1st wok calhoun village -
Market Bar-B-Que is keeping the wheels turning in more ways than one. In addition to a long-running restaurant in Minneapolis, the year-old institution recently launched a food truck.
We caught up with Anthony Polski, 31, who runs Market Bar-B-Que ( Nicollet Ave. S.; ; usacreditunion.us) with his father, Steve Polski. He talks about his plans to carry on the family legacy, which started with his grandfather Willard Polski.
Whats your first food memory? Fried matzo. That was a big deal to me. My father and grandfather both made it for me. It’s simple, but it’s really nice when somebody makes it for you.
What did you want to be when you grew up? I definitely wanted to be in the restaurant business. I grew up in the business and loved it. My dad was really cool about it. He definitely wasn’t the type of family business owner who pressured me. He was the opposite. He said this was a ton of work and was I sure I wanted to do this.
What was your first job in food? I begged my dad to start working at the restaurant. He was more of the attitude of take it easy right now, you have plenty of time to work another time. You’ll thank me later.
Finally, when I was 13 or 14 years old, he said OK and I could start. I started washing dishes. I’ve had many jobs since, including prep cook, line cook, host, bartender and manager. It has really paid off to work so many different jobs at the restaurant. You have a much better understanding of what people are going through and what their jobs are like, versus having no compassion or understanding about it.
How did you wind up in the restaurant business for good? I always wanted to be in this business. I always thought it was really cool and I always felt at home at the restaurant. It was what I was meant to do.
I always liked the family vibe at the restaurant. Every single day you go to work and you hear things from customers such as they’ve driven 50 miles to eat here. Or, they come every year for their anniversary. Or we hear stories like someone is picking food up for someone who is sick and they wanted this to be their last meal. Every single day of my life I hear something like this and it makes me feel like all this hard work is doing something good. It’s like doing something for the community. It feels good. It feels right to do this.
Whats your favorite dish on your restaurant menu right now? The ribs, by far. They’re not like any other ribs I’ve had in my life. They don’t fall off the bone, which confuses some people. To me, that’s good because barbecue is art.
Every piece of meat that we cook is over an open wood fire versus some places might use a smoker and enclose it. The flavor and the texture that our cooking method produces is really good and something you can’t recreate. It’s completely artisan.
I don’t take the stance that if it falls off the bone, it’s wrong. Ours is just a different way of doing barbecue.
Whats something few people know about you? Most people probably don’t know I’m eccentrically clean. I’m really crazy about being clean. At home. At the restaurant. It’s very important to me.
What’s the last thing you cooked at home? My fiancée and I cook a lot. We cooked chicken pot pie two nights ago.
If you could eat or drink only five things for the rest of your life, what would they be? No. 1 would be Canada Dry ginger ale. If I was dying tomorrow, I would go and buy a pack of that. That stuff is like life or death to me. Popcorn. The eggrolls at 1st Wok in Calhoun Village in Minneapolis — that’s my spot. The other two things are from New York. Definitely a sandwich from Katzs Delicatessen and a pasta from Patsy’s Italian Restaurant of New York.
Whats next? We just launched our food truck. For me, I’m coming into a job and my job is to literally change nothing. I have to keep the same quality and everything the same. That can be harder than trying a new concept. Places go out of business, vendors change and you outlast some of your suppliers.
So the food truck was a dream for me. It’s a way to keep the food the same but chase customers in a different way. There are different challenges with it than a bricks-and-mortar restaurant.
So far, we have been parked at Fulton Beer taproom near Target Field during Minnesota Twins games. We’ll definitely be at local breweries and distilleries. When we have time, we really want to hit lunch spots downtown.
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Pine Bluff, Arkansas
This article is about the U.S. city. For the American Civil War battle of the same name, see Battle of Pine Bluff. For other uses, see Pine Bluff.
city in Arkansas
City in Arkansas, United States
Pine Bluff is the tenth-largest city in the state of Arkansas and the county seat of Jefferson County. It is the principal city of the Pine Bluff Metropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area. The population of the city was 49, in the Census with estimates showing a decline to 41,
The city is situated in the Southeast section of the Arkansas Delta and straddles the Arkansas Timberlands region to its west. Its topography is flat with wide expanses of farmland, similar to other places in the Delta Lowlands. Pine Bluff has numerous creeks, streams, and bayous, including Bayou Bartholomew, the longest bayou in the world and the second most ecologically diverse stream in the United States. Large bodies of water include Lake Pine Bluff, Lake Langhofer (Slack Water Harbor), and the Arkansas River.
