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Taipei 101

Skyscraper located in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan

Taipei 1O1
Taipei 101.png
Tower of Taipei 101.jpg
Former namesTaipei World Financial Center
Tallest in the world from 2004 to 2009[I]
Preceded byPetronas Towers
Surpassed byBurj Khalifa
StatusCompleted
TypeSkyscraper
Architectural stylePostmodernism
AddressNo. 7, Section 5, Xinyi Road, Xinyi District
Town or cityTaipei
CountryTaiwan
Coordinates25°2′1″N121°33′54″E / 25.03361°N 121.56500°E / 25.03361; 121.56500Coordinates: 25°2′1″N121°33′54″E / 25.03361°N 121.56500°E / 25.03361; 121.56500
Groundbreaking31 January 1999 (1999-01-31)
Construction started31 July 1999 (1999-07-31)[1]
Topped-outMall: 13 June 2001 (2001-06-13) Tower: 1 July 2003 (2003-07-01)
CompletedMall: 14 November 2003 (2003-11-14) spire bill pay phone number Tower: 31 December 2004 (2004-12-31)[1]
CostNT$58 billion (US$1.895 billion)
OwnerTaipei Financial Center Corporation[2]
LandlordTaipei City Government
Architectural508.2 m (1,667 ft)
Tip508.2 m (1,667 ft)
Roof449.2 m (1,474 ft)
Top floor438.0 m (1,437 ft)
Observatory449.2 m (1,474 ft)
Floor count101[2]
Floor area412,500 m2 (4,440,100 sq ft)[3]
Lifts/elevators61 installed by Toshiba with KONE EcoDisc motors
ArchitectC.Y. Lee & C.P. Wang
Structural engineerThornton Tomasetti
Main contractorKTRT Joint Venture[4]
Awards and prizesExisting Buildings, LEED Platinum O+M
www.taipei-101.com.tw
[1][8][2][9][10]

Taipei 101 (Chinese: 臺北101; pinyin: Táiběi yī líng yī; stylized as TAIPEI 101),[1] formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center, is a skyscraper in Taipei, Taiwan. This building was officially classified as the world's tallest from its opening in 2004 until the 2009 completion of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE. Upon completion, it became the world's first skyscraper to exceed a height of half a kilometer.

The elevators that transport passengers from the 5th to the 89th floor in 37 seconds (attaining 60.6 km/h (37.7 mph)) set speed records.[11] In 2011 Taipei 101 received a Platinum rating under the LEED certification system, becoming the tallest and largest green building in the world.[12][13] The structure regularly appears as an icon of Taipei in international media, and the How to transfer money santander online banking 101 fireworks displays are a regular feature of New Year's Eve broadcasts.

Taipei 101's postmodernist architectural style evokes traditional Asian aesthetics in a modern structure employing industrial materials. Its design incorporates a number of features that enable the structure to withstand the Pacific Ring of Fire's earthquakes and the region's tropical storms. The tower houses offices, restaurants, and spire bill pay phone number and outdoor observatories. The tower is adjoined by a multilevel shopping mall that has the world's largest ruyi symbol as an exterior feature.

Taipei 101 is owned by Taipei Financial Center Corporation. The skyscraper opened on 31 December 2004 to celebrate New Year's Eve.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

In 1997, led by developer Harace Lin, the Taipei Financial Center Corporation, a team of several Taiwan banks and insurance companies, won the rights to lease the site for 70 years and develop a building, placing the winning bid of NT$20,688,890,000 for the Build Operate Transfer agreement with the city government.[14] The property will return to the city in 2067.[15]

The Taipei Financial Center Corporation (TFCC) announced plans on 2 November 2009 to make Taipei 101 "the world's tallest green building" by summer of 2011 as measured by LEED standards. The structure is already designed to be energy-efficient, with double-pane windows blocking external heat by 50 percent and recycled water meeting 20–30 percent of the building's needs. LEED certification would entail inspections and upgrades in wiring, water and lighting equipment at a cost of NT$60 million (US$1.8 million). Estimates show the savings resulting from the modifications would pay for the cost of making them within three years.[16] The project was carried out under the guidance of an international team composed of Siemens Building Technologies, architect and interior designer Steven Leach Group and the LEED advisory firm EcoTech International.[17] The company applied for a platinum-degree certification with LEED in early 2011.[18] On 28 July 2011, Taipei 101 received LEED platinum certification under "Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance". It displaced the Bank of America Tower in Manhattan as the world's tallest and highest-use green building in addition to the Environmental Protection Agency building in Florida as the world's largest green building. Although the project cost NT$60 million (US$2.08 million), it is expected to save 14.4 million kilowatt-hours of electricity, or an 18 percent energy-saving, equivalent to NT$36 million (US$1.2 million) in energy costs each year.[12][19] In 2012, the shopping center at the base is expected to be remodeled.[20][needs update] In 2019, it was named among the 50 most influential skyscrapers in the world by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.[21]

On 4 January 2020, the building had a condolence message in lights for the victims of a helicopter crash, which included a number of senior government officials.[22] On 8 February 2020, the press said that some passengers of the Diamond Princess cruise liner, quarantined for the coronavirus outbreak of 2019, had visited Taipei 101 on 31 January at which point none exhibited symptoms.[23] On 1 April 2020, the Taipei 101 shopping center said it was reducing business hours due to the Coronavirus pandemic, making the "nation's first to cut back operations due to nys unemployment card keybank pandemic."[24] It had started checking shopper's temperatures in February.[24][25] On 21 May the building said it would resume normal business hours in June, as the country had effectively limited the spread of COVID-19.[26]

Milestone[edit]

Important dates in the planning and construction of Taipei 101 include:[27]

DateEvent
20 October 1997Development and operation rights agreement signed with Taipei City government.
13 January 1999Ground-breaking ceremony.
7 June 2000First tower column erected.
13 April 2001Design change to 508.2 m height approved by Taipei City government.
13 June 2001Taipei 101 Mall topped out.
10 August 2001Construction license awarded for 101 stories.
31 March 2002Partially constructed building survives 6.8 magnitude earthquake undamaged.
13 May 2003Taipei 101 Mall obtains occupancy permit.
1 July 2003Taipei 101 Tower roof completed.
17 October 2003Pinnacle placed.
14 November 2003Taipei 101 Mall opens.[2]
15 April 2004Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) certifies Taipei 101 as world's tallest building.
12 November 2004Tower obtains occupancy permit.
31 December 2004Tower opens to the public.[2]
1 January 2005First New Year fireworks show begins at midnight.

Construction[edit]

Taipei 101 near the end of construction during 2003, showing the concrete tower at the top still incomplete. The height of the building was still 449.2 meters at the time.

Planning for Taipei 101 began in July 1997[2] during Chen Shui-bian's term as Taipei mayor. Talks bank of montreal elgin merchants and city government officials initially centered on a proposal for a 66-story tower to serve as an anchor for new development in Taipei's 101 business district. Planners were considering taking the new structure to a more ambitious height only after an expat suggested it, along with many of the other features used in the design of the building. It wasn't until the summer of 2001 that the city granted a license for the construction of a 101-story tower on the site. In the meantime, construction proceeded and the first tower column was erected in the summer of 2000.[2][28]

A major earthquake took place in Taiwan during 31 March 2002 destroying a construction crane at the rooftop, which was at floor number 47. The crane fell down onto the Xinyi Road beneath the tower, crushing several vehicles and causing five deaths—two crane operators and three workers who were not properly harnessed. However, an inspection showed no structural damage to the building, and construction work was able to restart within a week.[29]

Taipei 101's roof was completed three years later on 1 July 2003. Ma Ying-jeou, in his first term as Taipei mayor, fastened a golden bolt to signify the achievement.[8] The formal opening of the tower took place on New Year's Eve 2004. President Chen Shui-bian, Taipei Mayor Ma Ying-jeou and Legislative Speaker Wang Jin-pyng cut the ribbon. Open-air concerts featured a number of popular performers, including singers A-Mei and Stefanie Sun. Visitors rode the elevators to the Observatory for the first time. A few spire bill pay phone number later the first fireworks show at Taipei 101 heralded the arrival of a new year.[30][31][32][33]

Events[edit]

E=mc2lighting on 19 April 2005

Taipei 101 is the site of many special events. Art exhibits, as noted above, regularly take place in the Observatory. A few noteworthy dates since the tower's opening include these.

On 28 February 2005, former President of the United States Bill Clinton visited and signed copies of his autobiography.[34] On 19 April 2005, the tower displayed the formula "E=mc2" in lights to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the publication of Einstein'stheory of relativity. The display, the largest of 65,000 such displays in 47 countries, was part of the international celebration Physics Enlightens the World.[35] On 20 October 2006, the tower displayed a pink ribbon in lights to promote breast cancer awareness. The ten-day campaign was sponsored by Taipei 101's ownership and Estée Lauder.[35]

On 25 December 2004, French rock and urban climberAlain Robert made an authorized climb to the top of the pinnacle in four hours.[36] On 12 December 2007, Austrian base jumperFelix Baumgartner survived an unauthorized parachute jump from the 91st floor.[37] On 20 November 2005, the First annual Taipei 101 Run Up featured a race up the 2,046 steps from floors 1 to 91. Proceeds were to benefit Taiwan's Olympic teams. The men's race was won by Paul Crake of Australia (10 minutes, 29 seconds), and the women's race by Andrea Mayr of Austria (12 minutes, 38 seconds).[35] On 15 June 2008, Taipei 101 Run Up featured 2,500 participants. The men's race was won by Thomas Dold of Germany (10 minutes, 53 seconds); 2007 champion Marco De Gasperi of Italy finished second and Chen Fu-tsai of Taiwan finished third. The women's race was won by Lee Hsiao-yu of Taiwan (14 minutes, 53 seconds).[38][39] On 6 December 2014, Japanese idol group HKT48 held a small concert on the 91st-floor observatory as the premiere of their tour in Taiwan.[40][41]

New Year's Eve fireworks displays[edit]

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New Year fireworks at Taipei 101, then show the "2008 TAIWAN" symbol image

The New Year's Eve show in Taipei is hosted at the Taipei City Hall, which also provides a view of Taipei 101 which is lit up with fireworks. Another popular location for crowds to gather to see the fireworks display is the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall. For the first three years (2004–2006), the annual fireworks show at Taipei 101 was preceded by the sequential display of numerals in lights on each section on huge panels displays to count down the last eight seconds to midnight. Since 2007 the building has been completely darkened, then fireworks begin to launch sequentially from the lower to upper sections.

