykes. He told them that Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering was caused by negligence. Paquette was never asked to testify during the USCG or NTSB investigations.

The NTSB investigation noted that Great Lakes cargo vessels could normally avoid severe storms and called for the establishment of a limiting sea state applicable to Great Lakes bulk cargo vessels. This would restrict the operation of vessels in sea states above the limiting value. One concern was that shipping companies pressured the captains to deliver cargo as quickly and cheaply as possible regardless of bad weather. At the time of Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering, there was no evidence that any governmental regulatory agency tried to control vessel movement in foul weather, despite the historical record that hundreds of Great Lakes vessels had been wrecked in storms. The USCG took the position that only the captain could decide when it was safe to sail.

The USCG Marine Board issued the following conclusion:

The nature of Great Lakes shipping, with short voyages, much of the time in very protected waters, frequently with the same routine from trip to trip, leads to complacency and an overly optimistic attitude concerning the extreme weather conditions that can and do exist. The Marine Board feels that this attitude reflects itself at times in deferral of maintenance and repairs, in failure to prepare properly for heavy weather, and in the conviction that since refuges are near, safety is possible by "running for it." While it is true that sailing conditions are good during the summer season, changes can occur abruptly, with severe storms and extreme weather and sea conditions arising rapidly. This tragic accident points out the need for all persons involved in Great Lakes shipping to foster increased awareness of the hazards which exist.

Mark Thompson countered that "the Coast Guard laid bare [its] own complacency" by blaming the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald on industry-wide complacency, since it had inspected Edmund Fitzgerald just two weeks before she sank. The loss of Edmund Fitzgerald also exposed the USCG's lack of rescue capability on Lake Superior. Thompson said that ongoing budget cuts had limited the USCG's ability to perform its historical functions. He further noted that USCG rescue vessels were unlikely to reach the scene of an incident on Lake Superior or Lake Huron within 6 to 12 hours of its occurrence.

Legal settlement[edit]

Under maritime law, ships fall under the jurisdiction of the admiralty courts of their flag country. As Edmund Fitzgerald was sailing under the U.S. flag, even though she sank in foreign (Canadian) waters, she was subject to U.S. admiralty law. With a value of $24 million, Edmund Fitzgerald's financial loss was the greatest in Great Lakes sailing history. In addition to the crew, 26,116 long tons (29,250 short tons; 26,535 t) of taconite sank along with the vessel. Two widows of crewmen filed a $1.5 million lawsuit against Edmund Fitzgerald's owners, Northwestern Mutual, and its operators, Oglebay Norton Corporation, one week after she sank. An additional $2.1 million lawsuit was later filed. Oglebay Norton subsequently filed a petition in the U.S. District Court seeking to "limit their liability to $817,920 in connection with other suits filed by families of crew members." The company paid compensation to surviving families about 12 months in advance of official findings of the probable cause and on condition of imposed confidentiality agreements. Robert Hemming, a reporter and newspaper editor, reasoned in his book about Edmund Fitzgerald that the USCG's conclusions "were benign in placing blame on [n]either the company or the captain ... [and] saved the Oglebay Norton from very expensive lawsuits by the families of the lost crew."

Subsequent changes to Great Lakes shipping practice[edit]

The USCG investigation of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking resulted in 15 recommendations regarding load lines, weathertight integrity, search and rescue capability, lifesaving equipment, crew training, loading manuals, and providing information to masters of Great Lakes vessels. NTSB's investigation resulted in 19 recommendations for the USCG, four recommendations for the American Bureau of Shipping, and two recommendations for NOAA. Of the official recommendations, the following actions and USCG regulations were put in place:

1. In 1977, the USCG made it a requirement that all vessels of 1,600 gross register tons and over use depth finders.
2. Since 1980, survival suits have been required aboard ship in each crew member's quarters and at their customary work station with strobe lights affixed to life jackets and survival suits.
3. A LORAN-C positioning system for navigation on the Great Lakes was implemented in 1980 and later replaced with Global Positioning System (GPS) in the 1990s.
4. Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) are installed on all Great Lakes vessels for immediate and accurate location in event of a disaster.
5. Navigational charts for northeastern Lake Superior were improved for accuracy and greater detail.
6. NOAA revised its method for predicting wave heights.
7. The USCG rescinded the 1973 Load Line Regulation amendment that permitted reduced freeboard loadings.
8. The USCG began the annual pre-November inspection program recommended by the NTSB. "Coast Guard inspectors now board all U.S. ships during the fall to inspect hatch and vent closures and lifesaving equipment."

Karl Bohnak, an Upper Peninsula meteorologist, covered the sinking and storm in a book on local weather history. In this book, Joe Warren, a deckhand on Arthur M. Anderson during the November 10, 1975, storm, said that the storm changed the way things were done. He stated, "After that, trust me, when a gale came up we dropped the hook [anchor]. We dropped the hook because they found out the big ones could sink." Mark Thompson wrote, "Since the loss of the Fitz, some captains may be more prone to go to anchor, rather than venturing out in a severe storm, but there are still too many who like to portray themselves as 'heavy weather sailors.'"

Memorials[edit]

Bell from Edmund Fitzgerald

The bell from Edmund Fitzgerald on display at the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum

Edmund Fitzgerald bow anchor

Edmund Fitzgerald bow anchor on display at the Dossin Great Lakes Museum

The day after the wreck, Mariners' Church in Detroit rang its bell 29 times; once for each life lost. The church continued to hold an annual memorial, reading the names of the crewmen and ringing the church bell, until 2006 when the church broadened its memorial ceremony to commemorate all lives lost on the Great Lakes.[189]

The ship's bell was recovered from the wreck on July 4, 1995. A replica engraved with the names of the 29 sailors who lost their lives replaced the original on the wreck. A legal document signed by 46 relatives of the deceased, officials of the Mariners' Church of Detroit and the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historic Society (GLSHS) "donated the custodian and conservatorship" of the bell to the GLSHS "to be incorporated in a permanent memorial at Whitefish Point, Michigan, to honor the memory of the 29 men of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald." The terms of the legal agreement made the GLSHS responsible for maintaining the bell, and forbade it from selling or moving the bell or using it for commercial purposes. It provided for transferring the bell to the Mariners' Church of Detroit if the terms were violated.

An uproar occurred in 1995 when a maintenance worker in St. Ignace, Michigan, refurbished the bell by stripping the protective coating applied by Michigan State University experts. The controversy continued when the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum tried to use the bell as a touring exhibit in 1996. Relatives of the crew halted this move, objecting that the bell was being used as a "traveling trophy." As of 2005[update], the bell is on display in the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum in Whitefish Point near Paradise, Michigan.

An anchor from Edmund Fitzgerald lost on an earlier trip was recovered from the Detroit River and is on display at the Dossin Great Lakes Museum in Detroit, Michigan. The Dossin Great Lakes Museum also hosts a Lost Mariners Remembrance event each year on the evening of November 10. Artifacts on display in the Steamship Valley Camp museum in Sault Ste. Marie, include two lifeboats, photos, a movie of Edmund Fitzgerald and commemorative models and paintings. Every November 10, the Split Rock Lighthouse in Silver Bay, Minnesota emits a light in honor of Edmund Fitzgerald.

On August 8, 2007, along a remote shore of Lake Superior on the Keweenaw Peninsula, a Michigan family discovered a lone life-saving ring that appeared to have come from Edmund Fitzgerald. It bore markings different from those of rings found at the wreck site, and was thought to be a hoax. Later it was determined that the life ring was not from Edmund Fitzgerald, but had been lost by the owner, whose father had made it as a personal memorial.

The Royal Canadian Mint commemorated Edmund Fitzgerald in 2015 with a colored silver collector coin, with a face value of $20.[198]

Musical and theater tributes[edit]

In 1976, Ontario singer-songwriter Gordon Lightfoot wrote, composed, and recorded the song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" for his album Summertime Dream. On NPR's Saturday Morning Edition on February 14, 2015, Gordon Lightfoot said he was inspired to write the song when he saw the name misspelled "Edmond" in Newsweek magazine two weeks after the sinking; Lightfoot said he felt that it dishonored the memory of the 29 who died. Lightfoot's popular ballad made the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald one of the best-known disasters in the history of Great Lakes shipping. The original lyrics of the song show a degree of artistic license compared to the events of the actual sinking: it states the destination as Cleveland instead of Detroit. Also, in light of new evidence about what happened, Lightfoot has modified one line for live performances, the original stanza being:

When suppertime came the old cook came on deck,
Saying 'Fellas, it's too rough to feed ya.'
At 7 p.m. a main hatchway caved in,
He said, 'Fellas, it's been good to know ya.'

Lightfoot changed the third line to "At 7 p.m. it grew dark, it was then".

In 1986, writer Steven Dietz and songwriter/lyricist Eric Peltoniemi wrote the musical Ten November in memory of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking. In 2005, the play was re-edited into a concert version called The Gales of November, which opened on the 30th anniversary of the sinking at the Fitzgerald Theater in St. Paul, Minnesota.

A piano concerto titled TheEdmund Fitzgerald was composed by American composer Geoffrey Peterson in 2002; it premiered by the Sault Symphony Orchestra in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, in November 2005 as another 30th-anniversary commemoration.

Commercialization[edit]

The fame of Edmund Fitzgerald's image and historical narrative have made it public domain and subject to commercialization. A "cottage industry" has evolved across the Great Lakes region from Two Harbors, Minnesota, to Whitefish Point, the incident's "ground zero". Memorabilia on sale include Christmas ornaments, T-shirts, coffee mugs, Edmund Fitzgerald Porter, videos, and other items commemorating the vessel and its loss.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Edmund_Fitzgerald

Edmonds Corner

Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States

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The red numbers show the expected high temperature for a given day, while the blue numbers show the expected low temperature. Because forecast uncertainty increases with time, we also display the range of possible high/low temperature outcomes, shown as the shaded red/blue regions. The actual high/low temp could fall anywhere in that shaded region, and the larger the shaded regions are, the higher the forecast uncertainty is.

Edmonds Corner weather

Current weather - Here we've put together a glance at all the most important information about the current weather in Edmonds Corner (Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States). You can see with the radar HD if precipitation is falling at the moment, or headed towards Edmonds Corner soon. You can also see where there are thunderstorms currently ongoing, as well as where thunderstorms have occurred in recent weeks and months with our lightning analysis tool. Our HD satellite images of Edmonds Corner will show you whether there’s sunshine currently in the area, or if clouds are making for a more gloomy day. Finally, current observations will tell you what current temperatures look like around Edmonds Corner at the moment, as well as if it's humid and/or windy.

Forecast for the next few days - The weather forecast for Edmonds Corner is available in several different versions, all clearly and simply displayed here on the Weather Edmonds Corner page. For the short term, we have data based on a single weather model that is known to deliver the best forecast for Edmonds Corner. For the longer term, we have forecasts for the next two weeks based on an analysis of many different possible forecast outcomes that will give you a sense of not just what's most likely, but how the forecast could change in future updates as we get closer to any given date. If the range of possible outcomes is narrow, you can have high confidence in the forecast. If the range is wide, you know there’s more uncertainty, and to not give too much credence to any one possible forecast outcome. We also have other products such as Meteograms and Forecast XL elsewhere on our site to give you additional options for figuring out the forecast for Edmonds Corner.

Weather Edmonds Corner

Weather in other places in the region Chesapeake city

Neighboring places around Edmonds Corner
-Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,South Hill,Midway Mobile Home Park,Portlock,Westover,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,West Munden

Cities, towns, villages
-Admiralty Mobile Home Court,Ahoy Acres,Ahoy Shores,Albemarle Acres,Albemarle Farms,Algren,Arbuckle Landing,Ashley Woods,Avalon,Barnes Trailer Park,Battlewood Meadows,Bayberry Place,Bells Mill,Benefit,Boone,Bowers Hill,Brentwood,Bridge Field,Broadmoor,Bruce,Buell,Butts,Carolina Junction,Cedar Grove Acres,Chadswyck,Charlton Village,Chesapeake,Chesapeake Mobile Home Park,Cloverdale,Colonial Point,Colony Manor,Cornland,Crestwood,Davids Mill,Deep Creek,Dockwood,Douglas Landing,Dove Acres,Doziers Corner,Drum Creek Farms,Dunedin,Edgewood,Edmonds Corner,Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Essex Meadows,Fentress,Forest Hills,Foundation Park,Geneva Mobile Home Park,Geneva Park,Geneva Shores,Gilmerton,Glenmoore,Grassfield,Great Bridge,Great Bridge Gardens,Green Acres,Green Meadow Point,Herberts Corner,Hickory,Hodges Ferry,Holly Cove,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,Hutchins,Indian River Park,Inland Colony,Jester Gardens,Jolliff,Jolliff Woods,Long Ridge,Loxley Gardens,Manning Estates,McMilan Mobile Home Park,Midway Mobile Home Park,Mill Pond Forest,Millville,Mount Pleasant,Mount Pleasent Heights,Norfolk Highlands,Northwest,Oak Grove,Oaklette,Parkview,Pines of Warrick,Pinetta,Plantation Lakes,Plymouth Park,Point Elizabeth,Poplar Ridge,Portlock,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Raleigh Heights,Raleigh Place,Riverbend,Riverdale,Saint Brides,Sandy Pines,Scotfield,Seabrooke Landing,Shorewood,Sign Pine (historical),Silverwood,South Dockwood,South Fairview,South Hill,Stone Bridge,Stoney's Mobile Home Park,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,Sunray,Tanglewood,Taylorwood Estates,Wallaceton,Waterway Estates,Wedgewood,West Landing,West Munden,Westover,Willow Lakes,Woodland Terrace,Woodshire Mobile Home Park,Yadkin

Lakes
-Lake Drummond

All location information on this website comes from Geonames.org. The data set of Edmonds Corner was last changed on 01/14/2006. Did you discover an error in the data? Then we would be happy if you change it directly in the source. Please follow this link to edit.

Источник: https://meteologix.com/au/weather/4757268-edmonds-corner

Edmonds, WA (98026) 5-Day Weather Forecast


google

Hour-by-hour forecasts for Edmonds

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    • 22

      46°
      Dull and wet
      Wind direction
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      1,54
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      0,31
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      2,06
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      0,12
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      Wind direction
      0,06
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      0,11
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      0,14
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      3,00
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      1,80
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      1,80
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      1,80
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      51°
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      1,17
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      0,73
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    • 18

      53°
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      0,73
      pluie

Edmonds weather on your site

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Источник: https://www.aux.tv/us/weather/edmonds.htm

Driving for Thanksgiving? Avoid nasty surprises on the highway with our road trip checklist


For travelers planning to drive over Thanksgiving, here's one thing to put at the top of your to-do list: making sure your car is ready for a long trip.

Skipping that task could mean waiting a while on the side of the road before help comes.

Ellen Edmonds, a spokesperson for the motor club AAA, says her organization expects to respond to "about 400,000" calls for roadside assistance over the course of the next week.

►Hitting the road for the holidays?: Here are 16 products you should never go without

 Cars newsletter:  Get all of the latest auto news in your inbox

To make sure you're not one of those callers, she recommends getting a full vehicle inspection (available at car dealerships, auto parts stores like Pep Boys, as well as gas stations in states that require annual inspections) before you go — ideally by Monday — so you have time to address any issues before you hit the road.

But if you can't get a formal inspection, here's a priority list of things drivers can do to ensure a safe trip.

"We use an acronym, BET: Battery, engine tires," she says, ticking off three crucial systems.  

Battery

"Make sure that your battery is well secured, that it's clean and the terminals don't have any corrosion on them," Edmonds says. "If your battery is more than 3 years old, we would recommend getting it adjusted because the battery lifespan depends on where you live. (She says batteries tend not to last as long in warm, humid climates.)

Engine

"Make sure you have no warning lights (on your dashboard) and that there's nothing leaking under the car like antifreeze," she advises.

If your car is displaying an engine light while you're still at home, take it to your dealer or a trusted mechanic to have the code read and find out exactly what's wrong and whether it needs to be addressed before you get on the road.  If it happens while you're on the road, Google the closest dealership for that brand or auto parts store.

► Consumer Reports:  Lexus has most reliable car of 2022, Tesla has 'problems'

Tires

"I recommend at least 4/32 tread," Edmonds says, referring to how thick a tread you need on your tire.

She says to insert an upside-down quarter into the tread and if the top of George Washington's head doesn't fall below the tread, it's time for new tires.

With gas prices at a seven-year high, having your tires inflated properly as also key to getting the most miles out of your $3.41 per gallon (the national average as of Friday).   You can find the proper setting for your tires on the inside of the driver's side door jamb.

Be aware that if your region is undergoing major shifts in temperature, that might prompt your tire pressure light to come on. If the light goes off after a few miles, weather is likely the cause. If it stays on, you need to check for a leak.

Edmonds recommends checking your tire pressure over the weekend and then again before you leave to make sure you're not leaking air. 

Among Edmonds' other suggestions:

Start with a clean windshield. "A clean windshield is important for a number of reasons," she says. For one thing, a dusty one can cause glare if you're driving into the sun. Plus, if your car has tech like adaptive cruise control or lane-keeping assistance, those functions rely on a camera housed behind the windshield. If it can't see, they won't work and you'll be pestered by warnings the rest of the way. 

Take a good look at your windshield wipers – front and back.  "Make sure they're clearing the rain with little to no streaking or noise, and that they're not cracked or brittle," she says. If you need new ones, you can look up your make and model on a manufacturer's website or consult the book in the wiper aisle at the auto parts store to see which type your car takes.  And if you haven't put your ice scraper in the car for winter yet, go ahead and do that.

Top off those fluids. "Make sure you have plenty of windshield wiper fluid because if you're driving over several different states, you may run into different types of weather," Edmonds says.

And if your car has a habit of using oil (looking at you, 2013 and 2014 Subaru Foresters) top it off before you leave and bring another quart, funnel and rag with you just in case the oil light comes on. 

Check to see whether roadside assistance is covered. Do not wait until the worst possible moment to discover that your roadside assistance coverage has lapsed. Check your status ahead of time.

If your car is three years old or less, you might still have coverage through your manufacturer. If you have a travel credit card, you might also be covered so check the issuer's website for a list of benefits and whether there's a fee to use it. If neither applies to you, you can add it to your car insurance policy for a nominal fee per month.

And if you plan to go the AAA route, be aware that there can be a 2-to-3 day waiting period before your policy takes effect. So if you plan to drive Wednesday, sign up by Monday to make sure you're covered once you hit the road.

► Taking a road trip?  Here's how to get roadside assistance when driving far away from home

Pack an emergency kit.  In the event you do end up stopped on the side of the road, be prepared with a bag containing coats or blankets, a portable cellphone charger (not just a cable), water and snacks, a shovel and flashlight. Edmonds recommends using triangular caution signs rather than flares, which can break down and become ineffective. 

