what was the wild west really like

The American frontier, also known as the Old West or the Wild West, includes the geography, history, folklore, and culture in the forward wave of American. After the end, just like in the story, the True Grit Wild West Show started looking back. Did the cowboys really have guns? Thomas Jefferson's old dream that Indigenous nations might live isolated in the West was, in.

: What was the wild west really like

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What was the wild west really like

Quintessentially NM: Wild West

Trails and Rails

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Trails and Rails

THE SPANISH BROUGHT COWS, SHEEP, AND VAQUERO skills to New Mexico, but cowboying in the West really hit its stride after the Civil War. At least briefly.  

“For anyone who loves New Mexico, being out in the mountains on your horse sounds very romantic,” says Leah Tookey, a curator at the New Mexico Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum, in Las Cruces. “Hollywood romanticized it—sleeping under the stars, eating beans around the campfire with Cookie.”  

But the heyday of weeks in the saddle tending the stock on the open range, enduring lengthy cattle drives, and engaging in a fair bit of cattle rustling lasted only about 20 years, she says. The arrival of the railroad, starting in the 1880s, along with barbed wire and windmill irrigation, changed how ranchers both moved and contained their animals.  

“There’s still cowboys here because people work cattle, but as far as moving cattle, it’s this romantic time period,” says Tookey, who’s working on a new exhibit, Riding Herd with Billy the Kid: The Rise of the Cattle Industry in New Mexico.  

Rodeos throughout the state still celebrate the cowboy arts, including in Hobbs, where the Lea County Fair & PRCA Rodeo draws some of the nation’s hottest competitors. That said, most cowboys these days rely more on ATVs than horses, says Mary Lyle, education director at the Western Heritage Museum and Lea County Cowboy Hall of Fame.

“In 2012, for the state centennial, we did a cattle drive from Jal to Carlsbad,” she says, a distance of about 70 miles. “You can only drive cattle 15 to 18 miles a day. When it was over, those cowboys were worn out. They said, ‘We don’t do that anymore.’ ” 

Hit the Road

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Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum in Las CrucesFind out what it's like to be a working cowboy at the Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum, in Las Cruces. Photograph by John McCauley.

Hit the Road

Each September, New Mexico Junior College, in Hobbs, invites fourth graders to theStaked Plains Roundup. The kids learn real skills, says Mary Lyle, but also some cowboy etiquette. “They’re the politest people,” she says of ranch hands. “They say ‘Yes, ma’am,’ ‘No, ma’am.’ Those kinds of values are what cowboy culture is trying to preserve.”

The Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum, in Las Cruces, offers live demonstrations of ranch skills, including blacksmithing, milking, and the Parade of Breeds, where the museum’s hired hands present a variety of cattle in the museum’s outdoor arena. As far as being an actual cowboy? “It was a really hard life,” Leah Tookey says. “You were busy all the time, ate the same thing over and over, it was cold, and not an easy place to sleep.”

Hop aboard the 1880 Cumbres & Toltec Scenic Railroad, in Chama, for a daylong excursion across open plains and mountain passes. “You steam to the top of Cumbres Pass, over mountain streams, through rock tunnels, and across green meadows, and sometimes see cowboys on horses working to move along herds of sheep,” says interim CEO Eric Mason.

Picturing Billy

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The authenticated tintype of Billy the Kid, New Mexico Magazine
The authenticated tintype of Billy the Kid. Palace of the Governors Photo Archives (NMHM/DCA),128785.

Picturing Billy

Billy the Kid’s gravestone, in Fort Sumner, declares him “The Boy Bandit King,” further burnishing a legend that alternately brands him as a freedom fighter and a homicidal punk. What no one doubts is the value of a photograph of this erstwhile cowhand, who spent most of his life in the hinterlands during an era when photographers didn’t swarm the region.  

In 2011, Florida billionaire William Koch bought the only known tintype of the gunslinger, circa 1880, for $2.3 million. Quicker than gun smoke, other photos of Billy were “found.” Here he is dealing cards! There he is playing croquet!  

Tim Roberts, deputy director of New Mexico Historic Sites, lives in Lincoln and walks the same streets Billy once what was the wild west really like. “The best I can figure, going to as many city directories as I can find, there were only four or five traveling photographers in New Mexico in 1878, 1880,” he says. “There were not a lot of opportunities to take a photo.”  

Still, Billy wandered through Las Vegas and Santa Fe and wasn’t shy about speaking with newspaper reporters. “I can’t definitively say these pictures are authentic or not,” Roberts says. “I would love nothing more than to have another authenticated photo of him, but the standard has to be very, very high.”  

The Best

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James and Cindy Hobbs at Flying J RanchJames and Cindy Hobbs welcome visitors to Flying J Ranch, near Ruidoso. Photograph by Joseph Arcure/Flying J.