Pre-Columbian era to colonial era
The area along the Arkansas River had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples of various cultures. They used the river for transportation as did European settlers after them, and for fishing. By the time of encounter with Europeans, the historical Quapaw were the chief people in the area, having migrated from the Ohio River valley centuries before.
The city of Pine Bluff was founded on a high bank of the Arkansas River heavily forested with tall pine trees. The high ground furnished settlers a safe haven from annual flooding. Joseph Bonne, a Métisfur trader and trapper of mixed Quapaw and colonial French ancestry, settled on this bluff in 
– Antebellum era
After the Quapaw signed a treaty with the United States in relinquishing their title to all the lands which they claimed in Arkansas, many other American settlers began to join Bonne on the bluff. In Thomas Phillips claimed a half section of land where Pine Bluff is located. Jefferson County was established by the Territorial Legislature on November 2, , and began functioning as a county April 19,
At the August 13, , county election, the pine bluff settlement was chosen as the county seat. The Quorum Court voted to name the village "Pine Bluff Town" on October 16,  Pine Bluff was incorporated January 8, , by the order of County Judge Taylor. At the time, the village had about 50 residents. Improved transportation aided in the growth of Pine Bluff during the s and s.
With its proximity to the Arkansas River, the small town served as a port for travel and shipping. Steamships provided the primary mode of transport, arriving from downriver ports such as New Orleans. From –, Pine Bluff residents would see Native American migrants on the Trail of Tears waterway who were being forcibly removed by the US Army from the American Southeast to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. From –, Pine Bluff was also a station on the passage of Seminole and Black Seminoles, who were forcibly removed from Florida to the Territory. They included the legendary Black Seminole leader John Horse, who arrived in the city via the steamboat Swan in 
– Civil War, Reconstruction and beyond
Pine Bluff was prospering by the outbreak of the Civil War; most of its wealth was based on the commodity crop of cotton. This was cultivated on large plantations by hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans throughout the state, but especially in the Delta. The city had one of the largest slave populations in the state by , and Jefferson County, Arkansas was second in cotton production in the state. When Union forces occupied Little Rock, a group of Pine Bluff residents asked commanding Major General Frederick Steele to send Union forces to occupy their town to protect them from bands of Confederate bushwhackers. Union troops under ColonelPowell Clayton arrived September 17, and stayed until the war was over.
Confederate General J.S. Marmaduke tried to expel the Union Army in the Battle of Pine Bluff October 25, , but was repulsed by a combined effort of soldiers and freedmen (former slaves freed by the Emancipation Proclamation). In the final year of the war, the 1st Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry (Colored) (composed primarily of escaped slaves from Arkansas and Missouri), was the first African-American regiment in the civil war to go into combat. It was dispatched to guard Pine Bluff and was eventually mustered out there.
Because of the Union forces, Pine Bluff attracted many refugees and freedmen after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in early The Union forces set up a contraband camp there to house the runaway slaves and refugees behind Confederate lines. After the war, freed slaves worked with the American Missionary Association to start schools for the education of blacks, who had been prohibited from learning to read and write by southern laws. Both adults and children eagerly started learning. By September , Professor Joseph C. Corbin opened the Branch Normal School of the Arkansas Industrial University, a historically black college. Founded as Arkansas's first black public college, today it is the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff.
Pine Bluff and the region suffered lasting effects from defeat, the aftermath of war, and the trauma of slavery and exploitation. Recovery was slow at first. Construction of railroads improved access to markets, and with increased production of cotton as more plantations were reactivated, the economy began to recover. The first railroad reached Pine Bluff in December  This same year Pine Bluff's first utility was formed when Pine Bluff Gas Company began furnishing manufactured gas from coke fuel for lighting purposes. The state's economy remained highly dependent on cotton and agriculture, which suffered a decline through the 19th century.
As personal fortunes increased from the s onward, community leaders constructed large Victorian-style homes west of Main Street. Meanwhile, the Reconstruction era of the s brought a stark mix of progress and challenge for African Americans. Most blacks joined the Republican Party, and several were elected in Pine Bluff to county offices and the state legislature for the first time in history. Several black-owned businesses were also opened, including banks, bars, barbershops, and other establishments. But in postwar violence in , an altercation with whites ensued at a refugee camp, and 24 black men, women and children were found hanging from trees in one of the worst mass lynchings in U.S. history.
