what was the first national anthem of the united states

The “Star-Spangled Banner” is the national anthem, or national song, of the United States. The words are from a poem that was written by Francis Scott Key. 'Star-Spangled Banner' becomes U.S. national anthem, March 3, 1931 On this day in 1931, President Herbert Hoover signed a bill designating “. God Save the Queen: the History of the National Anthem Henry” and the counterword as “Long to Reign Over Us.” From the Accession of Queen Elizabeth.

: What was the first national anthem of the united states

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The Designation of the “Star-Spangled Banner”

The Designation of the “Star-Spangled Banner”Image courtesy of Library of CongressRepresentative John Linthicum of Maryland served 10 terms in Congress before being named Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee in the 72nd Congress (1931–1933). The Congressman passed away before the end of the 72nd Congress.
On this date, President Herbert Hoover signed into law a bill that designated the “Star-Spangled Banner” as the National Anthem of the United States. On April 15, 1929, Representative John Linthicumof Maryland introduced to the House, H.R. 14, a bill to make the song penned by Francis Scott Key during the 1814 British siege of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor, the national anthem. Nearly a year later, Linthicum secured a hearing with the Judiciary Committee and implored his colleagues to attend with a speech that claimed the nation "needed a national song to give expression to its patriotism.” The Maryland Congressman also submitted a petition that contained more than five million individual signatures, resolutions and letters from 150 organizations, and “letters and telegrams from 25 governors. what was the first national anthem of the united states.. asking that the bill be enacted into law.” The bill passed the House on April 21, 1930. Critics claimed that Linthicum, whose district encompassed parts of Baltimore, was as eager to promote city history as national patriotism. Moreover, they complained that the old “drinking” song was ill-suited to the average vocal range. As one of the final acts of the 71st Congress(1929–1931), H.R. 14 passed the Senate. Even after the anthem bill was enacted newspapers continued to criticize the necessity of such a law.

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Источник: https://history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1901-1950/The-designation-of-the-%E2%80%9CStar-Spangled-Banner%E2%80%9D/

The History Behind Each of America’s National Anthems, Songs, and Marches

Special Report

John Harrington

March 1, 2019 12:56 pm

Last Updated: January 11, 2020 10:39 am

When we listen to songs extolling America, these marches, anthems, and tunes about the United States aren’t about expressing some singular ethnic identity or celebrating the grandeur of the monarchy. These songs are about what was the first national anthem of the united states, liberty, and opportunity, about the physical beauty of the country, about the sacrifice our military has made, and the struggle to keep the nation united to ensure that the American experiment endures.

24/7 Wall St. has compiled a list of songs about America’s national anthems and other patriotic songs. We reviewed sources such as the Library of Congress website, americanliterature.com, and various lists about songs and lyrics to create our list.

Click here to read about the history behind each of America’s national anthems and songs.

As Americans, we learn many of these songs — like “God Bless America,” “America the Beautiful,” and “My Country ‘Tis of Thee” — while in grade school, and these songs continue to stir patriotic fervor each time we hear them.

On our list are some of the great American songwriters and composers of all time, including Irving Berlin, George M. Cohan, John Philip Sousa, and Aaron Copland. But you’ll also find more contemporary artists such as Simon & Garfunkel, Lee Greenwood, and Neil Diamond on our list.

Not all of the composers on this list are flag wavers. Folk singer Woody Guthrie’s “This Land is Your Land” celebrated the physical virtues of the nation and reminded listeners that America belonged to all of us, not just the wealthy.

If there is one theme these songs have in common, it is their message of hope and the belief that America is a place like no other.

Read more: Special Report

Источник: https://247wallst.com/special-report/2019/03/01/the-history-behind-each-of-americas-national-anthems-songs-and-marches/

Lift Every Voice and Sing

Lift Every Voice and Sing Lyrics

Lift every voice and sing,

'Til earth and heaven ring,

Ring with the harmonies of Liberty;

Let our rejoicing rise

High as the skies,

Let it resound loud as the rolling sea.

Sing a song full of the faith that the dark past has taught us,

Sing a song full of the hope that the present has brought us;

Facing the rising sun of our new day begun,

Let us march on 'til victory is won.

Stony the road we trod,

Bitter the chastening rod,

Felt in the days when hope unborn had died;

Yet with a steady what was the first national anthem of the united states,

Have not our weary feet

Come to the place for which our what was the first national anthem of the united states sighed?

We have come over a way that with tears has been watered,

We have come, treading our path through the blood what was the first national anthem of the united states the slaughtered,

Out from the gloomy past,

'Til now we stand at last

Where the white gleam of our bright star is cast.

God of our weary years,

God of our silent tears,

Thou who has brought us thus far on the way;

Thou who has by Thy might

Led us into the light,

Keep us forever in the path, we pray.

Lest our feet what was the first national anthem of the united states from the places, our God, where we met Thee,

our hearts drunk with the wine of the world, we forget Thee;

Shadowed beneath Thy hand,

May we forever stand,

True to our God,

True to our native land.

Источник: https://naacp.org/find-resources/history-explained/lift-every-voice-and-sing

The Star Spangled Banner

"The Star Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States of America. The lyrics come from a poem written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key after seeing the bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore, MD in the night of September 13-14th, during the War of 1812.

The poem was set to the tune of a popular British drinking song, written by John Stafford Smith for the Anacreontic Society - "The Anacreontic Song" (or "To Anacreon in Heaven"). The melody was quite popular and various other songs had been composed using its music, although most of these are long-forgotten. "The Star Spangled Banner" was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931.

