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Deer Valley Petroglyph Preserve

United States historic place in Maricopa County, Arizona

United States historic place

The Deer Valley Petroglyph Preserve, formerly known as the Deer Valley Rock Art Center,[1] is a 47-acre nature preserve featuring over 1500 Hohokam, Patayan, and Archaicpetroglyphs visible on 500 basalt boulders in the Deer Valley area of Phoenix, Arizona.[2] In 1980, the US Army Corps of Engineers contracted Simon J. Bruder to conduct an archaeological investigation prior to the construction of the Adobe Dam at the Hedgpeth Hills. The petroglyphs are between 500 and 5,000 years old. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, and it was also listed with the Phoenix Points of Pride. The preserve and museum are operated by the ASU College of Liberal Arts and Sciences's School of Human Evolution and Social Change.

The museum was designed by Will Bruder and was constructed move to amend california the site in 1994.

Archaeological history of the site[edit]

In 1980, the US Army Corps of Engineers contracted the Museum of Northern Arizona to conduct an archaeological investigation prior to the construction of the Adobe Dam at the Hedgpeth Hills. The Museum of Northern Arizona and in a project directed by J. Simon Bruder conducted extensive fieldwork and they discovered a wide variety of features and artifacts. Their fieldwork lasted three months and an archaeological report was published. Some significant findings include: approximately 1,571 petroglyphs on 579 boulders, ground stone and chipped stone quarries, cobble hammerstones, shells and bones, a single pithouse with 10 cooking pits and two trash deposits, a possible canal, agriculture evidence, several small stone masonry rooms, and a check dam. These findings along with excavation reports, maps, images, were published in the Digital Antiquity and then most recently posted in the Digital Archaeological Record. The site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, and it was also listed with the Phoenix Points of Pride.

Bruder concluded that there were 37 different types of design elements with 143 varieties present at the site. The majority of the designs were linear along with curvilinear abstractions. These designs were photographed, drawn, and later digitally documented which allows for close examination and research that continues today.

The investigation ultimately concluded that the petroglyphs present relate to three archaeological traditions. These include the Western Archaic Tradition dating from about 5000 BC to 300 AD, the West valley rock tradition from 300 to 1450 AD, and the Patayan tradition from about 700-1550 AD. The artifacts present indicate that the site was primarily visited as people through the area on their way to settlements in the vicinity. People stopped here briefly to manufacture tools, perform rituals, and stay temporarily.

The preserve was created via a partnership between the federal, state, county, and city levels. After this establishment and the archaeological excavations, the Adobe Dam was given the clearance to be built as its purpose was to be stop flooding from the Skunk Creek located nearby. Today, the dam, land, and building are all the property of the Flood Control District of Maricopa County while the actual site is operated by the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University.

The petroglyphs[edit]

The petroglyphs are the most famous finds of the excavation were dated to be made between 500 and 5,000 years old.[3]Rock art, such as these petroglyphs, is considered a meaningful social practice and provides extensive evidence of life and cultural values in the past. This is the only form of visual symbolism or mediums still left today as many other materials have perished with time. Because these petroglyphs are so visible throughout the site, they are frequently examined and studied still today. These petroglyphs were used for various religious and cultural practices primarily during the Hohokam Preclassic era ca. AD 700-1100 and likely ceased during the Hohokam Classic Period, ca. AD 1100–1450.

Throughout the Phoenix Basin, many other petroglyphs sites are present, indicating a rich history of the Hohokam and strong connections with the land. The petroglyphs in the South Mountain and Phoenix area were used for ritual practices including South Mountain, Deer Valley, and Hayden Butte. The Leonard Monti Trail in the Hayden Butte Preserve near Arizona State University features a large panel of Hohokam rock that visitors can easily see today. Along with this, individuals can schedule guided tours of the petroglyphs visible at South Mountain as they are located off the traditional trail and not as visible

Arizona State University's presence at the site[edit]

The preserve and museum are operated by

PMGT 10: Introduction to Park Management

3 unit: lecture 3 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This west valley rock provides an introduction to public land management and the history of environmental thought from prehistoric time to the creation of the world’s first protected public parks and forests. Throughout this course the student has the opportunity to explore how the social, economic, political, cultural, and west valley rock influences led to the creation of our national parks. Also the student has the opportunity to learn about the variety of city, county, state, regional open space, and federal land management agencies, their missions and employment opportunities.

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2 units: lecture 2 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University.