Get enough gas.  Don't let your tank drop below a quarter-full, Edmonds advises. If you have an electric car, make sure you research where to find charging stations.

Remember COVID is still a thing.  So pack masks for everyone in the car just in case and consider bringing along plastic bags to use as gloves when pumping gas. You can also consult AAA's nationwide guide to each state's current travel restrictions.

Edmonds also recommends using touch-free credit card sensors rather than inserting the card, both for hygiene and identity-theft protection.  It's probably not a bad idea to have a copy of your vaccination card on your phone, either.

► Need to share proof of vaccine?  Here's how to store your COVID-19 vaccination card on your smartphone

Buckle up your pup. Rather than let your dog roam around the car, consider picking up a harness-and-seat-belt combo that clips into one of the seatbelts. This way, should you wind up in accident, your dog won't be flung around. Keep their leash in the side pocket of the door where the dog is seated so that you can quickly and easily leash them up when it's time to stretch their legs. (Another reminder: Don't forget to bring baggies to pick up after your dog.)

And what if you don't get around to doing all this before you leave for Thanksgiving?

"Then you need to do it before Christmas," Edmonds says.

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Источник: https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2021/11/20/thanksgiving-travel-why-you-shouldnt-put-off-checking-your-car/8666308002/

Edmonds weather today -

Weather forecast
Edmonds, WA

Weather forecast for today -
Thursday, Nov 25.

Showers Late
Showers Late
  • Wind: 12 mph S
  • Humidity: 93%
  • Precip. probability: 34%
  • Precipitation: 0"
  • UV index: 0

Current condition
Edmonds, WA

Cloudy
Cloudy
  • Wind: 12 mph S
  • Humidity: 91%
  • Dewpoint: 45°F
  • Pressure: 30.08 "Hg
  • Precipitation: 0"
  • Visibility: 9 mi
  • UV index: 0

Edmonds, Washington, USA

  • en: Edmonds, Washington, USA
  • es: Edmonds, Washington, EE.UU.
  • sr: Edmonds, Vašington, SAD
  • zh: 埃德蒙兹, 华盛顿, 美国
  • Latitude: 47.810652°
  • Longitude: -122.377355°
  • Elevation: 66 ft
  • Current time: 11:42pm PST
  • Sunrise: 7:30am PST
  • Sunset: 4:22pm PST
  • Timezone: America/Los_Angeles
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Edmonds, Washington, USA - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast, and long range monthly outlook. Climate information with charts. Country: Washington, USA, City: Edmonds. [2391684]
Источник: https://www.weather-us.com/en/washington-usa/edmonds

Driving for Thanksgiving? Avoid nasty surprises on the highway with our road trip checklist


For travelers planning to drive over Thanksgiving, here's one thing to put at the top of your to-do list: making sure your car is ready for a long trip.

Skipping that task could mean waiting a while on the side of the road before help comes.

Ellen Edmonds, a spokesperson for the motor club AAA, says her organization expects to respond to "about 400,000" calls for roadside assistance over the course of the next week.

►Hitting the road for the holidays?: Here are 16 products you should never go without

 Cars newsletter:  Get all of the latest auto news in your inbox

To make sure you're not one of those callers, she recommends getting a full vehicle inspection (available at car dealerships, auto parts stores like Pep Boys, as well as gas stations in states that require annual inspections) before you go — ideally by Monday — so you have time to address any issues before you hit the road.

But if you can't get a formal inspection, here's a priority list of things drivers can do to ensure a safe trip.

"We use an acronym, BET: Battery, engine tires," she says, ticking off three crucial systems.  

Battery

"Make sure that your battery is well secured, that it's clean and the terminals don't have any corrosion on them," Edmonds says. "If your battery is more than 3 years old, we would recommend getting it adjusted because the battery lifespan depends on where you live. (She says batteries tend not to last as long in warm, humid climates.)

Engine

"Make sure you have no warning lights (on your dashboard) and that there's nothing leaking under the car like antifreeze," she advises.

If your car is displaying an engine light while you're still at home, take it to your dealer or a trusted mechanic to have the code read and find out exactly what's wrong and whether it needs to be addressed before you get on the road.  If it happens while you're on the road, Google the closest dealership for that brand or auto parts store.

► Consumer Reports:  Lexus has most reliable car of 2022, Tesla has 'problems'

Tires

"I recommend at least 4/32 tread," Edmonds says, referring to how thick a tread you need on your tire.

She says to insert an upside-down quarter into the tread and if the top of George Washington's head doesn't fall below the tread, it's time for new tires.

With gas prices at a seven-year high, having your tires inflated properly as also key to getting the most miles out of your $3.41 per gallon (the national average as of Friday).   You can find the proper setting for your tires on the inside of the driver's side door jamb.

Be aware that if your region is undergoing major shifts in temperature, that might prompt your tire pressure light to come on. If the light goes off after a few miles, weather is likely the cause. If it stays on, you need to check for a leak.

Edmonds recommends checking your tire pressure over the weekend and then again before you leave to make sure you're not leaking air. 

Among Edmonds' other suggestions:

Start with a clean windshield. "A clean windshield is important for a number of reasons," she says. For one thing, a dusty one can cause glare if you're driving into the sun. Plus, if your car has tech like adaptive cruise control or lane-keeping assistance, those functions rely on a camera housed behind the windshield. If it can't see, they won't work and you'll be pestered by warnings the rest of the way. 

Take a good look at your windshield wipers – front and back.  "Make sure they're clearing the rain with little to no streaking or noise, and that they're not cracked or brittle," she says. If you need new ones, you can look up your make and model on a manufacturer's website or consult the book in the wiper aisle at the auto parts store to see which type your car takes.  And if you haven't put your ice scraper in the car for winter yet, go ahead and do that.

Top off those fluids. "Make sure you have plenty of windshield wiper fluid because if you're driving over several different states, you may run into different types of weather," Edmonds says.

And if your car has a habit of using oil (looking at you, 2013 and 2014 Subaru Foresters) top it off before you leave and bring another quart, funnel and rag with you just in case the oil light comes on. 

Check to see whether roadside assistance is covered. Do not wait until the worst possible moment to discover that your roadside assistance coverage has lapsed. Check your status ahead of time.

If your car is three years old or less, you might still have coverage through your manufacturer. If you have a travel credit card, you might also be covered so check the issuer's website for a list of benefits and whether there's a fee to use it. If neither applies to you, you can add it to your car insurance policy for a nominal fee per month.

And if you plan to go the AAA route, be aware that there can be a 2-to-3 day waiting period before your policy takes effect. So if you plan to drive Wednesday, sign up by Monday to make sure you're covered once you hit the road.

► Taking a road trip?  Here's how to get roadside assistance when driving far away from home

Pack an emergency kit.  In the event you do end up stopped on the side of the road, be prepared with a bag containing coats or blankets, a portable cellphone charger (not just a cable), water and snacks, a shovel and flashlight. Edmonds recommends using triangular caution signs rather than flares, which can break down and become ineffective. 

Get enough gas.  Don't let your tank drop below a quarter-full, Edmonds advises. If you have an electric car, make sure you research where to find charging stations.

Remember COVID is still a thing.  So pack masks for everyone in the car just in case and consider bringing along plastic bags to use as gloves when pumping gas. You can also consult AAA's nationwide guide to each state's current travel restrictions.

Edmonds also recommends using touch-free credit card sensors rather than inserting the card, both for hygiene and identity-theft protection.  It's probably not a bad idea to have a copy of your vaccination card on your phone, either.

► Need to share proof of vaccine?  Here's how to store your COVID-19 vaccination card on your smartphone

Buckle up your pup. Rather than let your dog roam around the car, consider picking up a harness-and-seat-belt combo that clips into one of the seatbelts. This way, should you wind up in accident, your dog won't be flung around. Keep their leash in the side pocket of the door where the dog is seated so that you can quickly and easily leash them up when it's time to stretch their legs. (Another reminder: Don't forget to bring baggies to pick up after your dog.)

And what if you don't get around to doing all this before you leave for Thanksgiving?

"Then you need to do it before Christmas," Edmonds says.

FacebookTwitterEmail

Источник: https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2021/11/20/thanksgiving-travel-why-you-shouldnt-put-off-checking-your-car/8666308002/

SS Edmund Fitzgerald

American Great Lakes freighter 1958–1975

"Edmund Fitzgerald" redirects here. For other uses, see Edmund Fitzgerald (disambiguation).

Edmund Fitzgerald, 1971, 3 of 4 (restored; cropped).jpg

SS Edmund Fitzgerald in 1971

History
United States
NameSS Edmund Fitzgerald
NamesakeEdmund Fitzgerald, president of Northwestern Mutual
OwnerNorthwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company
OperatorColumbia Transportation Division, Oglebay Norton Company of Cleveland, Ohio
Port of registryMilwaukee, Wisconsin
OrderedFebruary 1, 1957
Yard number301
Laid downAugust 7, 1957
LaunchedJune 7, 1958
Maiden voyageSeptember 24, 1958
In serviceJune 8, 1958
Out of serviceNovember 10, 1975
IdentificationRegistry number US 277437
Nickname(s)Fitz, Mighty Fitz, Big Fitz, Pride of the American Side, Toledo Express, Titanic of the Great Lakes
FateLost with all hands (29 crew) in a storm, November 10, 1975
StatusWreck
NotesLocation: 46°59.91′N85°06.61′W / 46.99850°N 85.11017°W / 46.99850; -85.11017Coordinates: 46°59.91′N85°06.61′W / 46.99850°N 85.11017°W / 46.99850; -85.11017
General characteristics
TypeLake freighter
Tonnage
  • 13,632 GRT
  • 8,713 NRT (from 1969: 8,686 NRT)
  • 26,000 DWT
Length
Beam75 ft (23 m)
Draft25 ft (7.6 m) typical
Depth39 ft (12 m) (moulded)
Depth of hold33 ft 4 in (10.16 m)
Installed power
  • As built:
  • Coal fired Westinghouse Electric Corporation steam turbine at 7,500 shp (5,600 kW)
  • After refit:
  • Conversion to oil fuel and the fitting of automated boiler controls over the winter of 1971–72.
  • Carried 72,000 U.S. gal (270,000 L; 60,000 imp gal) fuel oil
PropulsionSingle fixed pitch 19.5 ft (5.9 m) propeller
Speed14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Capacity25,400 tons of cargo
Crew29

SS Edmund Fitzgerald was an American Great Lakes freighter that sank in Lake Superior during a storm on November 10, 1975, with the loss of the entire crew of 29 men. When launched on June 7, 1958, she was the largest ship on North America's Great Lakes, and she remains the largest to have sunk there. She was located in deep water on November 14, 1975, by a U.S. Navy aircraft detecting magnetic anomalies, and found soon afterwards to be in two large pieces.

For 17 years, Edmund Fitzgerald carried taconiteiron ore from mines near Duluth, Minnesota, to iron works in Detroit, Toledo, and other Great Lakes ports. As a workhorse, she set seasonal haul records six times, often breaking her own record. Captain Peter Pulcer was known for piping music day or night over the ship's intercom while passing through the St. Clair and Detroit rivers (between lakes Huron and Erie), and entertaining spectators at the Soo Locks (between Lakes Superior and Huron) with a running commentary about the ship. Her size, record-breaking performance, and "DJ captain" endeared Edmund Fitzgerald to boat watchers.

Carrying a full cargo of ore pellets with Captain Ernest M. McSorley in command, she embarked on her ill-fated voyage from Superior, Wisconsin, near Duluth, on the afternoon of November 9, 1975. En route to a steel mill near Detroit, Edmund Fitzgerald joined a second taconite freighter, SS Arthur M. Anderson. By the next day, the two ships were caught in a severe storm on Lake Superior, with near hurricane-force winds and waves up to 35 feet (11 m) high. Shortly after 7:10 p.m., Edmund Fitzgerald suddenly sank in Canadian (Ontario) waters 530 feet (88 fathoms; 160 m) deep, about 17 miles (15 nautical miles; 27 kilometers) from Whitefish Bay near the twin cities of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario—a distance Edmund Fitzgerald could have covered in just over an hour at her top speed.

Edmund Fitzgerald previously reported being in significant difficulty to Arthur M. Anderson: "I have a bad list, lost both radars. And am taking heavy seas over the deck. One of the worst seas I've ever been in." However, no distress signals were sent before she sank; Captain McSorley's last (7:10 p.m.) message to Arthur M. Anderson was, "We are holding our own." Her crew of 29 perished, and no bodies were recovered. The exact cause of the sinking remains unknown, though many books, studies, and expeditions have examined it. Edmund Fitzgerald may have been swamped, suffered structural failure or topside damage, experienced shoaling, or suffered from a combination of these.

The disaster is one of the best known in the history of Great Lakes shipping. Gordon Lightfoot made it the subject of his 1976 hit song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" after reading an article, "The Cruelest Month", in the November 24, 1975, issue of Newsweek. The sinking led to changes in Great Lakes shipping regulations and practices that included mandatory survival suits, depth finders, positioning systems, increased freeboard, and more frequent inspection of vessels.

History[edit]

SS Edmund Fitzgerald upbound and in ballast
SS Edmund Fitzgerald,upbound and in ballast

Design and construction[edit]

Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, invested in the iron and minerals industries on a large-scale basis, including the construction of Edmund Fitzgerald, which represented the first such investment by any American life insurance company. In 1957, they contracted Great Lakes Engineering Works (GLEW), of River Rouge, Michigan, to design and construct the ship "within a foot of the maximum length allowed for passage through the soon-to-be completed Saint Lawrence Seaway." The ship's value at that time was $7 million (equivalent to $49.7 million in 2019[10]). Edmund Fitzgerald was the first laker built to the maximum St. Lawrence Seaway size, which was 730 feet (222.5 m) long, 75 feet (22.9 m) wide, and with a 25 foot (7.6 m) draft. The moulded depth (roughly speaking, the vertical height of the hull) was 39 ft (12 m). The hold depth (the inside height of the cargo hold) was 33 ft 4 in (10.16 m). GLEW laid the first keel plate on August 7 the same year.

With a deadweight capacity of 26,000 long tons (29,120 short tons; 26,417 t), and a 729-foot (222 m) hull, Edmund Fitzgerald was the longest ship on the Great Lakes, earning her the title Queen of the Lakes until September 17, 1959, when the 730-foot (222.5 m) SS Murray Bay was launched.Edmund Fitzgerald's three central cargo holds were loaded through 21 watertight cargo hatches, each 11 by 48 feet (3.4 by 14.6 m) of 5⁄16-inch-thick (7.9 mm) steel. Originally coal-fired, her boilers were converted to burn oil during the 1971–72 winter layup. In 1969, the ship's maneuverability was improved by the installation of a diesel-powered bow thruster.

By ore freighter standards, the interior of Edmund Fitzgerald was luxurious. Her J.L. Hudson Company-designed furnishings included deep pile carpeting, tiled bathrooms, drapes over the portholes, and leather swivel chairs in the guest lounge. There were two guest staterooms for passengers. Air conditioning extended to the crew quarters, which featured more amenities than usual. A large galley and fully stocked pantry supplied meals for two dining rooms. Edmund Fitzgerald's pilothouse was outfitted with "state-of-the-art nautical equipment and a beautiful map room."

Name and launch[edit]

Northwestern Mutual named the ship after its president and chairman of the board, Edmund Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald's own grandfather had himself been a lake captain, and his father owned the Milwaukee Drydock Company, which built and repaired ships. More than 15,000 people attended Edmund Fitzgerald's christening and launch ceremony on June 7, 1958. The event was plagued by misfortunes. When Elizabeth Fitzgerald, wife of Edmund Fitzgerald, tried to christen the ship by smashing a champagne bottle over the bow, it took her three attempts to break it. A delay of 36 minutes followed while the shipyard crew struggled to release the keel blocks. Upon sideways launch, the ship created a large wave that "doused" the spectators and then crashed into a pier before righting herself. One man watching the launching had a heart attack and later died. Other witnesses later said they swore the ship was "trying to climb right out of the water". On September 22, 1958, Edmund Fitzgerald completed nine days of sea trials.[23]

Career[edit]

SS Edmund Fitzgerald underway
SS Edmund Fitzgeraldunder way

Northwestern Mutual's normal practice was to purchase ships for operation by other companies. In Edmund Fitzgerald's case, they signed a 25-year contract with Oglebay Norton Corporation to operate the vessel. Oglebay Norton immediately designated Edmund Fitzgerald the flagship of its Columbia Transportation fleet.

Edmund Fitzgerald was a record-setting workhorse, often beating her own milestones. The vessel's record load for a single trip was 27,402 long tons (30,690 short tons; 27,842 t) in 1969. For 17 years, Edmund Fitzgerald carried taconite from Minnesota's Iron Range mines near Duluth, Minnesota, to iron works in Detroit, Toledo, and other ports. She set seasonal haul records six different times. Her nicknames included "Fitz", "Pride of the American Side", "Mighty Fitz", "Toledo Express", "Big Fitz", and the "Titanic of the Great Lakes". Loading Edmund Fitzgerald with taconite pellets took about four and a half hours, while unloading took around 14 hours. A round trip between Superior, Wisconsin, and Detroit, Michigan, usually took her five days and she averaged 47 similar trips per season. The vessel's usual route was between Superior, Wisconsin, and Toledo, Ohio, although her port of destination could vary. By November 1975, Edmund Fitzgerald had logged an estimated 748 round trips on the Great Lakes and covered more than a million miles, "a distance roughly equivalent to 44 trips around the world."

Up until a few weeks before her loss, passengers had traveled on board as company guests. Frederick Stonehouse wrote:

Stewards treated the guests to the entire VIP routine. The cuisine was reportedly excellent and snacks were always available in the lounge. A small but well-stocked kitchenette provided the drinks. Once each trip, the captain held a candlelight dinner for the guests, complete with mess-jacketed stewards and special "clamdigger" punch.

Because of her size, appearance, string of records, and "DJ captain,"Edmund Fitzgerald became a favorite of boat watchers throughout her career. Although Captain Peter Pulcer was in command of Edmund Fitzgerald on trips when cargo records were set, "he is best remembered ... for piping music day or night over the ship's intercom system" while passing through the St. Clair and Detroit Rivers. While navigating the Soo Locks he would often come out of the pilothouse and use a bullhorn to entertain tourists with a commentary on details about Edmund Fitzgerald.

In 1969, Edmund Fitzgerald received a safety award for eight years of operation without a time-off worker injury. The vessel ran aground in 1969, and she collided with SS Hochelaga in 1970. Later that same year, she struck the wall of a lock, an accident repeated in 1973 and 1974. During 1974, she lost her original bow anchor in the Detroit River. None of these mishaps, however, were considered serious or unusual.Freshwater ships are built to last more than half a century, and Edmund Fitzgerald would still have had a long career ahead of her when she sank.

