what is the capital city of washington dc

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: What is the capital city of washington dc

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What is the capital city of washington dc
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what is the capital city of washington dc

What is the capital city of washington dc -

Before Washington, D.C., became America’s capital in 1800, the Congress met in a number of different locations, including Baltimore, Trenton and New York City. After years of debate by the new nation’s leaders about the selection of a permanent seat of government, Congress passed the Residence Act in July 1790, which declared that the capital would be situated somewhere along the Potomac River and granted President George Washington the power to choose the final site. The president also was given the authority to appoint three commissioners to oversee the federal city’s development, and a deadline of December 1800 was established for the completion of a legislative hall for Congress and residence for the chief executive.

In January 1791, George Washington announced his choice for the federal district: 100 square miles of land ceded by Maryland and Virginia (in 1846, the Virginia land was returned to the state, shrinking the district by a third). In September 1791, the commissioners named the federal city in honor of Washington and dubbed the district in which it was located the Territory of Columbia. The name Columbia, derived from explorer Christopher Columbus, was used during the American Revolution era as a patriotic reference for the United States (In 1871, the Territory of Columbia officially was renamed District of Columbia.) Meanwhile, in the spring of 1791, the president hired French-born architect and engineer Pierre Charles L’Enfant to lay out the capital city. L’Enfant, who served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, created a design that featured wide avenues and open spaces; however, he clashed with George Washington’s commissioners as well as local landowners and was forced to resign from the project after less than a year. L’Enfant’s design was revised by later planners.

Congress met in Washington for the first time in November 1800 (the man for whom the city was named had died in December of the previous year), and in February 1801 the District of Columbia, which at the time also included the cities of Alexandria and Georgetown, was placed under the control of Congress. Today, America’s capital city has more than 650,000 residents, and they’re represented by a non-voting delegate in the U.S. House of Representatives. The 23rd Amendment gave citizens of D.C. the right to vote for president, starting in 1964, and since 1974 Washingtonians have elected their own mayor and city council.

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Источник: https://www.history.com

All capitals in the world


Capital cities in Africa


Capitals of Oceania



What is a capital city?

In most cases, the capital is a central city with the most important collection of political institutions. Originally this meant the seat of government. However, as it happens from time to time that a seat of government is moved, the term persisting capital has become more and more popular. Today, this term has mainly symbolic character and is not always synonymous with the seat of government.

For example, the Dutchhave the seat of government in The Hague, while the capital is Amsterdam. Germanyalso had several seats of government (Berlin, Bonn and for a short time even Flensburg) while the capital city was Bonn from 1949 to 1990. Before and after that it was always Berlin.

There is a special feature in South Africa. Here there is no official single capital city, but its tasks were distributed over several cities. The seat of the executive is Pretoria, the legislative has its seat in Cape Town and the judiciary in Bloemfontein. The seat of government, however, is only in Pretoria, which is why this city is usually considered the de facto capital.

Political and economic centre

Capital Kuala LumpurIn many cases, the capital is also the largest or at least one of the largest cities in the country. The capital is considered a stable centre and therefore attracts large companies as a stable institution. However, there are exceptions to this rule: Washington D.C. may be the capital of the USA, but due to the vastness of the country, it has never been able to develop into the economic centre. To date, Washington is not even among the 20 largest cities in the country.

Smallest capitals of the world

By far the smallest capitals in the world are Adamstown on the Pitcairn Islandswith 40 inhabitants and King Edward Point on the South Sandwich Islandswith only 18 inhabitants. Neither of these are independent and sovereign states, but British overseas territories. Montserratis also a British overseas territory. According to the constitution, the city Plymouth is still the official capital. After several volcanic eruptions between 1995 and 1997, there is no longer a single resident and access to the city is closed. De facto the city of Brades became the capital afterwards.

Data as CSV file

A more detailed list of all capital cities can also be found as a CSV file in the download area.

Источник: https://www.worlddata.info/capital-cities.php

Aha! A capital is a stash of money or the government headquarters of a state. Oh, a capitol is a building.

A state's capital is the primary city and usually the seat of the state government. The most important city is the capital city. The capital of New York is Albany, for example. Washington DC is the nation's capital:

Park Police found an abandoned vehicle, with an assault rifle inside it, near a bridge leading out of the nation's capital to Virginia. (New York Times)

Capital is also a financial word referring to, in a nutshell, the money a person or business has, not including debts. But wait, there's more! A capital letter starts a sentence or a proper noun, like the capital V for Virginia. It's also a crime that carries with it the severest penalty (life in prison or execution):

Wilson is the 19th death row inmate to commit suicide since California reinstated capital punishment in 1978, according to the Department of Corrections. (Reuters)

If you want to sound like a British spy, use capital to mean excellent, first rate, or really important:

In the realm of amateur fruit growing, on the other hand — a realm now daily widening — dwarf fruit trees are of capital importance. (F.A. Waugh)

A capitol (with an o) is a building that houses a government's legislative branch. When capitol is capitalized (ahem), it refers to the Capitol Building in Washington, DC, that is home to US Senators and Representatives. It's located on — where else? — Capitol Hill.