This specialized course explores techniques for improving communication skills with the public, colleagues, and other agencies and organizations. Emphasis is placed on developing strong interpersonal, oral, and written communication skills within the context of natural and cultural resource agencies.

PMGT 12A: Basic Outdoor Skills

2 units: lecture 1 unit; lab 1 unit

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course introduces the student to those skills necessary to camp and backpack using environmentally sensitive methods. Other topics include equipment evaluation and use, back-country first aid and those skills necessary for the back-country traveler. West valley rock and three-day backpacking trips required.

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PMGT 12C: Advanced Outdoor Skills and Survival

3 units: lecture 2 units; lab 1 unit

Prerequisites: PMGT 12A

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course is designed to advance existing basic outdoor skills typical of those needed by public service credit union atm near me and private land stewards and backcountry travelers working or recreating in underdeveloped and remote settings. Emphasis is on self-survival skills including: shelter building, staying warm, finding water, tracking, working in adverse weather conditions, independent critical decision-making and teamwork.

PMGT 13: Wildland Fire Suppression

2 units: lecture 2 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course provides the training necessary for the federal Interagency “RED” card for wildland firefighter. Subjects include ignition, behavior, and spread of forest fires, influence and role of topography and fuels, philosophy behind prescribed fire, fire suppression equipment, methods of fire prevention and suppression, Incident Command System, and the national wildland fire control organizations.

PMGT 14: Conservation of Our Natural Resources

3 units: lecture 3 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course emphasizes the conservation of our natural resources from the view of conservation problems by considering the history of human popula-tions in the relation to natural resources, their present predicament, and their future outlook. This course also covers conservation as it pertains to water, timber, wildlife, soil, and air.

PMGT 15A: Duties of the Park Professional

3 units: lecture 2 units; lab 1 unit

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course addresses specific contemporary topics and issues pertinent to the operation and management of public and private lands. This course includes strategies for invasive species reduction, wetland and desert land management, timber harvest management, visitor use management, chase loan officer materials management, search and rescue management, media relations, agency liability, visitor safety and ranger safety.

PMGT 15B: Natural & Cultural Resource Interpretation

3 units: lecture 2 units; lab 1 unit

Acceptable for credit: California State University

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PMGT 15C: Introduction to Park Maintenance

3 units: lecture 1 unit; lab 2 units

Prerequisite: PMGT 10

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course is an introduction to park maintenance skills and management. Students have opportunities to learn basic skills in the following subjects: carpentry, plumbing, electrical, concrete, painting, and drywall construction. Other topics include selecting materials, tool use and application, project planning, and interpreting plans. Students also have opportunities to learn west valley rock to integrate safety into park maintenance operations and learn the basic principles and methods of managing a park maintenance operation.

PMGT 17: Basic Horticulture for Parks

3 units: lecture 3 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

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PMGT 18: Park Planning and Design

2 units: lecture 2 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course provides an introduction to park planning and design. Students have opportunities to learn about how to design facilities within a park environment. Other topics include the materials and techniques used for constructing ecologically sound facilities that fit into a specific park environment. Students also have opportunities to learn how to integrate the needs of park visitors with the natural and cultural resources of the park, and learn about environmental assessments needed to plan and design facilities in parks.

PMGT 19: Wilderness First Responder

5 units: lecture 5 units; best co2 bb gun 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This 90-hour course of lecture and supervised practical exercises provides public land agency personnel, outdoor leaders, guides, and wilderness travelers with the opportunity to gain a thorough understanding of the basic principles of emergency medical care for both urban and wilderness environments. This certification course consists of the Federal DOT First Responder curriculum with modifications and additional protocols to meet the specific needs of direct deposit account number medical care in remote environments. Certification upon successful course completion includes WVC-PM’s “First Responder” and “Wilderness First Responder” and American Heart Association’s “CPR for the Healthcare Provider” or American Red Cross’ “CPR for the Professional Rescuer.” Pass/No Pass Option

PMGT 19B: Wilderness First Responder Refresher

2 units: lecture 2 units; lab 0 units

This refresher course is intended to give students an update on changes and improvements on techniques and methodologies for the Wilderness First Responder. This course with updated standards and protocols offers students an opportunity to work and practice the most current diagnostic and treatment skills. The student must possess a valid Professional Rescuer CPR with AED certificate prior to the start of class.