The Best: Western Culture

Gunfights, Pony Express rides, cowboy singing, and chuckwagon dinners come to life at chase auto loan faq Flying J Ranch, near Ruidoso. Founders James and Cindy Hobbs are proud of their 40-year enterprise but have grown accustomed to a first-time visitor’s skepticism. “Especially the teenagers,” James says. “It’s really satisfying when you see them go ‘Oh, I thought this would be hokey.’ ” The Flying J Wranglers’ excellent musicianship, top-notch grub, and an authentic, old-timey setting win folks over every time. “Our approach is to celebrate the great things about the state, from the cowboy point of view,” he says. “It’s like an Old West movie, from when the railroads were born.” Mosey on over, but behave yourself: The sheriff might put you in jail.  

The Worst

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Cowboy Culture

Make sure to at least spend the day in a saddle first. Illustration by Chris Philpot. 

The Worst

The all-hat-no-cattle over-adopter decked out in a Stetson, Lucchese boots, a rodeo-champ-size belt buckle, and a longhorn bolo tie. Sincere appreciation for the cowboy way will help smooth things over with the ranch crowd, but at least spend a day in the saddle first. 

Источник: https://www.newmexicomagazine.org/articles/post/wild-west-culture-new-mexico/

The 1860s and the 1890s gave birth to the period known as the Wild West and laid a foundation to its ensuing mythology. It was an era of cowboys, Indians, pioneers, outlaws and gunslingers brought together by the purposes of expansion, defense, greed and reinvention.

Explore some of the legends of the Old West whose untamed spirits helped define the new frontier and the rugged individualism of America:

Billy the Kid

While not much is known of Billy the Kid's early years, he was born William Henry McCarty Jr. in the slums of New York City and was orphaned at 14. He eventually moved out West, where his days as a Wild West outlaw and gunfighter was ripe before him.

On the lam from New Mexican authorities for stealing, Billy the Kid fled to Arizona, where he murdered a man during a fight. He returned to New Mexico and joined a group of cattle thieves and fought in the Lincoln County War. 

Although he boasted of having gunned down close to two dozen men, he probably killed less than 10 before he was fatally shot at the age of 21 by Sheriff Pat Garrett.

Buffalo Bill

William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody lived many lives before he became known to the world for his eponymous Wild West tour. Barely a teen, he took part in California's Gold Rush and two years later, became a Pony Express Rider. 

He served as an army scout in the Indian Wars, fought for the Union in the Civil War, and found a way of practicing his acting chops in between. By the time he launched his colorful cowboy-themed Wild West show in 1883, he was already a legend.

Davy Crockett

Easily identifiable by his coonskin cap, Davy Crockett — known for being a hunter, frontiersman, soldier and politician — is one of the most mythologized folk heroes and "forefathers" of the Wild West.

Called the "King of the Wild Frontier," Crockett got involved in Tennessee's local and state politics before representing it as a U.S. Congressman starting in 1827 through 1833. After barely losing his election to serve out a fourth term, a disillusioned Crockett moved to Texas, which was under Mexico's jurisdiction at the time, in 1835. 

The following year, he fought for Texas' independence and was killed in the Battle of Alamo.

Calamity Jane

Born Martha Jane Canary in Missouri, Calamity Jane grew up to be an adventurous frontiersman and performer. Famous for dressing and shooting like a man — and drinking like one, too — Jane moved to booming gold rush towns out West and became an expedition scout in South Dakota. She became famous for her wild antics and quickly learned that telling tall tales of her exploits (real and mostly imagined) could make her a buck.

Jane toured with Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and also appeared at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in upstate New York. Her rumored romantic relations with Wild Bill Hickok were probably started by her, but soon, she even tired of her fanciful stories and persona. Suffering from alcoholism, Jane died at 51. Per her request, she was buried next to Hickock.

Wild Bill Hickok

Like Calamity Jane, Wild Bill Hickok was known for telling outlandish tales about his adventures out West. He was a wagon master, Union spy, lawman, gunslinger and gambler who became cemented as one of the most famous folk what was the wild west really like of the era, thanks to his what was the wild west really like duel with Davis Tutt in 1865.

While playing a poker game in Deadwood, Dakota Territory, Hickok was shot in the back by Jack McCall. At the time of his death, he was purportedly holding two pairs of black aces and eights, now known as the dead man's hand in poker.

Annie Oakley

Called "Little Miss Sure Shot" among many other names, Ohio native Annie Oakley lived an extraordinary life, thanks to her champion sharpshooting skills, which started in her teens. At 15, her talents came out in full view when she dared to compete with expert marksman Frank E. Butler, whom she'd narrowly beat in a shooting contest and eventually marry. Later, she'd meet Buffalo Bill and become one of his star attractions in his Wild West show, where she'd have the opportunity to meet royalty, world leaders, and even befriend Chief Sitting Bull.

Even up to her death, Oakley was setting records in shooting contests and preparing for a comeback. When she died in 1926, her husband of five decades was so devastated that he followed her to the grave just a few weeks later.