  • 2003–2004: Building still under construction. Spinning lights on the Outdoor Observatory (floor 91) provided a display of sound and lights, but no fireworks were launched.
  • 2004–2005: Grand opening of Taipei 101 celebrated with the first fireworks display. The show lasted 35 seconds. Rockets were launched from section balconies. Festivities included all-day performances by famous entertainers and ceremonial visits by national dignitaries.
  • 2005–2006: Show extended to 128 seconds. Sony sponsored the show, which concluded with a display of the brand name in lights.
  • 2006–2007: Show extended to 188 spire bill pay phone number 9,000 rockets were launched. This was Sony's second time sponsoring the event.
  • 2007–2008: Show same length but featuring 12,000 rockets. Event Sponsor Taiwan Tourism Bureau ended the show with a display, in lights, of a heart over the word 'Taiwan'.
  • 2008–2009: A conspicuously more modest show than those which preceded it. The theme was "Love Taiwan With Your Heart in 2009". The show ended with the four sides of the building central texas state parks lights in four colors (red, blue, green, and yellow) to represent happiness, vision, sustainability and passion.
  • 2009–2010: The display regained some of the dazzle of 2005–2008 shows but remained more brief in duration. The theme was "Taiwan Up".
  • 2010–2011: Show extended to 288 seconds (100 sec. for flash effects and 188 sec. for fireworks), and designed by Cai Guo-Qiang, the artist also responsible for Beijing Olympics and World Expo Shanghai's fireworks. The theme was "100 ROC" (100th anniversary of the Republic of China) which extended on the "Love Taiwan" theme. 2010 was also the year the Floral Expo was held in Taipei, and at Dajia Riverside Park there was another New Year's Eve event. It was a VIP event, but was broadcast simultaneously with the City Hall event. The display on the building was accompanied by fireworks going off other buildings in the Xinyi financial district. One concept was for fireworks to spiral up and down the building like dragon crawling, but technical difficulties caused some disappointment with what was anticipated (reported by the media to be more like "a worm"). It also took 30 seconds for the host to realize the fireworks were over.
  • 2011–2012: The show was shortened to 202 seconds and was considered to be more conservative than that of the previous year, but featuring the largest number of rockets launched to date, totaling 30,000. The theme coincided with the 101st anniversary of the ROC. It also gained attention on YouTube, where viewers noticed an apparent "UFO" in the seconds before the fireworks started, later determined to be a radio-controlled glider with flashing lights.
  • 2012–2013: The show was designed by the French pyrotechnics company Groupe F and was 198 seconds in length, featuring 22,000 rockets launched to an adaptation of Igor Stravinsky's The Firebird. The theme was "Swing for the Future". The words "Time for Taiwan" (both in English and Mandarin Chinese) were displayed in lights at the building to promote Taiwan Tourism Bureau's current advertising campaign.
  • 2013–2014: The show lasted 218 seconds and a thematic music was created for the first time by local musicians to commemorate Taipei 101's 10th anniversary.
  • 2014–2015: Marked 10th anniversary since the official opening on 31 December 2004. The show performed for 218 seconds. iSee Taiwan Foundation sponsored the fireworks to promote the beauty of Taiwanese culture and creativity. The firework music was arranged by Taiwanese Golden Melody award winner—Mr. Lee, Che-Yi, blended with the famous classical song The four seasons by Vivaldi and many Taiwanese folk music. Performed and recorded by Taipei Symphony Orchestra.
  • 2015–2016: It's the fourth time Group F designed the firework show for Taipei 101, with a green theme "Nature is Future" this year. The 238-second display was considered the longest performance ever. In addition to the most various and natural patterns of flowers, birds, seahorses, fish, etc. were projected, 30,000 effects were one of the most to show. It's also the first time to have professional climbers to settle the midfirst bank 65th and bell racks onto the building façades. Mr. Lee, Chi-Yi once again arranged the music mixed with international and Taiwanese rhythms reflecting the nature-related theme and Evergreen Symphony Orchestra played the role of performance. A young Taiwanese IT design company BungBungame became the exclusive sponsor supporting a symbolic event showing Taiwan to the world.
  • 2020: Taipei 101 displayed a show with the theme of "Light of Hope, Taiwan", launching 16,000 fireworks at midnight.[42]

Architecture[edit]

Height[edit]

Taipei 101 comprises 101 floors above ground, as well as five basement levels. The first building to break the half-kilometer mark in height,[8] it was the world's tallest building from 31 March 2004 to 10 March 2010.[43][44] As of 18 April 2019[update], it is still the world's largest and tallest green building.[12][13]

Taipei 101 was the world's tallest building, at 508.2 m (1,667 ft) as measured to its architectural top (spire), exceeding that of the Petronas Towers, which were previously the tallest skyscraper at 451.9 m (1,483 ft). The height to the top of the roof, at 449.2 m (1,474 ft), and highest occupied floor, at 439.2 m (1,441 ft), surpassed the previous records of the Willis Tower: 442 m (1,450 ft) and 412.4 m (1,353 ft), respectively.[8][45][46][47][48] It also surpassed the 85-story, 347.5 m (1,140 ft) Tuntex Sky Tower in Kaohsiung as the tallest building in Taiwan and the 51-story, 244.15 m (801 ft) Shin Kong Life Tower as the tallest building in Taipei.[49][50] Taipei 101 claimed the official records for the world's tallest sundial and the world's largest New Year's Eve countdown clock.[31]

Various sources, including the building's owners, give the height of Taipei 101 as 508 m (1,667 ft), roof height and top floor height as 448 m (1,470 ft) and 438 m (1,437 ft). This lower figure is derived by measuring from the top of a 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) platform at the base.[1][8] CTBUH standards, though, include the height of the platform in calculating the overall height, as it represents part of the man-made structure and is above the level of the surrounding pavement.[45][47][46][48] Taipei 101 displaced the Petronas Towers as the tallest building in the world by 57.3 m (188 ft).[47][51] The record it claimed for greatest height from ground to pinnacle was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 829.8 m (2,722 ft) in height. Taipei 101's records for roof height and highest occupied floor briefly passed to the Shanghai World Financial Center in 2008, which in turn yielded these records as well to the Burj.[45][47]

Overall, Taipei 101 was the tallest building in the world for six years, being surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in 2010. For 12 years it also had the fastest elevator, at 38 miles per hour. It also has the largest wind damper in the world, at 18 feet across.[52] Taipei 101 is currently the eleventh-tallest building in the world, according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat's official rankings.[53]

Structural design[edit]

The Taipei 101 is designed to withstand typhoon winds and earthquake tremors that are common in the area in the east of Taiwan. Evergreen Consulting Engineering, the structural engineer, designed Taipei 101 to withstand gale winds of 60 meters per second (197 ft/s), (216 km/h or 134 mph), as well as the strongest earthquakes in a 2,500-year cycle.[54]

Taipei 101 was designed to be flexible as well as structurally resistant, because while flexibility prevents structural damage, resistance ensures comfort both for the occupants and for the protection of the glass, curtain walls, and other features.[55] Most designs achieve the necessary strength by enlarging critical structural elements such as bracing. Because of the height of Taipei 101, combined with the surrounding area's geology—the building is located just 660 ft (200 m) away from a major fault line[56]—Taipei 101 used high-performance steel construction and 36 columns, including eight "mega-columns" packed with 10,000 psi (69 MPa) concrete.[27] Outrigger trusses, located at eight-floor intervals, connect the columns in the building's core to those on the exterior.[29]

These features, combined with the solidity of its foundation, made Taipei 101 one of the most stable buildings ever constructed.[citation needed] The foundation is reinforced by 380 piles driven 80 m (262 ft) into the ground, extending as far as 30 m (98 ft) into the bedrock. Each pile is 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) in diameter and can bear a load of 1,000–1,320 metric tons (1,100–1,460 short tons).[27] During construction, on 31 March 2002, a 6.8-magnitude earthquake rocked Taipei; two construction cranes from the 56th floor, the highest floor at the time, toppled. Five people died in the accident, but an inspection showed no structural damage to the building, and construction soon resumed.[29]

RWDI designed a 660 metric tons (728 short tons)[57][58][59] steel pendulum that serves as a tuned mass damper, at a cost of NT$132 million (US$4 million).[60] Suspended from the 92nd to the 87th floor, the pendulum sways to offset movements in the building caused by strong gusts. Its ball, the largest damper ball in the world, consists of 41 circular steel plates of varying diameters, each 125 mm (4.92 in) thick, welded together to form a 5.5-meter-diameter (18 ft) ball. Two additional tuned mass dampers, each weighing 6 metric tons (7 short tons), are installed at the tip of the spire which help prevent damage to the structure due to strong wind loads.[60][61] On 8 August 2015, strong winds from Typhoon Soudelor swayed the main damper by 1 meter (39 in)—the largest movement ever recorded by the damper.[62][63]

The damper has become such a popular tourist attraction that the city contracted Sanrio to create a mascot: the Damper Baby. Four versions of the Damper Baby ("Rich Gold", "Cool Black", "Smart Silver" and "Lucky Red") were designed and made into figurines and souvenirs sold in various Taipei 101 gift shops. Damper Baby has become a popular local icon, with its own comic book and website.[64][65][66]

Structural facade[edit]

View from the base of the tower, looking up

Ruyi figure over one of the building's entrances

Shadow of the tower in the late afternoon; the adjoining park (circular feature, bottom) acts as the face of a sundial.

Taipei 101's characteristic blue-green glass curtain walls are double paned and glazed, offer heat and UV protection sufficient to block external heat by 50 percent, and can sustain impacts of 7 metric tons (8 short tons).[54] The facade system of glass and aluminum panels installed into an how mortgage monthly payments are calculated movement-resisting lattice contributes to overall lateral rigidity by tying back to the mega-columns with one-story high trusses at every eighth floor. This facade system is, therefore, able to withstand up to 95 mm (4 in) of seismic lateral displacements without damage.[67] The facade system is also known as a Damper.

The original corners of the cade were tested at RWDI in Ontario, Canada. A simulation of a 100-year storm at RWDI revealed a vortex that formed during a 3-second 105-mile-per-hour (169 km/h) wind at a height of 10 meters, or equivalent to the lateral tower sway rate causing large crosswindoscillations. A double chamfered step design was found to dramatically reduce this crosswind oscillation, resulting in the final design's "double stairstep" corner facade.[68] Architect C.Y. Lee also used extensive facade elements to represent the symbolic identity he pursued. These facade elements included the green tinted glass for the indigenous slender bamboo look, eight upper outwards inclined tiers of pagoda each with eight floors, a Ruyi and a money box symbol between the two facade sections among how to create a facebook business ad account 101's own roof and facade recycled water system meets 20 to 30 percent of the building's water needs. In July 2011, Taipei 101 was certified "the world's tallest green building" under LEED standards.[70]

Symbolism[edit]

The height of 101 floors commemorates the renewal of time: the new century that arrived as the tower was built (100+1) and all the new years that follow (1 January = 1-01). It symbolizes lofty ideals by going one better on 100, a traditional number of perfection. The number also evokes the binary numeral system used in digital technology.[27]

The main tower features a series of eight segments of eight floors each. In Chinese-speaking cultures the number eight is associated with abundance, prosperity and good fortune.[71][72]

The repeated segments simultaneously recall the rhythms of an Asian pagoda (a tower linking earth and sky, also evoked in the Petronas Towers), a stalk of bamboo (an icon of learning and growth), and a stack of ancient Chinese ingots or money boxes (a symbol of abundance). Popular humor sometimes likens the building's shape to a stack of take-out boxes as used in Western-style Chinese food; of course, the stackable shape of such boxes is likewise derived from that of ancient money boxes.[73] The four discs mounted on each face of the building where the pedestal meets the tower represent coins. The emblem placed over entrances shows three gold coins of ancient Chinese design with central holes shaped to imply the Arabic numerals1-0-1.[27] The structure incorporates many shapes of squares and circles to reach a balance between yin and yang.