PMGT 20A: Employment Preparation

1 unit: lecture 1 unit; lab 0 units

Prerequisites: PMGT 15A and PMGT 15B and PMGT 15C; or PMGT 16A and PMGT 16C and PMGT 16E Prerequisites PMGT 15A, 15B, 15C are required for PMGT students. Prerequisites PMGT 16A, 16C 16E are required for Geospatial PMGT students.

Corequisites: PMGT 20B

Acceptable for credit: California State University

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PMGT 20B: Internship

2 units: Work Experience: 2 units; lab 0 units

Corequisite: PMGT 20A

Acceptable for credit: California State University

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PMGT 21: Park Operations

1 unit: lecture 0 units; lab 1 unit

Acceptable for credit: California State University

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1 unit: lecture 0 units; lab 1 unit

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PMGT 24: Wilderness Navigation

1 unit: lecture 0.5 unit; lab 0.5 unit

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This land navigation course is intended to give the student a thorough knowledge of, and skills in reading and using topographic maps, the compass, terrain reading and interpretation, and combining the information and skills to navigate in the wilderness. This course also covers the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and basic desktop computer mapping programs.

PMGT 26: Regenerative Agriculture for Parks

3 units: lecture 3 units; lab 0 units

Acceptable for credit: California State University

This course is designed to introduce students to the topic of Regenerative Agriculture, its benefits to increasing carbon sequestration in the land through modern agricultural techniques, and how it pertains to public lands

Источник: https://www.westvalley.edu/academics/park-management/courses.html
Arizona State University's School of Human Evolution and Social Change. Since 1994, the university has taken extensive measures to preserve the site as well as protect and operate it on a daily basis. They provide the public with numerous ways to explore and learn about the site. Along with this, they offer education about the indigenous cultures associated with the site through a variety of mediums including publications, guided tours, and lectures.

[edit]

Since Arizona State University has taken control in 1994, rockland county covid cases have made the site a community focus in six main focuses:

  1. Canyon Records: Canyon Records is a Phoenix, Arizona-based music store that has produced and distributed Native American music since 1994. Their partnership with the university began in 2017 with the goal to provide educational materials for the site. Canyon Records promotes Native American cultural and heritage and the site. They provide and continue to update many forms of expression including art, music, and writing sources
  2. Act One: Act One is an Arizona-based organization that provides meaningful experiences to Title 1 schools that have funds for both educational culture and arts field trips and free museum admission with the Culture Pass program. The preserve participates in both of these programs and also offers specific days each month for Title 1 school field trips.
  3. Archaeology Southwest: Archaeology Southwest is one of the most popular organizations that explores the past through a holistic, conservation-based approach, something that Arizona State University and the organization strive for. The organization's magazine is sold at the preserve and lectures are held by members of their team on topics of archaeology and research methods. The organization is also consulted by ASU when local research needs to be conducted.
  4. Arizona Master Naturalist: The Arizona Master Naturalist Association (AZMN) provides natural resource volunteers who are skilled and knowledgeable about sites across the state. They provide the preserve with these skilled volunteers who provide education, stewardship, and information to the daily visitors. This furthers the preserve and the university's mission of education.
  5. Osher Lifelong Learning Institute: The Osher Lifelong Learning Institute is based out of Arizona State University and gives university-quality, non-credit classes for students 50 and up. Themed lecture classes are offered td bank open till 8pm today the preserve and are specialized in a variety of cross-disciplinary studies including anthropology, global health, archaeology, and life sciences. These courses are led by graduate students and faculty during the fall semesters.
  6. Girl Scouts of the USA: The preserve is an official partner with west valley rock Arizona Cactus-Pine Council. They work with the organization to provide badge and patch workshops that focus on topics of archaeology, preservation, and desert wildlife. The main goal is to provide valuable, engaging, and unique learning experiences for girls in the Phoenix area.

Exhibits[edit]

Arizona State University and SHESC have worked together to provide numerous exhibits at the site that further enhance the educational mission of the site. The permanent exhibit, Leaving Marks: The Rock Art and Archaeology of Deer Valley, seeks to provide a detailed history of the site and the significance it has to the surrounding areas. This exhibit was made possible due to a grant from the Arizona Humanities Council. Some other exhibits that have been at the preserve include Legacy of Landscapes: The Art and Archaeology of Perry Mesa, One World, Many Voices: The Artistry of Canyon Records, Fragments: Piecing Together Southwest Archaeology, and Pieces of the Puzzle: New Perspectives on the Hohokam.