Butch Cassidy

Robert LeRoy Parker, better known as Butch Cassidy, closed out the last decade of the 1800s being a wanted man. With what was the wild west really like accomplice Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (aka the Sundance Kid), the two robbed trains, banks and led a posse of criminals called the Wild Bunch.

Cassidy and the Wild Bunch wreaked havoc in places like Idaho, Utah, Wyoming and New Mexico before fleeing the country to evade law enforcement. To make a clean escape, Cassidy and the Sundance Kid took a flight from New York City to South America. In 1908 they got involved in a shootout with local authorities in Bolivia, and it's believed that the two men lost their lives there.

READ MORE: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid: The True Story of the Famous Outlaws

Jesse James

Like Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Jesse James was another celebrated bank and train robber who, along with his brother Frank, led the James-Younger Gang.

The James Brothers fought for the Confederate Army during the Civil War and were accused of atrocious crimes against Union soldiers and abolitionists. Robbing banks, trains and stagecoaches throughout the Midwest, James gained celebrity status and notoriety, starting in 1866.

After close to two decades on the run, James' life of crime came to an end when he was shot by new gang recruit Robert Ford, who was promised by authorities to be forgiven of past crimes if he killed James.

Wyatt Earp

Wyatt Earp was a complicated frontiersman who lived many lives — both savory and unsavory. Not only was he a businessman, brothel bouncer and gambler, but he also had a few run-ins with the law before deciding to become the law.

After moving from one boomtown to the next bank of america hr connect search of easy money, he found himself in Dodge City, Kansas, as an assistant marshal where he would spend his days maintaining the peace and doing his fair share of gambling. In 1879 he and several of his brothers moved to Tombstone, Arizona Territory, hoping to get rich from the silver boom. While there, they found trouble waiting for them — a group of outlaws called the Cowboys. Soon, the Earps, along with friend Doc Holliday, would become legendary for their shootout with the Cowboys at the O.K. Corral in 1881.

Doc Holliday

John Henry "Doc" Holliday was born and raised in Georgia. Before he became a professional gambler and gunslinger out West, he became a dentist who built his career in Atlanta. Having caught tuberculosis from his ailing mother, Holliday decided to move to the Southwest in hopes that the drier climate would ease his symptoms.

Like Earp, Holliday was a drifter and risk-taker. Realizing playing poker was more lucrative than dentistry, he became a gambler and traveled westward: Texas, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona. It was in Texas where he met Earp, and the two became lifelong friends. Holliday would eventually follow Earp to Tombstone, Arizona, and fight side-by-side with him at the O.K. Corral. At 36 Holliday succumbed to tuberculosis in Colorado.

Источник: https://www.biography.com

Neatorama presents a guest post from actor, comedian, and voiceover artist Eddie Deezen. Visit Eddie at his website. Hollywood movies are famous (often notoriously so) for embellishing the truth. This is, of course, a polite way of saying filmmakers often lie. In the interest of entertainment, it seems justified. A down-and-out (but good-looking) young guy without a nickel meets a gorgeous girl, who falls for him, and despite all the warnings and their parents being against it and .well, you know what I mean. It's fiction, it's fluff. And that's basically what movies do for us; they carry us out of our own mundane, unglamorous lives and into the land of make-believe. And that is fine. But there's another kind of cinematic embellishment. This is the distortion of actual events, real-life occurrences being changed and modified for the sake of "entertainment." This brings us to the foremost example of this second distortion: the "Old West gunfight." First off, it's not all the fault of Hollywood and the movies. Many years before cinema was even invented, dime novels were printed up, enthralling their eager and avid readers. These pulp novels were extremely popular and carried the written accounts of legendary Old West gunslingers Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, Wild Bill Hickok, Buffalo Bill, Bat Masterson, etc. The authors would simply dream up fictional accounts of the exploits of these famed heroes and embellish things that actually did occur. It wasn't only the authors doing this embellishing, as many of the actual participants themselves would "color" their own stories for the sake of a good story. Newspapers, too, would dress up the tales of Old West gunmen in order to boost sales (no kidding? A newspaper not telling the truth? Gee, I'm mortified at that one!). The fact is, Old West gunfights were few and far between. In popular Western television shows like Bonanza, The Big Valley, Have, Will Travel, and Rawhide, the gunfight is a routine event, taking place about as often as we currently witness a politician being dishonest or your luggage being late coming on the carousel when you arrive at the airport. In some seasons of the longest-running Western TV series ever, Gunsmoke (1955-1975), a formal Hollywood gunfight takes place during the show's opening credits.