Curled ruyi figures appear throughout the structure as a design motif. Though the shape of each ruyi at Taipei 101 is traditional, its rendering in industrial metal is plainly modern. The ruyi is a talisman of ancient origin associated in art with heavenly clouds. It connotes healing, protection and fulfillment. It appears in celebrations of the attainment of new career heights.[74][75] The sweeping curved roof of the adjoining mall culminates in a colossal ruyi that shades pedestrians.[75] Each ruyi ornament on the exterior of the Taipei 101 tower stands at least 8 m (26 ft) tall.[76]

At night the bright yellow gleam from its pinnacle casts Taipei 101 in the role of a candle or torch upholding the ideals of liberty and welcome. From 6:00 to 10:00 each evening[77] the tower's lights display one of seven colors in the spectrum of visible light. The colors coincide with the days of the week:[78]

Day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Color red orange yellow green blue indigo violet

The adjoining Taipei 101 on the east side connects the landmark further with the symbolism of time. The design of the circular park doubles as the face of a giant sundial. The tower itself casts the shadow to mark afternoon hours for what chase bank is open today building's occupants. The park's design is echoed in a clock that stands at its entrance. The clock runs on energy drawn from the building's wind shear.[79]

Taipei 101, like many of its neighboring buildings, exemplifies the influence of feng shui philosophy. An example appears in the form of a large granite fountain at the intersection of Songlian Road and Xinyi Road near the tower's east entrance.[80] A ball at the fountain's top spins toward the tower. As a work of public art the fountain offers a contrast to the tower in texture even as its design echoes the tower's rhythms. The fountain also serves a practical function in feng shui philosophy. A T intersection near the entrance of a building represents a potential drain of positive energy, or ch'i, from the structure and its occupants.[81][82] Placing flowing water at such spots is thought to help redirect the flow of ch'i.[83][84]

Interior[edit]

Taipei 101 is the first record-setting skyscraper to be constructed in the 21st century. It exhibits a number of technologically advanced features as it provides a center for business and recreation.[8]

The original 2004 fiber-optic and satellite Internet connections permitted transfer speeds up to a gigabit per second.[55]

The double-deck elevators built by the Japanese Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation (TELC) set a new record in 2004 with the fastest ascending speeds in the world. At 60.6 kilometers (37.7 mi) per hour, 16.83 m (55.22 ft) per second, or 1,010 m/min,[60] the speed of Taipei 101's elevators is 34.7 percent faster than the previous record holders of the Yokohama Landmark Towerelevator, Yokohama, Japan, which reaches speeds of 12.5 m (41 ft) per second (45 km/h, 28 mph). Taipei 101's elevators sweep visitors from the fifth floor to the 89th-floor observatory best drugstore bb cream for acne only 37 seconds.[85] Each elevator features an aerodynamic body, full pressurization, state-of-the art emergency braking systems, and the world's first triple-stage anti-overshooting system. The cost for each elevator is NT$80 million (US$2.4 million).[86][87][88][89]

A 660-metric-ton (728-short-ton) tuned mass damper (TMD), located between the 87th and 91st floors,[60] stabilizes the tower against movements caused by high winds.[68] The damper can reduce up to 40 percent of the tower's movements.[90][28] The TMD is visible to all visitors on the 87th through 91st floors.[60]

Two restaurants have opened on the 85th floor: Diamond Tony's, which offers European-style seafood and steak, and Shin Yeh 101 (欣葉), which offers Taiwanese Hokkien cuisine. Occupying all of the 86th floor is Taiwanese restaurant Ding Xian spire bill pay phone number Tai Fung, several international dining establishments and retail outlets also operate in the adjoining mall. The multistory retail mall adjoining the tower is home to hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants, clubs and other attractions. The mall's interior is modern in design even as it makes use of traditional elements. The curled ruyi symbol is a recurring motif inside the mall. Many features of the interior also observe feng shui traditions.[84]

Floor directory[edit]

A tenant directory is posted in the first floor's lobby (visible from the Xinyi entrance).

The number 4 is considered an unlucky number in Chinese culture,[72] so what would have been the 44th floor has been replaced by Level 43, with 42A replacing the actual 43 to compensate for the skipped floor number.[citation needed]

As of 1 January 2011, the highest occupied office floor (excluding the observatory and restaurants) was 75. The building appears to be at least 70 percent occupied at this point.

There is a freight elevator that stops at every level from B5 to 91, with a button for every floor.[citation needed]

The 92nd through 100th floors are officially designated as communication floors, although it's unknown if there are any radio or TV stations currently broadcasting from the top of Taipei 101. The 101st floor indoor/outdoor rooftop observatory opened to the public on 14 June 2019.[92]

The top list of federal holidays 2019 usa floors are to have stated on their website to contain a radio and television relay station, Emergency system receiving/signaling relay station, telecommunications stations, and an outdoor antenna frame on 96F, which offers power, fire protection, telecom systems, and security related systems, according to their website.[citation needed]

The 101st floor is home to a private VIP club named Summit 101, according to the observatory brochure. Before 2014, no information about this club was ever made public.[93] In 2014, photos of the exclusive club were shown on TV for the first time. A Taipei Financial Center Corporation spokesman said that only foreign dignitaries, Hollywood film actors, and high spenders in the Taipei 101 Mall (over NT $1 million in purchases) had been invited to the VIP club.[94]

Access to the 101st floor requires two elevator transfers on the 89th and 93rd floors, respectively. There is only one service elevator that facilitates access to the top nine floors (93–101). The 101st floor is divided into three levels: 101F (lower), 101MF (mezzanine) and 101RF (roof). The VIP club exists on the lower level, while 101RF, a mechanical floor, provides access to the 60-meter tall spire, which has 24 levels (numbered R1 through R24) that can only be accessed via ladder.[citation needed]

Taipei 101, first from right, compared with other tallest buildings

Elevator[edit]

The Taipei 101 includes two high-speed observatory single deck elevators manufactured by Toshiba in cooperation with Kone, which manufactured the machines in almost all of its elevators. Their highest speed is 1,010 meters per minute (about 60.6 kilometers per hour). It only takes 37 seconds to travel from the fifth floor to the 89th floor of the skyscraper. In 2016, the title for the fastest elevator was taken away by the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai.[95] Shortly after, the title for the world's fastest elevator was passed on yet again to the Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre.[96] The shuttle double deck elevators only serves 35F/36F and 59F/60F.[citation needed]

Floor plan[edit]

Observation deck[edit]

On the 91F outdoor observatory at 391.8 m (1,285 ft)

On the 89F indoor observatory

Artwork outside the mall at night

Taipei 101 features an indoor observation deck on the 88th and 89th floors, and two outdoor observation decks (91st floor and 101st floor), all offering 360-degree views and attract visitors from around the world. The Indoor Observatory stands 383.4 m (1,258 ft) above ground, offering a comfortable environment, large windows with UV protection, recorded voice tours in eight languages, and informative displays and special exhibits. Here, one may view the skyscraper's main damper, which is the world's largest and heaviest visible damper, and buy food, drinks and gift items. Two more flights of stairs take visitors up to the Outdoor Observatory. The Outdoor Observatories, at 391.8 m (1,285 ft) and 449.2 m (1,474 ft) above ground,[8][97] is the second-highest observation deck ever provided in a skyscraper and the highest such platform in Taiwan.[49][98]

The Indoor Observatory is open thirteen hours a day (9:00 am–10:00 pm) throughout the week as well as on special occasions; the Outdoor Observatory is open during the same hours as weather permits. Tickets may be purchased on site in the shopping mall (5th floor) or in advance through the Observatory's website.[99] Tickets cost NT$600 (US$19.42, as of 20 October 2018) and allow access to the 88th through 91st floors via high-speed elevator.[100]

In 2019, its 101 top floor opened for the first time to the public,[101] starting 14 June with only 36 people given access each day.[102] The 91st-floor observatory used to be the highest floor that open to the public until 14 June 2019 when it was announced by the building's management team that the 101st floor (at 460 m above sea level) will be opened to the general public, with a quota of 36 people per day and is subject to prior booking.[103] Going onto the outdoor viewing platform requires safety equipment, such as a safety belt buckled to the railing.

Art[edit]

Many works of art appear in and around Taipei 101. These include: German artist Rebecca Horn's Dialog between Yin and Yang in 2002 (steel, iron), American artist Robert Indiana's 1-0 in 2002 and Love in 2003 (aluminum), French artist Ariel Moscovici's Between Earth and Sky in 2002 (rose de la claret granite), Taiwanese artist Chung Pu's Global Circle In 2002 (black granite, white marble), British artist Jill Watson's City Composition in 2002 (Bronze), and Taiwanese artist Kang Mu Hsiang's Infinite Life in 2013 (aluminum).[27] Moreover, the Indoor Observatory hosts a regular series of exhibitions. The artists represented have included Wu Ching (gold sculpture), Ping-huang Chang (traditional painting) and Po-lin Chi (aerial photography).[35]

Gallery[edit]

  • Taipei 101 viewed from below

  • Tip of Taipei 101 illuminated on a Sunday night (purple)

  • Entrance to Taipei 101 Observation Deck

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  47. ^ abcdHeight: The History of Measuring Tall Buildings. CTBUH. Rbc capital markets research 25 March 2015.
  48. ^ abTaipei skyscraper deemed tallest. Associated Press. Paragraph abstract: The council measures from the sidewalk level of the main entrance to the skyscraper's architectural top.
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  50. ^List of skyscrapers in Taiwan. SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  51. ^"Taiwan tops out tallest building". BBC News. 17 October 2003. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  52. ^Morrison, Geoffrey. "Taipei 101: We went 390m/1280ft above Taiwan to check out one of the world's tallest buildings". CNET.
  53. ^"100 Tallest Completed Buildings in the World by Height to Architectural Top". The Skyscraper Center. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  54. ^ abObservatory brochure, Floor 89, Taipei 101. 17 August 2007.
  55. ^ ab"101 Taipei Financial Center Corp". taipei-101.com.tw.
  56. ^Patowary, Kaushik. "The 728-Ton Tuned Mass Damper of Taipei 101".
  57. ^VISCOUS DAMPERS FOR HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS. Indian Institute of Technologies. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  58. ^CTOT commemorates Canada and Taiwan ingenuity. China Post. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  59. ^Canadian wind dampers hold sway over world's tallest condos. The Canada Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  60. ^ abcdeTuned Mass Damper. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  61. ^"Taipei 101"(PDF). Motioneering. Archived from the original(PDF) on 14 April 2010.
  62. ^"Damper at Taipei 101 records biggest movement ever". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  63. ^"How a Skyscraper Stays Upright in a Typhoon". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  64. ^"Taipei 101: Not the Tallest Building in the World, But Still Pretty Cool". Condé Nast Traveler.
  65. ^"The Asian Dream According to Taipei 101 and its Damper Babies ~ HAYPINAS.ORG: OVERSEAS FILIPINO CHANNEL". Archived from the original on 19 November 2015.
  66. ^Binder, Georges (2008). Taipei 101. Images Publishing. p. 82. ISBN .
  67. ^"Taipei 101". All About Skyscrapers. 2009. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  68. ^ abSnarkyNomad (26 December 2013). "Why Taipei 101 is the coolest skyscraper on the planet". Snarky Nomad. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  69. ^Structuremag.org. Taipei 101 the worlds tallest buildingArchived 9 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. 6 June 2005.
  70. ^"Taipei 101 to become world's tallest green building next year". Taiwan News. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  71. ^Ang, Swee Hoon (1997). "Chinese consumers' perception of alpha-numeric brand names". Journal of Consumer Marketing. 14 (3): 220–233. doi:10.1108/07363769710166800.
  72. ^ abSteven C. Bourassa; Vincent S. Peng (1999). "Hedonic Prices and House Numbers: The Influence of Feng Shui". International Real Estate Review. 2 (1): 79–93. Archived from the original(PDF) on 13 April 2015.
  73. ^Duchaine, Julie; Hughes, Holly; Flippin, Alexis Lipsitz; Murphy, Sylvie (2010). Frommer's 500 Extraordinary Islands. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN .
  74. ^"Ru Yi at Feng Shui Bestbuy". fengshuibestbuy.com. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  75. ^ ab"Taipei 101: Reaching for The Sky". Internet Archive. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  76. ^"New World's Tallest Building Completed in Taipei, Taiwan". San Jose Mercury News (San Jose, CA). 21 October 2003. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2015. – via HighBeam(subscription required)
  77. ^Lights Schedule. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  78. ^Lighting Timetable. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  79. ^Public signage placed at Taipei 101 clock.
  80. ^"Taipei 101, Bigger is not Better (台北101, 更大不等於更好)". Taiwan Design Center. 15 September 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
  81. ^T for Two – Two Feng Shui Tips for T-Intersections.
  82. ^dreaded T-intersection and cul-de-sac.
  83. ^Edited by T. C. Kline, P. J. Ivanhoe (2000). Virtue, Nature, and Moral Agency in the Xunzi. Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. pp. 220–236. ISBN .CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  84. ^ abGraham Norris. Taking it to the Skies. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  85. ^Observatory Floor Guide. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
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  87. ^Popular Mechanics – World's Fastest ElevatorArchived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
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  89. ^Elevator World – Breaking the 1000MPM Barrier – High speed elevators in Taipei 101.
  90. ^TAIPEI 101 Observatory – Damper Baby – Wind DamperArchived 22 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  91. ^85F Restaurant. Taipei World Financial Center. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  92. ^"Taipei 101 to open top floor to public for the first time". Archived from the original on 31 October 2021 – via www.youtube.com.
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  94. ^"Mystery Solved". Ozsoapbox.com. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
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  98. ^Jackie Lin. Shin Kong Tower Observatory to close by year-end. The Taipei Times
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taipei_101

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Spire Energy

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  • Thank you spire!!! In these difficult covid 19 times more companies need to be like you .
    I just want you to know I appreciate and notice what you are doing for your customers AGAIN
    THANK YOU!!