Deer Valley Rock Art Center[edit]

The Deer Valley Rock Center museum building was designed by architect Will Bruder and landscape architect Christy Ten Eyck and was constructed in 1994.[4] The museum was designed to represent unique architectural solutions combining design elements of steel and concrete. It is shaped like a boomerang as it is meant to symbolize connecting the city of Phoenix to the sanctuary of the preserve. It has space for ongoing exhibits, teaching, research, and presentation. Serving as a focal point at the preserve, thousands of visitors pass through it each year. It also attracts those interested in architectural design and landscape architecture from across the globe.

Gallery[edit]

Hohokam petroglyphs and other items at the Deer Valley Rock Art Center

  • National Register of Historic Places Marker

  • A prehistoric Hohokam cooking pit

  • A petroglyph with a spiral carved into it

  • A petroglyph "scene" with two deer bumping heads (bottom right)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deer_Valley_Petroglyph_Preserve

Hazardous Waste Cleanup: West Valley Demonstration Project USDOE in West Valley, New York

On this page:

  • Cleanup Status
  • Site Description
  • Contaminants at this Facility
  • Site Responsibility

Cleanup Status

All RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) reports have been finalized and approved. There are two areas of concern, the NRC-licensed disposal area (NDA) and the demolition debris landfill. All identified solid waste management units in which there has been a release, or a potential release, of hazardous constituents are under continuous monitoring. A removal action took place at the NDA to remediate the source of organics detected in adjacent groundwater. As an interim corrective measure (ICM), an interceptor trench was built in 1991, close to the NDA, to collect and monitor for any residual contamination that might move via the groundwater.

Since these actions took place, no hazardous contaminants have been detected at the interceptor trench. Groundwater monitoring in several other areas of the site has shown contaminant levels to be slightly elevated above the New York State standards, but these levels are still very low and not feasibly treated by further ICMs at this time. The liquid, high-level radioactive waste has been solidified in glass form (vitrified) and is being temporarily stored on-site in stainless geld overmaken naar creditcard ics canisters within a concrete vault until it can be shipped to an off-site repository. The vitrification unit has been scheduled for closure.

The West Valley Demonstration Project continues to decontaminate the main process plant. Although several rooms within this area cannot be accessed due to high radioactivity levels, these areas are currently stabilized and final corrective measures are being evaluated for all areas west valley rock concern as part of two on-going environmental impact statements (EISs). The first EIS (Waste Management) was issued in final form in December of 2003 and the Record of Decision (ROD) was issued in June, 2005. The second EIS (Site Decommissioning) is currently being drafted, but a firm release date for the Draft EIS has not yet been established. 


 Site Description

The U.S. Department of Energy's West Valley Demonstration Project is located at 10282 Rock Spring Road in West Valley, New York. This is a 167 acre, Department of Energy (DOE)-operated portion of a 3,300-acre site owned by the New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA). See also the fact sheet on Western NY Nuclear Service Center. 

From 1966 to 1972, the plant operated as a commercial nuclear fuels recycling facility. In 1980, Congress passed a law, called the West Valley Demonstration Project Act (WVDP), authorizing DOE to use this site to demonstrate a method for solidifying 600,000 gallons of high-level liquid waste, and requiring them to decontaminate and decommission the facilities used in that effort. 


Contaminants at this Facility

In addition to the radiological threat, many chemicals were associated with the reprocessing of nuclear fuels. These include metals, as well as volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds. Empty spent nuclear fuel cladding, used equipment, protective clothing, contaminated soils, and other associated waste have been buried on-site. An investigation has indicated low-level subsurface soil and groundwater contamination at two units at the facility: the construction and demolition debris landfill (contaminants are 1,1-dichloroethane and 1,1,1-trichloroethane) and the NRC-licensed disposal area (NDA) (contaminants are tributyl phosphate and n-dodecane).


Responsibility at this Facility

RCRA 3008(h) Order on Consent (Docket No. II, RCRA 3008(h)-92-0202) issued in 1992 jointly by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and USEPA.

Facility has Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Interim Status pursuant to State of New York (6 NYCRR) Part 373 Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous Waste Facilities. On July 16, 2003, a Part 373 permit application was requested by the State Department of Environmental Conservation, to be submitted no later than January 31, 2004. Department of Energy (DOE) and New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA) submitted part B application on December 27th, 2004. 

Источник: https://www.epa.gov/hwcorrectiveactionsites/hazardous-waste-cleanup-west-valley-demonstration-project-usdoe-west-valley

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