The rate of lynchings of black males was high across the South during this period of social tensions and white resistance to Reconstruction. Armistad Johnson was lynched in , and John Kelly and Gulbert Harris in in front of the Jefferson County Courthouse, after a mob of hundreds rapidly escalated to thousands of whites vehemently demanding execution, despite Kelly's pleas of innocence and lack of trial. The angry mob eventually forced over his custody from an Officer adamantly attempting to deliver the suspect to the jail house, then the crowd watched enthusiastically as he was hung and riddled with bullets. That same year the state adopted a poll tax amendment that disenfranchised many African-American and poor white voters. The Election Law of had already made voting more difficult and also caused voter rolls to decrease. With the Democratic Party consolidating its power in what became a one-party state, the atmosphere was grim toward the end of the 19th century for many African Americans. Democrats imposed legal segregation and other Jim Crow laws.
Bishop Henry McNeal Turner's "Back to Africa" movement attracted numbers of local African-American residents who purchased tickets and/or sought information on emigration (Arkansas had emigrants depart to the colony of Liberia in West Africa; more than from any other state in the United States. The majority of these emigrants came from the black-majority Jefferson, St. Francis, Pulaski, Pope, and Conway counties.
According to historian James Leslie, Pine Bluff entered its "Golden Era" in the s. Cotton production and river commerce helped the city draw industries, public institutions and residents to the area, making it by the state's third-largest city. The first telephone system was placed in service March 31, Wiley Jones, a freedman who achieved wealth by his own business, built the first mule-drawn, street-car line in October  The first light, power and water plant was completed in ; a more dependable light and water system was put in place in Throughout the s and s, economic expansion was also fueled by the growing lumber industry in the region.
– through the Great Depression
Situated on the Arkansas River, Pine Bluff depended on river traffic and trade. Community leaders were concerned that the main channel would leave the city. The United States Army Corps of Engineers built a levee opposite Pine Bluff to try to keep the river flowing by the city.
During a later flood, the main channel of the river moved away from the city, leaving a small oxbow lake (later expanded into Lake Pine Bluff). River traffic diminished, even as the river was a barrier separating one part of the county from the other. After many years of regional haggling, because the bond issue involved raised taxes, the county built the Free Bridge, which opened in For the first time, it united the county on a permanent basis.
African Americans in Pine Bluff were damaged by the state's disfranchisement in – and exclusion from the political system. But they continued to work for their rights; they joined activists in Little Rock and Hot Springs in a sustained boycott of streetcars, protesting passage in of the Segregated Streetcar Act, part of a series of Jim Crow laws passed by the white-dominated legislature. They did not achieve change then.
Development in the city's business district grew rapidly. The Masonic Lodge, built by and for the African-American chapter in the city, was the tallest building in Pine Bluff when completed in  The Hotel Pines, constructed in , had an intricate marble interior and classical design, and was considered one of Arkansas' showcase hotels. The 1,seat Saenger Theater, built in , was one of the largest such facilities in the state; it operated the state's largest pipe organ. When Dollarway Road was completed in , it was the longest continuous stretch of concrete road in the United States. The first radio station (WOK) broadcast in Arkansas occurred in Pine Bluff on February 18, 
Two natural disasters had devastating effects on the area's economy. The first was the Great Flood of , a year flood. Due to levee breaks, most of northern and southeastern Jefferson County were flooded. The severe drought of caused another failure of crops, adding to the problems of economic conditions during the Great Depression. Pine Bluff residents scrambled to survive. In , two of the larger banks failed.
The state's highway construction program in the later s and early s, facilitating trade between Pine Bluff and other communities throughout southeast Arkansas, was critical to Jefferson County, too. After the inauguration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in , he launched many government programs to benefit local communities. Through the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and public works funding, Pine Bluff built new schools and a football stadium, and developed Oakland Park as its first major recreation facility. To encourage diversification in agriculture, the county built a stockyard in to serve as a sales outlet for farmers' livestock.