  • How is it possible we may be without gas this south state bank routing number myrtle beach December in MO. Let's get this fixed Spire

  • Missed these clowns by ten minutes. Took a day off work to get gas turned on.  Even though they were scheduled to be here for 2 hours they can't get a crew back out for a week. They were given explicit instructions to call before they arrived. They said they would. No one lives at the address. It's a commercial building. Typical lazy bums- no call whatsoever. Just put a cute little missed does jose cuervo margarita mix have alcohol in it sign on the door. I was 5 minutes from the location, at another building. The only thing that has gas at this location is the furnace. I'm not wasting my days to wait on them and  hold their hands like toddlers. I have better things to do- like convert from gas to electric. Thanks spire!

    Photo <i>spire bill pay phone number</i> Spire Energy - St. Louis, MO, United States. How businesses loose clientele

    How businesses loose clientele

  • We first called Saint Louis Spire to request an estimate for installing a gas line to our new range. It took a week or so but our information was forwarded to their service department where one of the supervisors assigned our request to one of their pipefitters who called and scheduled a time to come by at no charge and look at the project and gave us an estimate including labor, materials and any permits that may be needed. He told us all charges would go on the gas bill and they did.  He then gave us his work phone number so if we decided to go ahead why is caffeine bad for you when your pregnant could call him back directly to schedule the install and avoid any other calls to customer service which can be frustrating.  Couldn't have been happier with the fuel run install and you could tell the pride they have in their work.   When he came to give us the estimate, he told us he does every job like he was doing it in his own home. There was no pressure sales pitch or anything. I felt that there was no need for other estimates because when dealing with contractors you just get a sense of someone who knows his business and will do the job right at a fair price.

  • I, for the life of me, cannot understand how my gas bill doubled.  When I call to inquire they always have an excuse.  Their excuse always centers around the change in weather.  What's hard for me to understand is why did my energy bill only increase by like $7.  You have to have electricity to operate the furnace.  I think they are money sharks and in my area they are a monopoly.  To me they are not honest and I think they are taking advantage of people.

  • I'm not even a customer yet and already hate them.  I'm moving to an apartment soon and I have to pay for gas.  I tried looking up many different companies, but Spire just bought all of them!  I've tried getting an appointment for 2 weeks now, but they keep telling me online my address doesn't exist in their system.  IT'S AN APARTMENT COMPLEX WITH ALMOST 1,000 PEOPLE LIVING THERE!  My manager said almost everybody uses Spire.  How does my address, which so many other people have with a different unit number, not exist in your systems?  I tried reaching out to Facebook for help, and the same thing.  This is exhausting and just plain stupid.  Again, I would literally go with anyone else had they not taken them over.  Unbelievable!

  • So far, so not good. I missed a call when someone was en route to my place. The number is blocked and there was no callback in the voicemail. So he called Spire to cancel the appointment without trying to contact me again, or, it seems, showing up to the address/knocking.

    I called Spire and was told I was being put on a brief hold. For over ten minutes I waited. Then the agent hung up on me and didn't try to call me back. I called again and after I waited through all the prompts so  I could press 0, a more competent agent had the answer for me in under 2 minutes.  I disliked the answer: nope, there is no way to contact your service person. You're at our mercy: we'll come sometime today, but now it's an all-day appointment. It could be anywhere from now until midnight.

    Consider joining the 21st century and getting company cell phones and using text alerts, Spire.

    I'm so sorry my new appointment is gas. My bill is $35 even in the months I don't cook or use heat. What a waste.

  • It took 10 months and many phone calls. The bill issue is resolved and they owed us money.  Rating stays the same. One of the technicians talked to customer service for us (we called, he talked) and told them exactly what to put in our account notes. So much hassle for their screw up!!!

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    If I could give them no stars I would. If I could terminate service with them, I would do that too. Unfortunately, they are the only gas provider in our area.

    My husband and I moved to St. Louis, MO in July. I initially called to start service with them, but none of the addresses on file for our building matched our mailing address, so they were supposed to send a technician out to verify the unit. The technician never showed. Fast forward to October. Since we don't need gas for anything but heat, we put off service and started it in October. This time we verified the unit. Everything was fine until February when we received two bills for two different units and one was back-dated to July (our actual bill was coming monthly, this was the first time the second bill showed up).  

    We called Spire to rectify the issue, only to be told "you can stop talking I understand the issue".  Then the customer service rep stated that we were simply disputing a bill that we were responsible for because we lived there (we only live in one unit). Management was not much better. It has been 3 months and the issue is still not rectified.  We capital one bank savings account rates dealt with other customer service reps, and they are not much better (they just have slightly more tact to accompany their high level of incompetence).

    The technicians we have dealt with are fine, but they have some of the worst customer service I have dealt with.  All the way from the lowest level up through management.

  • Suddenly I'm told there boone county ky court records a gas leak on or right near my property. But wait, Spire didn't tell me. They told my neighbor, who told me when she wanted to make sure I knew why there were orange markings on the side and front of my property. Way to communicate, Spire! No knock on my door while your pushing flags into my newly planted lawn. No phone call how many weeks or months ago when you found out.

    I guess the leak wasn't bad enough to tell the property owner, you know, for safety reasons??

    Oh and yeah I called your customer service line and got a lot of "I don't know, ma'am"

  • Photo of Jimmy B.

    Again I wish I could leave 0 stars.
    My July bill just came and I was reminded of how unethical and corrupt this company is. Their corporate culture is why monopolies are illegal in other industries.
    $22 of my $28 bill is for the "customer charge". 82% of my pretax bill is just for the honor of being their customer.
    Also we get the benefit of the "summer" rates. The price gouging winter rates, that are almost 5x the summer rate, won't start until people need to heat their homes. Way to go Spire, you're as pleasant as an itchy butthole.
    The Attorney General should look into the price gouging and the state of Missouri should end the utility Monopoly. Open the business to all utility providers and let the market determine the price.

    12/13/2017Previous review

    Still hoping that I can give 0 stars to this horrible company. The only positive thing to say about these crooks is that there price gouging has reached it's maximum capacity. The "it's cold outside so we'll charge more for heat" price increase has stayed consistent at 3 times the normal rate.
    The "Screw you" customer fee is still in place so you have that to look forward too.

    I again call on every business in St Louis to charge an extra $20 to all Spire employees. This unethical and morally destitute company is exactly why monopolies are against the law. Hawley!! Do something about this!

    11/20/2017Previous review

    I Wish I could give 0 stars.
    Apparently paying on line with a Credit or Debit Card is too much for Spire to figure out. The only online payment method is to give them all your banking information.
    Yes the company that charges you a fee for the honor of being their customer wants unlimited access to your banking information.
    If you want to pay with a Card, like every other online retailer you have to call their miserable service number (not customer service because they don't care about that) and go through 5 minutes of prompts and pay and extra service fee for the ability to pay what is investment banking definition bill that doubled from last month because "it's colder outside". Yes the company with a monopoly on heating gas doubles their fees when it's cold outside.
    Instead of Spire they should have changed their name to "Gouge our Customers" Energy.

    11/13/2017Previous review

    I Contacted Spire Energy again today. The estimated wait time of 6 mins was a little off. James answered after 22 minutes. The whole time I was on hold I kept hearing their commercial about cheaper rates and better customer service. Spire It might be a good idea for you to take that commercial off your hold line.
    I called to ask them about the $20 "customer charge" now that they are Spire and the increase in delivery fee they are charging for gas.
    I had hoped that since they became Spire their business would become more ethical, that is of course not the case. Customers are still be charged $20 to be customers. I asked James in customer service if this fee was just to be a customer so I could rent their pipes and buy their gas and he was honest enough to say yes.
    I also asked about the increase from $0.31 to 0.91. James in customer service rep said that "since it's colder and more people need gas we raised the rate".
    The term for this is GOUGING. In other industries companies are investigated and charges filed for this type of behavior.
    I know that Spire has a monopoly and we have no choice in whom we buy Natural Gas from; but they should be held to a higher standard because of this. If enough people cry foul maybe the state will open an investigation into their unethical and immoral behavior.

70 other reviews that are not currently recommended

Источник: https://www.yelp.com/biz/spire-energy-st-louis

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Источник: https://www.ameren.com/missouri/

Spire bill pay phone number -

Your journey home,

  • He was very kind very helpful and very attentive and returned all my calls and did an excellent job

    social survey logo
    AD

    Antonia Providence, RI

    25 November 2021

  • Renate makes sure you get what's best for you and explains the options.

    social survey logo
    MA

    Marie L. Newport News, VA

    25 November 2021

  • Neil and his team were all great to work with and made this process as easy as possible!

    social survey logo
    KF

    Katelyn Elizabeth Reisterstown, MD

    25 November 2021

  • Always available and was very good at explaining everything and helping in any way they could

    social survey logo
    MP

    Michael Great Cacapon, WV

    25 November 2021

  • They kept us well informed all the time and were always friendly.

    social survey logo
    SA

    SANDRA I Springfield, VA

    25 November 2021

  • I appreciate you and your team very much. You are all hard workers and push to get the clients what they desire. I respect how blunt and upfront you a...read moreI appreciate you and your team very much. You are all hard workers and push to get the clients what they desire. I respect how blunt and upfront you are you don’t beat around the bush with information you give me the information I need instead of telling me what I want to hear. I see us working together again. Mrs. Lewis was also awesome in helping me and keeping me on top of things her communication skills are unmatched. If I had one improvement it would have been to review the POA sooner than the night before closing. That could have been a deal breaker but you all told me what I needed to do and it got done. 10/10 stars in my book.read less

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    JG

    Jonathan Dashiel Raeford, NC

    25 November 2021

  • very responsive!

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    ES

    Elana Washington, DC

    25 November 2021

  • Neil and his team did an amazing job at making this process smooth, easy, and very enjoyable would recommend a million times over.

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    CW

    Christopher Brian Reisterstown, MD

    25 November 2021

  • Carlos was very profesional in all areas and when needed any respond he was quickly responding ,excellent communication, every one who were in the pro...read moreCarlos was very profesional in all areas and when needed any respond he was quickly responding ,excellent communication, every one who were in the process were very well liked, please give a 100% plus to everyone and special to Carlos Martinezread less

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    NS

    NUVIA Sterling, VA

    24 November 2021

  • Super helpful and knowledgeable. Made my first time home purchase a walk in the park!

    social survey logo
    ME

    Michael R Charleston, WV

    24 November 2021

  • Dan was very patient with us. He was available to answer our questions at night and on weekends. I highly recommend him!