Remember that capitol with an o refers to a certain type of building that usually has a dome, then you'll know that in all other cases you want capital with an a.

Источник: https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/chooseyourwords/capital-capitol/

History Awaits in America’s Capital City

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Washington, DC,  the United States capital, is a captivating city to visit, whether for a short excursion or long foray. There are so many sights to take in and savor that it can be daunting for tourists to determine which spots to add to their itinerary.

A destination such as this is worthy of revisits. On one such umpteenth trip, I decided to check out sights that I had not seen during my earlier visits.

Outside view of National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC

National Museum of the American Indian

Built by Native architects, the NMAI is the largest museum to represent Native Americans of the Western Hemisphere, “from the Arctic Circle to Tierra del Fuego,” as noted by its website.

The architecture and design both inside and out pay homage to Native beliefs and culture. According to the World Architecture website, the main entrance faces east.

It is “aligned perfectly to the cardinal directions and the center point of the Capitol dome, and filled with details, colors, and textures that reflect the Native universe.” All are important considerations in the Native culture.

Waiting in line for the museum to open its doors, I admired the massive, buff-colored undulating exterior of the building that reminded me of natural rock formations found in states like Idaho and Utah. Even the surrounding landscape pays tribute to the world of the first people. I noticed trees, flowering plants, shrubs and wetlands that actually evoked the ecology of the Potomac River area 500 years ago.

Find a hotel or Airbnb in Washington, D.C.

Immersing in Native Culture

Once inside the NMAI, I followed other visitors into the elevator to start my tour from the fourth floor of the museum. My visit began by watching a short video with other museum-goers that served as an introduction which familiarized us with the diverse traditions of Native life.

The NMAI is a repository of more than 12,000 pieces of art and artifacts encompassing more than 12,000 years of history and over 1,200 Indigenous tribes spread out through North and South America.

The first exhibit I walked into was simply titled “Americans.” It highlighted the inescapable ways in which Native American stories, identities and images were embedded into the cultural psyche of the American world.

The displays ranged from a matchbox to a Land O’ Lakes butter box to a Tomahawk missile. The posters and objects arrayed along the walls in the black colored, brightly lit room laid out in no uncertain terms the depth and ubiquity of Native Americans in everyday American life, many times even in a degrading manner.

A room was devoted to the accurate story of Pocahontas, while in another the events of “The Trail of Tears” brought about a solemn feeling. The exhibition itself was educational, impressive and thought-provoking in equal measures.

Skylight in the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC.

More Exhibits on Lifestyle of Hopi and Inka 

Walking into the exhibits on Native American clothes and lifestyles, I realized I was being immersed in a world that I did not know much about. The gorgeously crafted outfits, jewelry, baskets, bags and other handicrafts were a sight to behold

I particularly loved the display of corn: black, maroon, red and yellow, shining like mini jewels at the exhibit titled, “The Heart of the Hopi.” The information was a tribute to the importance of this ancient crop in Hopi culture.

Similarly, fascinating was the exhibition on “The Great Inka Road,” which showcased the history and engineering of the UNESCO Heritage Site, a road that connected Cusco to the entirety of the Inka Empire.

In the “Nation to Nation” exhibit, I learned about the role of Native Americans in the signings of various treaties between the United States and many of the Native nations. It was intriguing to read the details of these historical treaties that noted the ways and reasons numerous tribes ceded their land.

Then once again, I was back to the expansive lobby with its domed skylight ceiling, embodying the Native connection to the open skies. Underneath the soaring skylight, I spent some time admiring the beautifully carved canoes of various tribes and the rows of flags of varied Native nations.

Fountain by mall in front of Lincoln Center in Washington, D.C.

Strolling by the National Mall, the Bartholdi Fountain, the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial

If you have spare time on your hands in Washington, DC, you can visit or walk by some of the other sights in this neighborhood. Across the street, the Capitol stands regal and sublime.

The National Mall, with its fountains, its reflecting pool and memorial statues, is the perfect point to stand and click some photos. Step inside the U.S. Botanic Garden, also on Independence Avenue, situated across from the Capitol if you have some moments to afford.

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The Bartholdi Fountain, a spectacular work by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, the famed creator of the Statue of Liberty, is definitely a special draw.

I continued my walk to catch sight of some very familiar icons. The Washington Monument, the illustrious venue for protests, celebrations and memorials, rose majestically under the clear blue skies.