From –, the WPA through the Federal Writers Project initiated a project to collect and publish oral histories of former slaves. Writers were sent throughout the South to interview former slaves, most of whom had been children before the Civil War. When the project was complete, Arkansas residents had contributed more oral slave histories (approximately ) than any other state, although Arkansas' slave population was less than those of neighboring Deep South states. African-American residents of Pine Bluff/Jefferson County contributed more oral interviews of Arkansas-born slaves than any other city/county in the state. The city served to compile a valuable storehouse of oral slave narrative material.
During the Mississippi River flood, country singer Johnny Cash evacuated to Pine Bluff.
– World War II and economic diversification
World War II brought profound changes to Pine Bluff and its agriculture, timber and railroad-oriented economy. The Army built Grider Field Airport which housed the Pine Bluff School of Aviation and furnished flight training for air cadets for the Army Air Corps. At one time aircraft were being used to train pilots. Approximately 9, pilots had been trained by the time the school closed in October 
The Army broke ground for the Pine Bluff Arsenal on December 2, , on 15, acres (61km2) bought north of the city. The arsenal and Grider Field changed Pine Bluff to a more diversified economy with a mixture of industry and agriculture. The addition of small companies to the industrial base helped the economy remain steady in the late s. Defense spending in association with the Korean War was a stabilizing factor after
In December , KATV television station, then based in Pine Bluff, transmitted Arkansas' first VHF broadcast (the first UHF broadcast had occurred a few months prior). In , Richard Anderson announced the construction of a kraft paper mill north of the city. International Paper Co. shortly afterward bought a plant site five miles east of Pine Bluff. Residential developments followed for expected workers. The next year young minister Martin Luther King Jr. addressed students at the commencement program for Arkansas AM&N College (now the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff).
–present: The modern era
The decade of the s brought heightened activism in the civil rights movement: through boycotts and demonstrations, African Americans demanded an end to segregated public facilities and jobs. Some whites responded with violence, attacking demonstrators, and bombing a black church in Pine Bluff in  Some civil rights demonstrators were shot. Local leaders worked tirelessly, at times enlisting the support of national figures such as Dick Gregory and Stokely Carmichael, to help bring about change over the period. Voter registration drives that enabled increased black political participation, selective buying campaigns, student protests, and a desire among white local business leaders to avoid damaging negative media portrayals in the national media led to reforms in public accommodations.
During the s and s, major construction projects in the region included private and public sponsors: Jefferson Hospital (now Jefferson Regional Medical Center), the dams of the McClellan-Kerr Navigation System on the Arkansas River (which was diverted from the city to create Lake Langhofer), a Federal building, the Pine Bluff Convention Center complex including The Royal Arkansas Hotel & Suites, Pine Bluff Regional Park, two industrial parks and several large churches.
The s and s brought a number of significant construction projects. Benny Scallion Park was created, named for the alderman who brought a Japanese garden to the Pine Bluff Civic Center. Sadly, the city has not maintained the garden, but a small plaque remains. In the late s, The Pines, the first large, enclosed shopping center, was constructed on the east side of the city. The mall attracted increased shopping traffic from southeast Arkansas.
The most important construction project of the s was completion of a southern bypass, designated part of Interstate In addition, a highway and bridge across Lock and Dam #4 were completed, providing another link between farm areas in northeastern Jefferson County and the transportation system radiating from Pine Bluff. Through a private matching grant, a multimillion-dollar Arts and Science Center for Southeast Arkansas was completed downtown in 
In , construction was completed on the 43,square-foot (4,m2) Donald W. Reynolds Community Services Center. Carl Redus became the first African American mayor in the city's history in  The University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff recently opened a $3million business incubator in downtown Pine Bluff. Also, a new $2million farmers market pavilion was opened in on Lake Pine Bluff in downtown Pine Bluff.
Shirley Washington is the first female African American mayor. She was elected in 
Pine Bluff is on the Arkansas River; the community was named for a bluff along that river. Both Lake Pine Bluff and Lake Langhofer are situated within the city limits, as these are bodies of water which are remnants of the historical Arkansas River channel. (The former is a man-made expansion of a natural oxbow; the latter was created by diking the old channel after a man-made diversion.) Consequently, the Mississippi Alluvial Plain (or the Arkansas Delta) runs well into the city with Bayou Bartholomew picking up the western border as a line of demarcation between the Arkansas Delta and the Arkansas Timberlands.
A series of levees and dams surrounds the area to provide for flood control and protect from channel shift. One of the world's longest individual levees at miles runs from Pine Bluff to Venice, Louisiana.