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    NL

    Nadine Elizabeth Northborough, MA

    24 November 2021

  • She is great

    social survey logo
    SP

    Sherline S Bowie, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Thank everything went easier you guys work as a Team to get Done our closed Thank You

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    JG

    JOSE ISIDRO Hyattsville, MD

    24 November 2021

  • John Edmead's customer service was phenomenal. He was very patient answering all my numerous questions. This was my 1st mortgage so the lingo was fore...read moreJohn Edmead's customer service was phenomenal. He was very patient answering all my numerous questions. This was my 1st mortgage so the lingo was foreign to me. He didn't mind explaining things in layman's terms so that I felt comfortable using Homespire as my mortgage lender. Buying a home is a big investment that you are "married" to for several years. It can be a little scary at first. But by the time I was to sign the bottom line I couldn't have felt more confident purchasing a beautiful home. I highly recommend John to anyone looking to invest in a property.read less

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    CH

    Cynthia Melissa Geneva, FL

    24 November 2021

  • Me sorprendieron de como un comprador por primera vez lograra completar este prestamo tan rapido! y esto fue por la atencion, rapidez y conocimiento d...read moreMe sorprendieron de como un comprador por primera vez lograra completar este prestamo tan rapido! y esto fue por la atencion, rapidez y conocimiento de su equipo! recomiendo y confio en su equipo un 100% muchas gracias por ayudarme a cumplir mi sueño de tener una casa!read less

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    CL
  • Excelente muy buena

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    AC

    ANGEL ENRIQUE District Heights, MD

    24 November 2021

  • It was very easy and stress free. I really liked the milestones and seeing what tasks needed completed

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    RR

    Rachelle Lee Clarksburg, WV

    24 November 2021

  • Brittney was awesome! Everything you’d want in a lender and more! Smooth and easy from start to finish

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    JB

    Joseph Samuel Bethesda, MD

    24 November 2021

  • All my question was answered

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    LG

    LUZ M Hyattsville, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Whenever David Mellott sent a email and we had questions they were answered in timely manner

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    LM

    Leonard Hagerstown, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Ryan was personable, reliable and knowledgeable. I felt very comfortable and taken care of throughout the process.

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    MH

    Michelle J. Newnan, GA

    24 November 2021

  • Thanks for all the work you do! Great team.

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    LM

    Laura Jimena Rockville, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Siempre el personal que trabaja en Homespire estuvo muy atenta a mi proceso de refinanciación

    social survey logo
    DM

    Diana I Rockville, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Extremely communicative team, and was able to provide a clear to close within 4 business days which is insanely impressive.

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    AZ

    Andy Y Rockville, MD

    24 November 2021

  • Mr Brinsfield Is a great down to earth person that easy to relate to

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    RJ

    Robert E Hyndman, PA

    23 November 2021

  • Valentina, Stephanie, and their team made our first time buying a home a breeze! They answered my many questions quickly and efficiently. I could not ...read moreValentina, Stephanie, and their team made our first time buying a home a breeze! They answered my many questions quickly and efficiently. I could not recommend them enough!read less

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    EL

    Erica Taylor Rockville, MD

    23 November 2021

  • Smooth and professional service from the start!

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    PG

    Peter Paul Silver Spring, MD

    23 November 2021

  • Sereva had no problem keeping me updated throughout my home buying experience. Her professionalism and friendliness ensured me I had the right person ...read moreSereva had no problem keeping me updated throughout my home buying experience. Her professionalism and friendliness ensured me I had the right person and team in my corner. I appreciate all they have done to complete my home purchase. Thank you all very much, keep up the wonderful life changing progress.read less

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    RS

    Regina Anne Norfolk, VA

    23 November 2021

  • Quickly response. available any time, great service

    social survey logo
    MA

    Marco Andres Rockville, MD

    23 November 2021

  • Easy to communicate and always on top of any step of the entire process. Ability to talk in Spanish is a plus

    social survey logo
    EG

    Ernesto E. Deltona, FL

    23 November 2021

  • Источник: https://www.homespiremortgage.com/

    International and Domestic Mail Delays. Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, postal operators have temporarily suspended mail service to certain international jurisdictions. Fidelity mailings to customers living in these jurisdictions will be delayed. To help avoid potential mail delays, customers can consent to electronic delivery or access these documents onlineLog In Required . Click here for additional details. As of August 24, 2020, the United States Postal Service is unable to deliver mail to the following countries (PDF) . A current listing of mail delivery suspensions to international jurisdictions is available here .

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    Spire Energy

    Got a question about Spire Energy? Ask the Yelp community!

    Your trust is our top concern, so businesses can't pay to alter or remove their reviews. Learn more.

    • Thank you spire!!! In these difficult covid 19 times more companies need to be like you .....
      I just want you to know I appreciate and notice what you are doing for your customers AGAIN
      THANK YOU!!

    • How is it possible we may be without gas this mid December in MO. Let's get this fixed Spire

    • Missed these clowns by ten minutes. Took a day off work to get gas turned on.  Even though they were scheduled to be here for 2 hours they can't get a crew back out for a week. They were given explicit instructions to call before they arrived. They said they would. No one lives at the address. It's a commercial building. Typical lazy bums- no call whatsoever. Just put a cute little missed you sign on the door. I was 5 minutes from the location, at another building. The only thing that has gas at this location is the furnace. I'm not wasting my days to wait on them and  hold their hands like toddlers. I have better things to do- like convert from gas to electric. Thanks spire!

      Photo of Spire Energy - St. Louis, MO, United States. How businesses loose clientele

      How businesses loose clientele

    • We first called Saint Louis Spire to request an estimate for installing a gas line to our new range. It took a week or so but our information was forwarded to their service department where one of the supervisors assigned our request to one of their pipefitters who called and scheduled a time to come by at no charge and look at the project and gave us an estimate including labor, materials and any permits that may be needed. He told us all charges would go on the gas bill and they did.  He then gave us his work phone number so if we decided to go ahead we could call him back directly to schedule the install and avoid any other calls to customer service which can be frustrating.  Couldn't have been happier with the fuel run install and you could tell the pride they have in their work.   When he came to give us the estimate, he told us he does every job like he was doing it in his own home. There was no pressure sales pitch or anything. I felt that there was no need for other estimates because when dealing with contractors you just get a sense of someone who knows his business and will do the job right at a fair price.

    • I, for the life of me, cannot understand how my gas bill doubled.  When I call to inquire they always have an excuse.  Their excuse always centers around the change in weather.  What's hard for me to understand is why did my energy bill only increase by like $7.  You have to have electricity to operate the furnace.  I think they are money sharks and in my area they are a monopoly.  To me they are not honest and I think they are taking advantage of people.

    • I'm not even a customer yet and already hate them.  I'm moving to an apartment soon and I have to pay for gas.  I tried looking up many different companies, but Spire just bought all of them!  I've tried getting an appointment for 2 weeks now, but they keep telling me online my address doesn't exist in their system.  IT'S AN APARTMENT COMPLEX WITH ALMOST 1,000 PEOPLE LIVING THERE!  My manager said almost everybody uses Spire.  How does my address, which so many other people have with a different unit number, not exist in your systems?  I tried reaching out to Facebook for help, and the same thing.  This is exhausting and just plain stupid.  Again, I would literally go with anyone else had they not taken them over.  Unbelievable!

    • So far, so not good. I missed a call when someone was en route to my place. The number is blocked and there was no callback in the voicemail. So he called Spire to cancel the appointment without trying to contact me again, or, it seems, showing up to the address/knocking...

      I called Spire and was told I was being put on a brief hold. For over ten minutes I waited. Then the agent hung up on me and didn't try to call me back. I called again and after I waited through all the prompts so  I could press 0, a more competent agent had the answer for me in under 2 minutes.  I disliked the answer: nope, there is no way to contact your service person. You're at our mercy: we'll come sometime today, but now it's an all-day appointment. It could be anywhere from now until midnight.

      Consider joining the 21st century and getting company cell phones and using text alerts, Spire.

      I'm so sorry my new appointment is gas. My bill is $35 even in the months I don't cook or use heat. What a waste.

    • It took 10 months and many phone calls. The bill issue is resolved and they owed us money.  Rating stays the same. One of the technicians talked to customer service for us (we called, he talked) and told them exactly what to put in our account notes. So much hassle for their screw up!!!

      If I could give them no stars I would. If I could terminate service with them, I would do that too. Unfortunately, they are the only gas provider in our area.

      My husband and I moved to St. Louis, MO in July. I initially called to start service with them, but none of the addresses on file for our building matched our mailing address, so they were supposed to send a technician out to verify the unit. The technician never showed. Fast forward to October. Since we don't need gas for anything but heat, we put off service and started it in October. This time we verified the unit. Everything was fine until February when we received two bills for two different units and one was back-dated to July (our actual bill was coming monthly, this was the first time the second bill showed up).  

      We called Spire to rectify the issue, only to be told "you can stop talking I understand the issue".  Then the customer service rep stated that we were simply disputing a bill that we were responsible for because we lived there (we only live in one unit). Management was not much better. It has been 3 months and the issue is still not rectified.  We have dealt with other customer service reps, and they are not much better (they just have slightly more tact to accompany their high level of incompetence).

      The technicians we have dealt with are fine, but they have some of the worst customer service I have dealt with.  All the way from the lowest level up through management.

    • Suddenly I'm told there is a gas leak on or right near my property. But wait, Spire didn't tell me. They told my neighbor, who told me when she wanted to make sure I knew why there were orange markings on the side and front of my property. Way to communicate, Spire! No knock on my door while your pushing flags into my newly planted lawn. No phone call how many weeks or months ago when you found out.

      I guess the leak wasn't bad enough to tell the property owner, you know, for safety reasons??

      Oh and yeah I called your customer service line and got a lot of "I don't know, ma'am"

    • Photo of Jimmy B.

      Again I wish I could leave 0 stars.
      My July bill just came and I was reminded of how unethical and corrupt this company is. Their corporate culture is why monopolies are illegal in other industries.
      $22 of my $28 bill is for the "customer charge". 82% of my pretax bill is just for the honor of being their customer.
      Also we get the benefit of the "summer" rates. The price gouging winter rates, that are almost 5x the summer rate, won't start until people need to heat their homes. Way to go Spire, you're as pleasant as an itchy butthole.
      The Attorney General should look into the price gouging and the state of Missouri should end the utility Monopoly. Open the business to all utility providers and let the market determine the price.

      12/13/2017Previous review

      Still hoping that I can give 0 stars to this horrible company. The only positive thing to say about these crooks is that there price gouging has reached it's maximum capacity. The "it's cold outside so we'll charge more for heat" price increase has stayed consistent at 3 times the normal rate.
      The "Screw you" customer fee is still in place so you have that to look forward too.

      I again call on every business in St Louis to charge an extra $20 to all Spire employees. This unethical and morally destitute company is exactly why monopolies are against the law. Hawley!! Do something about this!

      11/20/2017Previous review

      I Wish I could give 0 stars.
      Apparently paying on line with a Credit or Debit Card is too much for Spire to figure out. The only online payment method is to give them all your banking information.
      Yes the company that charges you a fee for the honor of being their customer wants unlimited access to your banking information.
      If you want to pay with a Card, like every other online retailer you have to call their miserable service number (not customer service because they don't care about that) and go through 5 minutes of prompts and pay and extra service fee for the ability to pay the bill that doubled from last month because "it's colder outside". Yes the company with a monopoly on heating gas doubles their fees when it's cold outside.
      Instead of Spire they should have changed their name to "Gouge our Customers" Energy.

      11/13/2017Previous review

      I Contacted Spire Energy again today. The estimated wait time of 6 mins was a little off. James answered after 22 minutes. The whole time I was on hold I kept hearing their commercial about cheaper rates and better customer service. Spire It might be a good idea for you to take that commercial off your hold line.
      I called to ask them about the $20 "customer charge" now that they are Spire and the increase in delivery fee they are charging for gas.
      I had hoped that since they became Spire their business would become more ethical, that is of course not the case. Customers are still be charged $20 to be customers. I asked James in customer service if this fee was just to be a customer so I could rent their pipes and buy their gas and he was honest enough to say yes.
      I also asked about the increase from $0.31 to 0.91. James in customer service rep said that "since it's colder and more people need gas we raised the rate".
      The term for this is GOUGING. In other industries companies are investigated and charges filed for this type of behavior.
      I know that Spire has a monopoly and we have no choice in whom we buy Natural Gas from; but they should be held to a higher standard because of this. If enough people cry foul maybe the state will open an investigation into their unethical and immoral behavior.