The Lincoln Memorial shone in the distance beyond the soaring fountains under the setting sun and I watched as tourists snapped pictures of the exalted sight.

A person walks by the World War II Memorial under afternoon clouds

The World War II Memorial 

I spotted The World War II Memorial, which I had never visited before. I decided to spend a few minutes amidst the somber grey columns, 56 in all, representing the states, territories and the District of Columbia commemorating the war effort.

The columns were linked by a bronze rope, decked with a sculpted wreath, bearing the inscription of a state or territory name. It created an awe-inspiring effect as the entire vista glowed in the evening sun while the pools and fountains brought in an additional luminous effect.

But my mood immediately became somber when I stopped at the Freedom Wall with its 4,000 gold stars, each star symbolizing 100 American military deaths in the war.

"The First Ladies" Exhibit containing Michelle Obama's inauguration gown

The National Museum of American History

Of course, it goes without saying that when you are in Washington DC you have to visit the National Mall and the many implausibly free Smithsonian museums even if you have been there before.

The newest addition is the National Museum of African American History and Culture, a dazzling marvel of architecture that can stop you in your tracks. Unfortunately for me, it was peak tourist season and I failed to procure the valued timed ticket.

Emerging into the Mall after my swift ride on the DC Metro, I focused on the National Museum of American History, a museum that had not been in my previous itineraries.

The museum showcased the many, many objects and artifacts that have been a part of and have impacted the history of this country. Dorothy’s ruby slippers from the 1939 classic film, “The Wizard of Oz,” one of the first Apple computers and Crayola crayons were just a few of the fun items that caught my attention.

The historic lunch counter from F. W. Woolworth’s store from the Civil Rights era which brought forth a youth movement to challenge racial inequality, made for a memorable viewing of American history.

A favorite was the “Many voices, One Nation” exhibition which charted the path of the nation and its many communities through cultural objects, paintings, drawings and artifacts to the thought behind e pluribus unum, the Latin emblem on the  great seal.

Another gorgeous exhibit was “The First Ladies.” It explored and chronicled the lives and legacies of the wives of every American president.

Revisiting the National Air and Space Museum

By now, completely satiated with history and culture, I asked myself a question, “How could I not spend a couple of hours at one of the most popular Smithsonian museums?”

The National Air and Space Museum was a delight even on repeated visits, even on my fourth trip. Many attributes had changed since my last visit about seven years ago.

One aspect that had not changed was the instant euphoria I felt as soon as I stepped into the hall with its jaw-dropping collection of aircrafts and space vehicles. Again, I gaped at the Apollos, the Skylab, the many moon vehicles, rockets, military planes and airplanes.

The National Air and Space Museum

Orville and Wright Aircraft

Suddenly, I realized one thing was missing — the Orville and Wright aircraft.

In 2003 the 1903 Wright Flyer was given a place of honor with its own exhibition area. I walked into a beautifully designed space that celebrated the beginning of flight on Dec. 17, 1903.

Wilbur and Orville Wright’s flying machine, Kitty Hawk was displayed with various manuscripts, documents, instruments and reproductions of other aircrafts designed by the brothers, laying the foundation of aeronautics as we know it today.

What to Explore in the Washington DuPont Circle Neighborhood

I reserved the next day to walk through a previously unexplored neighborhood, unfolding more gems of this capital city. Once again, using the Metrorail, I rode to my next destination.

After a short walk from the station, I landed in a beautiful, leafy neighborhood dotted with gorgeous row houses and palatial mansions. I had reached DuPont Circle, home to institutions, museums, restaurants, art galleries and shops.

Admiring a painting at the Phillips Collection

The Phillips Collection

I stopped by The Phillips Collection, a little gem known as “America’s First Museum of Modern Art,” according to its brochure. The museum showcased a formidable collection of Impressionist and modern paintings.

It was easy enough to spend an hour at the museum enjoying art ranging from Renoir to Matisse, Jacob Lawrence to Georgia O’Keeffe to modern, contemporary artists.

Strolling through the intimate museum, I came upon “The Wax Room,” an intriguing installation of a tiny room with walls of melted wax. Stepping inside, I was enveloped in a sea of yellow courtesy of the single bulb that hung from the ceiling.

I learned that the artist Wolfgang Laib, was influenced by the Rothko Room at the museum, another engaging space with four signature paintings on each wall by Mark Rothko, the famous abstract artist.

A View of Embassy Row

This neighborhood was also home to many embassies. On Massachusetts Ave., known as Embassy Row, is a two-mile stretch where you can indulge in a self-guided walking tour to peek at the grand buildings.

You can walk past many diplomatic missions and see the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial in front of the Indian Embassy and the statue of Nelson Mandela gracing the front of the South African Embassy. 