Metropolitan statistical area
Main articles: Pine Bluff metropolitan area and Little Rock – North Little Rock – Pine Bluff combined statistical area
Pine Bluff is the largest city in a three-county MSA as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau including Jefferson, Cleveland, and Lincoln counties. The Pine Bluff MSA population in was , people. The Pine Bluff MSA population in dropped to , Pine Bluff was the fastest-declining Arkansas MSA from – The Pine Bluff area is also a component of the Little Rock-North Little Rock-Pine Bluff Combined Statistical Area which had a population of , people in the U.S. census estimate.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of square miles (km2), of which square miles (km2) is land and square miles (km2) (%) is water.
|Climate data for Pine Bluff (– normals, extremes –present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||83|
|Average high °F (°C)|
|Daily mean °F (°C)|
|Average low °F (°C)|
|Record low °F (°C)||−6|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)|
|Average snowfall inches (cm)|
|Average precipitation days (≥ in)|
|Average snowy days (≥ in)|
|Climate data for Pine Bluff (Grider Field) – normals, extremes –present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||85|
|Average high °F (°C)|
|Daily mean °F (°C)|
|Average low °F (°C)|
|Record low °F (°C)||−2|
|Average precipitation inches (mm)|
|Average precipitation days (≥ in)|
As of the census of , there were 49, people, 18, households, and 11, families residing in the city. The population density was 1, people per square mile (/km2). There were 20, housing units at an average density of per square mile (/km2). The racial makeup of the city was % Black or African American, % White, % Native American, % Asian, % Pacific Islander, % from other races, and % from two or more races. % of the population were Latino of any race.
There were 18, households, out of which % had children under the age of 18 living with them, % were married couples living together, % had a female householder with no husband present, and % were non-families. % of all households were made up of individuals, and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was and the average family size was
In the city, the population was spread out, with % under the age of 18, % from 18 to 24, % from 25 to 44, % from 45 to 64, and % who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was years. For every females, there were males. For every females age 18 and over, there were males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,, and the median income for a family was $39, Males had a median income of $38, versus $28, for females. The per capita income for the city was $17, About % of families and % of the population were below the poverty line, including % of those under age 18 and % of those age 65 or over.
Jefferson County is located in the heart of a rich agricultural area in the Arkansas River Basin. The leading products include cotton, soybeans, cattle, rice, poultry, timber and catfish.
Major area employers include Jefferson Regional Medical Center, Simmons First National Corp., Tyson Foods, Evergreen Packaging, the Pine Bluff Arsenal and the Union Pacific Railroad. It is the large number of paper mills in the area that give Pine Bluff its, at times, distinctive odor, a feature known prominently among Arkansans.
In , Pine Bluff was included on the Forbes list of America's 10 most impoverished cities.
Saracen Casino Resort in Pine Bluff was the first purpose-built casino in Arkansas. Completed in at a cost of $ million, it will employ over 1, full-time staff.
Arts and culture
See also: Culture of Arkansas
The Pine Bluff Convention Center is one of the state's largest meeting facilities. The Arts and Science Center features theatrical performances and workshops for children and adults. Pine Bluff did also boast the only Band Museum in the country but it has closed. Other areas of interest include downtown murals depicting the history of Pine Bluff, the Pine Bluff/Jefferson County Historical Museum, Arkansas Entertainers Hall of Fame and the Arkansas Railroad Museum.
Annual cultural events
The City of Pine Bluff is governed by the mayor–council government system, with the mayor, city attorney, city clerk and treasurer are all elected at large. The Pine Bluff City Council is the legislative body of the city. This group is constituted of eight members, with two members representing each of the city's four wards. Each council member serves a four-year term, and elections are staggered every two years. Meetings of the city council are held in the Pine Bluff City Council Chambers on the first and third Monday of every month unless otherwise scheduled.
The city also has ten commissions for citizens to serve upon, with approval required by both the mayor and city council. They are: Advertising and Promotion, Aviation, Civic Auditorium Complex, Civil Service, Historic District, Historical Railroad Preservation, Parks and Recreation, Pine Bluff / Jefferson County Port Authority, Planning and Wastewater Utility. The city also has four boards and one commission that fills their own vacancies: Arkansas River Regional Intermodal Facilities Board, Arts and Science Center for Southeast Arkansas Board of Trustees, Cemetery Committee, Library Board and Taylor Field Operations Facilities Board.