The typical Hollywood gunfight, in TV or in the movies, is two cowboys meeting on the street, usually about ten, twenty, or maybe twenty-five feet apart. They formally wait for one of the two to take a first shot. What was the wild west really like signals that the fight is on, and gives the second cowboy (almost inevitably the hero, the lead, the "good guy") the right to then draw. This second guy, also almost inevitably, wins the fight. Actual facts (I know, this is a redundancy, but I wanted stress) about the Old West are tough to pin down. The following facts do appear to be true. Actual gunfights in the Old West were very rare, very few and far between. When they did occur, not one, but several gunshots were usually fired. Often onlookers were hit. And also, no one knew who actually won the fight until several minutes after the gunshots, as it took a while for all the gun smoke to clear in the air. And unlike in the movies, easy shots were often missed. Often the two just continued firing until they had completely emptied their pistols. Most experts on the Old West also agree, it was not the "fastest gun" who won. Most gunfights went to the more accurate shot. But even above speed and accuracy, a "cool head" took precedence and was the single most valuable asset for a gunman. Although many Old West legends have "fast gun" reputations, it appears that John Wesley Hardin, Wild Bill Hickok, Doc Holliday, and Billy the Kid were actually really fast guns. But even famous "quick draws" didn't go the formal route in their gunfights. Why? It was still too risky for a "fast draw" or a "good guy" to lose. Much more frequently than the typical Hollywood face-to-face draw, a cowboy would gun a guy down at the most opportune point. Meaning, if he got a drop on his enemy, if he was unarmed, or even if it meant shooting him in the back. The typical Hollywood gunfight distance too, was often varied. Sometimes two opposing gunmen would be very close and would circle each other, like caged animals, before opening fire  on each other. In 1865, in one of the few actual documented gunfights (with evidence and valid testimony), James Butler Hickok ("Wild Bill" Hickok) had a bad quarrel with Davis Tutt in Springfield, Missouri. The fight was over a debt. At around 6PM, the two advanced on each other in the town square. The men drew guns at a distance of around 50 yards and blasted away. Tutt missed. Wild Bill didn't. Tutt fell with a bullet through his heart. Hickok was tried for manslaughter and acquitted. A sensational account of the gunfight appeared in Harper's magazine in 1867. This account made Hickok a national celebrity. This fairly "Hollywood" gunfight, although it did occur, was a rarity. The 50 yard distance was questioned by skeptics, but was verified by several onlookers. Another "mistake" Hollywood makes about gunfights is the "gun in the holster" myth. True, gunfights were sometimes conducted with the opponents' guns in their respective holsters, but often the guns were held in belts or in their pockets, and sometimes just tucked into the front of their pants. It was rare, but sometimes the two duelists would just stand up and face each other, each man clutching his gun in hand, no holster draw, no nothing. Oh, and there is one gunfight factor Hollywood did get right: "liquid courage." A great number of Old West gunfights were not the result of some noble cause, like "defending a woman's honor" or some such deal. The consumption of whiskey, liquor, and booze had a hand in a great percentage of mano et mano confrontations in the town square. Still, despite knowledge of the truth. most of us enjoy a good TV or movie gunfight. They're dramatic, they're romantic, they're exciting, and I guess we like them because almost inevitably the good guy wins. And this isn't always so in real life, is it?


Tags: Old West, Eddie Deezen, Deezen, Gunfights, Westerns



Источник: https://www.neatorama.com/2012/06/07/the-truth-about-gunfights-in-the-old-west/

From the exciting gunfights between daring outlaws and the courageous lawmen who fought them to the card sharks and pioneers that made the West great; the stories and histories of the Old West still capture the imaginations of all who hear them. It was a time of lawlessness and perseverance, of incredible heartbreak and amazing opportunities for thousands of families. While that time might be long gone, the tales of those who lived are still lingering on in various attractions and locations. Whether you're a huge Wild West buff or simply interested in learning about America's most what was the wild west really like years, these 20 attractions just have to be seen to be believed.

Take a trip back to the wild, wild West with these exciting historical attractions. A day full of cowboys, culture, and the best of the Old West combine at these great locations. 

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Tombstone, AZ

The OK Corral will always be remembered for one of the most famous gunfights in the West. On October 26, 1881, Wyatt Earp and the Clantons fought for dominance ending in several tragic deaths and lifelong injuries. Today, three gun fights take place every day which mimic the original gun fight as closely as possible. History buffs can take a buggy ride of the entire town where history comes to life or check out the many other attractions in the area.

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Tucson, AZ

The Moorish-inspired white structure is the oldest Catholic Church in the United States, which is still active after 300 years. The awe-inspiring building is erected in the middle of San Xavier Indian Reservation Area 10 miles outside of Tucson, Arizona. Appropriately named, “White Dove in the Desert”, the building is mainly crafted in limestone. Overall, the site is visited by more than 200,000 visitors every year.

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Tombstone, AZ

Also known as Tombstone Graveyard, the Boothill Graveyard is one of the most famous resting places for many who died during the Old Wild West. From regular citizens to outlaws, many of the people who made Tombstone the city it is today are buried in the cemetery. The graveyard has a few who died at the famous OK Corral as well as many other residents.