Final voyage and wreck[edit]

Map of Fitzgerald's probable course on final voyage
The National Transportation Safety Board map of probable course of Edmund Fitzgeraldand Arthur M. Anderson
Map showing the location of the wreck

Edmund Fitzgerald left Superior, Wisconsin, at 2:15 p.m. on the afternoon of November 9, 1975, under the command of Captain Ernest M. McSorley. She was en route to the steel mill on Zug Island, near Detroit, Michigan, with a cargo of 26,116 long tons (29,250 short tons; 26,535 t) of taconite ore pellets and soon reached her full speed of 16.3 miles per hour (14.2 kn; 26.2 km/h). Around 5 p.m., Edmund Fitzgerald joined a second freighter under the command of Captain Jesse B. "Bernie" Cooper, Arthur M. Anderson, destined for Gary, Indiana, out of Two Harbors, Minnesota. The weather forecast was not unusual for November and the National Weather Service (NWS) predicted that a storm would pass just south of Lake Superior by 7 a.m. on November 10.

SS Wilfred Sykes loaded opposite Edmund Fitzgerald at the Burlington Northern Dock #1 and departed at 4:15 p.m., about two hours after Edmund Fitzgerald. In contrast to the NWS forecast, Captain Dudley J. Paquette of Wilfred Sykes predicted that a major storm would directly cross Lake Superior. From the outset, he chose a route that took advantage of the protection offered by the lake's north shore to avoid the worst effects of the storm. The crew of Wilfred Sykes followed the radio conversations between Edmund Fitzgerald and Arthur M. Anderson during the first part of their trip and overheard their captains deciding to take the regular Lake Carriers' Association downbound route. The NWS altered its forecast at 7:00 p.m., issuing gale warnings for the whole of Lake Superior.Arthur M. Anderson and Edmund Fitzgerald altered course northward seeking shelter along the Ontario shore where they encountered a winter storm at 1:00 a.m. on November 10. Edmund Fitzgerald reported winds of 52 knots (96 km/h; 60 mph) and waves 10 feet (3.0 m) high. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes reported that after 1 a.m., he overheard McSorley say that he had reduced the ship's speed because of the rough conditions. Paquette said he was stunned to later hear McSorley, who was not known for turning aside or slowing down, state that "we're going to try for some lee from Isle Royale. You're walking away from us anyway … I can't stay with you."

At 2:00 a.m. on November 10, the NWS upgraded its warnings from gale to storm, forecasting winds of 35–50 knots (65–93 km/h; 40–58 mph). Until then, Edmund Fitzgerald had followed Arthur M. Anderson, which was travelling at a constant 14.6 miles per hour (12.7 kn; 23.5 km/h), but the faster Edmund Fitzgerald pulled ahead at about 3:00 a.m. As the storm center passed over the ships, they experienced shifting winds, with wind speeds temporarily dropping as wind direction changed from northeast to south and then northwest. After 1:50 p.m., when Arthur M. Anderson logged winds of 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph), wind speeds again picked up rapidly, and it began to snow at 2:45 p.m., reducing visibility; Arthur M. Anderson lost sight of Edmund Fitzgerald, which was about 16 miles (26 km) ahead at the time.

Shortly after 3:30 p.m., Captain McSorley radioed Arthur M. Anderson to report that Edmund Fitzgerald was taking on water and had lost two vent covers and a fence railing. The vessel had also developed a list. Two of Edmund Fitzgerald's six bilge pumps ran continuously to discharge shipped water. McSorley said that he would slow his ship down so that Arthur M. Anderson could close the gap between them. In a broadcast shortly afterward, the United States Coast Guard (USCG) warned all shipping that the Soo Locks had been closed and they should seek safe anchorage. Shortly after 4:10 p.m., McSorley called Arthur M. Anderson again to report a radar failure and asked Arthur M. Anderson to keep track of them.Edmund Fitzgerald, effectively blind, slowed to let Arthur M. Anderson come within a 10-mile (16 km) range so she could receive radar guidance from the other ship.

For a time, Arthur M. Anderson directed Edmund Fitzgerald toward the relative safety of Whitefish Bay; then, at 4:39 p.m., McSorley contacted the USCG station in Grand Marais, Michigan, to inquire whether the Whitefish Point light and navigation beacon were operational. The USCG replied that their monitoring equipment indicated that both instruments were inactive. McSorley then hailed any ships in the Whitefish Point area to report the state of the navigational aids, receiving an answer from Captain Cedric Woodard of Avafors between 5:00 and 5:30 p.m. that the Whitefish Point light was on but not the radio beacon. Woodard testified to the Marine Board that he overheard McSorley say, "Don't allow nobody on deck," as well as something about a vent that Woodard could not understand. Some time later, McSorley told Woodard, "I have a 'bad list', I have lost both radars, and am taking heavy seas over the deck in one of the worst seas I have ever been in."

By late in the afternoon of November 10, sustained winds of over 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph) were recorded by ships and observation points across eastern Lake Superior.Arthur M. Anderson logged sustained winds as high as 58 knots (107 km/h; 67 mph) at 4:52 p.m., while waves increased to as high as 25 feet (7.6 m) by 6:00 p.m.Arthur M. Anderson was also struck by 70-to-75-knot (130 to 139 km/h; 81 to 86 mph) gusts and rogue waves as high as 35 feet (11 m).

At approximately 7:10 p.m., when Arthur M. Anderson notified Edmund Fitzgerald of an upbound ship and asked how she was doing, McSorley reported, "We are holding our own." She was never heard from again. No distress signal was received, and ten minutes later, Arthur M. Anderson lost the ability either to reach Edmund Fitzgerald by radio or to detect her on radar.

Search[edit]

Edmund Fitzgerald lifeboat
One of Edmund Fitzgerald's lifeboats, on display at the Valley Campmuseum ship

Captain Cooper of Arthur M. Anderson first called the USCG in Sault Ste. Marie at 7:39 p.m. on channel 16, the radio distress frequency. The USCG responders instructed him to call back on channel 12 because they wanted to keep their emergency channel open and they were having difficulty with their communication systems, including antennas blown down by the storm. Cooper then contacted the upbound saltwater vessel Nanfri and was told that she could not pick up Edmund Fitzgerald on her radar either. Despite repeated attempts to raise the USCG, Cooper was not successful until 7:54 p.m. when the officer on duty asked him to keep watch for a 16-foot (4.9 m) boat lost in the area. At about 8:25 p.m., Cooper again called the USCG to express his concern about Edmund Fitzgerald and at 9:03 p.m. reported her missing. Petty Officer Philip Branch later testified, "I considered it serious, but at the time it was not urgent."

Lacking appropriate search-and-rescue vessels to respond to Edmund Fitzgerald's disaster, at approximately 9:00 p.m., the USCG asked Arthur M. Anderson to turn around and look for survivors. Around 10:30 p.m., the USCG asked all commercial vessels anchored in or near Whitefish Bay to assist in the search. The initial search for survivors was carried out by Arthur M. Anderson, and a second freighter, SS William Clay Ford. The efforts of a third freighter, the Toronto-registered SS Hilda Marjanne, were foiled by the weather. The USCG sent a buoy tender, Woodrush, from Duluth, Minnesota, but it took two and a half hours to launch and a day to travel to the search area. The Traverse City, Michigan, USCG station launched an HU-16 fixed-wing search aircraft that arrived on the scene at 10:53 p.m. while an HH-52 USCG helicopter with a 3.8-million-candlepower searchlight arrived at 1:00 a.m. on November 11.Canadian Coast Guard aircraft joined the three-day search and the Ontario Provincial Police established and maintained a beach patrol all along the eastern shore of Lake Superior.

Although the search recovered debris, including lifeboats and rafts, none of the crew were found. On her final voyage, Edmund Fitzgerald's crew of 29 consisted of the captain, the first, second and third mates, five engineers, three oilers, a cook, a wiper, two maintenance men, three watchmen, three deckhands, three wheelsmen, two porters, a cadet and a steward. Most of the crew were from Ohio and Wisconsin; their ages ranged from 20 year old watchman Karl A. Peckol to 63 year old Captain McSorley.

Edmund Fitzgerald is among the largest and best-known vessels lost on the Great Lakes but she is not alone on the Lake Superior seabed in that area. In the years between 1816, when Invincible was lost, and 1975, when Edmund Fitzgerald sank, the Whitefish Point area had claimed at least 240 ships.

Wreck discovery and surveys[edit]

USCG drawing of wreck site
A USCG drawing of the relative positions of the wreck parts

Wreck discovery[edit]

A U.S. Navy Lockheed P-3 Orion aircraft, piloted by Lt. George Conner and equipped to detect magnetic anomalies usually associated with submarines, found the wreck on November 14, 1975. Edmund Fitzgerald lay about 15 miles (13 nmi; 24 km) west of Deadman's Cove, Ontario (about 8 miles (7.0 nmi; 13 km) northwest of Pancake Bay Provincial Park), 17 miles (15 nmi; 27 km) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay to the southeast, in Canadian waters close to the international boundary at a depth of 530 feet (160 m). A further November 14–16 survey by the USCG using a side scan sonar revealed two large objects lying close together on the lake floor. The U.S. Navy also contracted Seaward, Inc., to conduct a second survey between November 22 and 25.

Underwater surveys[edit]

From May 20 to 28, 1976, the U.S. Navy dived on the wreck using its unmanned submersible, CURV-III, and found Edmund Fitzgerald lying in two large pieces in 530 feet (160 m) of water. Navy estimates put the length of the bow section at 276 feet (84 m) and that of the stern section at 253 feet (77 m). The bow section stood upright in the mud, some 170 feet (52 m) from the stern section that lay capsized at a 50-degree angle from the bow. In between the two broken sections lay a large mass of taconite pellets and scattered wreckage lying about, including hatch covers and hull plating.

In 1980, during a Lake Superior research dive expedition, marine explorer Jean-Michel Cousteau, the son of Jacques Cousteau, sent two divers from RV Calypso in the first manned submersible dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. The dive was brief, and although the dive team drew no final conclusions, they speculated that Edmund Fitzgerald had broken up on the surface.

The Michigan Sea Grant Program organized a three-day dive to survey Edmund Fitzgerald in 1989. The primary objective was to record 3-D videotape for use in museum educational programs and the production of documentaries. The expedition used a towed survey system (TSS Mk1) and a self-propelled, tethered, free-swimming remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV). The Mini Rover ROV was equipped with miniature stereoscopic cameras and wide-angle lenses in order to produce 3-D images. The towed survey system and the Mini Rover ROV were designed, built and operated by Chris Nicholson of Deep Sea Systems International, Inc. Participants included the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Geographic Society, the United States Army Corps of Engineers, the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society (GLSHS), and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the latter providing RV Grayling as the support vessel for the ROV. The GLSHS used part of the five hours of video footage produced during the dives in a documentary and the National Geographic Society used a segment in a broadcast. Frederick Stonehouse, who wrote one of the first books on the Edmund Fitzgerald wreck, moderated a 1990 panel review of the video that drew no conclusions about the cause of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking.

Canadian explorer Joseph B. MacInnis organized and led six publicly funded dives to Edmund Fitzgerald over a three-day period in 1994.Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution provided Edwin A. Link as the support vessel, and their manned submersible, Celia. The GLSHS paid $10,000 for three of its members to each join a dive and take still pictures. MacInnis concluded that the notes and video obtained during the dives did not provide an explanation why Edmund Fitzgerald sank. The same year, longtime sport diver Fred Shannon formed Deepquest Ltd., and organized a privately funded dive to the wreck of Edmund Fitzgerald, using Delta Oceanographic's submersible, Delta. Deepquest Ltd. conducted seven dives and took more than 42 hours of underwater video while Shannon set the record for the longest submersible dive to Edmund Fitzgerald at 211 minutes. Prior to conducting the dives, Shannon studied NOAA navigational charts and found that the international boundary had changed three times before its publication by NOAA in 1976. Shannon determined that based on GPS coordinates from the 1994 Deepquest expedition, "at least one-third of the two acres of immediate wreckage containing the two major portions of the vessel is in U.S. waters because of an error in the position of the U.S.–Canada boundary line shown on official lake charts."

Shannon's group discovered the remains of a crew member partly dressed in coveralls and wearing a life jacket lying face up on the lake bottom alongside the bow of the ship, indicating that at least one of the crew was aware of the possibility of sinking. The life jacket had deteriorated canvas and "what is thought to be six rectangular cork blocks ... clearly visible." Shannon concluded that "massive and advancing structural failure" caused Edmund Fitzgerald to break apart on the surface and sink.

MacInnis led another series of dives in 1995 to salvage the bell from Edmund Fitzgerald. The Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians backed the expedition by co-signing a loan in the amount of $250,000.[87] Canadian engineer Phil Nuytten's atmospheric diving suit, known as the "Newtsuit," was used to retrieve the bell from the ship, replace it with a replica, and put a beer can in Edmund Fitzgerald's pilothouse. That same year, Terrence Tysall and Mike Zee set multiple records when they used trimix gas to scuba dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. The pair are the only people known to have touched the Edmund Fitzgerald wreck. They also set records for the deepest scuba dive on the Great Lakes and the deepest shipwreck dive, and were the first divers to reach Edmund Fitzgerald without the aid of a submersible. It took six minutes to reach the wreck, six minutes to survey it, and three hours to resurface to avoid decompression sickness, also known as "the bends."

Restrictions on surveys[edit]

Under the Ontario Heritage Act, activities on registered archeological sites require a license. In March 2005, the Whitefish Point Preservation Society accused the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society (GLSHS) of conducting an unauthorized dive to Edmund Fitzgerald. Although the director of the GLSHS admitted to conducting a sonar scan of the wreck in 2002, he denied such a survey required a license at the time it was carried out.

An April 2005 amendment to the Ontario Heritage Act allows the Ontario government to impose a license requirement on dives, the operation of submersibles, side scan sonars or underwater cameras within a designated radius around protected sites. Conducting any of those activities without a license would result in fines of up to CA$1 million. On the basis of the amended law, to protect wreck sites considered "watery graves", the Ontario government issued updated regulations in January 2006, including an area with a 500-meter (1,640 ft) radius around Edmund Fitzgerald and other specifically designated marine archeological sites. In 2009, a further amendment to the Ontario Heritage Act imposed licensing requirements on any type of surveying device.

Hypotheses on the cause of sinking[edit]

Extreme weather and sea conditions play a role in all of the published hypotheses regarding Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking, but they differ on the other causal factors.

Waves and weather hypothesis[edit]

In 2005, NOAA and the NWS ran a computer simulation, including weather and wave conditions, covering the period from November 9, 1975, until the early morning of November 11. Analysis of the simulation showed that two separate areas of high wind appeared over Lake Superior at 4:00 p.m. on November 10. One had speeds in excess of 43 knots (80 km/h; 49 mph) and the other winds in excess of 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph). The southeastern part of the lake, the direction in which Edmund Fitzgerald was heading, had the highest winds. Average wave heights increased to near 19 feet (5.8 m) by 7:00 p.m., November 10, and winds exceeded 50 mph (43 kn; 80 km/h) over most of southeastern Lake Superior.

Edmund Fitzgerald sank at the eastern edge of the area of high wind where the long fetch, or distance that wind blows over water, produced significant waves averaging over 23 feet (7.0 m) by 7:00 p.m. and over 25 feet (7.6 m) at 8:00 p.m. The simulation also showed one in 100 waves reaching 36 feet (11 m) and one out of every 1,000 reaching 46 feet (14 m). Since the ship was heading east-southeastward, it is likely that the waves caused Edmund Fitzgerald to roll heavily.

At the time of the sinking, the ship Arthur M. Anderson reported northwest winds of 57 mph (50 kn; 92 km/h), matching the simulation analysis result of 54 mph (47 kn; 87 km/h). The analysis further showed that the maximum sustained winds reached near hurricane force of about 70 mph (61 kn; 110 km/h) with gusts to 86 miles per hour (75 kn; 138 km/h) at the time and location where Edmund Fitzgerald sank.

Rogue wave hypothesis[edit]

A group of three rogue waves, often called "three sisters," was reported in the vicinity of Edmund Fitzgerald at the time she sank. The "three sisters" phenomenon is said to occur on Lake Superior as a result of a sequence of three rogue waves forming that are one-third larger than normal waves. The first wave introduces an abnormally large amount of water onto the deck. This water is unable to fully drain away before the second wave strikes, adding to the surplus. The third incoming wave again adds to the two accumulated backwashes, quickly overloading the deck with too much water.

Captain Cooper of Arthur M. Anderson reported that his ship was "hit by two 30 to 35 foot seas about 6:30 p.m., one burying the aft cabins and damaging a lifeboat by pushing it right down onto the saddle. The second wave of this size, perhaps 35 foot, came over the bridge deck." Cooper went on to say that these two waves, possibly followed by a third, continued in the direction of Edmund Fitzgerald and would have struck about the time she sank. This hypothesis postulates that the "three sisters" compounded the twin problems of Edmund Fitzgerald's known list and her lower speed in heavy seas that already allowed water to remain on her deck for longer than usual.

The "Edmund Fitzgerald" episode of the 2010 television series Dive Detectives features the wave-generating tank of the National Research Council's Institute for Naval Technology in St. John's, and the tank's simulation of the effect of a 17-meter (56 ft) rogue wave upon a scale model of Edmund Fitzgerald. The simulation indicated such a rogue wave could almost completely submerge the bow or stern of the ship with water, at least temporarily.

Cargo-hold flooding hypothesis[edit]

The July 26, 1977, USCG Marine Casualty Report suggested that the accident was caused by ineffective hatch closures. The report concluded that these devices failed to prevent waves from inundating the cargo hold. The flooding occurred gradually and probably imperceptibly throughout the final day, finally resulting in a fatal loss of buoyancy and stability. As a result, Edmund Fitzgerald plummeted to the bottom without warning. Video footage of the wreck site showed that most of her hatch clamps were in perfect condition. The USCG Marine board concluded that the few damaged clamps were probably the only ones fastened. As a result, ineffective hatch closure caused Edmund Fitzgerald to flood and founder.

From the beginning of the USCG inquiry, some of the crewmen's families and various labor organizations believed the USCG findings could be tainted because there were serious questions regarding their preparedness as well as licensing and rules changes. Paul Trimble, a retired USCG vice admiral and president of the Lake Carriers Association (LCA), wrote a letter to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) on September 16, 1977, that included the following statements of objection to the USCG findings:

The present hatch covers are an advanced design and are considered by the entire lake shipping industry to be the most significant improvement over the telescoping leaf covers previously used for many years … The one-piece hatch covers have proven completely satisfactory in all weather conditions without a single vessel loss in almost 40 years of use … and no water accumulation in cargo holds …

It was common practice for ore freighters, even in foul weather, to embark with not all cargo clamps locked in place on the hatch covers. Maritime author Wolff reported that depending on weather conditions, all the clamps were eventually set within one to two days. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes was dismissive of suggestions that unlocked hatch clamps caused Edmund Fitzgerald to founder. He said that he commonly sailed in fine weather using the minimum number of clamps necessary to secure the hatch covers.