    70 other reviews that are not currently recommended

    Источник: https://www.yelp.com/biz/spire-energy-st-louis

    What help is available?

    You may be able to get help paying your heating/cooling bills through our Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).

    LIHEAP may be able to help you pay your home energy bills through:

    • Energy Assistance (EA) - A one-time payment for one fuel type for your heating or cooling costs from–October-September.
    • Energy Crisis Intervention Program (ECIP) - Helps pay your energy bill when you have a sudden, unexpected, uncontrollable loss of financial resources, life-threatening situation, or if there is any circumstance that threatens your stability if energy aid is not supplied. The amount of help you receive is based on the amount of money needed to settle your crisis with the energy provider.
      • Winter ECIP is available November through May based on funding. The maximum amount you could receive is $1,600.
      • Summer ECIP is available June through September based on funding. The maximum amount you could receive is $1,200.
    • Some contracted agencies may also provide emergency services such as blankets, emergency lodging, heating/cooling replacement or repair, window air conditioners, or wood stoves.

    Who is eligible?

    You may be eligible for help if you:

    • Are responsible for paying the utilities for your home (including if you rent)
    • Are a United States citizen (or have been legally admitted for permanent residence)
    • Have $3,000 or less in your bank accounts, retirement accounts, or investments
    • Meet specific income guidelines

    For more information about eligibility requirements, contact the Contracted Agency that provides services for your area.

    How Do I apply?

    NOTE: You must have Adobe Reader on your computer or device to open the application. If you do not have it, you can download it for free. If you have any issues, you can call your Contracted Agency or 855-FSD-INFO (855-373-4636) and have an application mailed to you if needed.

    Apply Online

    1. Complete the LIHEAP application and save it to your computer or device

    2. Click on the submit button at the end of the application

    3. On the next screen, upload your application and any other required documents

    4. Click on upload/submit

    Apply by Mail

    1. Open the LIHEAP application and print it from your computer or device

    2. Complete your application

    3. Mail your completed application and any required documentation to your

      Contracted Agency

    IMPORTANT: Before submitting your application, make sure you have included all documents the application asks for so your case can be processed as quickly as possible.

    When will I get my benefit?

    Once you submit your application and required documents, your application will be reviewed within approximately 30 business days (unless it is considered a crisis for LIHEAP). A letter will be mailed to you that tells you if you qualify for help and the amount you will get.

    After you apply, please continue to pay your utility bills if you can so you do not get disconnected or run out of fuel such as propane, wood, or pre-paid electric. Your bill needs to be paid to your utility company (not the LIHEAP agency).

    Information for Contractors & Suppliers

    Visit our Contractor/Supplier website to:

    • Access our online system
    • Stay up to date on important reminders
    • Find helpful resources & contact information
    Источник: https://mydss.mo.gov/utility-assistance

    Important Customer Notice

    If an outage occurs, we want to be able to reach you. If you haven't done so yet, please confirm your cell phone and email address on your Online Account.

    Log In & Update

    Lake of the Ozarks

    Find permit information and forms, view lake levels and learn about how we help support the long-term health and sustainability of the Lake of the Ozarks.

    Learn More

    Explore Your Rate Options

    With an upgraded smart meter, you can choose from our expanded rate options. Take our lifestyle quiz to find the rate that's best for you.

     

    Learn More

    In order to improve your use of this website, and provide the most relevant information to our site visitors and customers, we utilize text files known as "cookies" that are stored within your computer’s or mobile device’s memory by a website through your browser. More information on the use of cookies on this website is available in our Privacy Policy. By dismissing this message or navigating through the website, you are agreeing to the use of cookies described above.

    This site uses cookies,

    In order to improve your use of this website, and provide the most relevant information to our site visitors and customers, we utilize text files known as "cookies" that are stored within your computer’s or mobile device’s memory by a website through your browser.

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    Источник: https://www.ameren.com/missouri/

    Taipei 101

    Skyscraper located in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan

    Taipei 1O1
    Taipei 101.png
    Tower of Taipei 101.jpg
    Former namesTaipei World Financial Center
    Tallest in the world from 2004 to 2009[I]
    Preceded byPetronas Towers
    Surpassed byBurj Khalifa
    StatusCompleted
    TypeSkyscraper
    Architectural stylePostmodernism
    AddressNo. 7, Section 5, Xinyi Road, Xinyi District
    Town or cityTaipei
    CountryTaiwan
    Coordinates25°2′1″N121°33′54″E / 25.03361°N 121.56500°E / 25.03361; 121.56500Coordinates: 25°2′1″N121°33′54″E / 25.03361°N 121.56500°E / 25.03361; 121.56500
    Groundbreaking31 January 1999 (1999-01-31)
    Construction started31 July 1999 (1999-07-31)[1]
    Topped-outMall: 13 June 2001 (2001-06-13) Tower: 1 July 2003 (2003-07-01)
    CompletedMall: 14 November 2003 (2003-11-14) Tower: 31 December 2004 (2004-12-31)[1]
    CostNT$58 billion (US$1.895 billion)
    OwnerTaipei Financial Center Corporation[2]
    LandlordTaipei City Government
    Architectural508.2 m (1,667 ft)
    Tip508.2 m (1,667 ft)
    Roof449.2 m (1,474 ft)
    Top floor438.0 m (1,437 ft)
    Observatory449.2 m (1,474 ft)
    Floor count101[2]
    Floor area412,500 m2 (4,440,100 sq ft)[3]
    Lifts/elevators61 installed by Toshiba with KONE EcoDisc motors
    ArchitectC.Y. Lee & C.P. Wang
    Structural engineerThornton Tomasetti
    Main contractorKTRT Joint Venture[4]
    Awards and prizesExisting Buildings, LEED Platinum O+M
    www.taipei-101.com.tw
    [1][8][2][9][10]

    Taipei 101 (Chinese: 臺北101; pinyin: Táiběi yī líng yī; stylized as TAIPEI 101),[1] formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center, is a skyscraper in Taipei, Taiwan. This building was officially classified as the world's tallest from its opening in 2004 until the 2009 completion of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE. Upon completion, it became the world's first skyscraper to exceed a height of half a kilometer.

    The elevators that transport passengers from the 5th to the 89th floor in 37 seconds (attaining 60.6 km/h (37.7 mph)) set speed records.[11] In 2011 Taipei 101 received a Platinum rating under the LEED certification system, becoming the tallest and largest green building in the world.[12][13] The structure regularly appears as an icon of Taipei in international media, and the Taipei 101 fireworks displays are a regular feature of New Year's Eve broadcasts.

    Taipei 101's postmodernist architectural style evokes traditional Asian aesthetics in a modern structure employing industrial materials. Its design incorporates a number of features that enable the structure to withstand the Pacific Ring of Fire's earthquakes and the region's tropical storms. The tower houses offices, restaurants, and indoor and outdoor observatories. The tower is adjoined by a multilevel shopping mall that has the world's largest ruyi symbol as an exterior feature.

    Taipei 101 is owned by Taipei Financial Center Corporation. The skyscraper opened on 31 December 2004 to celebrate New Year's Eve.

    History[edit]

    Development[edit]

    In 1997, led by developer Harace Lin, the Taipei Financial Center Corporation, a team of several Taiwan banks and insurance companies, won the rights to lease the site for 70 years and develop a building, placing the winning bid of NT$20,688,890,000 for the Build Operate Transfer agreement with the city government.[14] The property will return to the city in 2067.[15]

    The Taipei Financial Center Corporation (TFCC) announced plans on 2 November 2009 to make Taipei 101 "the world's tallest green building" by summer of 2011 as measured by LEED standards. The structure is already designed to be energy-efficient, with double-pane windows blocking external heat by 50 percent and recycled water meeting 20–30 percent of the building's needs. LEED certification would entail inspections and upgrades in wiring, water and lighting equipment at a cost of NT$60 million (US$1.8 million). Estimates show the savings resulting from the modifications would pay for the cost of making them within three years.[16] The project was carried out under the guidance of an international team composed of Siemens Building Technologies, architect and interior designer Steven Leach Group and the LEED advisory firm EcoTech International.[17] The company applied for a platinum-degree certification with LEED in early 2011.[18] On 28 July 2011, Taipei 101 received LEED platinum certification under "Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance". It displaced the Bank of America Tower in Manhattan as the world's tallest and highest-use green building in addition to the Environmental Protection Agency building in Florida as the world's largest green building. Although the project cost NT$60 million (US$2.08 million), it is expected to save 14.4 million kilowatt-hours of electricity, or an 18 percent energy-saving, equivalent to NT$36 million (US$1.2 million) in energy costs each year.[12][19] In 2012, the shopping center at the base is expected to be remodeled.[20][needs update] In 2019, it was named among the 50 most influential skyscrapers in the world by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.[21]

    On 4 January 2020, the building had a condolence message in lights for the victims of a helicopter crash, which included a number of senior government officials.[22] On 8 February 2020, the press said that some passengers of the Diamond Princess cruise liner, quarantined for the coronavirus outbreak of 2019, had visited Taipei 101 on 31 January at which point none exhibited symptoms.[23] On 1 April 2020, the Taipei 101 shopping center said it was reducing business hours due to the Coronavirus pandemic, making the "nation's first to cut back operations due to the pandemic."[24] It had started checking shopper's temperatures in February.[24][25] On 21 May the building said it would resume normal business hours in June, as the country had effectively limited the spread of COVID-19.[26]

    Milestone[edit]

    Important dates in the planning and construction of Taipei 101 include:[27]

    DateEvent
    20 October 1997Development and operation rights agreement signed with Taipei City government.
    13 January 1999Ground-breaking ceremony.
    7 June 2000First tower column erected.
    13 April 2001Design change to 508.2 m height approved by Taipei City government.
    13 June 2001Taipei 101 Mall topped out.
    10 August 2001Construction license awarded for 101 stories.
    31 March 2002Partially constructed building survives 6.8 magnitude earthquake undamaged.
    13 May 2003Taipei 101 Mall obtains occupancy permit.
    1 July 2003Taipei 101 Tower roof completed.
    17 October 2003Pinnacle placed.
    14 November 2003Taipei 101 Mall opens.[2]
    15 April 2004Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) certifies Taipei 101 as world's tallest building.
    12 November 2004Tower obtains occupancy permit.
    31 December 2004Tower opens to the public.[2]
    1 January 2005First New Year fireworks show begins at midnight.

    Construction[edit]

    Taipei 101 near the end of construction during 2003, showing the concrete tower at the top still incomplete. The height of the building was still 449.2 meters at the time.

    Planning for Taipei 101 began in July 1997[2] during Chen Shui-bian's term as Taipei mayor. Talks between merchants and city government officials initially centered on a proposal for a 66-story tower to serve as an anchor for new development in Taipei's 101 business district. Planners were considering taking the new structure to a more ambitious height only after an expat suggested it, along with many of the other features used in the design of the building. It wasn't until the summer of 2001 that the city granted a license for the construction of a 101-story tower on the site. In the meantime, construction proceeded and the first tower column was erected in the summer of 2000.[2][28]

    A major earthquake took place in Taiwan during 31 March 2002 destroying a construction crane at the rooftop, which was at floor number 47. The crane fell down onto the Xinyi Road beneath the tower, crushing several vehicles and causing five deaths—two crane operators and three workers who were not properly harnessed. However, an inspection showed no structural damage to the building, and construction work was able to restart within a week.[29]

    Taipei 101's roof was completed three years later on 1 July 2003. Ma Ying-jeou, in his first term as Taipei mayor, fastened a golden bolt to signify the achievement.[8] The formal opening of the tower took place on New Year's Eve 2004. President Chen Shui-bian, Taipei Mayor Ma Ying-jeou and Legislative Speaker Wang Jin-pyng cut the ribbon. Open-air concerts featured a number of popular performers, including singers A-Mei and Stefanie Sun. Visitors rode the elevators to the Observatory for the first time. A few hours later the first fireworks show at Taipei 101 heralded the arrival of a new year.[30][31][32][33]

    Events[edit]

    E=mc2lighting on 19 April 2005

    Taipei 101 is the site of many special events. Art exhibits, as noted above, regularly take place in the Observatory. A few noteworthy dates since the tower's opening include these.