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Tombstone, AZ

This old saloon is buzzing with history as numerous gun what was the wild west really like took place inside the building. In its heyday, the Birdcage Theatre was one of the most popular places in the Old West where gambling, prostitution and drinking were allowed. The bullet holes on walls are stark reminder of its dirty history. Six recently renovated underground rooms offer a more fascinating experience for those who don’t mind confrontations with the ghosts that supposedly roam the premises.

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Cody, WY

Old Trail Town, located in Cody, WY, has been meticulously restored to resemble the town during its heyday between 1880 and 1900. Named after the legendary showman, William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody, this town boasts thousands of Old West artifacts and the grave of mountain man John Johnson, on whom the popular movie "Jeremiah Johnson" was based. This site is an absolute must-see when journeying through the Old West.

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Tombstone, AZ

This historic park is designed to educate visitors on the history of Tombstone, one of the most famous Wild West towns. The main attraction is the courthouse which was built in 1882 and houses one of the finest collections of historical artifacts from the Old West. Visitors can even see a recreated gallows much like the kind often used to hang criminals in the Old West.

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Denver, CO

While Denver is full of excellent restaurants, few can compare with delicacies and history served at Buckhorn Exchange. Located just 5 miles outside Denver, the restaurant is the holder of liquor license No. 1 in Colorado and originally opened in 1893, serving cattlemen, gamblers, miners, railroad workers and even more famous figures like Chief Red Cloud and Theodore Roosevelt. The restaurant serves some of the finest steaks and game in the state and features plenty of museum-quality memorabilia from its nearly two centuries of operation.

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San Antonio, TX

This museum is home to one of the most fascinating collections of the American wilderness. The first owner collected items in exchange for beer and food but the collection has since grown to include a 1,056 pound black marlin and pre-historic Irish elk. The original saloon is also the place where Mexican Revolution was planned. In addition to the saloon, there is a museum, a shooting gallery, gift shops, a Texas Ranger gallery and a cafe. While in the area, you should also try to catch out a show at the Majestic Theatre[1], what was the wild west really like than a half mile away.

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Fort Worth, TX

While everyone thinks about cowboys in the Wild West, they weren't the only ones roaming the prairie. The National Cowgirl Museum provides a historical perspective on the achievements of the most daring cowgirls in the nation. Originally nothing more than a small room in the basement, the museum has continuously grown since 1975. It now takes up an entire 33,000 square foot building and is filled with more than 4,000 artifacts as well as the stories and histories of the sometimes overlooked American cowgirls. If you get hungry while in the area, check out the Kimbell Art Museum[2] which is only a short distance away features tons of artwork and is really unique place to eat, which locals love.

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Coloma, CA

These 500 acres are home to a replica of the historic Wooden Mill that sparked the Gold Rush in California and completely altered the history of Wild West. Visitors can visit many restored structures to learn about the history and try their luck digging for gold. The park also offers great outdoor opportunities for hiking and adventure.

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Sacramento, CA

Located on the eastern bank of Sacramento River, Old Sacramento is an important from a historical and architectural standpoint. Here, the history of Gold Rush is preserved as many original buildings from that time are still intact. Visitors can take rides in period carriages and wagons which will take them around multiple iconic landmarks in the area to learn more about the history of the area in the Wild West. There are numerous museums, tours and attractions all focused on the Old West.

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San Antonio, TX

The church is located in the center of San Antonio, but the building and its grounds transport visitors into a bygone era. Mission Concepción is the oldest unrestored stone church in the United States. The original building from 1755 featured colorful designs and frescoes, some of which can still be seen inside the church.

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Fort Sumner, NM

This small grave in Fort Sumner continues to draw crowds interested in paying their respects to Billy the Kid, one of the most famous outlaws in American history. The nearby museum is dedicated to showcase original equipment used by Billy the Kid and provides historical narratives of how he fearlessly roamed the Old West until a county sheriff brought him down at the age of 21.

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There are few Wild West buffs who haven't heard of Deadwood, SD, and this town remains one of the true wonders of Old Wild West. It was once home to Wild Bill Hickok and Calamity Jane, famous gunfighters and gamblers of the West. Several gambling halls in the town keep Deadwood alive and there is plenty what was the wild west really like visitors to do including touring several historical buildings which have been restored to their original western splendor.

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Calico, CA

Calico, located in the middle of Mojave Desert, is one of the most well-preserved ghost towns in the United States. Restored in 1950 to its former glory, this mining town is designed to look similar to what the site might have been during its heyday in 1880. Visitors can take guided tours of the town including a mine tour aboard Calico & Odessa Railroad. Then once you've worked up an appetite be sure to stop by Peggy Sue's diner[3], a local favorite restaurant with a fun 50's theme.