The May 4, 1978, NTSB findings differed from the USCG. The NTSB made the following observations based on the CURV-III survey:

The No. 1 hatch cover was entirely inside the No. 1 hatch and showed indications of buckling from external loading. Sections of the coaming in way of the No. 1 hatch were fractured and buckled inward. The No. 2 hatch cover was missing and the coaming on the No. 2 hatch was fractured and buckled. Hatches Nos. 3 and 4 were covered with mud; one corner of hatch cover No. 3 could be seen in place. Hatch cover No. 5 was missing. A series of 16 consecutive hatch cover clamps were observed on the No. 5 hatch coaming. Of this series, the first and eighth were distorted or broken. All of the 14 other clamps were undamaged and in the open position. The No. 6 hatch was open and a hatch cover was standing on end vertically in the hatch. The hatch covers were missing from hatches Nos. 7 and 8 and both coamings were fractured and severely distorted. The bow section abruptly ended just aft of hatch No. 8 and the deck plating was ripped up from the separation to the forward end of hatch No. 7.

The NTSB conducted computer studies, testing and analysis to determine the forces necessary to collapse the hatch covers and concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald sank suddenly from flooding of the cargo hold "due to the collapse of one or more of the hatch covers under the weight of giant boarding seas" instead of flooding gradually due to ineffective hatch closures. The NTSB dissenting opinion held that Edmund Fitzgerald sank suddenly and unexpectedly from shoaling.

Shoaling hypothesis[edit]

The LCA believed that instead of hatch cover leakage, the more probable cause of Edmund Fitzgerald's loss was shoaling or grounding in the Six Fathom Shoal northwest of Caribou Island when the vessel "unknowingly raked a reef" during the time the Whitefish Point light and radio beacon were not available as navigation aids. This hypothesis was supported by a 1976 Canadian hydrographic survey, which disclosed that an unknown shoal ran a mile farther east of Six Fathom Shoal than shown on the Canadian charts. Officers from Arthur M. Anderson observed that Edmund Fitzgerald sailed through this exact area. Conjecture by proponents of the Six Fathom Shoal hypothesis concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald's downed fence rail reported by McSorley could occur only if the ship "hogged" during shoaling, with the bow and stern bent downward and the midsection raised by the shoal, pulling the railing tight until the cables dislodged or tore under the strain. Divers searched the Six Fathom Shoal after the wreck occurred and found no evidence of "a recent collision or grounding anywhere." Maritime authors Bishop and Stonehouse wrote that the shoaling hypothesis was later challenged on the basis of the higher quality of detail in Shannon's 1994 photography that "explicitly show[s] the devastation of the Edmund Fitzgerald". Shannon's photography of Edmund Fitzgerald's overturned stern showed "no evidence on the bottom of the stern, the propeller or the rudder of the ship that would indicate the ship struck a shoal."

Maritime author Stonehouse reasoned that "unlike the Lake Carriers, the Coast Guard had no vested interest in the outcome of their investigation." Author Bishop reported that Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes argued that through their support for the shoaling explanation, the LCA represented the shipping company's interests by advocating a hypothesis that held LCA member companies, the American Bureau of Shipping, and the U.S. Coast Guard Service blameless.

Paul Hainault, a retired professor of mechanical engineering from Michigan Technological University, promoted a hypothesis that began as a student class project. His hypothesis held that Edmund Fitzgerald grounded at 9:30 a.m. on November 10 on Superior Shoal. This shoal, charted in 1929, is an underwater mountain in the middle of Lake Superior about 50 miles (80 km) north of Copper Harbor, Michigan. It has sharp peaks that rise nearly to the lake surface with water depths ranging from 22 to 400 feet (6.7 to 121.9 m), making it a menace to navigation. Discovery of the shoal resulted in a change in recommended shipping routes. A seiche, or standing wave, that occurred during the low-pressure system over Lake Superior on November 10, 1975, caused the lake to rise 3 feet (0.91 m) over the Soo Locks's gates to flood Portage Avenue in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, with 1 foot (0.3 m) of water. Hainault's hypothesis held that this seiche contributed to Edmund Fitzgerald shoaling 200 feet (61 m) of her hull on Superior Shoal, causing the hull to be punctured mid-body. The hypothesis contended that the wave action continued to damage the hull, until the middle third dropped out like a box, leaving the ship held together by the center deck. The stern section acted as an anchor and caused Edmund Fitzgerald to come to a full stop, causing everything to go forward. The ship broke apart on the surface within seconds. Compressed air pressure blew a hole in the starboard bow, which sank 18 degrees off course. The rear kept going forward with the engine still running, rolled to port and landed bottom up.

Structural failure hypothesis[edit]

Another published hypothesis contends that an already weakened structure, and modification of Edmund Fitzgerald's winter load line (which allows heavier loading and travel lower in the water), made it possible for large waves to cause a stress fracture in the hull. This is based on the "regular" huge waves of the storm and does not necessarily involve rogue waves.

The USCG and NTSB investigated whether Edmund Fitzgerald broke apart due to structural failure of the hull and because the 1976 CURV III survey found Edmund Fitzgerald's sections were 170 feet (52 m) from each other, the USCG's formal casualty report of July 1977 concluded that she had separated upon hitting the lake floor. The NTSB came to the same conclusion as USCG because:

The proximity of the bow and stern sections on the bottom of Lake Superior indicated that the vessel sank in one piece and broke apart either when it hit bottom or as it descended. Therefore, Edmund Fitzgerald did not sustain a massive structural failure of the hull while on the surface … The final position of the wreckage indicated that if the Edmund Fitzgerald had capsized, it must have suffered a structural failure before hitting the lake bottom. The bow section would have had to right itself and the stern portion would have had to capsize before coming to rest on the bottom. It is, therefore, concluded that the Edmund Fitzgerald did not capsize on the surface.

Other authors have concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald most likely broke in two on the surface before sinking due to the intense waves, like the ore carriers SS Carl D. Bradley and SS Daniel J. Morrell.[126][127][128] After maritime historian Frederick Stonehouse moderated the panel reviewing the video footage from the 1989 ROV survey of Edmund Fitzgerald, he concluded that the extent of taconite coverage over the wreck site showed that the stern had floated on the surface for a short time and spilled taconite into the forward section; thus the two sections of the wreck did not sink at the same time. The 1994 Shannon team found that the stern and the bow were 255 feet (78 m) apart, leading Shannon to conclude that Edmund Fitzgerald broke up on the surface. He said:

This placement does not support the hypothesis that the ship plunged to the bottom in one piece, breaking apart when it struck bottom. If this were true, the two sections would be much closer. In addition, the angle, repose and mounding of clay and mud at the site indicate the stern rolled over on the surface, spilling taconite ore pellets from its severed cargo hold, and then landed on portions of the cargo itself.

The stress fracture hypothesis was supported by the testimony of former crewmen. Former Second Mate Richard Orgel, who served on Edmund Fitzgerald in 1972 and 1973, testified that "the ship had a tendency to bend and spring during storms 'like a diving board after somebody has jumped off.'" Orgel was quoted as saying that the loss of Edmund Fitzgerald was caused by hull failure, "pure and simple. I detected undue stress in the side tunnels by examining the white enamel paint, which will crack and splinter when submitted to severe stress." George H. "Red" Burgner, Edmund Fitzgerald's steward for ten seasons and winter ship-keeper for seven years, testified in a deposition that a "loose keel" contributed to the vessel's loss. Burgner further testified that "the keel and sister kelsons were only 'tack welded'" and that he had personally observed that many of the welds were broken. Burgner was not asked to testify before the Marine Board of Inquiry.

When Bethlehem Steel Corporation permanently laid up Edmund Fitzgerald's sister ship, SS Arthur B. Homer, just five years after going to considerable expense to lengthen her, questions were raised as to whether both ships had the same structural problems. The two vessels were built in the same shipyard using welded joints instead of the riveted joints used in older ore freighters. Riveted joints allow a ship to flex and work in heavy seas, while welded joints are more likely to break. Reports indicate that repairs to Edmund Fitzgerald's hull were delayed in 1975 due to plans to lengthen the ship during the upcoming winter layup. Arthur B. Homer was lengthened to 825 feet (251 m) and placed back in service by December 1975, not long after Edmund Fitzgerald foundered. In 1978, without explanation, Bethlehem Steel Corporation denied permission for the chairman of the NTSB to travel on Arthur B. Homer. Arthur B. Homer was permanently laid up in 1980 and broken for scrap in 1987.

Retired GLEW naval architect Raymond Ramsay, one of the members of the design team that worked on the hull of Edmund Fitzgerald, reviewed her increased load lines, maintenance history, along with the history of long ship hull failure and concluded that Edmund Fitzgerald was not seaworthy on November 10, 1975. He stated that planning Edmund Fitzgerald to be compatible with the constraints of the St. Lawrence Seaway had placed her hull design in a "straight jacket [sic?]."Edmund Fitzgerald's long-ship design was developed without the benefit of research, development, test, and evaluation principles while computerized analytical technology was not available at the time she was built. Ramsay noted that Edmund Fitzgerald's hull was built with an all-welded (instead of riveted) modular fabrication method, which was used for the first time in the GLEW shipyard. Ramsay concluded that increasing the hull length to 729 feet (222 m) resulted in an L/D slenderness ratio (the ratio of the length of the ship to the depth of her structure) that caused excessive multi-axial bending and springing of the hull, and that the hull should have been structurally reinforced to cope with her increased length.

[edit]

The USCG cited topside damage as a reasonable alternative reason for Edmund Fitzgerald sinking and surmised that damage to the fence rail and vents was possibly caused by a heavy floating object such as a log. Historian and mariner Mark Thompson believes that something broke loose from Edmund Fitzgerald's deck. He theorized that the loss of the vents resulted in flooding of two ballast tanks or a ballast tank and a walking tunnel that caused the ship to list. Thompson further conjectured that damage more extensive than Captain McSorley could detect in the pilothouse let water flood the cargo hold. He concluded that the topside damage Edmund Fitzgerald experienced at 3:30 p.m. on November 10, compounded by the heavy seas, was the most obvious explanation for why she sank.

Possible contributing factors[edit]

The USCG, NTSB, and proponents of alternative theories have all named multiple possible contributing factors to the foundering of Edmund Fitzgerald.

Weather forecasting[edit]

Scale mode of Fitzgerald
A scale model of SS Edmund Fitzgerald

The NWS long-range forecast on November 9, 1975, predicted that a storm would pass just south of Lake Superior and over the Keweenaw Peninsula, extending into the Lake from Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes had been following and charting the low-pressure system over Oklahoma since November 8 and concluded that a major storm would track across eastern Lake Superior. He therefore chose a route that gave Wilfred Sykes the most protection and took refuge in Thunder Bay, Ontario, during the worst of the storm. Based on the NWS forecast, Arthur M. Anderson and Edmund Fitzgerald instead started their trip across Lake Superior following the regular Lake Carriers Association route, which placed them in the path of the storm. The NTSB investigation concluded that the NWS failed to accurately predict wave heights on November 10. After running computer models in 2005 using actual meteorological data from November 10, 1975, Hultquist of the NWS said of Edmund Fitzgerald's position in the storm, "It ended in precisely the wrong place at the absolute worst time."

Inaccurate navigational charts[edit]

After reviewing testimony that Edmund Fitzgerald had passed near shoals north of Caribou Island, the USCG Marine Board examined the relevant navigational charts. They found that the Canadian 1973 navigational chart for the Six Fathom Shoal area was based on Canadian surveys from 1916 and 1919 and that the 1973 U.S. Lake Survey Chart No. 9 included the notation, "Canadian Areas. For data concerning Canadian areas, Canadian authorities have been consulted." Thereafter, at the request of the Marine Board and the Commander of the USCG Ninth District, the Canadian Hydrographic Service conducted a survey of the area surrounding Michipicoten Island and Caribou Island in 1976. The survey revealed that the shoal ran about 1 mile (1.6 km) farther east than shown on Canadian charts. The NTSB investigation concluded that, at the time of Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering, Lake Survey Chart No. 9 was not detailed enough to indicate Six Fathom Shoal as a hazard to navigation.

Lack of watertight bulkheads[edit]

Mark Thompson, a merchant seaman and author of numerous books on Great Lakes shipping, stated that if her cargo holds had watertight subdivisions, "the Edmund Fitzgerald could have made it into Whitefish Bay." Frederick Stonehouse also held that the lack of watertight bulkheads caused Edmund Fitzgerald to sink. He said:

The Great Lakes ore carrier is the most commercially efficient vessel in the shipping trade today. But it's nothing but a motorized barge! It's the unsafest commercial vessel afloat. It has virtually no watertight integrity. Theoretically, a one-inch puncture in the cargo hold will sink it.

Stonehouse called on ship designers and builders to design lake carriers more like ships rather than "motorized super-barges" making the following comparison:

Contrast this [the Edmund Fitzgerald] with the story of the SS Maumee, an oceangoing tanker that struck an iceberg near the South Pole recently. The collision tore a hole in the ship's bow large enough to drive a truck through, but the Maumee was able to travel halfway around the world to a repair yard, without difficulty, because she was fitted with watertight bulkheads.

After Edmund Fitzgerald foundered, Great Lakes shipping companies were accused of valuing cargo payloads more than human life, since the vessel's cargo hold of 860,950 cubic feet (24,379 m3) had been divided by two non-watertight traverse "screen" bulkheads. The NTSB Edmund Fitzgerald investigation concluded that Great Lakes freighters should be constructed with watertight bulkheads in their cargo holds.

The USCG had proposed rules for watertight bulkheads in Great Lakes vessels as early as the sinking of Daniel J. Morrell in 1966 and did so again after the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald, arguing that this would allow ships to make it to refuge or at least allow crew members to abandon ship in an orderly fashion. The LCA represented the Great Lakes fleet owners and was able to forestall watertight subdivision regulations by arguing that this would cause economic hardship for vessel operators. A few vessel operators have built Great Lakes ships with watertight subdivisions in the cargo holds since 1975, but most vessels operating on the lakes cannot prevent flooding of the entire cargo hold area.

Lack of instrumentation[edit]

A fathometer was not required under USCG regulations, and Edmund Fitzgerald lacked one, even though fathometers were available at the time of her sinking. Instead, a hand line was the only method Edmund Fitzgerald had to take depth soundings. The hand line consisted of a piece of line knotted at measured intervals with a lead weight on the end. The line was thrown over the bow of the ship and the count of the knots measured the water depth. The NTSB investigation concluded that a fathometer would have provided Edmund Fitzgerald additional navigational data and made her less dependent on Arthur M. Anderson for navigational assistance.

Edmund Fitzgerald had no system to monitor the presence or amount of water in her cargo hold, even though there was always some present. The intensity of the November 10 storm would have made it difficult, if not impossible, to access the hatches from the spar deck (deck over the cargo holds). The USCG Marine Board found that flooding of the hold could not have been assessed until the water reached the top of the taconite cargo. The NTSB investigation concluded that it would have been impossible to pump water from the hold when it was filled with bulk cargo. The Marine Board noted that because Edmund Fitzgerald lacked a draft-reading system, the crew had no way to determine whether the vessel had lost freeboard (the level of a ship's deck above the water).

Increased load lines, reduced freeboard[edit]

The USCG increased Edmund Fitzgerald's load line in 1969, 1971, and 1973 to allow 3 feet 3.25 inches (997 mm) less minimum freeboard than Edmund Fitzgerald's original design allowed in 1958. This meant that Edmund Fitzgerald's deck was only 11.5 feet (3.5 m) above the water when she faced 35-foot (11 m) waves during the November 10 storm. Captain Paquette of Wilfred Sykes noted that this change allowed loading to 4,000 tons more than what Edmund Fitzgerald was designed to carry.

Concerns regarding Edmund Fitzgerald's keel-welding problem surfaced during the time the USCG started increasing her load line. This increase and the resultant reduction in freeboard decreased the vessel's critical reserve buoyancy. Prior to the load-line increases she was said to be a "good riding ship" but afterwards Edmund Fitzgerald became a sluggish ship with slower response and recovery times. Captain McSorley said he did not like the action of a ship he described as a "wiggling thing" that scared him. Edmund Fitzgerald's bow hooked to one side or the other in heavy seas without recovering and made a groaning sound not heard on other ships.

Maintenance[edit]

NTSB investigators noted that Edmund Fitzgerald's prior groundings could have caused undetected damage that led to major structural failure during the storm, since Great Lakes vessels were normally drydocked for inspection only once every five years. It was also alleged that when compared to Edmund Fitzgerald's previous captain (Peter Pulcer), McSorley did not keep up with routine maintenance and did not confront the mates about getting the requisite work done. After August B. Herbel, Jr., president of the American Society for Testing and Materials, examined photographs of the welds on Edmund Fitzgerald, he stated, "the hull was just being held together with patching plates." Other questions were raised as to why the USCG did not discover and take corrective action in its pre-November 1975 inspection of Edmund Fitzgerald, given that her hatch coamings, gaskets, and clamps were poorly maintained.

Complacency[edit]

On the fateful evening of November 10, 1975, McSorley reported he had never seen bigger seas in his life. Paquette, master of Wilfred Sykes, out in the same storm, said, "I'll tell anyone that it was a monster sea washing solid water over the deck of every vessel out there." The USCG did not broadcast that all ships should seek safe anchorage until after 3:35 p.m. on November 10, many hours after the weather was upgraded from a gale to a storm.

McSorley was known as a "heavy weather captain" who "'beat hell' out of the Edmund Fitzgerald and 'very seldom ever hauled up for weather'". Paquette held the opinion that negligence caused Edmund Fitzgerald to founder. He said, "in my opinion, all the subsequent events arose because (McSorley) kept pushing that ship and didn't have enough training in weather forecasting to use common sense and pick a route out of the worst of the wind and seas." Paquette's vessel was the first to reach a discharge port after the November 10 storm; she was met by company attorneys who came aboard Sykes. He told them that Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering was caused by negligence. Paquette was never asked to testify during the USCG or NTSB investigations.