As the county seat of Jefferson County, Pine Bluff also hosts all functions of county government at the Jefferson County Courthouse in downtown Pine Bluff.
The University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (UAPB) is the second oldest public educational institution in the state of Arkansas, and the oldest with a black heritage. It maintains one of the nation's few aquaculture research programs and the only one in the state of Arkansas. It also houses the University Museum and Cultural Center dedicated to preserving the history of UAPB and the Arkansas Delta.
The newly accredited Southeast Arkansas College features technical career programs as well as a 2-year college curriculum.
Pine Bluff is served by three school districts: Pine Bluff School District, Watson Chapel School District, and White Hall School District, as well as a number of charter schools and the Ridgeway Christian School also serve the city.
The Main Library of the Pine Bluff and Jefferson County Library System contains an extensive genealogy collection, including the online obituary index of the Pine Bluff Commercial, Arkansas census records, and digital collections, which consists of many county and city records for much of southeast Arkansas. In addition to downtown Pine Bluff's Main Library, PBJCLS branch libraries can also be found in the city's Watson Chapel area, as well as in White Hall, Redfield, and Altheimer.
Colleges and universities
Prior to integration, black students attended separate, segregated schools. These included Merrill High School, Townsend Park High School, Coleman High School, and Southeast High School.
In December the Arkansas State Board of Education ruled that the Dollarway School District should merge into the Pine Bluff School District as of July 1, According to the consolidation plan, all schools of the two districts will continue to operate post-merger. Accordingly the attendance boundary maps of the respective schools remained the same for the school year, and all DSD territory went into the PBSD territory. The exception was with the pre-kindergarten levels, as all PBSD areas are now assigned to Forrest Park/Greenville School, including the territory from the former Dollarway district.
There are two private schools in Pine Bluff, Ridgway Christian School (K3–12th) and Maranatha Baptist Academy K
The city formerly hosted Catholic schools:
- St. Joseph Catholic School – Grades 5–12, opened in , closed in 
- St. Peter's Catholic School – The first school in Arkansas for black children to be established, was established in by St. Joseph Church Pastor Monsignor John Michael "J.M." Lucey as the Colored Industrial Institute and in became St. Peter Academy a.k.a. St. Peter High School. It closed in , and reopened as an elementary school (Grades Preschool through 6) operated by the School Sisters of Notre Dame in It closed permanently in It was the last Catholic school established for black students in the State of Arkansas.
- St. Raphael School – A majority black school, it closed in 
The Pine Bluff and Jefferson County Library System maintains its main library in the Civic Center in downtown. The city received its first library in  The library system also operates the Watson Chapel Dave Burdick Library in the Watson Chapel neighborhood.
Pine Bluff is served by a network of five U.S. and five state highways radiating from the city. Interstate , formerly part of US 65, connects Little Rock to southeast Pine Bluff. Multiple Interstates can be accessed in approximately 40 minutes from any point in the city.
Located on the navigable Arkansas River, with a slackwater harbor, Pine Bluff is accessible by water via the Port of Pine Bluff, the anchor of the city's Harbor Industrial District.
Daily commercial air freight and passenger services, along with scheduled commuter flights, are available at the Clinton National Airport (formerly Little Rock National Airport), Adams Field, (LIT), some 40 minutes driving time from Pine Bluff via Interstate and interstate connectors.
Pine Bluff's municipal airport, Grider Field (PBF), is located four miles southeast of the city. The airport serves as home base for corporate and general aviation aircraft. Charter, air ambulance and cargo airline services are also available.
Royal Coach Lines offers local access to intrastate, regional, and charter services.
The city-owned Pine Bluff Transit operates six routes on a hour/day, weekday basis, to various points including government, medical, educational and shopping centers. Two of the buses have professional-quality murals advertising the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff.
Current freight rail service to and through Pine Bluff is provided by the Union Pacific Railroad.
In , the City of Pine Bluff and the "Fifty for the Future," a business leader group, donated 80 acres (32ha) of land to the Arkansas Department of Correction (ADC). This parcel was developed as the Pine Bluff Complex.
Since it has included the ADC state headquarters; the administrative Annex East is on Harding Avenue south of city hall. The Ester Unit (formerly the Diagnostic Unit), the Pine Bluff Unit, and the Randall L. Williams Correctional Facility are in the "Pine Bluff Complex," as are the headquarters of the Arkansas Correctional School system.