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Deadwood, SD

Saloon No. 10 is easily the most famous eatery in Deadwood. The original building gained its fame from being the place where Wild Bill Hickok was killed. Interestingly, the Saloon has been in continuous operation since that day. Experience a slice of the Wild West with the tasty meals and Western cowboy style menu, cooked to perfection every day. You can even see a recreation of Wild Bill's death and try your hand at a game of authentic "Deadwood style" gaming.

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La Junta, CO

This converted adobe historic site is one of the best places for families to take their kids to learn about the Old West. The building was erected during the pioneering days to designate a safe place for traders, travelers and trappers to conduct deals with native Indian tribes in a peaceful environment. Now, children can participate in a roleplay by selecting their favorite character and learning about how life in the Old West worked. The main event takes place in June when children can continue to learn history by taking part in activities spanning five days. If you can't make it in June, then Otero Museum[4], only a few minutes away, is also definitely worth a visit for more Old West experience and a fun Chuckwagon Dinner.

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Fairplay, CO

Visitors can experience the history and economy blackberry stock exchange a gold mining town from 18th century by touring more than 30 structures at South Park City Museum which holds around 60,000 artifacts and has been added to the National Register of Historic Places. The Museum has been in continuous operation since 1959 when the original buildings were renovated. Visitors can see firsthand the economy, industry and profession of the era and learn more about the Gold Rush and the American West.

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Golden, CO

One of the most famous cowboys, hunters and showmen of the West, the grave site of the true American icon Buffalo Bill is located on Lookout Mountain near Denver. Buffalo Bill was a showmen, hunter, fighter and adventurer in 19th century America. His exploits offer an insight into the life in 19th century and how the White Man and Red Indians fared against each other.

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San Antonio TX

Last but not least, the Alamo is perhaps the most famous building in Texas. During the legendary battle with Mexican troops, heroic Texans stood their ground for almost 13 days against a vastly superior force. The building has been restored to its former glory, providing visitors a glimpse into the past. The how to open a barclays bank account in the us features a large amount of memorabilia from the battle as well. You can even quench your thirst at the Biergarten Riverwalk[5] nearby.

So, which of these famous sites t mobile essentials plan vs t mobile one you want to visit? Do you have any Old Wild West locations on your list that we should add? Let us know in the comments, and share with all of your friends!

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Источник: https://www.vacationsmadeeasy.com/TheBLT/20RealOldWildWestAttractionsYouHavetoSeetoBelieve679.html

The Wild West of nineteenth century America was at times a chaotic and unruly place, not helped by the lack of law enforcement officials. Even so, many myths have arisen about the period. Here, Robert Walsh debunks the myths and shares what really happened.

 

The Wild West was the home of many colorful (often disreputable) characters. Native Americans, gold prospectors, gamblers, cattle ranchers, miners and immigrants scrambled to extend the 1st citizens bank of sc frontier. They spread further West in search of their fortunes. With law-abiding, hard-working citizens came criminals. The most notorious were gunslingers, hired guns who would rob a bank one month, protect a cattle baron the next and then be hired as a town marshal the month after that. Being a gunslinger didn’t automatically make a man a criminal; some of the best known were both law enforcers and lawbreakers at different times.

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Gunslingers in popular culture

The popular image of gunslingers comes from cheap novels and films and it is far more fiction than fact. Hollywood would have us believe that hired guns were either all good (like Gary Cooper’s portrayal in the classic film ‘High Noon’) or all bad (like Michael Biehn’s portrayal of Johnny Ringo in ‘Tombstone’). This black-and-white idea doesn’t reflect reality. Pop culture’s image is often a slow-talking, fast-drawing lone gunman riding into town, taking on several men at once while wearing one or two pistols in low-slung hip holsters and, naturally, letting them draw first before instantly killing all of them. He’ll probably indulge in a drawn-out, climactic gunfight, standing opposite his opponent in the middle of a street for several minutes, each waiting for the other to make the first move. The ‘good guy’ lets the ‘bad guy’ draw first but still wins, naturally.

This portrayal is, frankly, grossly inaccurate. Gunslingers weren’t what was the wild west really like called gunslingers during the ‘Wild West’ period. They didn’t wear the standard ‘gunfighter’s rig’ of a low-slung hip holster tied to their thigh for a faster draw. Many didn’t favor the pistol as their primary weapon. Drawn-out standoffs were almost non-existent, as were single gunslingers choosing to fight multiple opponents single-handed unless they absolutely had to. Few made public show of their skills with trick shooting or fancy pistol twirling in saloons or on street corners (notable exceptions were ‘Wild Bill’ Hickok and the infamous John Wesley Hardin). They were seldom always lawmen or outlaws and frequently both at different points in their careers (some even managed to hold public office as sheriffs or marshals while operating as vigilantes, assassins, extortioners and what was the wild west really like criminals). Pop culture’s version of the gunslinger hasn’t made them more interesting; it has dumbed down who these men were, what they did and how they did it while ignoring the more complex aspects.