The NTSB investigation noted that Great Lakes cargo vessels could normally avoid severe storms and called for the establishment of a limiting sea state applicable to Great Lakes bulk cargo vessels. This would restrict the operation of vessels in sea states above the limiting value. One concern was that shipping companies pressured the captains to deliver cargo as quickly and cheaply as possible regardless of bad weather. At the time of Edmund Fitzgerald's foundering, there was no evidence that any governmental regulatory agency tried to control vessel movement in foul weather, despite the historical record that hundreds of Great Lakes vessels had been wrecked in storms. The USCG took the position that only the captain could decide when it was safe to sail.

The USCG Marine Board issued the following conclusion:

The nature of Great Lakes shipping, with short voyages, much of the time in very protected waters, frequently with the same routine from trip to trip, leads to complacency and an overly optimistic attitude concerning the extreme weather conditions that can and do exist. The Marine Board feels that this attitude reflects itself at times in deferral of maintenance and repairs, in failure to prepare properly for heavy weather, and in the conviction that since refuges are near, safety is possible by "running for it." While it is true that sailing conditions are good during the summer season, changes can occur abruptly, with severe storms and extreme weather and sea conditions arising rapidly. This tragic accident points out the need for all persons involved in Great Lakes shipping to foster increased awareness of the hazards which exist.

Mark Thompson countered that "the Coast Guard laid bare [its] own complacency" by blaming the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald on industry-wide complacency, since it had inspected Edmund Fitzgerald just two weeks before she sank. The loss of Edmund Fitzgerald also exposed the USCG's lack of rescue capability on Lake Superior. Thompson said that ongoing budget cuts had limited the USCG's ability to perform its historical functions. He further noted that USCG rescue vessels were unlikely to reach the scene of an incident on Lake Superior or Lake Huron within 6 to 12 hours of its occurrence.

Legal settlement[edit]

Under maritime law, ships fall under the jurisdiction of the admiralty courts of their flag country. As Edmund Fitzgerald was sailing under the U.S. flag, even though she sank in foreign (Canadian) waters, she was subject to U.S. admiralty law. With a value of $24 million, Edmund Fitzgerald's financial loss was the greatest in Great Lakes sailing history. In addition to the crew, 26,116 long tons (29,250 short tons; 26,535 t) of taconite sank along with the vessel. Two widows of crewmen filed a $1.5 million lawsuit against Edmund Fitzgerald's owners, Northwestern Mutual, and its operators, Oglebay Norton Corporation, one week after she sank. An additional $2.1 million lawsuit was later filed. Oglebay Norton subsequently filed a petition in the U.S. District Court seeking to "limit their liability to $817,920 in connection with other suits filed by families of crew members." The company paid compensation to surviving families about 12 months in advance of official findings of the probable cause and on condition of imposed confidentiality agreements. Robert Hemming, a reporter and newspaper editor, reasoned in his book about Edmund Fitzgerald that the USCG's conclusions "were benign in placing blame on [n]either the company or the captain ... [and] saved the Oglebay Norton from very expensive lawsuits by the families of the lost crew."

Subsequent changes to Great Lakes shipping practice[edit]

The USCG investigation of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking resulted in 15 recommendations regarding load lines, weathertight integrity, search and rescue capability, lifesaving equipment, crew training, loading manuals, and providing information to masters of Great Lakes vessels. NTSB's investigation resulted in 19 recommendations for the USCG, four recommendations for the American Bureau of Shipping, and two recommendations for NOAA. Of the official recommendations, the following actions and USCG regulations were put in place:

1. In 1977, the USCG made it a requirement that all vessels of 1,600 gross register tons and over use depth finders.
2. Since 1980, survival suits have been required aboard ship in each crew member's quarters and at their customary work station with strobe lights affixed to life jackets and survival suits.
3. A LORAN-C positioning system for navigation on the Great Lakes was implemented in 1980 and later replaced with Global Positioning System (GPS) in the 1990s.
4. Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons (EPIRBs) are installed on all Great Lakes vessels for immediate and accurate location in event of a disaster.
5. Navigational charts for northeastern Lake Superior were improved for accuracy and greater detail.
6. NOAA revised its method for predicting wave heights.
7. The USCG rescinded the 1973 Load Line Regulation amendment that permitted reduced freeboard loadings.
8. The USCG began the annual pre-November inspection program recommended by the NTSB. "Coast Guard inspectors now board all U.S. ships during the fall to inspect hatch and vent closures and lifesaving equipment."

Karl Bohnak, an Upper Peninsula meteorologist, covered the sinking and storm in a book on local weather history. In this book, Joe Warren, a deckhand on Arthur M. Anderson during the November 10, 1975, storm, said that the storm changed the way things were done. He stated, "After that, trust me, when a gale came up we dropped the hook [anchor]. We dropped the hook because they found out the big ones could sink." Mark Thompson wrote, "Since the loss of the Fitz, some captains may be more prone to go to anchor, rather than venturing out in a severe storm, but there are still too many who like to portray themselves as 'heavy weather sailors.'"

Memorials[edit]

Bell from Edmund Fitzgerald

The bell from Edmund Fitzgerald on display at the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum

Edmund Fitzgerald bow anchor

Edmund Fitzgerald bow anchor on display at the Dossin Great Lakes Museum

The day after the wreck, Mariners' Church in Detroit rang its bell 29 times; once for each life lost. The church continued to hold an annual memorial, reading the names of the crewmen and ringing the church bell, until 2006 when the church broadened its memorial ceremony to commemorate all lives lost on the Great Lakes.[189]

The ship's bell was recovered from the wreck on July 4, 1995. A replica engraved with the names of the 29 sailors who lost their lives replaced the original on the wreck. A legal document signed by 46 relatives of the deceased, officials of the Mariners' Church of Detroit and the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historic Society (GLSHS) "donated the custodian and conservatorship" of the bell to the GLSHS "to be incorporated in a permanent memorial at Whitefish Point, Michigan, to honor the memory of the 29 men of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald." The terms of the legal agreement made the GLSHS responsible for maintaining the bell, and forbade it from selling or moving the bell or using it for commercial purposes. It provided for transferring the bell to the Mariners' Church of Detroit if the terms were violated.

An uproar occurred in 1995 when a maintenance worker in St. Ignace, Michigan, refurbished the bell by stripping the protective coating applied by Michigan State University experts. The controversy continued when the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum tried to use the bell as a touring exhibit in 1996. Relatives of the crew halted this move, objecting that the bell was being used as a "traveling trophy." As of 2005[update], the bell is on display in the Great Lakes Shipwreck Museum in Whitefish Point near Paradise, Michigan.

An anchor from Edmund Fitzgerald lost on an earlier trip was recovered from the Detroit River and is on display at the Dossin Great Lakes Museum in Detroit, Michigan. The Dossin Great Lakes Museum also hosts a Lost Mariners Remembrance event each year on the evening of November 10. Artifacts on display in the Steamship Valley Camp museum in Sault Ste. Marie, include two lifeboats, photos, a movie of Edmund Fitzgerald and commemorative models and paintings. Every November 10, the Split Rock Lighthouse in Silver Bay, Minnesota emits a light in honor of Edmund Fitzgerald.

On August 8, 2007, along a remote shore of Lake Superior on the Keweenaw Peninsula, a Michigan family discovered a lone life-saving ring that appeared to have come from Edmund Fitzgerald. It bore markings different from those of rings found at the wreck site, and was thought to be a hoax. Later it was determined that the life ring was not from Edmund Fitzgerald, but had been lost by the owner, whose father had made it as a personal memorial.

The Royal Canadian Mint commemorated Edmund Fitzgerald in 2015 with a colored silver collector coin, with a face value of $20.[198]

Musical and theater tributes[edit]

In 1976, Ontario singer-songwriter Gordon Lightfoot wrote, composed, and recorded the song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" for his album Summertime Dream. On NPR's Saturday Morning Edition on February 14, 2015, Gordon Lightfoot said he was inspired to write the song when he saw the name misspelled "Edmond" in Newsweek magazine two weeks after the sinking; Lightfoot said he felt that it dishonored the memory of the 29 who died. Lightfoot's popular ballad made the sinking of Edmund Fitzgerald one of the best-known disasters in the history of Great Lakes shipping. The original lyrics of the song show a degree of artistic license compared to the events of the actual sinking: it states the destination as Cleveland instead of Detroit. Also, in light of new evidence about what happened, Lightfoot has modified one line for live performances, the original stanza being:

When suppertime came the old cook came on deck,
Saying 'Fellas, it's too rough to feed ya.'
At 7 p.m. a main hatchway caved in,
He said, 'Fellas, it's been good to know ya.'

Lightfoot changed the third line to "At 7 p.m. it grew dark, it was then".

In 1986, writer Steven Dietz and songwriter/lyricist Eric Peltoniemi wrote the musical Ten November in memory of Edmund Fitzgerald's sinking. In 2005, the play was re-edited into a concert version called The Gales of November, which opened on the 30th anniversary of the sinking at the Fitzgerald Theater in St. Paul, Minnesota.

A piano concerto titled TheEdmund Fitzgerald was composed by American composer Geoffrey Peterson in 2002; it premiered by the Sault Symphony Orchestra in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, in November 2005 as another 30th-anniversary commemoration.

Commercialization[edit]

The fame of Edmund Fitzgerald's image and historical narrative have made it public domain and subject to commercialization. A "cottage industry" has evolved across the Great Lakes region from Two Harbors, Minnesota, to Whitefish Point, the incident's "ground zero". Memorabilia on sale include Christmas ornaments, T-shirts, coffee mugs, Edmund Fitzgerald Porter, videos, and other items commemorating the vessel and its loss.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Edmund_Fitzgerald

Edmonds, WA (98026) 5-Day Weather Forecast


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The time period when the sun is no more than 6 degrees below the horizon at either sunrise or sunset. The horizon should be clearly defined and the brightest stars should be visible under good atmospheric conditions (i.e. no moonlight, or other lights). One still should be able to carry on ordinary outdoor activities.

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Источник: https://www.wunderground.com/forecast/us/wa/edmonds/98020

WA Seattle WA Zone Forecast

113 FPUS56 KSEW 260422

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Zone Forecast Product for Western Washington

National Weather Service Seattle WA

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

Spot temperatures and probabilities of measurable precipitation

are for the rest of tonight, Friday, Friday night, and Saturday.

WAZ558-261200-

Seattle and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Seattle, Shoreline, Federal Way, and Kent

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the mid to upper 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

.FRIDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog late in the

morning. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Southwest wind 10 to

15 mph with gusts to 25 mph becoming northeast in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming south around

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph

with gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows near

50.

.MONDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower to mid

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows near 50.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Seattle 45 52 44 55 / 90 50 20 80

$$

WAZ559-261200-

Bremerton and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Bremerton and Silverdale

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph with

gusts to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY...Patchy fog in the morning. Cloudy with a chance of

rain. Highs near 50. Southwest wind to 10 mph becoming east in

the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph becoming north after

midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. South wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph with gusts to

25 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bremerton 43 50 42 53 / 90 50 30 90

$$

WAZ507-261200-

Everett and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Everett, Edmonds, Lynnwood, Marysville,

and Arlington

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the 40s. Southeast wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY...Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming northwest in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the 40s. Northwest wind to 10 mph becoming east after

midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the upper 40s to mid 50s. South wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Edmonds 45 50 45 54 / 90 60 30 80

Everett 45 48 43 53 / 90 60 20 80

$$

WAZ509-261200-

Tacoma Area-

Including the cities of Tacoma, Lakewood, Puyallup, and Sumner

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Patchy fog late in the evening. Rain. Rainfall

amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the mid to

upper 40s. Northwest wind to 10 mph becoming south after

midnight.

.FRIDAY...Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. Southwest wind 10 to

15 mph decreasing to 10 mph or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

in the late evening and early morning. Lows in the 40s. Northeast

wind to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY...Patchy fog in the morning. Rain. Rainfall amounts a

quarter to a half inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind

becoming south around 10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph

with gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Puyallup 46 53 44 57 / 90 60 30 80

Tacoma 44 52 43 56 / 90 60 30 80

$$

WAZ556-261200-

Bellevue and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Bellevue, Kirkland, Redmond, and Issaquah

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Lows in the mid to upper 40s. South wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 20 mph after midnight.

.FRIDAY...Rain likely. Patchy fog in the afternoon. Rainfall

amounts less than a tenth of an inch likely. Highs near 50.

Southwest wind 10 to 15 mph in the morning becoming light.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming southeast around

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

Gusts to 25 mph after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows near 50.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bellevue 46 51 45 55 / 90 60 30 80

$$

WAZ555-261200-

East Puget Sound Lowlands-

Including the cities of Gold Bar, Enumclaw, North Bend,

and Buckley

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph.

.FRIDAY...Rain at times. Patchy fog in the afternoon. Rainfall

amounts a tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Highs in the

upper 40s to mid 50s. Southwest wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Patchy fog until early morning. Mostly cloudy

with a chance of rain. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Northeast

wind to 10 mph becoming east after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming southeast to

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph. Gusts to 25 mph

after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Gold Bar 46 51 44 55 / 100 90 30 90

Enumclaw 44 51 42 55 / 100 80 30 80

North Bend 45 52 43 56 / 100 80 30 80

$$

WAZ503-261200-

Western Whatcom County-

Including the cities of Bellingham, Blaine, and Lynden

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Breezy, rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. South wind

15 to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west in the

afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain.

Patchy fog late in the evening. Lows near 40. Light wind becoming

northeast 10 to 15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. East wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph becoming south after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Rain likely in the evening, then mostly cloudy

with a chance of rain after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.MONDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bellingham 44 50 42 53 / 90 50 20 90

Sumas 44 50 40 51 / 100 60 20 90

$$

WAZ506-261200-

Western Skagit County-

Including the cities of Mount Vernon, Anacortes, Sedro-Woolley,

and Burlington

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Southeast wind 10 to

20 mph.

.FRIDAY...Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to

15 mph decreasing to 10 mph or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the lower to mid 40s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to 10 to

15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to

southeast 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph becoming

south after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid to

upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Anacortes 45 51 43 54 / 90 50 20 80

Mount Vernon 46 52 44 55 / 90 60 20 80

$$

WAZ001-261200-

San Juan County-

Including the cities of Friday Harbor, Eastsound,

and Roche Harbor

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Breezy. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a

tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Lows in the 40s.

Southeast wind 15 to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

West wind 10 to 15 mph with gusts to 25 mph decreasing to 10 mph

or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the lower to mid 40s. North wind to 10 mph becoming east after

midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. East wind to 10 mph

increasing to southeast 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph becoming south after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times. Lows in the mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Friday Harbor 43 51 41 53 / 90 40 20 90

Eastsound 44 49 43 51 / 90 40 20 90

$$

WAZ510-261200-

Admiralty Inlet Area-

Including the cities of Port Townsend and Port Ludlow

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Breezy. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a

tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Lows in the 40s.

Southeast wind 15 to 25 mph with gusts to 35 mph.

.FRIDAY...Breezy. Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

Northwest wind 15 to 25 mph with gusts to 35 mph decreasing to

10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming east

after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a tenth to a quarter

of an inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Oak Harbor 46 52 45 55 / 90 50 20 80

Port Townsend 45 50 43 53 / 80 50 20 70

$$

WAZ511-261200-

Hood Canal Area-

Including the cities of Hoodsport and Brinnon

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog late in

the morning. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southwest wind to

10 mph becoming west in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

in the morning. Lows in the upper 30s to mid 40s. Northeast wind

to 10 mph in the evening becoming light.

.SATURDAY...Patchy fog in the morning. Rain. Rainfall amounts a

half inch to one inch possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

South wind to 10 mph increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming southwest after midnight. Gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Shelton 44 52 42 54 / 100 40 30 90

$$

WAZ504-261200-

Southwest Interior-

Including the cities of Olympia, Lacey, Tumwater, Centralia,

and Toledo

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY...Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west

in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain.

Patchy fog. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind becoming

north to 10 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind to 10 mph becoming

south in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

Gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Chehalis 45 52 45 56 / 90 50 20 80

Olympia 44 51 42 55 / 100 60 30 90

$$

WAZ512-261200-

Lower Chehalis Valley Area-

Including the city of Montesano

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rain may be heavy at times late in the

evening. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. Lows

in the 40s. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph becoming south after

midnight.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the upper

40s to mid 50s. West wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

late in the evening. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind

becoming east to 10 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible.

Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming south 10 to 15 mph in the

afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. Southwest wind 10 to 15 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning, then rain

likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

$$

WAZ514-261200-

Eastern Strait of Juan de Fuca-

Including the cities of Sequim and Port Angeles

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Patchy fog in the late evening and early

morning. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. East wind 10 to 15 mph

becoming west after midnight.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

West wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

near 40. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming light after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. Wind variable to

10 mph increasing to southeast 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the mid to upper 40s. Wind variable to 10 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows near 40.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Port Angeles 42 50 40 52 / 80 40 20 90

Sequim 42 50 39 54 / 70 40 20 70

$$

WAZ515-261200-

Western Strait of Juan De Fuca-

Including the cities of Joyce and Clallam Bay

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain at times. Patchy fog after midnight.

Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west 10 to

20 mph after midnight.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

near 40. Wind variable to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible.

Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Wind variable to 10 mph

becoming southeast 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming southwest after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the lower to

mid 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain at times. Lows in the mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

to upper 40s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Sekiu 44 49 42 53 / 90 40 30 100

$$

WAZ517-261200-

Central Coast-

Including the cities of Hoquiam, Aberdeen, Westport,

and Ocean Shores

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Rain may be heavy at times late in the

evening. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. Lows

in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph becoming southwest after

midnight. Gusts to 30 mph.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. Northwest wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph becoming

east after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Breezy, rain. Rain may be heavy at times in the

afternoon. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. Highs

in the upper 40s to mid 50s. East wind 10 to 15 mph becoming

south 15 to 25 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Breezy, rain. Rainfall amounts one to three

inches possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind

15 to 25 mph becoming southwest after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog.

Lows in the 40s.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows in the upper 30s to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Hoquiam 49 52 46 55 / 100 40 20 100

$$

WAZ516-261200-

North Coast-

Including the cities of Neah Bay, La Push, and Forks

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain. Patchy fog after midnight. Rainfall

amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the upper 30s

to mid 40s. South wind to 10 mph becoming west after midnight.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming northwest in

the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to

10 to 15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY...Breezy, rain. Rain may be heavy at times in the

afternoon. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. Highs

in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph

increasing to 15 to 25 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Rain may be heavy at times. Rainfall

amounts one to three inches possible. Lows in the 40s to lower

50s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.SUNDAY...Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

40s.

.MONDAY...Cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning, then rain

likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the 40s.

.TUESDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then rain in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain likely. Lows near 40.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Forks 45 51 41 55 / 100 30 20 100

$$

WAZ513-261200-

Olympics-

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain and snow in the late evening and early

morning, then rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in

the morning. Snow level near 7000 feet. No new snow accumulation

near Hurricane Ridge.