The ADC Southeast Arkansas Community Corrections Center is in Pine Bluff.
Liberty Utilities (formerly United Water), a subsidiary of Algonquin Power & Utilities, a privately held company, treats potable water and operates the water distribution system in Pine Bluff (including Watson Chapel), as well as Hardin, Ladd, and White Hall. This partnership began in between the City of Pine Bluff and Arkansas Municipal Water Company, which has been acquired and merged to become Liberty Utilities.
Water is pumped from 12 wells that pump from the Sparta Sand Aquifer to three water treatment plants capable of producing 20,, US gallons (76,,L) per day (total). Each plant uses a process of pre-chlorination, aeration, filtration, and chlorine residual. Hydrofluosilic acid and zinc orthophosphate are also added in addition to chlorine. The water is then distributed to approximately serving over 18, customers via miles (km) of water distribution mains. A Source Water Vulnerability Assessment was conducted by the Arkansas Department of Health in ; it concluded that Pine Bluff's water supply is at medium susceptibility to contamination
The Pine Bluff Wastewater Utility provides operation and maintenance of the city's municipally owned sewage collection and conveyance system. This system includes over miles (km) of pipe and 52 lift stations to collect municipal and industrial wastewater and convey it to the Boyd Point Treatment Facility (BPTF). This facility treats and discharges treated effluent in accordance with a permit issued by the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ). The BPTF was most recently renovated in and is currently permitted to discharge a maximum daily flow of 30,, US gallons (,,L).
The utility has been awarded by the National Association of Clean Water Agencies for its performance. In an Enforcement Compliance review completed in March , it was noted that zero permit violations had occurred within the past three years.
Parks and recreation
Townsend Park was built on a acre (40ha) plot of land meant for a park for black people. The land was donated by the president of the Arkansas Agricultural, Mechanical, and Normal College to the state government. It was named after Merrill High School principal William J. Townsend.
- Blanch Ackers, painter
- Larry D. Alexander, visual artist, writer,
- Broncho Billy Anderson, actor, honorary Academy Award winner
- Camille Bennett, Democratic member of Arkansas House of Representatives; former Pine Bluff resident
- John Barfield, Major League Baseball player
- Mark Bradley, National Football League player
- Clifton R. Breckinridge, U.S. Representative from Arkansas
- Big Bill Broonzy, musician, member of Blues Hall of Fame
- Charles Brown, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee, blues musician/singer
- Jim Ed Brown, country music artist
- The Browns, country music trio
- Bill Carr, Olympic double gold medalist
- Harvey C. Couch, founder, Arkansas Power & Light
- Joe Barry Carroll, basketball player, top pick of NBA Draft
- Monte Coleman, NFL player, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff head coach
- Junior Collins, jazz musician
- Joseph Carter Corbin, Educator, first principal of the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, principal of Merrill High School
- CeDell Davis, blues musician
- Janette Davis, singer
- L. Clifford Davis, civil rights attorney, judge
- Larry Davis, blues musician
- Jay Dickey, lawyer and politician
- The Buddy Deane Show, national TV program of local radio DJ
- Jeff Donaldson, visual artist, founder AfriCobra
- Marty Embry, professional basketball player, chef, author
- Kenneth B. Ferguson, Democratic member of Arkansas House of Representatives for Jefferson and Lincoln counties since
- Stephanie Flowers, African-American Democratic member of Arkansas State Senate since ; former member of Arkansas House of Representatives; Pine Bluff lawyer
- Vivian Flowers, African-American Democratic member of Arkansas House of Representatives from Pine Bluff since ; diversity officer at UAMS Medical Center in Little Rock
- Rodney Shelton Foss, possibly first American killed in World War II
- Charles Greene, Olympic gold medalist, track & field
- George W. Haley, U.S. ambassador
- Isaac Scott Hathaway, visual artist, first African American to create a coin for the U.S. Treasury
- George Edmund Haynes, first executive director of National Urban League, first African-American to receive PhD from Columbia
- Chester Himes, novelist,
- George Howard, Jr., federal judge
- Mike Huckabee (born ), 44th Governor of Arkansas
- Bobby Hutton, founding member of Black Panther Party
- Torii Hunter, Major League Baseball player, 5-time All-Star
- Don Hutson, member of College and Pro Football Hall of Fame
- George G.M. James, author
- Joseph Jarman, jazz saxophonist
- Charles Johnson, Negro league baseball player
- David Johnson, football player
- Kenneth Johnson, television producer
- E. Fay Jones, architect and designer
- Theresa A. Jones, neuroscientist
- Camille Keaton, actress
- Carl Kidd, player in Canadian and National Football Leagues
- Lafayette Lever, NBA player
- Henry Jackson Lewis, political cartoonist
- Kay Linaker, actress
- Dallas Long, Olympic gold medalist
- Martell Mallett, player in Canadian and National Football Leagues
- Andy Mayberry, member of Arkansas House of Representatives
- Carl McVoy, rock 'n' roll pianist/vocalist
- Peter McGehee, novelist
- Dwight McKissic, Southern Baptist minister
- Chris Mercer, the first African-American deputy state prosecutor in the South, one of the "six pioneers" who integrated the University of Arkansas Law School.