 

‘Shootists’ – The reality

According to etymologist Barry Popik the word ‘gunslinger’ didn’t come into use until the 1920 movie ‘Drag Harlan’ and then in the novels of famed Western author Zane Grey who first used it in his 1928 novel ‘Nevada’. The word ‘gunfighter’ first appeared in the 1870s. Wild West gunmen were more commonly known as ‘shootists’, ‘badmen’, ‘pistoleers’ or ‘pistoleros’ (a Spanish word for ‘gunman’). Granted, the word ‘gunslinger’ sounds good, but it first appeared long after gunslingers themselves ceased to exist. Feared gunman Clay Allison is believed to have coined the most popular term of the period when asked about his occupation by replying “I’m a shootist.”

Pop culture would also have us believe that gunmen wore customized gunbelts and holsters, the standard ‘gunfighter’s rig’. They didn’t. The stereotypical ‘gunfighter’s rig’ beloved of movie directors the world over didn’t exist during the period. It came into being in the 1950s when ‘quick draw’ contests with blank-firing revolvers became a competitive sport. The low-slung holster tied down to a man’s thigh simply didn’t exist.

Also almost non-existent was the idea of two fighters walking out into a street, facing each other and then fighting a ‘quick draw’ duel. If a real gunfighter drew quickly it was usually because an opponent had tried to ambush him. Most one-on-one gunfights resulted from personal disputes such as over women or during card games where insults were exchanged and guns drawn immediately. The idea of Wild West gunfights having any resemblance to European dueling is best left in dime novels and movie theaters where it belongs. Only two such face-to-face duels are on record as having actually happened, between ‘Wild Bill’ and Davis Tutt in Deadwood, South Dakota (Hickok killed Tutt with a remarkable single pistol shot at a range of over fifty meters) and between Jim Courtright and Luke Short (Short killed Courtright with a volley of four bullets, not a surgically-delivered single shot). Gunfights like those in the ‘Spaghetti Westerns’ directed by Sergio Leone are wonderful viewing, but bear almost no relation to reality.

Gunfighters of the time were also far more sensible than to tackle multiple opponents single-handed unless they absolutely had to. One extremely rare example was the notorious ‘Four dead in five seconds’ gunfight in Austin, Texas. Gunfighter Dallas Stoudenmire (employed as town marshal at the time) used his two pistols to kill four men, three of whom had ambushed him. Unfortunately the fourth was an innocent bystander already running for cover when the shooting started.

 

Tools of the trade

Another myth is that gunfighters all preferred revolvers. In films they draw one or two pistols, empty them without seeming to aim and, naturally, kill every opponent without missing or accidentally shooting anybody else. Any pistol marksman will tell you that holding a revolver with one hand and fanning the hammer with the other is the worst way to shoot accurately. In reality, most gunmen favored the ‘coach gun’ (a short-barreled shotgun used by stagecoach guards, hence the phrase ‘riding shotgun’) or rifles like the 1873 Winchester. Legendary gunman Ben Thompson was a firm devotee of the shotgun, as was John ‘Doc’ Holliday’ of OK Corral fame. Billy the Kid always preferred a Winchester rifle. The reason was simple. Shotguns and rifles are more accurate than pistols so killing with the first shot was more likely. It was pointless drawing a pistol quickly if you couldn’t hit your target before they hit you. As Wyatt Earp once put it: “Fast is fine. Accurate is final.”

Some gunfighters bucked that trend. Clay Allison, Dallas Stoudenmire and Frank and Jesse James all preferred pistols, but they were exceptions. Small pistols like the Derringer were tiny, often firing only one or two shots instead of the six rounds in a typical revolver. They were easily concealed ‘hideout guns’ often hidden in waistcoat pocket or by gamblers for use at a poker table. Similar guns were made for women and nicknamed ‘muff pistols’ because they were often carried in the fur-lined hand-warmers fashionable among women of the time. Whether picking a fight over a poker game or trying to rob a female stagecoach passenger, these small guns often fired large-caliber bullets, much to the distress of many an outlaw.

As time went on single-shot, muzzle-loading weapons were replaced by ‘repeating’ guns like the revolver, shotgun and breech-loading rifles such as the 1873 Winchester. Gunfighters now had weapons enabling them to deliver greater firepower with less time spent reloading their weapons. Samuel Colt’s ‘Peacemaker’ revolver was accurate, powerful and instantly outdated other revolvers by being the first to use all-inclusive metal cartridges. The new cartridges rendered old-school ‘cap and ball’ revolvers obsolete almost overnight. These require the user to fill each individual chamber with gunpowder, add a lead pistol ball and some wadding, ram the ball, powder and wadding into each chamber using a lever under the barrel and then fit a percussion cap over each chamber. Only then is a ‘cap and ball’ revolver fully loaded. The ‘Peacemaker’ could be reloaded simply by shaking out the spent metal cartridges and replacing them. Improved weapons meant increased firepower. Increased firepower was essential in the evolution of the gunslinger.