    On 28 February 2005, former President of the United States Bill Clinton visited and signed copies of his autobiography.[34] On 19 April 2005, the tower displayed the formula "E=mc2" in lights to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the publication of Einstein'stheory of relativity. The display, the largest of 65,000 such displays in 47 countries, was part of the international celebration Physics Enlightens the World.[35] On 20 October 2006, the tower displayed a pink ribbon in lights to promote breast cancer awareness. The ten-day campaign was sponsored by Taipei 101's ownership and Estée Lauder.[35]

    On 25 December 2004, French rock and urban climberAlain Robert made an authorized climb to the top of the pinnacle in four hours.[36] On 12 December 2007, Austrian base jumperFelix Baumgartner survived an unauthorized parachute jump from the 91st floor.[37] On 20 November 2005, the First annual Taipei 101 Run Up featured a race up the 2,046 steps from floors 1 to 91. Proceeds were to benefit Taiwan's Olympic teams. The men's race was won by Paul Crake of Australia (10 minutes, 29 seconds), and the women's race by Andrea Mayr of Austria (12 minutes, 38 seconds).[35] On 15 June 2008, Taipei 101 Run Up featured 2,500 participants. The men's race was won by Thomas Dold of Germany (10 minutes, 53 seconds); 2007 champion Marco De Gasperi of Italy finished second and Chen Fu-tsai of Taiwan finished third. The women's race was won by Lee Hsiao-yu of Taiwan (14 minutes, 53 seconds).[38][39] On 6 December 2014, Japanese idol group HKT48 held a small concert on the 91st-floor observatory as the premiere of their tour in Taiwan.[40][41]

    New Year's Eve fireworks displays[edit]

    New Year fireworks at Taipei 101, then show the "2008 TAIWAN" symbol image

    The New Year's Eve show in Taipei is hosted at the Taipei City Hall, which also provides a view of Taipei 101 which is lit up with fireworks. Another popular location for crowds to gather to see the fireworks display is the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall. For the first three years (2004–2006), the annual fireworks show at Taipei 101 was preceded by the sequential display of numerals in lights on each section on huge panels displays to count down the last eight seconds to midnight. Since 2007 the building has been completely darkened, then fireworks begin to launch sequentially from the lower to upper sections.

    • 2003–2004: Building still under construction. Spinning lights on the Outdoor Observatory (floor 91) provided a display of sound and lights, but no fireworks were launched.
    • 2004–2005: Grand opening of Taipei 101 celebrated with the first fireworks display. The show lasted 35 seconds. Rockets were launched from section balconies. Festivities included all-day performances by famous entertainers and ceremonial visits by national dignitaries.
    • 2005–2006: Show extended to 128 seconds. Sony sponsored the show, which concluded with a display of the brand name in lights.
    • 2006–2007: Show extended to 188 seconds; 9,000 rockets were launched. This was Sony's second time sponsoring the event.
    • 2007–2008: Show same length but featuring 12,000 rockets. Event Sponsor Taiwan Tourism Bureau ended the show with a display, in lights, of a heart over the word 'Taiwan'.
    • 2008–2009: A conspicuously more modest show than those which preceded it. The theme was "Love Taiwan With Your Heart in 2009". The show ended with the four sides of the building displaying lights in four colors (red, blue, green, and yellow) to represent happiness, vision, sustainability and passion.
    • 2009–2010: The display regained some of the dazzle of 2005–2008 shows but remained more brief in duration. The theme was "Taiwan Up".
    • 2010–2011: Show extended to 288 seconds (100 sec. for flash effects and 188 sec. for fireworks), and designed by Cai Guo-Qiang, the artist also responsible for Beijing Olympics and World Expo Shanghai's fireworks. The theme was "100 ROC" (100th anniversary of the Republic of China) which extended on the "Love Taiwan" theme. 2010 was also the year the Floral Expo was held in Taipei, and at Dajia Riverside Park there was another New Year's Eve event. It was a VIP event, but was broadcast simultaneously with the City Hall event. The display on the building was accompanied by fireworks going off other buildings in the Xinyi financial district. One concept was for fireworks to spiral up and down the building like dragon crawling, but technical difficulties caused some disappointment with what was anticipated (reported by the media to be more like "a worm"). It also took 30 seconds for the host to realize the fireworks were over.
    • 2011–2012: The show was shortened to 202 seconds and was considered to be more conservative than that of the previous year, but featuring the largest number of rockets launched to date, totaling 30,000. The theme coincided with the 101st anniversary of the ROC. It also gained attention on YouTube, where viewers noticed an apparent "UFO" in the seconds before the fireworks started, later determined to be a radio-controlled glider with flashing lights.
    • 2012–2013: The show was designed by the French pyrotechnics company Groupe F and was 198 seconds in length, featuring 22,000 rockets launched to an adaptation of Igor Stravinsky's The Firebird. The theme was "Swing for the Future". The words "Time for Taiwan" (both in English and Mandarin Chinese) were displayed in lights at the building to promote Taiwan Tourism Bureau's current advertising campaign.
    • 2013–2014: The show lasted 218 seconds and a thematic music was created for the first time by local musicians to commemorate Taipei 101's 10th anniversary.
    • 2014–2015: Marked 10th anniversary since the official opening on 31 December 2004. The show performed for 218 seconds. iSee Taiwan Foundation sponsored the fireworks to promote the beauty of Taiwanese culture and creativity. The firework music was arranged by Taiwanese Golden Melody award winner—Mr. Lee, Che-Yi, blended with the famous classical song The four seasons by Vivaldi and many Taiwanese folk music. Performed and recorded by Taipei Symphony Orchestra.
    • 2015–2016: It's the fourth time Group F designed the firework show for Taipei 101, with a green theme "Nature is Future" this year. The 238-second display was considered the longest performance ever. In addition to the most various and natural patterns of flowers, birds, seahorses, fish, etc. were projected, 30,000 effects were one of the most to show. It's also the first time to have professional climbers to settle the firework racks onto the building façades. Mr. Lee, Chi-Yi once again arranged the music mixed with international and Taiwanese rhythms reflecting the nature-related theme and Evergreen Symphony Orchestra played the role of performance. A young Taiwanese IT design company BungBungame became the exclusive sponsor supporting a symbolic event showing Taiwan to the world.
    • 2020: Taipei 101 displayed a show with the theme of "Light of Hope, Taiwan", launching 16,000 fireworks at midnight.[42]

    Architecture[edit]

    Height[edit]

    Taipei 101 comprises 101 floors above ground, as well as five basement levels. The first building to break the half-kilometer mark in height,[8] it was the world's tallest building from 31 March 2004 to 10 March 2010.[43][44] As of 18 April 2019[update], it is still the world's largest and tallest green building.[12][13]

    Taipei 101 was the world's tallest building, at 508.2 m (1,667 ft) as measured to its architectural top (spire), exceeding that of the Petronas Towers, which were previously the tallest skyscraper at 451.9 m (1,483 ft). The height to the top of the roof, at 449.2 m (1,474 ft), and highest occupied floor, at 439.2 m (1,441 ft), surpassed the previous records of the Willis Tower: 442 m (1,450 ft) and 412.4 m (1,353 ft), respectively.[8][45][46][47][48] It also surpassed the 85-story, 347.5 m (1,140 ft) Tuntex Sky Tower in Kaohsiung as the tallest building in Taiwan and the 51-story, 244.15 m (801 ft) Shin Kong Life Tower as the tallest building in Taipei.[49][50] Taipei 101 claimed the official records for the world's tallest sundial and the world's largest New Year's Eve countdown clock.[31]

    Various sources, including the building's owners, give the height of Taipei 101 as 508 m (1,667 ft), roof height and top floor height as 448 m (1,470 ft) and 438 m (1,437 ft). This lower figure is derived by measuring from the top of a 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) platform at the base.[1][8] CTBUH standards, though, include the height of the platform in calculating the overall height, as it represents part of the man-made structure and is above the level of the surrounding pavement.[45][47][46][48] Taipei 101 displaced the Petronas Towers as the tallest building in the world by 57.3 m (188 ft).[47][51] The record it claimed for greatest height from ground to pinnacle was surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which is 829.8 m (2,722 ft) in height. Taipei 101's records for roof height and highest occupied floor briefly passed to the Shanghai World Financial Center in 2008, which in turn yielded these records as well to the Burj.[45][47]

    Overall, Taipei 101 was the tallest building in the world for six years, being surpassed by the Burj Khalifa in 2010. For 12 years it also had the fastest elevator, at 38 miles per hour. It also has the largest wind damper in the world, at 18 feet across.[52] Taipei 101 is currently the eleventh-tallest building in the world, according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat's official rankings.[53]

    Structural design[edit]

    The Taipei 101 is designed to withstand typhoon winds and earthquake tremors that are common in the area in the east of Taiwan. Evergreen Consulting Engineering, the structural engineer, designed Taipei 101 to withstand gale winds of 60 meters per second (197 ft/s), (216 km/h or 134 mph), as well as the strongest earthquakes in a 2,500-year cycle.[54]

    Taipei 101 was designed to be flexible as well as structurally resistant, because while flexibility prevents structural damage, resistance ensures comfort both for the occupants and for the protection of the glass, curtain walls, and other features.[55] Most designs achieve the necessary strength by enlarging critical structural elements such as bracing. Because of the height of Taipei 101, combined with the surrounding area's geology—the building is located just 660 ft (200 m) away from a major fault line[56]—Taipei 101 used high-performance steel construction and 36 columns, including eight "mega-columns" packed with 10,000 psi (69 MPa) concrete.[27] Outrigger trusses, located at eight-floor intervals, connect the columns in the building's core to those on the exterior.[29]

    These features, combined with the solidity of its foundation, made Taipei 101 one of the most stable buildings ever constructed.[citation needed] The foundation is reinforced by 380 piles driven 80 m (262 ft) into the ground, extending as far as 30 m (98 ft) into the bedrock. Each pile is 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) in diameter and can bear a load of 1,000–1,320 metric tons (1,100–1,460 short tons).[27] During construction, on 31 March 2002, a 6.8-magnitude earthquake rocked Taipei; two construction cranes from the 56th floor, the highest floor at the time, toppled. Five people died in the accident, but an inspection showed no structural damage to the building, and construction soon resumed.[29]

    RWDI designed a 660 metric tons (728 short tons)[57][58][59] steel pendulum that serves as a tuned mass damper, at a cost of NT$132 million (US$4 million).[60] Suspended from the 92nd to the 87th floor, the pendulum sways to offset movements in the building caused by strong gusts. Its ball, the largest damper ball in the world, consists of 41 circular steel plates of varying diameters, each 125 mm (4.92 in) thick, welded together to form a 5.5-meter-diameter (18 ft) ball. Two additional tuned mass dampers, each weighing 6 metric tons (7 short tons), are installed at the tip of the spire which help prevent damage to the structure due to strong wind loads.[60][61] On 8 August 2015, strong winds from Typhoon Soudelor swayed the main damper by 1 meter (39 in)—the largest movement ever recorded by the damper.[62][63]

    The damper has become such a popular tourist attraction that the city contracted Sanrio to create a mascot: the Damper Baby. Four versions of the Damper Baby ("Rich Gold", "Cool Black", "Smart Silver" and "Lucky Red") were designed and made into figurines and souvenirs sold in various Taipei 101 gift shops. Damper Baby has become a popular local icon, with its own comic book and website.[64][65][66]

    Structural facade[edit]

    View from the base of the tower, looking up

    Ruyi figure over one of the building's entrances

    Shadow of the tower in the late afternoon; the adjoining park (circular feature, bottom) acts as the face of a sundial.