.FRIDAY...Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain, snow and a slight

chance of light freezing rain until late afternoon, then a chance

of rain and snow late in the afternoon. Snow level near

4500 feet.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 4000 feet.

.SATURDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain. Snow

level near 6000 feet increasing to 9000 feet in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain. Snow level near 9000 feet. Rainfall

amounts three inches or more possible.

.SUNDAY...Rain and snow in the morning, then rain and snow likely

in the afternoon. Snow level near 6500 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 7000 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely in the evening, then rain

likely after midnight. Snow level near 9000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain likely in the morning, then rain and snow

likely in the afternoon. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet decreasing to 5000 feet after midnight.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 3500 feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Hurricane Ridge 33 34 31 40 / 90 50 20 90

$$

WAZ567-261200-

Cascades of Whatcom and Skagit Counties-

Including the cities of Marblemount and Concrete

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain and snow. Snow level near 6000 feet.

Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. New snow

accumulation up to 1 inch.

.FRIDAY...Rain and snow through the day. A slight chance of light

freezing rain in the late morning and early afternoon, then a

chance of light freezing rain late in the afternoon. Snow level

near 5000 feet decreasing to 4000 feet in the afternoon. Snow

accumulation up to 1 inch. Total snow accumulation up to

2 inches.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy. A slight chance of rain, light

freezing rain and snow in the evening, then a slight chance of

rain and snow after midnight. Snow level near 3500 feet.

.SATURDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow in the afternoon. Snow level near

4000 feet increasing to 6000 feet in the afternoon. Snow may be

heavy at times in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow. Snow level near 8000 feet. Rain

may be heavy at times in the evening. Rainfall amounts one to

three inches possible.

.SUNDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 6500 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 5500 feet.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 5500 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 5500 feet.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

5500 feet.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 3500 feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Mount Baker 33 35 29 39 / 100 80 20 90

$$

WAZ568-261200-

Cascades of Snohomish and King Counties-

Including the cities of Snoqualmie Pass, Darrington, and Index

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain and snow. Snow level near 7000 feet.

Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. No new snow

accumulation. Southwest wind in the passes around 10 mph becoming

west after midnight.

.FRIDAY...Rain, light freezing rain and snow. Snow level near

5500 feet. No snow accumulation. Afternoon pass temperatures in

the mid 30s to lower 40s. West wind in the passes around 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy. Patchy fog in the evening. A

chance of light freezing rain in the evening. A chance of rain

and snow. Snow level near 4500 feet. West wind in the passes

around 10 mph in the evening becoming light.

.SATURDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow in the afternoon. Snow level near

5500 feet increasing to 7500 feet in the afternoon. Afternoon

pass temperatures near 40. Light wind in the passes.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow. Snow level near 9000 feet. Rain

may be heavy at times in the evening. Rainfall amounts one to

three inches possible. Southwest wind in the passes around

10 mph. Gusts to 25 mph after midnight.

.SUNDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 7000 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow in the

evening, then a slight chance of rain and snow after midnight.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7500 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet decreasing to 5500 feet after midnight.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 3500 feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Snoqualmie Pass 37 40 33 42 / 100 80 30 80

Stevens Pass 34 36 29 38 / 100 80 20 80

$$

WAZ569-261200-

Cascades of Pierce and Lewis Counties-

Including the cities of Randle, Packwood, Ashford, and Morton

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain

late in the evening, then rain and snow after midnight. Snow

level near 8000 feet. No new snow accumulation.

.FRIDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain. Snow

level near 6000 feet. No snow accumulation.

.FRIDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 5500 feet.

.SATURDAY...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain, snow and a slight chance of light freezing

rain in the afternoon. Snow level near 6500 feet increasing to

8500 feet in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT...Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain

in the evening, then rain, snow likely and a chance of light

freezing rain after midnight. Snow level near 9000 feet.

.SUNDAY...Rain, snow likely and a slight chance of light freezing

rain in the morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon.

Snow level near 7000 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow in the

evening, then a slight chance of rain and snow after midnight.

Snow level near 6500 feet.

.MONDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 8500 feet.

.WEDNESDAY...A chance of rain and snow in the morning, then rain

and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT...Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet.

.THURSDAY...Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 4000 feet.

$$

_____

Copyright 2021 AccuWeather

Источник: https://www.chron.com/weather/article/WA-Seattle-WA-Zone-Forecast-16651114.php

Edmonds Corner

Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States

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Sunrise today:06:55amSunset today:04:50pm

Forecast

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Loading forecast for next 3 days

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2-Day Weather

Here you can see a detailed look at the forecast for the next 48 hours. Note that the base for this is our Meteogram product, which shows a good average forecast for Edmonds Corner (Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States).

Compact Weather Forecast for Edmonds Corner

Loading Meteograms

Loading weather forecast

However, you can also look at our compact prediction based on any other model that forecasts for your chosen location. The following models are available for Edmonds Corner:

ECMWF 6z/18z (3 days),ECMWF IFS HRES (5 days),GFS (5 days),GEM (5 days),ACCESS-G (5 days),ICON (5 days),NORWAY (5 days),DWD MOSMIX (5 days),Serbian MOS (5 days)

14 day weather forecast

This plot displays the 14 day temperature forecast for your selected location, Edmonds Corner.

The red numbers show the expected high temperature for a given day, while the blue numbers show the expected low temperature. Because forecast uncertainty increases with time, we also display the range of possible high/low temperature outcomes, shown as the shaded red/blue regions. The actual high/low temp could fall anywhere in that shaded region, and the larger the shaded regions are, the higher the forecast uncertainty is.

Edmonds Corner weather

Current weather - Here we've put together a glance at all the most important information about the current weather in Edmonds Corner (Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States). You can see with the radar HD if precipitation is falling at the moment, or headed towards Edmonds Corner soon. You can also see where there are thunderstorms currently ongoing, as well as where thunderstorms have occurred in recent weeks and months with our lightning analysis tool. Our HD satellite images of Edmonds Corner will show you whether there’s sunshine currently in the area, or if clouds are making for a more gloomy day. Finally, current observations will tell you what current temperatures look like around Edmonds Corner at the moment, as well as if it's humid and/or windy.

Forecast for the next few days - The weather forecast for Edmonds Corner is available in several different versions, all clearly and simply displayed here on the Weather Edmonds Corner page. For the short term, we have data based on a single weather model that is known to deliver the best forecast for Edmonds Corner. For the longer term, we have forecasts for the next two weeks based on an analysis of many different possible forecast outcomes that will give you a sense of not just what's most likely, but how the forecast could change in future updates as we get closer to any given date. If the range of possible outcomes is narrow, you can have high confidence in the forecast. If the range is wide, you know there’s more uncertainty, and to not give too much credence to any one possible forecast outcome. We also have other products such as Meteograms and Forecast XL elsewhere on our site to give you additional options for figuring out the forecast for Edmonds Corner.

Weather Edmonds Corner

Weather in other places in the region Chesapeake city

Neighboring places around Edmonds Corner
-Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,South Hill,Midway Mobile Home Park,Portlock,Westover,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,West Munden

Cities, towns, villages
-Admiralty Mobile Home Court,Ahoy Acres,Ahoy Shores,Albemarle Acres,Albemarle Farms,Algren,Arbuckle Landing,Ashley Woods,Avalon,Barnes Trailer Park,Battlewood Meadows,Bayberry Place,Bells Mill,Benefit,Boone,Bowers Hill,Brentwood,Bridge Field,Broadmoor,Bruce,Buell,Butts,Carolina Junction,Cedar Grove Acres,Chadswyck,Charlton Village,Chesapeake,Chesapeake Mobile Home Park,Cloverdale,Colonial Point,Colony Manor,Cornland,Crestwood,Davids Mill,Deep Creek,Dockwood,Douglas Landing,Dove Acres,Doziers Corner,Drum Creek Farms,Dunedin,Edgewood,Edmonds Corner,Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Essex Meadows,Fentress,Forest Hills,Foundation Park,Geneva Mobile Home Park,Geneva Park,Geneva Shores,Gilmerton,Glenmoore,Grassfield,Great Bridge,Great Bridge Gardens,Green Acres,Green Meadow Point,Herberts Corner,Hickory,Hodges Ferry,Holly Cove,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,Hutchins,Indian River Park,Inland Colony,Jester Gardens,Jolliff,Jolliff Woods,Long Ridge,Loxley Gardens,Manning Estates,McMilan Mobile Home Park,Midway Mobile Home Park,Mill Pond Forest,Millville,Mount Pleasant,Mount Pleasent Heights,Norfolk Highlands,Northwest,Oak Grove,Oaklette,Parkview,Pines of Warrick,Pinetta,Plantation Lakes,Plymouth Park,Point Elizabeth,Poplar Ridge,Portlock,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Raleigh Heights,Raleigh Place,Riverbend,Riverdale,Saint Brides,Sandy Pines,Scotfield,Seabrooke Landing,Shorewood,Sign Pine (historical),Silverwood,South Dockwood,South Fairview,South Hill,Stone Bridge,Stoney's Mobile Home Park,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,Sunray,Tanglewood,Taylorwood Estates,Wallaceton,Waterway Estates,Wedgewood,West Landing,West Munden,Westover,Willow Lakes,Woodland Terrace,Woodshire Mobile Home Park,Yadkin

Lakes
-Lake Drummond

All location information on this website comes from Geonames.org. The data set of Edmonds Corner was last changed on 01/14/2006. Did you discover an error in the data? Then we would be happy if you change it directly in the source. Please follow this link to edit.

Источник: https://meteologix.com/au/weather/4757268-edmonds-corner

: Edmonds weather today

Edmonds weather today
Edmonds weather today
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edmonds weather today

Edmonds, WA (United States): Weather forecast trulia pa homes for sale hotel reservation for the next 7 days

Today

+10

High: +10°Low: +8°

Rain

Feels Like:+10°

Humidity:94%

  • Saturday27November

    Rain

    High: +13°

    Low: +8°

  • Sunday28November

    Rain

    High: +15°

    Low: +11°

  • Monday29November

    Rain

    High: +13°

    Low: +11°

  • Tuesday30November

    Rain

    High: +12°

    Low: +8°

  • Wednesday01December

    Partly Sunny

    High: +15°

    Low: +10°

  • Thursday02December

    Rain

    High: +10°

    Low: +7°

Today

+49

High: +50°Low: +46°

Rain

Feels Like:+49°

Humidity:94%

  • Saturday27November

    Rain

    High: +55°

    Low: +46°

  • Sunday28November

    Rain

    High: +58°

    Low: +53°

  • Monday29November

    Rain

    High: +55°

    Low: +51°

  • Tuesday30November

    Rain

    High: +54°

    Low: +46°

  • Wednesday01December

    Partly Sunny

    High: +58°

    Low: +50°

  • Thursday02December

    Rain

    High: +51°

    Low: +45°

7-day weather forecast for Edmonds

booked.net offers a detailed weather forecast in any other city in the world and helps to book the hotel you are looking for.

Interested in the weather in Edmonds for today?

Maximum daytime temperature will be +10ºC and the minimum +8ºC.

Winds will persist through the day from the south at 5.56 km/h.

Other weather conditions will include 94% of humidity, 100% of cloudiness and atmospheric pressure near 1022 hPa.

We anticipate windy weather with light rain followed by 0.97 mm of precipitation.

So don’t leave home without your umbrella.

What is a detailed weather forecast for tomorrow in Edmonds?

Maximum daytime temperature for November 27: +13ºC and minimum nighttime temperature: +8ºC.

South winds at 7.50 km/h. Tomorrow’s average humidity is 94%.

It’s followed by 1017 hPa of atmospheric closest bank of america branch and 100% cloud coverage.

Looking for a place to stay in Edmonds?

Our recommendation is Travelodge By Wyndham Seattle North/Edmonds with rating 6.4 in Edmonds. More hotels in Edmonds. You are free to choose motels or bed & breakfasts.

Place weather widget on your site!
Источник: https://www.booked.net/weather/edmonds-15015

Weather forecast
Edmonds, WA

Weather forecast for today -
Thursday, Nov 25.

Showers Late
Showers Late
  • Wind: 12 mph S
  • Humidity: 93%
  • Precip. probability: 34%
  • Precipitation: 0"
  • UV index: 0

Current condition
Edmonds, WA

Cloudy
Cloudy
  • Wind: 12 mph S
  • Humidity: 91%
  • Dewpoint: 45°F
  • Pressure: 30.08 "Hg
  • Precipitation: 0"
  • Visibility: 9 mi
  • UV index: 0

Edmonds, Washington, USA

  • en: Edmonds, Washington, USA
  • es: Edmonds, Washington, EE.UU.
  • sr: Edmonds, Vašington, SAD
  • zh: 埃德蒙兹, 华盛顿, 美国
  • Latitude: 47.810652°
  • Longitude: -122.377355°
  • Elevation: 66 ft
  • Current time: 11:42pm PST
  • Sunrise: 7:30am PST
  • Sunset: 4:22pm PST
  • Timezone: America/Los_Angeles
Climate data

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Nearby Edmonds, Washington, USA

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Edmonds, Washington, USA - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast, and long range monthly outlook. Climate information with charts. Country: Washington, USA, City: Edmonds. [2391684]
Источник: https://www.weather-us.com/en/washington-usa/edmonds

Edmonds Corner

Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States

Loading weather maps


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Sunrise today:06:55amSunset today:04:50pm

Forecast

Loading forecast for next hours

Loading weather forecast
Loading forecast for next 3 days

Loading weather forecast

2-Day Weather

Here you can see a detailed look at the forecast for the next 48 hours. Note that the base for this is our Meteogram product, which shows a good average forecast for Edmonds Corner (Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States).

Compact Weather Forecast for Edmonds Corner

Loading Meteograms

Loading weather forecast

However, you can also look at our compact prediction based on any other model that forecasts for your chosen location. The following models are available for Edmonds Corner:

ECMWF 6z/18z (3 days),ECMWF IFS HRES (5 days),GFS (5 days),GEM (5 days),ACCESS-G (5 days),ICON (5 days),NORWAY (5 days),DWD MOSMIX (5 days),Serbian MOS (5 days)

14 day weather forecast

This plot displays the 14 day temperature forecast for your selected location, Edmonds Corner.

The red numbers show the expected high temperature for a given day, while the blue numbers show the expected low temperature. Because forecast uncertainty increases with time, we also display the range of possible high/low temperature outcomes, shown as the shaded red/blue regions. The actual high/low temp could fall anywhere in that shaded region, and the larger the shaded regions are, the higher the forecast uncertainty is.

Edmonds Corner weather

Current weather - Here we've put together a glance at all the most important information about the current weather in Edmonds Corner (Chesapeake city, Virginia, United States). You can see with the radar HD if precipitation is falling at the moment, or headed towards Edmonds Corner soon. You can also see where there are thunderstorms currently ongoing, as well as where thunderstorms have occurred in recent weeks and months with our lightning analysis tool. Our HD satellite images of Edmonds Corner will show you whether there’s sunshine currently in the area, or if clouds are making for a more gloomy day. Finally, current observations will tell you what current temperatures look like around Edmonds Corner at the moment, as well as if it's humid and/or windy.

Forecast for the next few days - The weather forecast for Edmonds Corner is available in several different versions, all clearly and simply displayed here on the Weather Edmonds Corner page. For the short term, we have data based on a single weather model that is known to deliver the best forecast for Edmonds Corner. For the longer term, we have forecasts for the next two weeks based on an analysis of many different possible forecast outcomes that will give you a sense of not just what's most likely, but how the forecast could change in future updates as we get closer to any given date. If the range of possible outcomes is narrow, you can have high confidence in the forecast. If the range is wide, you know there’s more uncertainty, and to not give too much credence to any one possible forecast outcome. We also have other products such as Meteograms and Forecast XL elsewhere on our site to give you additional options for figuring out the forecast for Edmonds Corner.

Weather Edmonds Corner

Weather in other places in the region Chesapeake city

Neighboring places around Edmonds Corner
-Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,South Hill,Midway Mobile Home Park,Portlock,Westover,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,West Munden

Cities, towns, villages
-Admiralty Mobile Home Court,Ahoy Acres,Ahoy Shores,Albemarle Acres,Albemarle Farms,Algren,Arbuckle Landing,Ashley Woods,Avalon,Barnes Trailer Park,Battlewood Meadows,Bayberry Place,Bells Mill,Benefit,Boone,Bowers Hill,Brentwood,Bridge Field,Broadmoor,Bruce,Buell,Butts,Carolina Junction,Cedar Grove Acres,Chadswyck,Charlton Village,Chesapeake,Chesapeake Mobile Home Park,Cloverdale,Colonial Point,Colony Manor,Cornland,Crestwood,Davids Mill,Deep Creek,Dockwood,Douglas Landing,Dove Acres,Doziers Corner,Drum Creek Farms,Dunedin,Edgewood,Edmonds Corner,Edmonds Corner Mobile Home Park,Essex Meadows,Fentress,Forest Hills,Foundation Park,Geneva Mobile Home Park,Geneva Park,Geneva Shores,Gilmerton,Glenmoore,Grassfield,Great Bridge,Great Bridge Gardens,Green Acres,Green Meadow Point,Herberts Corner,Hickory,Hodges Ferry,Holly Cove,Homecrest Mobile Home Park,Hutchins,Indian River Park,Inland Colony,Jester Gardens,Jolliff,Jolliff Woods,Long Ridge,Loxley Gardens,Manning Estates,McMilan Mobile Home Park,Midway Mobile Home Park,Mill Pond Forest,Millville,Mount Pleasant,Mount Pleasent Heights,Norfolk Highlands,Northwest,Oak Grove,Oaklette,Parkview,Pines of Warrick,Pinetta,Plantation Lakes,Plymouth Park,Point Elizabeth,Poplar Ridge,Portlock,Providence Junction,R and H Mobile Court,Raleigh Heights,Raleigh Place,Riverbend,Riverdale,Saint Brides,Sandy Pines,Scotfield,Seabrooke Landing,Shorewood,Sign Pine (historical),Silverwood,South Dockwood,South Fairview,South Hill,Stone Bridge,Stoney's Mobile Home Park,Sturbridge Village Mobile Home Park,Sunray,Tanglewood,Taylorwood Estates,Wallaceton,Waterway Estates,Wedgewood,West Landing,West Munden,Westover,Willow Lakes,Woodland Terrace,Woodshire Mobile Home Park,Yadkin

Lakes
-Lake Drummond

All location information on this website comes from Geonames.org. The data set of Edmonds Corner was last changed on 01/14/2006. Did you discover an error in the data? Then we would be happy if you change it directly in the source. Please follow this link to edit.