Before long, I was in front of The Octagon, the headquarters of the American Institute of Architects since 1898 but also with its own powerful history, having been built in 1801 and serving as a temporary White House in 1814. I would have loved to see the museum inside, but it was almost five and its closing time was 4 p.m. The visit would have to wait.

Walking back to my hotel after an exhilarating day of sightseeing, I pondered the many places I visited on this short trip.

No matter how many times you go to Washington DC, there are always new delights to be discovered to create a memorable occasion.

If You Go

Find a hotel in Washington, D.C. that meets all your specific needs at the perfect price for you here.

Author Bio:Susmita Sengupta, an architect by background from New York City, loves to travel with her family. Her articles are published in many online travel magazines.

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Filed Under: Cultural Travel, Fascinating People, Historic Travel, United States, Washington, D.C., World CitiesTagged With: Arts, Lincoln Memorial, museums, National Museum of the American Indian, Susmita Sengupta, Washington monument, What to do in Washington DC

Источник: https://www.goworldtravel.com/history-awaits-in-americas-capital-city/

Here's Why Washington D.C. Isn't a State

With Washington, D.C.’s mayor calling for a November vote on statehood, it raises the question, why wasn’t the nation’s capital made a state in the first place?

First, it’s worth remembering that Washington, D.C. was not always the capital. George Washington first took office in New York City, and then the capital was moved to Philadelphia, where it remained for a decade. Washington, D.C. was founded as the capital in 1790 as a result of a compromise between Alexander Hamilton and northern states, and Thomas Jefferson and southern states. Hamilton’s economic policies consolidated power in the bankers and financiers who primarily lived in the North, so the compromise moved the capital physically more South, to appease Jefferson and southern leaders who feared northern control of the nation.

But the lack of statehood for the capital is enshrined in the Constitution. Article 1, Section 8, Clause 17 of the document reads, “The Congress shall have Power To …exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States.”

James Madison outlined the reasoning behind this provision in Federalist 43, calling the arrangement an “indispensable necessity.” He wrote, “The indispensable necessity of complete authority at the seat of government, carries its own evidence with it… Without it, not only the public authority might be insulted and its proceedings interrupted with impunity; but a dependence of the members of the general government on the State comprehending the seat of the government, for protection in the exercise of their duty, might bring on the national councils an imputation of awe or influence, equally dishonorable to the government and dissatisfactory to the other members of the Confederacy.”

In other words, the founders worried that if the capital were to be a state, the members of the government would be unduly beholden to it. Madison envisioned that voting members of a D.C. state would be able to ‘insult’ or ‘interrupt’ the proceedings of government to get their way, simply by virtue of physical proximity to the halls of power.

When the capital was officially moved to D.C., residents lost voting representation in Congress and the Electoral College, as well as a say in Constitutional Amendments and the right to home rule. Members of the district won a victory in 1961 with the passage of the 23rd amendment to the Constitution, which granted them votes in the electoral college.

To this day, D.C. does not have voting representation in Congress, and the federal government maintains jurisdiction over the city. For proponents of D.C. statehood like Mayor Muriel Bowser, there is still a long way to go.

More Must-Read Stories From TIME

Write to Tessa Berenson at [email protected]

Источник: https://time.com/4296175/washington-dc-statehood-history/

Capital Cities

A capital city, or simply a capital, usually serves as the location of a government’s central meeting place, whether of a country, state, province, or county. The capital is the location of the government offices and where government leaders work. The status of a capital is often designated by law or constitution.

Aside from this, the capital city is often a country’s cultural, business, and population center, in addition to being historical centers of trade, communication, and transportation. A capital is rarely constructed to solely serve as the capital city. Brasilia in Brazil was built by the government purely to serve as a government city.

Some countries have more than one capital. In some of these cases, for example, the law or constitution designates one capital, but the second contains the parliament or government of the country. This is true in the Netherlands, where Amsterdam is the capital city according to the Constitution, but The Hague is home to the parliament and Dutch government. South Africa has three capitals: Cape Town, Bloemfontein, and Pretoria. The legislative branch of the government is in Cape Town, the judicial branch is in Bloemfontein, and the executive branch is in Pretoria.

The capital of the United States is Washington, D.C. Washington D.C. was founded after the American Revolution as the seat of the new American government. Washington D.C. was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States. Washington is not only the political capital of the United States but is also an important world political capital. This is because Washington is home to several important international organizations, such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Additionally, Washington D.C. is where the North Atlantic Treaty was signed, which established NATO.

Other capitals of the world include New York City, Jerusalem, London, and Rome.

200 countries have capital cities but there are more than 200 capital cities in the world. A complete list of capital cities can be found here.

Источник: https://worldpopulationreview.com/world-city-rankings/capital-cities

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