The first time it is recorded that the song was played at a baseball game was on May 15, 1862, at the Union Grounds in Brooklyn, NY. The baseball game was led off by a band concert that included the tune.

On September 5, 1918, at Comiskey Park, the Boston Red Sox and Chicago Cubs what was the first national anthem of the united states playing the opening game of the World Series, which started earlier than usual due to World War I. During the 7th-inning stretch, a military band played "The Star Spangled Banner" and Fred Thomas, on leave from the Navy, snapped to attention. From then on, the song has been played at every World Series game, every season opener, and whenever a band is present to play it. The custom of playing it before every game began during World War II, when the installation of public address systems made it practical.

Puerto Rican singer and guitarist Jose Feliciano shocked some people when he strummed a slow, bluesy rendition of the national anthem before Game 5 of the 1968 World Series between chase freedom credit card payment mailing address Detroit Tigers and the St. Louis Cardinals. This rendition started contemporary "Star-Spangled Banner" controversies.

The Yale Whiffenpoofs, were invited to sing the national anthem during the Game 1 of the 1989 World Series because of the recent death of Commissioner Bart Giamatti who had also been a former Yale President. They intermixed the Star-Spangled Banner with America the Beautiful. They were initially booed, but won the crowd over to rousing applause by the end of their performance.

In 1990, comedian Roseanne Barr was asked to sing the anthem at a San Diego Padres game. As her voice was not well liked by the audience, the large crowd heckled her and threw objects onto the field in her direction. Her poor performance might have been forgotten, except that she appended a couple of gestures associated with baseball players (adjusting one's "protective cup" and spitting on the ground), which drew widespread complaints. President George H.W. Bush even stepped into the ensuing fracas, calling Barr's performance "disgraceful".

Robert Merrill sang the national anthem at seven World Series games, more than any other performer, and all seven came at Yankee Stadium: in Game 3 of the 1976, 1978, and 1999 World Series, at the 1977, 1981 and 1996 World Series openers, and Game 2 of the 1998 World Series.

The Frederick Keys of the Carolina League were named in honor of Francis Scott Key.

Further Reading[edit]

  • Chris Landers: "Why do we sing the national anthem before sporting events?", "Cut 4", mlb.com, May 16, 2017. [1]
  • Doug Miller: "Key connections: Star-Spangled Banner, baseball forever linked; Poem that became national anthem celebrates 200 years, is part of baseball's fabric", mlb.com, September 14, 2014. [2]
  • Joseph L. Price: Perfect Pitch: The National Anthem for the National Pastime, Mercer University Press, Macon, GA, 2018. ISBN 9780881466560
  • Jim Reineking: "It's been 100 years since start of World Series with far-reaching historical impact", USA Today, September 5, 2018. [3]
  • Dan VanDeMortel: "Land of the Free, Home of the Brave: Mudcat Grant's Odyssey to Sing the National Anthem", in Cecilia M. Tan, ed.: Steel City Stories, The National Pastime, SABR, 2018, pp. 94-98.
Источник: https://www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/The_Star_Spangled_Banner

The National Anthem Was Set to the Tune of a British Drinking Song

Even before Congress declared "The Star-Spangled Banner" the official anthem of the United States in 1931, its complicated what was the first national anthem of the united states and soaring pitches were controversial.

The composition, argued the Music Supervisors National Conference in 1930 (now the National Association for Music Education), "was too difficult a musical composition to be rendered properly by schoolchildren, informal gatherings and public meetings where the singing of the national anthem [is] appropriate," according to a 1930 New York Times article.

Although Francis Scott Key penned the words in 1814 during the War of 1812, the melody is actually much older. It's based off an 18th-century British pub song called "To Anacreon in Heaven." That's right: a song to be sung whilst drunk. Listen here (audio, and inspiration for this post, via the National Museum of American History).

The song had been the de facto anthem since President Wilson ordered it played at military events. But many were not happy with merely codifying what had become complacency. A 1927 New York Timeseditorial, "Wanted, A National Anthem," voiced the common concerns. (Find more historical Times shade-throwing here.)

Both the words and the tune of that song are admittedly unsuitable for the purpose of a national anthem; and their acceptance is a strange instance of the hit-or-miss fashion in which a national anthem is sometimes made. The verses by Francis Scott Key describe a comparatively unimportant incident of the War of 1812.

It then goes on to explain why "To Anacreon in Heaven" is an unsuitable melody:

It is too elaborate in structure for a popular anthem, and is likewise of such a wide compass as to be singable by a mixed assembly only with some difficulty.

TheTimes preferred a song that could be more easily what was the first national anthem of the united states in "a fit of enthusiasm" — although, if a drinking song isn't meant to be sung in fits of enthusiasm, what is?

Many patriotic songs in the American playlist have origins in recycled tunes. "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" has its melodic roots in a folk song, "John Brown's Body." "My Country Tis of Thee" is a direct rip of "God Save the Queen," the British national anthem. This historical remixing underscores a sense of America as a melting pot, that old ideas turn new (although sometimes that appropriation is for the worse).

"The Star-Spangled Banner" may be tough to sing, but when it's sung correctly, it makes for a transcendent, powerful moment.

Источник: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/05/the-national-anthem-was-set-to-the-tune-of-a-british-drinking-song/453693/
what was the first national anthem of the united states

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