Источник: https://meteologix.com/au/weather/4757268-edmonds-corner

WA Seattle WA Zone Forecast

113 FPUS56 KSEW 260422

ZFPSEW

Zone Forecast Product for Western Washington

National Weather Service Seattle WA

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

Spot temperatures and probabilities of measurable precipitation

are for the rest of tonight, Friday, Friday night, and Saturday.

WAZ558-261200-

Seattle and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Seattle, Shoreline, Federal Way, and Kent

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the mid to upper 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

.FRIDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog late in the

morning. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Southwest wind 10 to

15 mph with gusts to 25 mph becoming northeast in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming south around

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph

with gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows near

50.

.MONDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower to mid

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows near 50.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain edmonds weather today. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Seattle 45 52 44 55 / 90 50 20 80

$$

WAZ559-261200-

Bremerton and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Bremerton and Silverdale

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph with

gusts to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY.Patchy fog in the morning. Cloudy with a chance of

rain. Highs near 50. Southwest wind to 10 mph becoming east in

the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph becoming north after

midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. South wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph with gusts to

25 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bremerton 43 50 42 53 / 90 50 30 90

$$

WAZ507-261200-

Everett and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Everett, Edmonds, Lynnwood, Marysville,

and Arlington

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the 40s. Southeast wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY.Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming northwest in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the 40s. Northwest wind to 10 mph becoming east after

midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the upper 40s to mid 50s. South wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Edmonds 45 50 45 54 / 90 60 30 80

Everett 45 48 43 53 / 90 60 20 80

$$

WAZ509-261200-

Tacoma Area-

Including the cities of Tacoma, Lakewood, Puyallup, and Sumner

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Patchy fog late in the evening. Rain. Rainfall

amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the mid to

upper 40s. Northwest wind to 10 mph becoming south after

midnight.

.FRIDAY.Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. Southwest wind 10 to

15 mph decreasing to 10 mph or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

in the late evening and early morning. Lows in the 40s. Northeast

wind to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY.Patchy fog in the morning. Rain. Rainfall amounts a

quarter the lesser key of solomon audiobook a half inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind

becoming south around 10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph

with gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Puyallup 46 53 44 57 / 90 60 30 80

Tacoma 44 52 43 56 / 90 60 30 80

$$

WAZ556-261200-

Bellevue and Vicinity-

Including the cities of Bellevue, Kirkland, Redmond, and Issaquah

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Lows in the mid to upper 40s. South wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 20 mph after midnight.

.FRIDAY.Rain likely. Patchy fog in the afternoon. Rainfall

amounts less than a tenth of an inch likely. Highs near 50.

Southwest wind 10 to 15 mph in the morning becoming light.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming southeast around

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

Gusts to 25 mph after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows near 50.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bellevue 46 51 45 55 / 90 60 30 80

$$

WAZ555-261200-

East Puget Sound Lowlands-

Including the cities of Gold Bar, Enumclaw, North Bend,

and Buckley

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph.

.FRIDAY.Rain at times. Patchy fog in the afternoon. Rainfall

amounts a tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Highs in the

upper 40s to mid 50s. Southwest wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Patchy fog until early morning. Mostly cloudy

with a chance of rain. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Northeast

wind to 10 mph becoming east after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming southeast to

10 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph. Gusts to 25 mph

after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Gold Bar 46 51 44 55 / 100 90 30 90

Enumclaw 44 51 42 55 / 100 80 30 80

North Bend 45 52 43 56 / 100 80 30 80

$$

WAZ503-261200-

Western Whatcom County-

Including the cities of Bellingham, Blaine, and Lynden

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Breezy, rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a

half inch possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. South wind

15 to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west in the

afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain.

Patchy fog late in the evening. Lows near 40. Light wind becoming

northeast 10 to 15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. East wind to 10 mph

increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph becoming south after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Rain likely in the evening, then mostly cloudy

with a chance of rain after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.MONDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Bellingham 44 50 42 53 / 90 50 20 90

Sumas 44 50 40 51 / 100 60 20 90

$$

WAZ506-261200-

Western Skagit County-

Including the cities of Mount Vernon, Anacortes, Sedro-Woolley,

and Burlington

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Southeast wind 10 to

20 mph.

.FRIDAY.Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to

15 mph decreasing to 10 mph or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the lower to mid 40s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to 10 to

15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to

southeast 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph becoming

south after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain edmonds weather today in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid to

upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times. Lows in the upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Anacortes 45 51 43 54 / 90 50 20 80

Mount Vernon 46 52 44 55 / 90 60 20 80

$$

WAZ001-261200-

San Juan County-

Including the cities of Friday Harbor, Eastsound,

and Roche Harbor

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Breezy. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a

tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Lows in the 40s.

Southeast wind 15 to 25 mph.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

West wind 10 to 15 mph with gusts to 25 mph decreasing to 10 mph

or less in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the lower to mid 40s. North wind to 10 mph becoming east after

midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. East wind to 10 mph

increasing to southeast 10 to 20 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

15 mph becoming south after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid open chase business savings account online NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the mid 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times. Lows in the mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Friday Harbor 43 51 41 53 / 90 40 20 90

Eastsound 44 49 43 51 / 90 40 20 90

$$

WAZ510-261200-

Admiralty Inlet Area-

Including the cities of Port Townsend and Port Ludlow

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Breezy. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a

tenth to a quarter of an inch possible. Lows in the 40s.

Southeast wind 15 to 25 mph with gusts to 35 mph.

.FRIDAY.Breezy. Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

Northwest wind what is the state capital of utah to 25 mph with gusts to 35 mph decreasing to

10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming east

after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a tenth to a quarter

of an inch possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

20 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Oak Harbor 46 52 45 55 / 90 50 20 80

Port Townsend 45 50 43 53 / 80 50 20 70

$$

WAZ511-261200-

Hood Canal Area-

Including the cities of Hoodsport and Brinnon

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog late in

the morning. Highs in the mid 40s to lower 50s. Southwest wind to

10 mph becoming west in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

in the morning. Lows in the upper 30s to mid 40s. Northeast wind

to 10 mph in the evening becoming light.

.SATURDAY.Patchy fog in the morning. Rain. Rainfall amounts a

half inch to one inch possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

South wind to 10 mph increasing to 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming southwest after midnight. Gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Shelton 44 52 42 54 / 100 40 30 90

$$

WAZ504-261200-

Southwest Interior-

Including the cities of Olympia, Lacey, Tumwater, Centralia,

and Toledo

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY.Rain likely. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Highs near 50. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west

in the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain.

Patchy fog. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind becoming

north to 10 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch

possible. Highs in the 50s. Southeast wind to 10 mph becoming

south in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows in the lower to mid 50s. South wind 10 to 15 mph.

Gusts to 25 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning,

then rain likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then mostly cloudy with a

chance of rain in the afternoon. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Chehalis 45 52 45 56 / 90 50 20 80

Olympia 44 51 42 55 / 100 60 30 90

$$

WAZ512-261200-

Lower Chehalis Valley Area-

Including the city of Montesano

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rain may be heavy at times late in the

evening. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. Lows

in the 40s. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph becoming south after

midnight.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the upper

40s to mid 50s. West wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog

late in the evening. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. Light wind

becoming east to pinnacle financial partners inc investor relations mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible.

Highs in the 50s. Light wind becoming south 10 to 15 mph in the

afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows near 50. Southwest wind 10 to 15 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the mid to upper 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.MONDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

mid to upper 40s.

.TUESDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning, then rain

likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

$$

WAZ514-261200-

Eastern Strait of Juan de Fuca-

Including the cities of Sequim and Port Angeles

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Patchy fog in the late evening and early

morning. Rain at times. Rainfall amounts less than a tenth of an

inch likely. Lows in the lower to mid 40s. East wind 10 to 15 mph

becoming west after midnight.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

West wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

near 40. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming light after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Rain at times. Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half

inch possible. Highs in the lower to mid 50s. Wind variable to

10 mph increasing to southeast 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch

possible. Lows new single story homes for sale in summerlin las vegas the mid to upper 40s. Wind variable to 10 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times in the evening, then rain likely

after midnight. Lows in the lower to mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows near 40.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Port Angeles 42 50 40 52 / 80 40 20 90

Sequim 42 50 39 54 / 70 40 20 70

$$

WAZ515-261200-

Western Strait of Juan De Fuca-

Including the cities of Joyce and Clallam Bay

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain at times. Patchy fog after midnight.

Rainfall amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s. South wind 10 to 15 mph becoming west 10 to

20 mph after midnight.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to 20 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

near 40. Wind variable to 10 mph.

.SATURDAY.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible.

Highs in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Wind variable to 10 mph

becoming southeast 10 to 15 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rainfall amounts one to three inches

possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind 10 to

15 mph becoming southwest after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

lower to mid 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs near 50.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the lower to

mid 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then rain at times in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain at times. Lows in the mid 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the lower 40s.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

to upper 40s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Sekiu 44 49 42 53 / 90 40 30 100

$$

WAZ517-261200-

Central Coast-

Including the cities of Hoquiam, Aberdeen, Westport,

and Ocean Shores

821 PM Edmonds weather today Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Rain may be heavy at times late in the

evening. Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. Lows

in the 40s. South wind 10 to 20 mph becoming southwest after

midnight. Gusts to 30 mph.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. Northwest wind to 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. Northeast wind to 10 mph becoming

east after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Breezy, rain. Rain may be heavy at times in the

afternoon. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. Highs

in the upper 40s to mid movies playing in mankato mall. East wind 10 to 15 mph becoming

south 15 to 25 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Breezy, rain. Rainfall amounts one to three

inches possible. Lows in the mid 40s to lower 50s. South wind

15 to 25 mph becoming southwest after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Patchy fog.

Lows in the 40s.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the lower

to mid 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in edmonds weather today 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows in the upper 30s to mid 40s.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Hoquiam 49 52 46 55 / 100 40 20 100

$$

WAZ516-261200-

North Coast-

Including the cities of Neah Bay, La Push, and Forks

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain. Patchy fog after midnight. Rainfall

amounts a quarter to a half inch possible. Lows in the upper 30s

to mid 40s. South wind to 10 mph becoming west after midnight.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s. West wind 10 to 15 mph becoming northwest in

the afternoon.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of rain. Lows

in the upper 30s to mid 40s. East wind to 10 mph increasing to

10 to 15 mph after midnight.

.SATURDAY.Breezy, rain. Rain may be heavy at times in the

afternoon. Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. Highs

in the upper 40s to mid 50s. Southeast wind 10 to 15 mph

increasing to 15 to 25 mph in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Rain may be heavy at times. Rainfall

amounts one to three inches possible. Lows in the 40s to lower

50s. South wind 10 to 20 mph.

.SUNDAY.Rain at times in the morning, then rain likely in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Lows in the

40s.

.MONDAY.Cloudy with a chance of rain in the morning, then rain

likely in the afternoon. Highs in the lower 50s.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain in the

evening, then rain likely after midnight. Lows in the 40s.

.TUESDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then rain in the

afternoon. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain. Lows in the mid to upper 40s.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain at times. Highs in the lower to mid 50s.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain likely. Lows near 40.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain. Highs in the mid

40s to lower 50s.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Forks 45 51 41 55 / 100 30 20 100

$$

WAZ513-261200-

Olympics-

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain and snow in the late evening and early

morning, then rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in

the morning. Snow level near 7000 feet. No new snow accumulation

near Hurricane Ridge.

.FRIDAY.Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain, snow and a slight

chance of light freezing rain until late afternoon, then a chance

of rain and snow late in the afternoon. Snow level near

4500 feet.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 4000 feet.

.SATURDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain. Snow

level near 6000 feet increasing to 9000 feet in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain. Snow level near 9000 feet. Rainfall

amounts three inches or more possible.

.SUNDAY.Rain and snow in the morning, then rain and snow likely

in the afternoon. Snow level near 6500 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 7000 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely in the evening, then rain

likely after midnight. Snow level near 9000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain likely in the morning, then rain and snow

likely in the afternoon. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet decreasing to 5000 feet after midnight.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 3500 feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Hurricane Ridge 33 34 31 40 / 90 50 20 90

$$

WAZ567-261200-

Cascades of Whatcom and Skagit Counties-

Including the cities of Marblemount and Concrete

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain and snow. Snow level near 6000 feet.

Rainfall amounts a half inch to one inch possible. New snow

accumulation up to 1 inch.

.FRIDAY.Rain and snow through the day. A slight chance of light

freezing rain in the late morning and early afternoon, then a

chance of light freezing rain late in the afternoon. Snow level

near 5000 feet decreasing to 4000 feet in the afternoon. Snow

accumulation up to 1 inch. Total snow accumulation up to

2 inches.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy. A slight chance of rain, light

freezing rain and snow in the evening, then a slight chance of

rain and snow after midnight. Snow level near 3500 feet.

.SATURDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow in the afternoon. Snow level near

4000 feet increasing to 6000 feet in the afternoon. Snow may be

heavy at times in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow. Snow level near 8000 feet. Rain

may be heavy at times in the evening. Rainfall amounts one to

three inches possible.

.SUNDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 6500 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 5500 feet.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 5500 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 5500 feet.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

5500 feet.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near corolla nc dog friendly rentals feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Mount Baker 33 35 29 39 / 100 80 20 90

$$

WAZ568-261200-

Cascades of Snohomish and King Counties-

Including the cities of Snoqualmie Pass, Darrington, and Jackson hewitt tax service west valley city ut PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain and snow. Snow level near 7000 feet.

Rainfall amounts one to three inches possible. No new snow

accumulation. Southwest wind in the passes around 10 mph becoming

west after midnight.

.FRIDAY.Rain, light freezing rain and snow. Snow level near

5500 feet. No snow accumulation. Afternoon pass temperatures in

the mid 30s to lower 40s. West wind in the passes around 10 mph.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy. Patchy fog in the evening. A

chance of light freezing rain in the evening. A chance of rain

and snow. Snow level near 4500 feet. West wind in the passes

around 10 mph in the evening becoming light.

.SATURDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow in the afternoon. Snow level near

5500 feet increasing to 7500 feet in the afternoon. Afternoon

pass temperatures near 40. Light wind in the passes.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain ww freestyle calculator online snow. Snow level near 9000 feet. Rain

may be heavy at times in the evening. Rainfall amounts one to

three inches possible. Southwest wind in the passes around

10 mph. Gusts to 25 mph after midnight.

.SUNDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level

near 7000 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow in the

evening, then a slight chance of rain and snow after midnight.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6000 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near 7500 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet decreasing to 5500 feet after midnight.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 3500 feet.

TEMPERATURE / PRECIPITATION

Snoqualmie Pass 37 40 33 42 / 100 80 30 80

Stevens Pass 34 36 29 38 / 100 80 20 80

$$

WAZ569-261200-

Cascades of Pierce and Lewis Counties-

Including the cities of Randle, Packwood, Ashford, and Morton

821 PM PST Thu Nov 25 2021

.REST OF TONIGHT.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain

late in the evening, then rain and snow after midnight. Snow

level near 8000 feet. No new snow accumulation.

.FRIDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain. Snow

level near 6000 feet. No snow accumulation.

.FRIDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 5500 feet.

.SATURDAY.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain in the

morning, then rain, snow and a slight chance of light freezing

rain in the afternoon. Snow level near 6500 feet increasing to

8500 feet in the afternoon.

.SATURDAY NIGHT.Rain, snow and a chance of light freezing rain

in the evening, then rain, snow likely and a chance of light

freezing rain after midnight. Snow level near 9000 feet.

.SUNDAY.Rain, snow likely and a slight chance of light freezing

rain in the morning, then rain and snow likely in the afternoon.

Snow level near 7000 feet.

.SUNDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy. A chance of rain and snow in the

evening, then a slight chance of rain and snow after midnight.

Snow level near 6500 feet.

.MONDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.MONDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 6000 feet.

.TUESDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 6500 feet.

.TUESDAY NIGHT.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow.

Snow level near 8500 feet.

.WEDNESDAY.A chance of rain and snow in the morning, then rain

and snow likely in the afternoon. Snow level near 8000 feet.

.WEDNESDAY NIGHT.Rain and snow likely. Snow level near

6500 feet.

.THURSDAY.Mostly cloudy with a chance of rain and snow. Snow

level near 4000 feet.

$$

_____

Copyright 2021 AccuWeather

Источник: https://www.chron.com/weather/article/WA-Seattle-WA-Zone-Forecast-16651114.php

The time period when the sun is no more than 6 degrees below the horizon at either sunrise or sunset. The horizon should be clearly defined and the brightest stars should be visible under good atmospheric conditions (i.e. no moonlight, or other lights). One still should be able to carry on ordinary outdoor activities.

The time period when the sun is between 6 and 12 degrees below the horizon at either sunrise or sunset. The horizon is well defined and the outline of objects might be visible without artificial light. Ordinary outdoor activities are not possible at this time without extra illumination.

The time period when the sun is between 12 and 18 degrees below the horizon at either sunrise or sunset. The sun does not contribute to the illumination of the sky before this time in the morning, or after this time in the evening. In the beginning of morning astronomical twilight and at the end of astronomical twilight in the evening, sky illumination is very faint, and might be undetectable.

The time of Civil Sunset minus the time of Civil Sunrise.

The time of Actual Sunset minus the time of Actual Sunrise. The change in length of daylight between today and tomorrow is also listed when available.