- Constance Merritt, poet
- Martha Mitchell, second wife of U.S. attorney general John N. Mitchell
- Raye Montague, US Navy engineer, created first computer generated draft of a naval ship
- Bitsy Mullins, jazz trumpeter
- Smokie Norful, Grammy Award-winning gospel singer
- Freeman Harrison Owens, inventor
- Ben Pearson, bowyer
- Edward J. Perkins, U.S. ambassador
- Elizabeth Rice, actress
- Andree Layton Roaf, justice of Arkansas Supreme Court (mother of Wille Roaf)
- Willie Roaf, NFL Hall of Famer (son of Andree Layton Roaf)
- John Roane (–), 4th Governor of Arkansas; Brigadier General in provisional Army of Confederate States
- Bobby Rush, musician, member of Blues Hall of Fame
- William Seawell, brigadier general in U.S. Air Force
- Peggy Shannon, actress
- Les Spann, jazz musician
- Jeremy Sprinkle, (White Hall) tight end for NFL's Washington Football Team
- Katherine Stinson, aviator
- James L. Stone, Medal of Honor recipient
- Francis Cecil Sumner, psychologist
- Jerry Taylor, businessman, legislator, Mayor of Pine Bluff
- Clark Terry, Grammy Award-winning jazz musician
- Sue Bailey Thurman, African-American author, lecturer, and historian
- Krista White, winner of America's Next Top Model Cycle 14
- Reggie Wilkes, football player, financial advisor
- J. Mayo Williams, blues/gospel/jazz producer, member of Blues Hall of Fame
- Mary Mouser, actress known for the role of Samantha LaRusso in Cobra Kai
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- Regular Hours
Mon - Thu: Fri - Sat: Sun:
- Payment method
- all major credit cards, amex, visa
- Price Range
- Calhoun Village Shopping Ctr
- Calhoun Isles, Cedar Isles - Dean
1st Wok Chinese Restaurant
- Other Link
- Chinese Restaurants, Asian Restaurants, Restaurants, Seafood Restaurants
- Other Information
Parking: Lot, Private
Wheelchair Accessible: Yes
Cuisines: Asian, Seafood, Chinese
Alcohol: Beer, Wine
Outdoor Seating: No
Specialties: American Restaurant, American Food, American
Price Range : Average
1st Wok$$ •Chinese
W Lake St, Minneapolis
many vegetarian options
accepts credit cards
good for groups
good for kids
good for lunch, dinner
private lot parking
beer & wine only
good for a quick meal
chicken fried rice
Reviews for 1st Wok
Monday 11AM - PM Tuesday 11AM - PM Wednesday 11AM - PM Thursday 11AM - PM Friday 11AM - PM Saturday AM - PM Sunday 12 - PM
Hours or services may differ due to COVID Please contact the business directly to verify hours and availability.Источник: usacreditunion.us
watch the thematic video 4K Pro【黒チャーハン エピソード3】Dark Fried Rice Episode３
W Lake St, Minneapolis
many vegetarian options
accepts credit cards
good for groups
good for kids
good for lunch, dinner
private lot parking
beer & wine only
good for a quick meal
chicken fried rice
Reviews for 1st Wok
|Monday||11AM - PM|
|Tuesday||11AM - PM|
|Wednesday||11AM - PM|
|Thursday||11AM - PM|
|Friday||11AM - PM|
|Saturday||AM - PM|
|Sunday||12 - PM|
Hours or services may differ due to COVID Please contact the business directly to verify hours and availability.