    Taipei 101's characteristic blue-green glass curtain walls are double paned and glazed, offer heat and UV protection sufficient to block external heat by 50 percent, and can sustain impacts of 7 metric tons (8 short tons).[54] The facade system of glass and aluminum panels installed into an inclined movement-resisting lattice contributes to overall lateral rigidity by tying back to the mega-columns with one-story high trusses at every eighth floor. This facade system is, therefore, able to withstand up to 95 mm (4 in) of seismic lateral displacements without damage.[67] The facade system is also known as a Damper.

    The original corners of the cade were tested at RWDI in Ontario, Canada. A simulation of a 100-year storm at RWDI revealed a vortex that formed during a 3-second 105-mile-per-hour (169 km/h) wind at a height of 10 meters, or equivalent to the lateral tower sway rate causing large crosswindoscillations. A double chamfered step design was found to dramatically reduce this crosswind oscillation, resulting in the final design's "double stairstep" corner facade.[68] Architect C.Y. Lee also used extensive facade elements to represent the symbolic identity he pursued. These facade elements included the green tinted glass for the indigenous slender bamboo look, eight upper outwards inclined tiers of pagoda each with eight floors, a Ruyi and a money box symbol between the two facade sections among others.[69]

    Taipei 101's own roof and facade recycled water system meets 20 to 30 percent of the building's water needs. In July 2011, Taipei 101 was certified "the world's tallest green building" under LEED standards.[70]

    Symbolism[edit]

    The height of 101 floors commemorates the renewal of time: the new century that arrived as the tower was built (100+1) and all the new years that follow (1 January = 1-01). It symbolizes lofty ideals by going one better on 100, a traditional number of perfection. The number also evokes the binary numeral system used in digital technology.[27]

    The main tower features a series of eight segments of eight floors each. In Chinese-speaking cultures the number eight is associated with abundance, prosperity and good fortune.[71][72]

    The repeated segments simultaneously recall the rhythms of an Asian pagoda (a tower linking earth and sky, also evoked in the Petronas Towers), a stalk of bamboo (an icon of learning and growth), and a stack of ancient Chinese ingots or money boxes (a symbol of abundance). Popular humor sometimes likens the building's shape to a stack of take-out boxes as used in Western-style Chinese food; of course, the stackable shape of such boxes is likewise derived from that of ancient money boxes.[73] The four discs mounted on each face of the building where the pedestal meets the tower represent coins. The emblem placed over entrances shows three gold coins of ancient Chinese design with central holes shaped to imply the Arabic numerals1-0-1.[27] The structure incorporates many shapes of squares and circles to reach a balance between yin and yang.

    Curled ruyi figures appear throughout the structure as a design motif. Though the shape of each ruyi at Taipei 101 is traditional, its rendering in industrial metal is plainly modern. The ruyi is a talisman of ancient origin associated in art with heavenly clouds. It connotes healing, protection and fulfillment. It appears in celebrations of the attainment of new career heights.[74][75] The sweeping curved roof of the adjoining mall culminates in a colossal ruyi that shades pedestrians.[75] Each ruyi ornament on the exterior of the Taipei 101 tower stands at least 8 m (26 ft) tall.[76]

    At night the bright yellow gleam from its pinnacle casts Taipei 101 in the role of a candle or torch upholding the ideals of liberty and welcome. From 6:00 to 10:00 each evening[77] the tower's lights display one of seven colors in the spectrum of visible light. The colors coincide with the days of the week:[78]

    Day Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
    Color red orange yellow green blue indigo violet

    The adjoining Taipei 101 on the east side connects the landmark further with the symbolism of time. The design of the circular park doubles as the face of a giant sundial. The tower itself casts the shadow to mark afternoon hours for the building's occupants. The park's design is echoed in a clock that stands at its entrance. The clock runs on energy drawn from the building's wind shear.[79]

    Taipei 101, like many of its neighboring buildings, exemplifies the influence of feng shui philosophy. An example appears in the form of a large granite fountain at the intersection of Songlian Road and Xinyi Road near the tower's east entrance.[80] A ball at the fountain's top spins toward the tower. As a work of public art the fountain offers a contrast to the tower in texture even as its design echoes the tower's rhythms. The fountain also serves a practical function in feng shui philosophy. A T intersection near the entrance of a building represents a potential drain of positive energy, or ch'i, from the structure and its occupants.[81][82] Placing flowing water at such spots is thought to help redirect the flow of ch'i.[83][84]

    Interior[edit]

    Taipei 101 is the first record-setting skyscraper to be constructed in the 21st century. It exhibits a number of technologically advanced features as it provides a center for business and recreation.[8]

    The original 2004 fiber-optic and satellite Internet connections permitted transfer speeds up to a gigabit per second.[55]

    The double-deck elevators built by the Japanese Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation (TELC) set a new record in 2004 with the fastest ascending speeds in the world. At 60.6 kilometers (37.7 mi) per hour, 16.83 m (55.22 ft) per second, or 1,010 m/min,[60] the speed of Taipei 101's elevators is 34.7 percent faster than the previous record holders of the Yokohama Landmark Towerelevator, Yokohama, Japan, which reaches speeds of 12.5 m (41 ft) per second (45 km/h, 28 mph). Taipei 101's elevators sweep visitors from the fifth floor to the 89th-floor observatory in only 37 seconds.[85] Each elevator features an aerodynamic body, full pressurization, state-of-the art emergency braking systems, and the world's first triple-stage anti-overshooting system. The cost for each elevator is NT$80 million (US$2.4 million).[86][87][88][89]

    A 660-metric-ton (728-short-ton) tuned mass damper (TMD), located between the 87th and 91st floors,[60] stabilizes the tower against movements caused by high winds.[68] The damper can reduce up to 40 percent of the tower's movements.[90][28] The TMD is visible to all visitors on the 87th through 91st floors.[60]

    Two restaurants have opened on the 85th floor: Diamond Tony's, which offers European-style seafood and steak, and Shin Yeh 101 (欣葉), which offers Taiwanese Hokkien cuisine. Occupying all of the 86th floor is Taiwanese restaurant Ding Xian 101.[91]Din Tai Fung, several international dining establishments and retail outlets also operate in the adjoining mall. The multistory retail mall adjoining the tower is home to hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants, clubs and other attractions. The mall's interior is modern in design even as it makes use of traditional elements. The curled ruyi symbol is a recurring motif inside the mall. Many features of the interior also observe feng shui traditions.[84]

    Floor directory[edit]

    A tenant directory is posted in the first floor's lobby (visible from the Xinyi entrance).

    The number 4 is considered an unlucky number in Chinese culture,[72] so what would have been the 44th floor has been replaced by Level 43, with 42A replacing the actual 43 to compensate for the skipped floor number.[citation needed]

    As of 1 January 2011, the highest occupied office floor (excluding the observatory and restaurants) was 75. The building appears to be at least 70 percent occupied at this point.

    There is a freight elevator that stops at every level from B5 to 91, with a button for every floor.[citation needed]

    The 92nd through 100th floors are officially designated as communication floors, although it's unknown if there are any radio or TV stations currently broadcasting from the top of Taipei 101. The 101st floor indoor/outdoor rooftop observatory opened to the public on 14 June 2019.[92]

    The top 10 floors are to have stated on their website to contain a radio and television relay station, Emergency system receiving/signaling relay station, telecommunications stations, and an outdoor antenna frame on 96F, which offers power, fire protection, telecom systems, and security related systems, according to their website.[citation needed]

    The 101st floor is home to a private VIP club named Summit 101, according to the observatory brochure. Before 2014, no information about this club was ever made public.[93] In 2014, photos of the exclusive club were shown on TV for the first time. A Taipei Financial Center Corporation spokesman said that only foreign dignitaries, Hollywood film actors, and high spenders in the Taipei 101 Mall (over NT $1 million in purchases) had been invited to the VIP club.[94]

    Access to the 101st floor requires two elevator transfers on the 89th and 93rd floors, respectively. There is only one service elevator that facilitates access to the top nine floors (93–101). The 101st floor is divided into three levels: 101F (lower), 101MF (mezzanine) and 101RF (roof). The VIP club exists on the lower level, while 101RF, a mechanical floor, provides access to the 60-meter tall spire, which has 24 levels (numbered R1 through R24) that can only be accessed via ladder.[citation needed]

    Taipei 101, first from right, compared with other tallest buildings

    Elevator[edit]

    The Taipei 101 includes two high-speed observatory single deck elevators manufactured by Toshiba in cooperation with Kone, which manufactured the machines in almost all of its elevators. Their highest speed is 1,010 meters per minute (about 60.6 kilometers per hour). It only takes 37 seconds to travel from the fifth floor to the 89th floor of the skyscraper. In 2016, the title for the fastest elevator was taken away by the Shanghai Tower in Shanghai.[95] Shortly after, the title for the world's fastest elevator was passed on yet again to the Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre.[96] The shuttle double deck elevators only serves 35F/36F and 59F/60F.[citation needed]

    Floor plan[edit]

    Observation deck[edit]

    On the 91F outdoor observatory at 391.8 m (1,285 ft)

    On the 89F indoor observatory

    Artwork outside the mall at night

    Taipei 101 features an indoor observation deck on the 88th and 89th floors, and two outdoor observation decks (91st floor and 101st floor), all offering 360-degree views and attract visitors from around the world. The Indoor Observatory stands 383.4 m (1,258 ft) above ground, offering a comfortable environment, large windows with UV protection, recorded voice tours in eight languages, and informative displays and special exhibits. Here, one may view the skyscraper's main damper, which is the world's largest and heaviest visible damper, and buy food, drinks and gift items. Two more flights of stairs take visitors up to the Outdoor Observatory. The Outdoor Observatories, at 391.8 m (1,285 ft) and 449.2 m (1,474 ft) above ground,[8][97] is the second-highest observation deck ever provided in a skyscraper and the highest such platform in Taiwan.[49][98]

    The Indoor Observatory is open thirteen hours a day (9:00 am–10:00 pm) throughout the week as well as on special occasions; the Outdoor Observatory is open during the same hours as weather permits. Tickets may be purchased on site in the shopping mall (5th floor) or in advance through the Observatory's website.[99] Tickets cost NT$600 (US$19.42, as of 20 October 2018) and allow access to the 88th through 91st floors via high-speed elevator.[100]

    In 2019, its 101 top floor opened for the first time to the public,[101] starting 14 June with only 36 people given access each day.[102] The 91st-floor observatory used to be the highest floor that open to the public until 14 June 2019 when it was announced by the building's management team that the 101st floor (at 460 m above sea level) will be opened to the general public, with a quota of 36 people per day and is subject to prior booking.[103] Going onto the outdoor viewing platform requires safety equipment, such as a safety belt buckled to the railing.

    Art[edit]

    Many works of art appear in and around Taipei 101. These include: German artist Rebecca Horn's Dialog between Yin and Yang in 2002 (steel, iron), American artist Robert Indiana's 1-0 in 2002 and Love in 2003 (aluminum), French artist Ariel Moscovici's Between Earth and Sky in 2002 (rose de la claret granite), Taiwanese artist Chung Pu's Global Circle In 2002 (black granite, white marble), British artist Jill Watson's City Composition in 2002 (Bronze), and Taiwanese artist Kang Mu Hsiang's Infinite Life in 2013 (aluminum).[27] Moreover, the Indoor Observatory hosts a regular series of exhibitions. The artists represented have included Wu Ching (gold sculpture), Ping-huang Chang (traditional painting) and Po-lin Chi (aerial photography).[35]

    Gallery[edit]

    • Taipei 101 viewed from below

    • Tip of Taipei 101 illuminated on a Sunday night (purple)

    • Entrance to Taipei 101 Observation Deck

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

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    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taipei_101

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