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Rise of the hired gun

So what created the gunslinger? Why was there a need for hired guns rather than the police forces we know today? In a word, necessity. Law enforcement was at best basic. Individual US marshals could find their territory extended over hundreds of square miles. County sheriffs had the same problem. There was simply too much ground containing too many people for such limited law enforcement to deal with. Outlaws could easily evade even the most persistent marshals and sheriffs simply by crossing State lines, putting themselves beyond the legal jurisdiction of their pursuers. The court system on the frontier consisted largely of ‘Circuit Judges’ (a term still used today). Individual judges were allotted a ‘circuit’ of towns and rode round and round conducting trials and any other legal business that had amassed since their last visit. Jails were insecure and their staff often corrupt, so even when criminals were arrested they often easily escaped. Authorities could also offer paypal cash card atm locations for wanted outlaws on a ‘dead or alive’ basis, encouraging many gunslingers to work as bounty hunters. With rewards offered ‘dead or alive’ many bounty hunters found it safer to simply kill wanted outlaws, deliver their bodies and collect their reward. It was safer than the additional risks associated with delivering live outlaws into custody for the same amount of money. Bounty hunters of the time were sometimes referred to as ‘bounty killers’ because, to them, fugitives were worth the same alive or dead.

 

The gunfighter - Hero or villain?

With the vastly inadequate official systems available, many towns hired their own sheriffs and marshals. Naturally, the job required men who were expert with guns and bold enough to fight when necessary. Not every expert marksman was also prepared to face ruthless criminals for a sheriff’s wage. So townsfolk often turned to whoever was prepared to do the job, often hiring gunfighters based on their fearsome reputation rather than their regard for the law. Notorious outlaws ‘Curly Bill’ Brocius (later killed by Wyatt Earp) and William Bonney (known as ‘Billy the Kid’) were also sheriff’s deputies at one time. Even the infamous John ‘Doc’ Holliday, one of the most feared gunmen of the Wild West, was deputized by his long-time friend and Deputy US Marshal Wyatt Earp after the famed ‘Gunfight at the OK Corral’ in Tombstone, Arizona. Equally notorious killer Ben Thompson became Chief of Police in Austin, Texas, despite having previously served a sentence for murder.

Businessmen also hired groups of gunslingers to protect their lives and their interests. Famed cattle baron John Chisum once employed ‘Billy the Kid’ as a gunman to protect his livestock against cattle rustlers. Mining companies often employed notorious gunmen such as Butch Cassidy to escort shipments of newly minted bullion and payrolls, ensuring their safe arrival by hiring gunmen who might otherwise try robbing those very shipments. In the absence of adequate official law enforcement many people sought their own version by employing as sheriffs and marshals exactly the kind of people they hoped to be protected from. Famed marksman Tom Horn (later hanged for murder) was a sheriff’s deputy and a Pinkerton detective while performing contract murders at the same time. Jim Courtright was a town marshal when he fought his famous duel with Luke Short. Being town marshal hadn’t stopped Courtright from trying to extort Short. It didn’t stop Courtright killing him, either. Wyatt Earp was heavily involved in gambling (and, some say, pimping) while also serving as a Deputy US Marshal.

Men of dubious western union bangladesh bank weren’t everybody’s first choice as law enforcers, but then they were often the only men available to do the job. The frontier territories, with their cattle ranches, mining towns, railroads and various other lucrative businesses and limited law enforcement, offered rich pickings for outlaws prepared to rob, extort and kill anybody opposing them. Law-abiding citizens had to hire their own gunmen and sometimes resort to vigilante justice through lynch mobs. Until the law was fully established the gun took precedence.

One last thought on the gunslinger myth is that pop culture isn’t entirely to blame. To develop and keep their credibility gunmen had to be regarded as people to both respect and fear. The more feared they were, the fewer challenges they were likely to face. With that in mind, many gunfighters built myths around themselves and made themselves seem as skilled (and therefore deadly) as they could get away with. John Wesley Hardin was a notorious braggart. Clay Allison was the same. If gunfighters are so badly misrepresented in the modern world then they are also to blame.

 

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References

http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/texas/entry/gunslinger_or_gun_slinger/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHt6i5Wi02s

http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-outlaws.html

http://www.historynet.com/wild-west-outlaws-and-lawmen

http://www.elpasotimes.com/125/ci_3767809

http://www.historynet.com/dalton-gang

http://www.legendsofamerica.com/WE-BatMasterson5.html

 

Image sources

http://www.modernmythmuseum.com/m%20saga%203%2055%20holliday.html

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wild_Bill_Hickok#mediaviewer/File:Wild_Bill.jpg

Источник: http://www.historyisnowmagazine.com/blog/2014/7/24/what-really-happened-in-the-wild-west-the-gunslinger-myth

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