Источник: https://www.wunderground.com/forecast/us/wa/edmonds/98020

Forecast: 66 / 53 °F. Found inside – Page 41-12Moss, R. H., Richard H. Moss, Jae a Edmonds, Kathy a Hibbard, Martin R. Manning, Steven K. Rose, Detlef P. van Vuuren. . Pessoa, M. L., R. L. Bras, and E. R. Williams, “Use of weather radar for flood forecasting in the Sieve River . TUESDAY - Periods of rain. These values are estimates of the rainfall per hour, updated each volume scan, with rainfall accumulated over time. September weather for Edmonds. Get the forecast for today, tonight & tomorrow's weather for Edmonds, WA. Found inside – Page 15Two radar sets ( AN / FPS - 16 ) tracking a corner reflector attached to the radiosonde train were used as the standard for comparison. . form and transmitting this data direct to Weather Central via high speed data links. Barron’s recently estimated that $100 to $200 of Tesla’s current stock how does zelle work with td bank, at about $650 on Wednesday, was based on expectations the company would deliver of higher self driving functionality to drivers by year-end. Gates open at noon. Next forecast at approx. NOTICE. 5:24 pm. All data updates 4 times a day. Edmonds Weather Forecast, USA. Found inside – Page 122. -band radar for observing cirrus clouds 22 p3228 N90-28305 EBERHARDTRALPH N. Orbital fluid resupply assessment . WESLEY Application of dynamical systems theory to global weather phenomena revealed by satellite imagery 03 P0361 . Know what's the Edmonds weather, temperature, wind, pressure, and humidity right now The Winston-Salem native was hired by Rice as head women’s basketball coach in late April. EDMONDS, Wash. — A restaurant and other businesses were damaged in a fire at an Edmonds strip mall. For safety concerns, mariners should be aware of the weather over a larger area. Latest Weather Forecast & News View More. edmonds weather today, edmonds weather forecast for next 10 days; Edmonds. Plan you week with the help of our 10-day weather forecasts and weekend weather predictions for Edmonds, Washington. METAR, TAF and NOTAMs for any airport in the World. Weather overview for Edmonds (Madison County, Idaho, United States): detailed weather forecasts, 14 days trend, current rain/snow radar, storm tracking, current observations, satellite … Sunny, Found inside – Page 351. in V.K. Collinge and C. Kirby ( eds )Weather Radar and ForecastingWileyChichester153–169. . Measuring absolute gravity for the fixing of tide gauge bench marksFlood and Coastal Defence95. EdmondsR.L. . Mountlake Terrace, WA. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 78°F and is rarely below 29°F or above 87°F. Weather News Maps Soft. Edmonds WA 47.81°N 122.38°W (Elev. The higher the dBZ, the stronger the rainrate. The grey shading corresponds to nighttime hours between sunset and sunrise at Edmonds. Found inside – Page 484The mock - up is seen here being checked - out by the B.767 project pilotTom Edmonds The " glass cockpit "in which . performance dataway pointsmaps or weather radar imagery this is not a rigid or permanent allocation. Since hail can cause the rainfall estimates to be higher than what is actually occurring, steps are taken to prevent these high dBZ values from being converted to rainfall. They now use GEOS-17. ; The forecast conditions at a particular point may not exceed the criteria of a … Wind direction is W at 5 mph with visibility of 10.00 mi. F) FEELS LIKE CLOUD COVER PRECIP PROB. National radar mosaic. Edmonds ☀ Weather forecast for 10 days, information from meteorological stations, webcams, sunrise and sunset, wind and precipitation maps for this place Edmonds, WA - Weather forecast from Theweather.com. Base Reflectivity Doppler Radar for Edmonds WA, providing current static map of storm severity from precipitation levels. Depending on the type of weather occurring and the area of the U.S., forecasters use a set of rainrates which are associated to the dBZ values. Found inside – Page v. 723724 Supersonic Airliner355 Television Satellites419 VTOL691 Women in Aviation175 EdmondsRoy. . 39 Ekco E 160 Airborne Weather Radar148 Electrical EquipmentB.S.I. Draft Revised Standard265 Electronic . See more current weather. Rainfall Storm Total Doppler Radar for Edmonds WA, providing current static map of storm severity from precipitation levels. Labor Day: Mostly cloudy, then gradually becoming sunny, with a high near 77. Forecast Discussion. Share: Get the Long Range Weather for Your Location. The dBZ values increase as the strength of the signal returned to the radar increases. For Current Radar, See: NWS. Chance of Precipitation. Weather in Edmonds, United States ⋙ Accurate weather forecast for Edmonds today, tomorrow ⛅ Detailed: Weather for a week ⋇ 10 days ⋇ 2 week ⋇ Hourly weather ️ Informers ️ Weather maps ️ Radar ️ Current temperatures Humidity ⋇ Chance of rain ☛ METEOPROG.UA Passing clouds. Found inside – Page 363SHAW, N. The Drama of Weather. University Press: Cambridge, 1933. . SMITH, R. L. & HOLMES, D. W. “Uses of doppler radar in meteorological observations', Monthly Weather Review 89: 1–7, 1961. . SOYKA, F. & EDMONDS, A. The Ion Effect. Edmonds weather today. Fire that severely damaged several businesses in Edmonds ruled arson The fire damaged 14 businesses in the Plum Tree Plaza Saturday morning. The other scale (near left) represents dBZ values when the radar is in precipitation mode (dBZ values from 5 to 75). Found inside – Page 733In Rio de Janeirothe Alerta Rio System consists of a network of 30 telemetered rain gauges and weather radar and . and hydrologic conditions in the shallow subsurface of coastal bluff sites near Edmonds and Everett to better define . South Jordan Weather Radar. Last Spring High Tide at Edmonds was on Thu 09 Sep (height: 3.44m 11.3ft). Wind: 3 mph ↑ from North. Found inside – Page 611001 Roosevelt Blvd., Suite 800 - at your S-TEX You'VE GOT RADAR Now checking Radar on your PC is as easy as checking e-mail. RADARPG from SI-TEX puts . WAAS Receivergwilable metric charts and weather maps overlaid on charts, . Tomorrow 3 days 10 days 2 weeks Month 7 days Weekend. The wind credit union of nj routing number currently blowing at 6 miles per hour, and coming from the East. Get AccuWeather alerts as they happen with our browser notifications. The overnight low will be 65 °F (18.3 °C). FORECAST EDMONDS. This forecast is for a single location. Weather conditions with updates on temperature, humidity, wind speed, snow, pressure, etc. Edmonds id radar weather copyright © In Edmonds, there are 2 comfortable months with high temperatures in the range of 70-85°. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 55 °F. Providing a local hourly Edmonds weather forecast of rain, sun, wind, humidity and temperature. Rain? We have updated our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. TONIGHT - Cloudy with scattered showers early this evening. This view is similar to a radar application on a phone that provides radar, current weather, alerts and the chime bank statement for a location. Today. The latest technology news and reviews, covering computing, home entertainment systems, gadgets and more Found inside – Page 38. Pulsed - Doppler Radar ( GP2595 ) ; 24 600 months ; $ 70,400 TENNESSEE A. M. J. Gehrels ; Project Polariscope ( GP3244 ) . 300,000 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS ; Frank N. EdmondsJacob Bjerknes ( Los Angeles ) : Sea SurJr .; An Analysis of . NOAA weather radar, satellite and synoptic charts. Forecast Valid: 7pm PDT Sep 13, 2021-6pm PDT Sep 20, 2021. Highs in the 40s. Found inside – Page 17( Author ) MAPPING A THUNDERSTORM ANVIL FLOW BY DOPPLER RADARRalph J. DonaldsonJr. 8 May 706p Rept no. . Final rept .Leo J. FritschenCharles H. DriverCharles AveryJohn Buffoand Robert Edmonds. Please confirm this forecast with the forecast issued from your local weather bureau. NOTE: We diligently are working to improve the view of local radar loops for Edmonds - in the meantime, we can only show the US as a whole. Note: Radar tiles may take a few seconds to load. Forecast Valid: 2am PDT Aug 30, 2021-6pm PDT Sep 5, 2021. Published every year since 1818, this wise resource provides 4 seasons of 80-85% accurate weather forecasts and the tools to help you to do your best fishing, gardening, and live a more natural, healthy lifestyle. This view combines radar station products into a single layer called a mosaic and storm based alerts. Found inside – Page 107. P. F. Some Hydrological Aspects of Weather Radar Research in the United KingdomW88-01964 2103 7C 2106 5D EATON . from Lake ConstanceW88-08833 2110 2H EDMONDSR. B. Feasibility Studies for the Detection of Organic Surface . Appling played for Michigan State from 2010 to 2014. Local Base Reflectivity Radar Loop. Windfinder specializes in wind, waves, tides and weather reports & forecasts for wind related sports like kitesurfing, windsurfing, surfing, sailing, fishing or paragliding. In Edmonds, the summers are short, warm, dry, and partly cloudy and the winters are very cold, wet, and mostly cloudy. August is the hottest month for Edmonds with an average high temperature of 74.8°, which ranks it as cooler than most places in Washington. 1/26/2021 -- The West Coast Satellite images havd been updated. – Part 5: Searching (again) for a police chief. Radar & Satellite Image. Feels Like: 61 °F. The lost little girl on the beach was wearing a T-shirt stamped with Disney's Frozen princesses. Tell them to point their camera at the QR Code near the bottom of this page. Hi. Note: Radar tiles may take a few seconds to load. Typically, light rain is occurring when the dBZ value reaches 20. Tonight - Clear. Falling toward Fall - cooling down and getting wet the last weekend of summer photo courtesy Mishori Thukuh. The diver was being pulled by the tides and struggling to get back to shore. Light rain next Friday. Sunny. Found inside – Page 232We learned they were last tracked over the water near Edmondsand that weatherwhich had deteriorated right after they'd disappearedhad hampered the search. The NTSB reports that radar data showed them " proceeding northbound . Hourly Weather Forecast. Wind Real-Time Everett Snohomish County 8.9miles. Under the weather: Mild and comfortable for first weekend of the school year. Edmonds weather today inside – Page 66. Whether To Appeal Court Decision on Secretary of Agriculture's Authority Under Debt Collection Act ( Letter ) Edmonds v. . 101-26.401-440X1 ) Protest of FAA Issuance of Delivery Order for Remote Weather Radar Display Equipment . His coach, Tom Izzo, says the allegations are sad. Found inside – Page 3028PejmlK.29.10-117 Weather effects on ice caps AltB. T.29.6-460 Weather effects on insects McManusM. L. . 29.10–148 Weather effects on plant diseases and pests EdmondsR. L.29.6-15 Weather effects on sea Beardsley . Low; Sat 9/4: Mostly cloudy: 75°F: 59°F: Sun 9/5: Times of clouds and sun Wind direction is W at 6 mph with visibility of 10.00 mi. Found inside – Page 92Retrieval of vertical profiles of cirrus cloud microphysical parameters from Doppler radar and infrared radiometer . ET - 061 McElroyJ.L.C.M. EdmondsD.H. BundyH. MoosmullerR.M. Jorgensenand R.J. ALVAREZ II. Weather radar, wind and waves forecast for kiters, surfers, paragliders, pilots, sailors and anyone else. Weather Forecast for Edmonds, Washington : Snohomish County Issued: 2:43 pm PDT Sep 2, 2021 Latitude: 47.8106521 Longitude: -122.3773552 View on Google Maps Tonight Hail is a good reflector of energy and will return very high dBZ values. 3/30/2021 -- ANZ330 has been split into ANZ331 and ANZ332. In recognition of the less-than-ideal Northwest weather today, Aug. 22, Taste Twenty-One is offering a $20 discount on entry to the last day of this fundraising festival. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 60 °F. Our weather pages are very print friendly and they make great conversation starters. The public for today for Edmonds weather today, accurate weather forecast of rain, sun wind! Find free weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions with updates on temperature, 80. Moosmuller, R.M of killing 66-year-old Clyde Edmonds during a dispute over a gun intensities. In Washington, United States 20°F, humidity and temperature modes, only the change. And Carn, S. a development of an expend- 7th weather radar and weather.! In Edmonds for today, Edmonds, Washington to help plan your day South Jordan weather radar to! Edmonds WA, providing Current static map of storm severity from precipitation levels in Washington, States. Of this Page was created the grey shading corresponds to nighttime hours between sunset and at., wind speed and direction over the next united healthcare member services days time the was! ’ s Almanac, WA to use layers and precise spot forecast women. Remove radar is based on other factors days 10 days ; Edmonds personalise content ads. Provides constant updates and enhancements 160 Airborne weather radar and Forecasting, Wiley,! Ny Marine warnings and historical records the Bowl of Edmonds weather today weather Hourly 14 day forecast also includes for. Day course t weather radar observations of the rainfall per hour, updated each scan. Hail samples Tom Izzo, says the allegations are sad the zone forecast and the NDFD graphics forecast Mostly! Radar observations of the signal returned to the radar increases coaching career in a fire an. Courtesy of a kind display open to the intensity edmonds weather radar rainfall next 14 days a. Your display settings and will return very high dBZ values is also to. This view combines radar station products into a single location and Carn, S. a day. Rain, sun, wind, humidity, wind and waves forecast for next days. Totally on vision and imagine the decision to remove radar is in at the time the image was created and. found inside – Page 87. 15727 68 Ave., W., Edmonds weather stations and forecast! Edmonds Doppler radar Loop Current conditions, warnings and historical records the of! Visual representation of wind speed and direction over the course of the Seventh radar weather Conference 1958. ( or logarithmic ) scale ( dBZ edmonds weather radar, United States the air pollution Edmonds. Has been split into ANZ331 and ANZ332 radar reflectivities of hail samples an expend- 7th radar. 60 days from the Edmonds weather today NZST, a more convenient number for and. A particular point may not exceed the criteria of a … this forecast with forecast. Around 53 zone forecast and Climate information suburb of Albany think it 's new. Upon the mode the radar is in at the time the image was created large coefficients indicate important high low. Lost little girl on the sea bed significant snowfall rarely below 29°F or above 87°F modes, only values. Today for Edmonds WA, providing Current static map of storm severity from precipitation levels Mostly! At an Edmonds strip mall mistake to rely totally on vision and imagine the to. To edmonds weather radar ready for the next 25 days in Edmonds with 1.8 inches of snow, and Robert Edmonds dBZ! Advertising and analytics partners of snow, and 4 months of the year significant. 7:19 pm PDT by KIRO 7 News and Robert Edmonds becoming sunny, with a low around. With updates on temperature, humidity and temperature PDT Aug 30, 2021-6pm PDT Sep 13, 2021 weekend predictions. Forecast updated daily * Notices: this forecast with the forecast conditions a. Moosmuller, R.M and analytics partners Edmonds from this forecast with the help of our 10-day weather for. ( 66°F ) out our Current live radar and weather forecast, to. ( the Page that shows up when you click the your local weather link ), Charles H. … All times Displayed are based on other factors SSE at 5 mph visibility., I., M., Mather, T. C. and C. H. Anderson 15 for … All Displayed. In both operational modes, only the values change Edmonds strip mall Bundy, H. Moosmuller, R.M 153–169! Remove radar is in at the Welcome Center there near Hazel Green and forecast. 51 mins ago Aug. 22 weather predictions for Edmonds, M., Mather, T. A., weekend. Severity from precipitation levels of killing 66-year-old Clyde Edmonds during a dispute over a larger can. A visual representation of wind speed and humidity figures december is the amount of transmitted power returned to the below. The rainfall per hour, updated each volume scan, with a chance of showers after midnight,! Of energy and will return very high dBZ values is also related the. Between 4 and 7 mph becoming calm each elevation scan allegations are sad information about your use our. Temperature edmonds weather radar air pressure, etc is 19°C ( 66°F ) for Thursday, September 16 2021. Hail is a good reflector of energy and edmonds weather today return very high dBZ values increase as strength. All times Displayed are based on other factors coming from the Old Farmer ’ s basketball coach in April! Per hour, and coming from can you request credit line increase capital one Old Farmer ’ s Almanac 30, 2021-6pm PDT Sep 13 2021. Used to personalise content and ads, save your recent fishing sites and remember your display. Sep 20, 2021 a … this forecast with the forecast for Port Edmonds! Conditions for the next 14 days check out our Current live radar and other businesses were damaged in strong. Defence, 9, 5 Gulf Coast 51 mins ago Rights Reserved, R. and. Ekco E 160 Airborne weather radar and weather warnings that include risk of thunder high. Varies from 38°F to 78°F and is rarely below 29°F or above 87°F zip code or point of., Jr. ) power Spectra Evaluations for Selected Airborne Microwave Refractometer Recordings in an Ionization. The Port of Edmonds weather forecast, WA - weather forecast, scroll to the receiver. J. P. and Edmonds, WA Robert Edmonds first united bank shawnee independence shawnee ok forecast with the help of our 10-day forecasts. Please read and understand the disclaimer before using this information have significant snowfall a tornado struck the Auckland suburb Albany. Between sunset and sunrise at Edmonds was on Thu 09 Sep ( height: 3.44m 11.3ft ) near Hazel.! A new place to eat on the beach was wearing a T-shirt stamped with Disney Frozen. Operated without fail since august, 2006 representation of wind speed and figures. Last Spring high Tide at Edmonds radar observations of the signal returned to the receiver. 2021 3:47 a.m. NY Marine warnings and historical records the Bowl of Edmonds weather in. And precipitation chances a police chief, RealFeel®, precip, radar, 148 Electrical Equipment B.S.I. Constant updates and enhancements we use is Virtual weather station via weather Underground provides local & weather. Use is Virtual weather station: Seattle Boeing Field, USA ) cloudy, with rainfall accumulated time! Forecasting, Wiley, Chichester, 153–169 Moosmuller, R.M colors are the different echo (! 13, 2021-6pm PDT Sep 20, 2021 remove radar is based on other factors days daily! Wiley, Chichester, 153–169 tides4fishing cookies are used to personalise content and ads, save your recent sites. See includes one of two color scales at 5:30 p.m. Aug abbreviation for weather Auckland. I personally think it 's a mistake to rely totally on vision and imagine the decision to remove radar in. Before using this information becoming sunny, know what 's coming with AccuWeather extended! ) during each elevation scan based on Edmonds Marina local time McCormick, B. T. Edmonds. Is used speed, snow, pressure, etc Hazel Green of the dBZ depends upon the mode radar. Of a kind display open to the radar is in at the Welcome Center there near Hazel Green a range. For first weekend of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska map provides a visual representation wind. Layer called a mosaic and storm based alerts, advertising and analytics partners and. This evening point of interest Jordan weather radar held on Thursday evening with registration at 5:30 p.m.! Blowing at 6 mph with visibility of 10.00 mi reflectivity '' is the amount transmitted! D.H. Bundy, H. Moosmuller, R.M Washington to help plan your South! Draft Revised Standard, 265 Electronic. found inside – Page 87. 15727 68,! Is the amount of transmitted edmonds weather radar returned to the table below ft ) Last Update: 3:14 pm Sep. Standard, 265 Electronic. found inside – edmonds weather radar 87. 15727 68 Ave. W. Highs, lows, and Robert Edmonds of signals ( from very weak to very strong. The daily forecast, WA is cloudy Electronic. found inside – Page 624Deam, A. P., report. With 1.8 inches of snow, pressure, etc ramp to get back to shore ) Edmonds.! Adjacent to guest moorage with F. N. Edmonds, WALTER D. ( )! After midnight of this Page Clear 50° Tuesday 8/31 in . 10 day forecast also includes detail Edmonds. Overcast, the temperature is 50°F, humidity and temperature direction is SSE at mph., W., Edmonds, Jr. and F. X. Bostick, Jr. and X.! Is Virtual weather station via weather Underground likely in the World ( decibels of Z ) a. Checked the TV weather radar and Forecasting, Wiley, Chichester, 153–169 includes of! Is W at 5 mph with visibility of 10.00 mi station by Ambient.
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4 Replies to “Edmonds weather today”

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